英语作文
初二 记叙文 17447字 278人浏览 mm云朵朵

1 高考英语作文

书面表达低分原因分析及高分攻略

书面表达是英语水平的综合体现,它要求考生既要有扎实的语言基本功,又要具备一定的审题能力、想象能力、表达能力和评价能力。书面表达是高考英语试卷的最后一道大题,所占分值很大,做好这一题目对于考生取得理想的英语成绩至关重要。但很多考生因为基本功不扎实,在写作时总会出现这样或那样的问题,例如,文体不符、词汇误用、句式单一等,这就造成作文得分较低,影响了英语总成绩。其实归结起来,作文”弊病”一共有四类症状,深入地剖析这些症状,就能找到写作不佳的根本原因。同时,考生要适当地背诵一些好的范文,以备写作时借鉴。

1常见低分原因分析

一、文体错误、格式混乱

1.表现

考生往往读了写作要求之后,不假思索,提笔就写,明明要求写一封表达建议的书信,结果写成了记叙文;或者明明要求写记叙文,偏偏写成了议论文;或者文体没有弄错,结果写通知误用日记的格式,写书信又误用通知的格式等。

例如:格式混乱,不符合日记写作格式。

Sunday(Fine) 2015,Jan. 14th,Tuesday

Today is Tree Planting Day.At 7:30 in the morning...

日记的正确格式:

Jan. 14th,2015 Tuesday Fine

Today is Tree Planting Day. At 7:30 in the morning...

2.症结

考生平时缺乏对作文文体、格式方面的针对性训练造成对英语作文的几种常用文体及其相应的写作格式不熟悉,以致拿到写作材料就习惯性地对写作要求一扫而过,提笔就用自己最熟悉的格式。

3.突破之道

考生应明确常用写作文体有记叙文、说明文、议论文和应用文。近几年的高考书面表达多以应用文和议论文为主,并以图画、提纲、表格等形式出现,书写的格式大都是书信、通知、演讲稿等。所以,考生应该掌握其开头、正文、结尾等方面的写作格式,另外,口头通知和书面通知的不同要弄清楚。

二、时态和人称混乱

1.表现

写作时,时态和人称运用混乱,有的整篇文章都用一种时态,以一般现在时和一般过去时居多,有的一段甚至一句话中就出现三种以上的时态。人称方面,文章开头用的是第一人称,写到文中或者是文末就成了第二、第三人称;有的文章前面是单数人称,写着写着就变成复数人称。

2.症结

考生的英语基础知识不牢固,对英语中时态和人称所代表的含义及其运用掌握不足,因此无法根据文体来选择正确的时态和人称而滥用或者混用。

3.突破之道

考生要根据选好的文体和写作内容确定时态和人称。一般来说,记人叙事多用一般过去时;发布通知多用一般将来时和祈使句;人物介绍、现状说明常用一般现在时和现在完成时。定准时态后接下来一定要知道各个时态的构成及用法,但考生要记住,写作时时态并不唯一,要依据表达内容选定正确的时态。人称方面则要注意前后统一,避免出现前后人称或者单复数不一致的情况。

三、词汇和句法运用混乱

1.表现

考生经常出现乱用词汇和句法的现象,使用一些较难的、较长的、用法不熟悉的单词和句子,或者明明用一些简单的词汇和句子就能够很清楚地表达意思,偏偏要选择一些难度较大的、不常用的表达方式。

2.症结

2 写作时对文章所需的词汇、句型和常用表达方式记忆不牢固,习惯性地忽略一些形式简单但用途较广泛的基本词汇、句型和表达方式,而选择用复杂的形式来表达。

3.突破之道

所需主要词汇和表达结构应该根据文章体裁和内容逐个确定,接着可在草稿纸上用中文列出并理清要点,然后选词造句,要注意语言的准确得当。考生应学会在尽可能多地运用高级词汇的同时避免使用自己把握不准的语法结构和词汇,以免造成过失性失分。

四、语序、词序混乱

1.表现

作文的语序、句序混乱是指这里写一点,跳过去又那里写一点,这样造成文章洋洋洒洒一大篇却全是废话,没有中心和重点,什么都没有表达清楚;通篇没有适当的过渡词、过渡句,整篇文章一段到底,密密麻麻让人抓不住重点、理不清思路。

2.症结

平时练习时不注意表达的连贯性,想到哪里就写到哪里,写作之前没有列提纲的习惯,不去深入思考怎样表达才能达到最好的效果,从而造成整篇文章逻辑混乱,层次不清晰。

3.突破之道

考生应该根据写作内容列好简要提纲,分清文章的层次,确定详略,写好的单句要重新排列组合起来,使之前后连贯成一篇完整的文章。同时选用恰当的关联词或句子使文章过渡自然,行文流畅。另外,该分段时要分段,这样文章才能中心突出,一目了然。最好是”三段式”(总体介绍、展开内容和总结) ,使整篇作文结构明了,重点突出。

书面表达高分攻略

要想写出一篇高质量的作文,首先要明白一篇好文章的标准是什么,然后按照这个标准和写作步骤逐步落实到位。一般来说,一篇好的英语作文有以下几个标准:

1.文体正确。

2.要点齐全、重点突出。

3.叙述清楚、语句流畅、语言地道、句式灵活多变。

4.书写规范、漂亮。

高分书面表达写作步骤:

1.认真审题

审题的3—5分钟是一个事半功倍的过程,需要审定文章的体裁、题材、人称、时态、结构等。高考书面表达题材较多,有给文字背景材料的,有看图作文的,还有两者皆有的。对于这些提供的信息,考生要仔细阅读,看懂题目要求,并对这些信息进行必要的删减和适当的发挥。另外,文章的时态和人称必须提前确定下来。

2.搭好文章的框架

为了让阅卷老师”一见钟情”,作文的框架必须要搭好。段落层次分明,每段都以主题句开始,然后旁征博引,写作规范的文章更能得到阅卷老师的青睐。

3.连词成句,连句成文

为了让阅卷老师”再见倾心”,考生应在搭好的框架上补”血”补”肉”,注意句与句之间及段与段之间的相互联系,做好段落的承接和转折。一篇好文章必须有很好的起、承、转、合,适当运用过渡词、从句、习惯短语和固定句型可以使文章句式显得灵活多变。

4.重视”虎头豹尾”

”虎头豹尾”在英语作文中尤为重要。高考阅卷量大,时间紧,所以阅卷老师在保证质量的同时,看一篇作文的速度是相当快的。而要在紧张的高考考试氛围和有限的时间内写出让阅卷老师眼前一亮的文章,作文的第一段要入题快,迅速抓住阅卷老师的眼球,最后一段一定要有力度,不能泛泛而谈。

5.检查

3 检查是书面表达的最后一道工序,认真仔细地检查对于最终的得分是十分重要的。在检查过程中考生应注意:信息点是否完整,有无遗漏;文体、格式是否正确;语法方面如时态、语态、非谓语动词、复合句引导词等方面是否正确;词数是否符合要求;文章表述是否连贯、流畅等。

英语书信的常见写作模板

开头部分:

How nice to hear from you again. Let me tell you something about the activity. I’m glad to have received your letter of Apr. 9th. I’m pleased to hear that you’re coming to China for a visit. I’m writing to thank you for your help during my stay in America.

结尾部分:

With best wishes. I’m looking forward to your reply. I’d appreciate it if you could reply earlier.

口头通知常见写作模板

开场白部分:

Ladies and gentlemen, May I have your attention, please? I have an announcement to make.

正文部分:

All the teachers and students are required to attend it. Please take your notebooks and make notes. Please listen carefully and we’ll have a discussion in groups. Please come on time and don’t be late.

结束语部分:

Please come and join in it. Everybody is welcome to attend it. I hope you’ll have a nice time here. That’s all. Thank you.

议论文模板

1开头句型

(1)巧引谚语

As the proverb says, „ 或 It goes without saying that... 或There is an old saying„

此类句型引用谚语,如果恰当引用可为作文整体增色。

(2)揭示主题或引发热议的话题

Recently, the problem of „ has aroused people's concern 或There is one more topic to discuss, namely/that is( to say ), the question of „ 或Nowadays, „ has become a problem we have to face.

该句型用于引出话题,范文中使用“Our class have a discussion about„”句式,欠缺新意,可用上述句型将 holiday plan 替换„ ,方便实用。

(3)简述双方观点

Just as every coin has two sides, „have both advantages and disadvantages.

该句型可直接表明人们对于某一问题的不同看法。范文中可用本句型,用staying at home and going out for traveling 替换„,表达简明清晰。

(4)详述各方观点

People’s opinions about … vary from person to person. When it comes to … , some people think(hold the opinion) that … . However, others ....

该句型为议论文常用句型,用于说明关于某种问题的两种不同看法。范文中若应用该句型于开头部分,下文部分可以不用过多赘述,只说明支持某种看法的理由即可,更加简明。

2论据句型

4 (1)补充说明类

As it has been mentioned above...或In this respect,„或Not only „, but also „. 或Further, „或Similarly, we should pay attention to...

此类句型用于补充说明上文观点,范文中在阐述认为假期该待在家里的理由时,将舒适和省钱用What ’s more 连接,也可选择用上述句型表示递进关系。

(2)阐明理由类

There are several reasons for„, but in general, they come down to three major ones. 或Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows.或This phenomenon exists for a number of reasons. First, „ Second, „ Third, „或Why did „? For one thing „,for another„

范文中,支持假期应该待在家里有两个理由,一是便捷舒适,二是省钱。除了像范文中用what ’s more 连接,可以采用上述句式如Why did „? For one thing „,for another„,逻辑性更强,可以让阅卷老师一目了然。

(3)支持某观点类

There's no denying the fact that...或I cannot entirely agree with the idea that „.

范文中作者在表达自己支持某种观点时用到it would be much better to„,句式表达上过于简单苍白,可以选择使用上述句型,表达上更加贴切。

(4)反对某观点类

As a matter of fact,„或In spite of the fact that...或However ,„或On the contrary,„

范文中作者在表达反对某种观点时用了两次 but ,用词重复,欠缺文采。可以选择用上述短语替换。

(5)举例说明类

A case in point is ...

该句型用于举例说明,多数学生会使用 for example 或者 for instance,使用该句型会让你异于他人。 3结尾句型

(1)表明自己观点类

As far as I am concerned(in my opinion), I agree with„或As a result(In short或All things considered或 In a word或In conclusion或 Generally speaking或To be frank), I„或I will conclude by saying... 或From my point of view, it would be better if...

范文中,作者在表明自己观点时用到In my opinion, it would be much better to „,可以选择用上述句型替换,选用高级词组会凸显你的写作水平。

(2)总结上文类

From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that„或The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that „或Taking all these factors into consideration, we naturally come to the conclusion that „

范文中结尾没有对上文进行总结,有时议论文写作会有要求。套用上述句型简单高效。

(3)提出建议类

Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective. 或There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can „或 Confronted with „, we should take a series of effective measures to „或It is time to take the advice of„and to put special emphasis on the improvement of„或Only in this way can we„或Obviously, if we don't control the problem, the chances are that „will lead us in danger. 议论文写作结尾有时会要求就某一现象或问题提出合理的建议,因此建议类句型必不可少。运用上述句型,如Only in this way can we„,这种高级语法倒装结构的正确使用,会让阅卷老师眼前一亮。

1. 正反观点式议论文模板:

导入: 第1段:Recently we’ve had a discussion about whether we should... (导入话题) Our opinions are divided on this topic.(观点有分歧) 正文: 第2段:Most of the students are in favour of it.(正方观点) Here are the reasons. First... Second... Finally...(列出2~3个赞成的理由) 第3段:However, the others are strongly

5 against it. (反方观点) Their reasons are as follows. In the first place... What’s more... In addition...(列出2~3个反对的理由) 结论: 第4段:Personally speaking, the advantages overweigh the disadvantages, for it will do us more harm than good, so I support it.(个人观点)

2. “A 或者B ”类议论文模板:

导入: 第1段:Some people hold the opinion that A is superior to B in many ways. Others, however, argue that B is much better. Personally, I would prefer A because I think A has more advantages. 正文: 第2段:There are many reasons why I prefer A. The main reason is that ... Another reason is that...(赞同A 的原因) 第3段: Of course, B also has advantages to some extent... (列出1~2个B 的优势) 结论: 第4段: But if all these factors are considered, A is much better than B. From what has been discussed above, we may finally draw the conclusion that ...(得出结论)

3. 观点论述类议论文模板:

导入: 第1段:提出一种现象或某个决定作为议论的话题 As a student, I am strongly in favour of the decision. (亮明自己的观点是赞成还是反对) The reasons for this may be listed as follows. (过渡句,承上启下) 正文: 第2段:First of all... Secondly... Besides...(列出2~3个赞成或反对的理由) 结论: 第3段:In conclusion, I believe that... (照应第1段,构成" 总—分—总" 结构)

4."How to"类议论文模板:

导入: 第1段:提出一种现象或某种困难作为议论的话题 正文: 第2段: Many ways can help to solve this serious problem, but the following may be most effective. First of all... Another way to solve the problem is ... Finally...(列出2~3个解决此类问题的办法) 结论: 第3段:These are not the best but the only two/ three measures we can take. But it should be noted that we should take action to...(强调解决此类问题的根本方法)

图表作文写作模板

The chart gives us an overall picture of the 图表主题.

The first thing we notice is that 图表最大特点 .

This means that as 进一步说明.

We can see from the statistics given that 图表细节

图表细节一 . After 动词-ing :细节一中的第一个变化, the 动词-ed+幅度+时间(紧跟着的变化) . The figures also tell us that图表细节二 .

In the column, we can see that accounts for (进一步描述).

Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that (结论).

The reason for this, as far as I am concerned is that (给出原因). b或是 It is high time that we (发出倡议).

图画类写作模板

1. 开头

Look at this picture./The picture shows that.../From this picture, we can see.../As is shown in the picture.../As is seen in the picture...

2. 衔接句 As we all know, .../As is known to all,.../It is well known that.../In my opinion,.../As far as I am concerned,.../This sight reminds me of something in my daily life.

3. 结尾句 In conclusion.../In brief.../On the whole.../In short.../In a word.../Generally speaking.../As has been stated..

6 如何将”常见词”转变为吸引阅卷老师眼球的”亮眼词”

在英语写作中要想”独树一帜”,做到”人无我有,人有我优”,用词是非常重要的。下面小编教你如何将以下这些味同嚼蜡的”常见词”转变为吸引阅卷老师眼球的”亮眼词”。

want(想) → intend to

famous(著名的) →well -known ;

outstanding important(重要的) →crucial ;significant; essential

remember(记得) → bear in mind that

cause(导致) →contribute to; give rise to;lead to;result in

helpful(有用的) → beneficial; rewarding

many(许多) →numerous ;a number of; quite a few

beautiful(美丽的) →attractive ;eye -catching; appealing; charming

improve(提高) →enhance ;promote ;strengthen

finish (完成) → complete ;fulfill ;accomplish ;achieve

serious(严重的) →severe

develop (发展,培养) →cultivate ;nurture

keep (保持) → preserve ;maintain ;hold

solve (解决) →resolve ;settle ;cope with;deal with

cheap(便宜的) →economical ;inexpensive

difficult(困难的) →challenging

job(工作) → career ;profession

because(因为) → due to;in that;for the reason that;now that

very(非常) →extremely ;highly ;profoundly

happy(高兴的) →delighted ;pleased

clever(聪明的) →brilliant ;intelligent

bad(不好的) → awful; terrible

only(仅仅) → merely; barely

so (因此) → therefore ;consequently ;as a result

and(和) →as well as;along with;in addition

clear(明显的) →obvious ;apparent ;evident

meeting(会议) →conference

problem(问题) →issue ;dilemma

happen(发生) →occur ;take place;come about

show(显示) →indicate; reveal

get(得到) →acquire ;attain ;obtain ;gain

think of sth.(想到) → sth. occur to sb.

in fact(事实上) →as a matter of fact

usually(通常地) →more often than not

join(参加) →take part in; participate in

thank(感谢) →appreciate

consider(考虑) →take account of

ignore(忽视) →neglect; pay no attention to

like(喜欢) →be fond of; be keen on; be attached to

7 热点写作话题必备词汇及句型

热点话题必备词汇话题一:中学生的爱好与兴趣spare time(空闲时间), favorite(最喜欢的) ,hobby(业余爱好) ,appetite(强烈欲望) ,taste(爱好,志趣), read novels(读小说) ,surf the Internet(上网), chat online(在线聊天) ,collect stamps(集邮), make e-friends(交网友), climb mountains(爬山) ,enjoy pop music(喜欢流行音乐) ,be interested in(对„„感兴趣), develop an interest in(在„„方面培养兴趣), be fond of(喜欢„„) ,be keen on(对„„着迷), have love for(喜爱„„), have a taste in(喜爱„„) 等。

话题二:友谊

get to know sb.(认识某人), know sb. very well(熟知某人), make friends with sb.(和某人交朋友), a strong personality (个性强), personal matters(私事), friendship(友谊), friendly(友好的), a close friend(一个亲密的朋友), trust each other (互相信任), precious(珍贵的), worthy(有价值的), understanding(善解人意的), share „ with sb.(与某人分享„„), be loyal to(对„„忠诚), keep in touch with sb. (与某人保持联系), keep company with sb.(和某人结交), stay best friends with sb. (和某人保持很好的友谊) 等。

话题三:招聘与求职

employ(雇用), look for(寻找), full -time(全职的), part -time(兼职的), well -paid(薪水高的), be paid by the hour(按小时发工资), requirement(要求), resume(简历) ,schooling(受教育情况), subject(课程) ,working experience(工作经验), qualification(资格,学历), transcript (学生成绩报告单), health(健康状况), present address(目前的地址) ,apply for(申请„„), graduate from(毕业于), major in(主修), degree(学位), scholarship(奖学金), good grades(良好的成绩) ,be skilled in/at(在„„方面熟练), be good at(擅长„„), experienced(有经验的), confident(自信的), English and computer ability(英语和计算机能力) 等。 话题四:中学生健康问题

physical and mental condition(身体与精神状况), strong(强壮的), unhealthy/healthy(不健康的/健康的), overweight/fat(太胖的/胖的), thin(瘦的), nearsighted/short-sighted(近视的), mentally unhealthy(精神不健全的), normal(正常的), abnormal(不正常的), energetic(精力旺盛的), unhealthy eating habit(不健康的饮食习惯), eat too much junk food (吃太多的垃圾食品) ,stay/keep healthy/fit(保持健康), build up one's body/improve one's health(强身健体), enough sleep(充足的睡眠), take regular exercise(进行有规律的运动), proper diet(合理的饮食), good living habit(良好的生活习惯), lose weight(减肥), ease the burden(减轻负担), be good for/do good to(对„„有益处), nutrition(营养) ,be/go on a diet(节食) 等。

话题五:校园文明与安全问题

school rules and regulations(学校规章制度), keep/observe discipline(遵守纪律), behave well(表现良好) ,be neatly dressed(穿戴整洁), respect one's teachers and parents(尊敬师长), be on time(准时), keep the environment clean(保持环境干净), civilized(文明的), break the rules(违反规章制度), spit(吐痰), cheat in the exam(考试作弊), get in line (排队), fight with sb.(与某人打架), punish sb. for (因„„处罚某人) ,be expected to(被期望„„) ,be of no good to (对„„毫无益处) 等。

话题六:环境保护

pollute(污染) ,cut down trees(砍伐树木) ,waste water(废水) ,throw rubbish around(乱扔垃圾) ,protect the surroundings(保护周边环境) ,protect rare animals(保护稀有动物), improve the environment(改善环境) ,do great harm to(给„„带来很大危害) ,save energy(节省能源) 等。

话题七:创建和谐社会

harmonious(和谐的) ,civilized(文明的), devote(献身) ,honest(诚实的), credible (可信的), be public-spirited(有公德心的), balanced(平衡的), social order(社会秩序), peaceful(和平的), live in harmony(和谐共处), sustainable development(可持续发展) ,help each other(互助), care for each other(互相关心), have deep love for (深爱), be concerned with (关心), build(创建), cherish(珍惜), take an active part in(积极参加), pay attention to public morals(讲究社会道德) 等。

8 热点话题必备句型(一) 段首句

1.关于„„人们有不同的观点。一些人认为„„。

There are different opinions among people as to…Some people hold the view that…/

People's opinions about… vary from person to person. Some people say that…

2.现在,„„,它给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,„„;其次,„„;更为糟糕的是„„。 Today ,„, which has brought a lot of harm to our daily life. Firstly,„;Secondly ,„;What makes things worse is that„

3.现在,„„很普遍。许多人喜欢„„,因为„„。另外(而且) „„。

Nowadays, it is common to „ Many people like „ because „ Besides ,„

4.任何事物都有两面性,„„也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and … is not an exception. It has both advantages and disadvantages.

5.人类正面临着一个严重的问题„„,这个问题变得越来越严重。

Man is now facing a big problem of/that„, which is becoming more and more serious.

6.„„已成为人们关注的热门话题,特别是在年轻人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。

„has become a hot topic among people,especially among the young and heated debates are right on the way.

7.„„在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发了一些严重的问题。

„has been playing an increasingly important role in our daily life. It has brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

(二) 中间段落句

1. 相反,有一些人赞成„„,他们相信„„,而且,他们认为„„。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of„They believe„At the same time,they say„

2.但是,我认为这不是解决„„的好方法。比如„„。最糟糕的是„„。

But I don't think it is a very good way to solve „For example,„Worst of all,„

3.„„对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是) 非常重要的。首先,„„。而且,„„。最重要的是„„。

„is necessary and important to our country's development and construction. Firstly, „What's more, „Most important of all,„

4.有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以„„。

There are several measures for us to adopt. Firstly, we can…

5.面临„„,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来„„。一方面,„„;另一方面,„„。 Faced with„,we should take a series of effective measures to„ For one thing,„;for another,„

6.早就应该拿出行动了。比如说„„,另外„„。所有这些方法肯定会„„。

It is high time that something was done about it. For example, „In addition ,„All these measures will certainly „

7.为什么„„?第一个原因是„„;第二个原因是„„;第三个原因是„„。总的来说,„„的主要原因在于„„。

Why „ ?The first reason is that „;the second reason is that„the third is„All in all, the main cause of „is that „

8.然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,„„也有它不利的一面,像„„。

However, just like everything has both good and bad sides,„also has its own disadvantages, such as „

9.尽管如此,我相信„„更有利。

Nonetheless, I believe that …is more advantageous.

10.我完全同意„„这种观点(陈述) ,主要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that „,mainly because„

9 (三) 结尾句

1. 就我而言,在某种程度上我同意后面的观点。我认为„„。

As far as I am concerned, I agree with the latter opinion to some extent. I think that …

2.总而言之,整个社会应该密切关注„„这个问题。只有这样,我们才能在将来„„。

In a word, the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of …Only in this way can we …in the future.

3.但是,„„和„„都有它们各自的优势(好处) 。例如,„„,而„„。然而,把这两者相比较,我更倾向于(喜欢) „„。

But „and „have their own advantages. For example, „,while „ Comparing this with that, however, I prefer„

4.就我个人而言,我相信„„。因此,我坚信美好的未来正等着我们,因为„„。

Personally, I believe that…As a consequence, I'm confident that a bright future is awaiting us because…

5.随着社会的发展,„„。因此,迫切需要„„。如果每个人都愿意为社会贡献出自己的一份力量,这个社会就会变得越来越好。

With the development of society, …So it's urgent and necessary to …If everyone is willing to contribute himself to society, it will be better and better.

6.至于我(对我来说/就我而言) ,我认为„„更合理。只有这样,我们才能„„。

For my part, I think it more reasonable to… Only in this way can we…

7. 对我来说,我认为有必要„„。原因如下:第一,„„。 第二,„„。最后但同样重要的是,„„。 In my opinion, I think it necessary to„The reasons are as follows. Firstly,„ Secondly ,„Last but not least,„

8.在总体上很难说„„是好还是坏,因为它在很大程度上取决于„„的形势。然而,就我个人而言,我发现„„。

It is difficult to say whether …is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of…However, from a personal point of view, I find…

9.综上所述,我们可以清楚地得出结论„„。

From what has been discussed above, we may clearly arrive at the conclusion that…

10.如果我们不能采取有效的方法,可能就控制不了这种趋势,进而会出现一些意想不到的后果,所以,我们应该做的是„„。

If we can not take effective methods, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable results may come out unexpectedly, so what we should do is…