作文
初三 记叙文 9624字 53人浏览 李宗玉life

作文

第一段 第一句

Presently in china, with the sharp advance in the field of__①____,the problem of __主题___has aroused public concern.

①背景 the contem porary society 当代社会

the higher education 校园高等教育

human ’ civilization 人类文明

自问自答

“It limiting the use of disposable plastic bags necessary?” this is a controversial and complex contention we are confront with. (这确实是一个问题)

定义话题

Eg :Honesty is a precious quality of human beings, which may make a person noble,reliable and respectable.

第二句

观点对比

However,concerning this view,people’s opinions differ considerably.(对这个观点认识大为不同)

However, people’s attitudes towards this issue vary from person to person.

However, it is almost impossible for people to reach a consensus on this controversial issue.

非观点对比

Indeed,____has constantly been a heatedly discussed issue in ___ campus, the contemporary society.

Indeed, nothing in __①___is as __adj___as the issue of __主题__.

Indeed, this problem hass been so prevailing that we can read articles concerning it almost every week on the internet.

中间段 第三句

对比观点类

A :some individuals favor the idea that........

B:conversely,other hold the opposite opinion.

/ on the contrary,others stand on a very different ground.相反,其他人观点相反

原因类

1.Several reasons,to my knowledge,are responsible for this phenomenon.

2.There are numerous reasons accounting for this phenomenon,and I would like to explore some essential ones.

结果类

1.This phenomenon,in a large sense ,gives rise to a series of consequences.

2.The adj___influences of _主题__can be perfectly demonstrated as follows.

措施类

1.There are several possible way to ___V原__

2.In order to ___,people have to meet the following requirements.

3._____is indeed crucial .How can we..?

第四五六句

1、原因

2、举例

3、权威(名言)

As__①人名_once side _主题___,and this view has been universally echoed among___范畴。

① As the old proverb goes:”....

As Hoffman,a great critic in German society(history)

4、数据法

According to a recent survey,about 78.2% of the college students spend more than 8 hours sitting before the computer everyday during summer or winter vacation.

结尾段

模式一

All in all, I am not supportive of the view that the grand gala should be abandoned because it plays a vital role in the celebration of Chinese New Year and we are all eagerly anticipating this unforgettable evening show.总之,我不赞成我们应该取消春晚,因为其在庆祝中国新年中扮演着重要角色、。我们都热切期待看到一场难以忘怀的春节联欢晚会。

起头

1. Taking account of all these factors, we may draw the conclusion that ...

2. From where I stand, …

3. Personally speaking, …

模式二

a. 再次强调影响

A 对B 影响深远。

A (主题)exert a profound impact on B (B总结不出的话想想三大范畴) Eg :aking into account of the above factors, we candraw a conclusion that the problem of honesty exerts a profound impact on the contemporary society.

b. 必须解决问题

万能句式: it is high time thatwe took/should take effective measures to solve the problem. (从句动词要用should/过去式) (中文意思:我们早该采取相应措施来解决问题)

下划线1短语 — take effective measures (采取措施)

可替换短语: ◆adopt really tough solutions

◆put powerful measures into effect

下划线2短语 — solve the problem (解决问题)

可替换短语:◆deal/cope with the problem

◆ bring the problem to its end

◆ better the current situation

fake commodities (伪劣产品)

Taking into account the above factors, we candraw a conclusion thatit is high time thatwe took/should take effective measures to solve the problem.

可替换短语:◆deal/cope with the problem

◆ bring the problem to its end

◆ better the current situation

c. 我支持前者/后者 (用于观点对比性文章,在最后表明支持前者还是后者) 万能句式: I see eye to eye with the former/later view.

The former 前者/latter后者 is more commonsensical under most circumstances.

The former/latter view is with more convincing and compelling arguments

Eg :Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists ?

Personally speaking, the former is more commonsensical under most circumstances because tourism on the campus will exert a negative impact on the higher education.

模式三

万能模式 In a word, Laws and regulations should be implementedto

___1____. Meanwhile, people should raise awareness of it. With tough

laws and an educated public, a bright future is waiting for us.

(翻译:总之, 在严格实施法律法规的同时,人们也要增强相关意识。有了坚

强的法律后盾和大众正确的观念意识,一个光明的未来在等着我们)

1号下划线:话题是好的 — 推广encourage/accelerate/enhance

话题是不好的 — 制约 stop/limit/ban/forbid

真题举例: Fake commodities (伪劣产品) In a word, Laws and regulations should be implementedtoban the fake Meanwhile, people should raise awareness of it. With

tough laws and an educated public, a bright future is waiting for us.

A. 图画作文模式:

Vividly depicted in the illustration are____(人物)__, who are ___(在干嘛)_____. 第一个人 did something(某动作)and asked/said/doubted:“___(图中原话)__”;第二个人replied patiently/angrily/joyfully:“___(图中原话)__.” Apparently, the cartoonist is trying to convey the message that______(改写题目的主题)_____.

lead, which takes up a%.(A 占最大比列,一共有a%)。Then, B is the second largest, and it occupies b%. (B是第二大的,占b%. C ranks the third, accounting for c%. It is followed by D, E, and F, with d%, e%, and f%, respectively.

(接下来分别是D,E,F, 各自占了d%,e%,和f%)

注意:如果没有A-F 那么多种,就减掉一点即可。

主要是三个占据:take up \ account for\ occupy,以及四个不同的从属成分表达:

1. which takes up; 2. and it occupies;3. accounting for;4. with+百分比;

第一个是定语从句,第二个是并列句,第三个是伴随状语,第四个是介词结构。

C. 线状图和柱状图(line chart and bar chart):

a. 上升词汇:动词:climb, ascend; 名词: ascent, increase

b. 下降词汇:动词:decline ,descend; 名词:decline (既是名词又是动词), descent. c. 介词: (上升)到:to ; (上升)了:by

d. 如:下一个月产量上升了20%。

In the next month, the production ascended by 20%

d. 程度副词:

剧烈:steeply, dramatically, significantly;

轻微:slightly, marginally;

5%。

In the next month, the production ascended slightly by 5%.

e. 三个句型:

动词型: A ascended/ declined significantly from ….to …..(A 上升/下降得很大,从……. 变成了……)

名词型:in A by….

(A 轻微地上升了……)

时间型:一段时间 saw a steep ascent of A to….

(这段时间里,A 剧烈上升到了……)

第一个就是正常的主谓句,第二个是there be句型,第三个是以时间为主语。

下面来展示一句话用三种句型来写:

下一个月中投诉的数量显著下降了50%。

The number of complaints declined significantly by 50% in the following month.

In the following month, there was a significant decline in the number of complaints by 50%.

The following month saw a significant decline in the number of complaints by 50%. 所以各位只要按照图标中的上升、下降、它们的相对幅度、以及数值填到这三个句子里就好。要注意,如果前几个月是上升,突然下降了,要有However 在中间转折;反之亦然。

1. 健康

health, physical / mental health, disease,

strong, energetic, fitness

Too much viewing of TV will lead people to a sedentary life lacking adequate exercise, which does harm to their health.

◆ does harm to/brings benefits to their health.

Some people may be addicted to netsurfing, which i mpairs people’s physical and mental health.(eyesight, radiation)

◆ impairs people’s physical and mental health.

◆ 性格的养成

cultivate, foster, develop, encourage, enrich, improve, enhance

Taking a part time job can help cultivate independence and develop a strong sense of responsibility.

◆can help cultivate independence and develop a strong sense of responsibility.

It will do good for building up one’s confidence and offer one a sense of achievement because one can realize his value and capability.◆ can build up one ’s confidence and offer one a sense of achievement.

2. 方便

convenient, convenience

The internet is far more convenient and efficientthan the written word or other conventional means of conveying meaning.

◆ ____ is convenient and efficient.

Advertisement can bring convenience to people’s lives.

◆ ____bring convenience to people’s lives.

Modern means of transportation make it very convenient forpeople to travel far or near.

◆make it very convenient for people to.

3. 效率

efficient, efficiently, efficiency

Advertisements build an efficient and direct links between manufacturers and customers.

◆build an efficient and direct links betweenand.

Modern science and technology make our lives more efficient. ◆ make our lives more efficient.

4. 经济

save time / money / space , economical, economic

frugal, frugality

waste time / money / space, costly, time-consuming, lavish

This will help them realize that it is not easy to make money and form

the good habit of frugality.

There are many other ways for people to know commodities, so it is a waste to invest large sums of money in making advertisements on TV.

It is a costly and time-consuming hobby. China is a developing country and many people are still below the poverty line.

5. 交流

Communicate with, deepen one’s understanding of, enhance mutual cooperation..

Mutual communication

mutual understanding

mutual tolerance

The Internet deepens our mutual understanding among people in different regions of the world.

deepens our mutual understanding .

6. 乐趣

amusing,pleasure, joy, recreation, entertain, leisure time , relax, interesting.

对立面:dull, tired, bored, boring, lonely, weary, too much stress from work

Gazing at the cold flickering screen is a disinteresting and tiring experience.

Raising pets is beneficial and joyful.

Some advertisements are of high artistic value, original and well designed; therefore they add to the beauty of our lives.

7. 安全

safe, in safe, reliable

danger, dangerous, risk, hazard危险, hazardous危险的.

8. 影响

Affect, influence, impact on…..

学习方面:

cope with the relationship between part-time jobs and study practice(如何学习与实践) ,

be prepared for or meet the requirements of future occupations. (如何面对未来职业的需要) 。

经济方面:

economy, create jobs, increase the tax base, improve society’s welfare福利the reform and open-up policies (改革开放政策) ,economic construction(经济建设) ,market economy(市场经济) ,public order(社会治安) ,sustainable development (可持续发展)

Part-time jobs may take up most of students’ valuable time for study and exert a detrimental impact on their study and overall

development.

helps to improve the economic strength.

环境方面: pollute , poisonous , dirty, nature, on good terms with(和谐相处) ,ruin, destroy

Some leaflets and handouts are scattered here and there, polluting the environment.

◆ pollute the environment.

Too many cars running on the streets lead toair pollution and noise pollution .

◆lead toair pollution and noise pollution.