考研作文
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考研英语作文

1. 经典替换词

1. individuals, characters, folks 替换 people, persons

2. positive, favorable, rosy, promising, perfect, pleasurable, excellent, outstanding, superior 替换 good

3. dreadful, unfavorable, poor, adverse, ill 替换 bad (如果bad 做表语,可以用be less impressive 替换)

Eg. An army of college students indulge themselves in playing games, enjoying romance with girls/boys or killing time passively in their dorms. When it approaches to graduation, as a result, they find their academic records are less impressive. 很多大学生平时都沉迷于网络游戏、谈恋爱、宅在宿舍消磨时光,结果一旦临近毕业他们就发现自己的学习成绩太不尽如人意。

4. an army of, an ocean of, a sea of, a multitude of, a host of, many, if not most 替换 many

注:用many, if not most 一定要小心,many 后一定要有词。

5. a slice of, quiet a few 替换 some

6. harbor the idea that, take the attitude that, hold the view that, it is widely shared that, it is universally acknowledged that 替换 think(因为是书面语,所以要加that)

7. affair, business, matter 替换 thing

8. shared 替换 common

9. reap huge fruits 替换 get many benefits

10. for my part, from my own perspective 替换 in my opinion

11. increasing(ly), growing 替换 more and more(注意没有growingly 这种形式,所以当修饰名词时用increasing/growing修饰形容词,副词用increasingly)

Eg.Sth. has gained growing popularity. 某物已经越来越受欢迎。\ Sth. is increasingly popular with the advancement of sth. 随着某物的发展,某物也越来越流行。

12. little if anything或little or nothing 替换 hardly

13. beneficial, rewarding 替换 helpful

14. shopper, client, consumer, purchaser 替换 customer

15. overwhelmingly, exceedingly, extremely, intensely 替换 very

16. hardly necessary, hardly inevitable„替换 unnecessary, avoidable

17. indispensable 替换 necessary

18. sth. appeals to sb, sth. exerts a tremendous fascination on sb. 替换sb. take interest in / sb. be interested in

19. capture one's attention 替换 attract one's attention

20. facet, demension, sphere 替换 aspect

21. be indicative of, be suggestive of, be fearful of 替换 indicate, suggest ,fear

22. give rise to, lead to, result in, trigger 替换 cause

23. There are several reasons behind sth. 替换 reasons for sth.

24. desire 替换 want

25. pour attention into 替换 pay attention to

26. bear in mind that 替换 remember

27. enjoy, possess 替换 have(注意process 是过程的意思)

28. interaction 替换 communication

29. frown on sth. 替换 be against , disagree with sth.

30. to name only a few, as an example 替换 for example, for instance

31. next to, virtually impossible 替换 nearly, almost impossible

32. regarding, concerning 替换 about

33. crucial, paramount 替换 important

34. 第一(in the first place, the first and foremost);第二(there is one more point, I should touch on, that„) ;第三(the last but not the least)

35. assiduous 替换 hard-working

36. arduous 替换 difficult

37. underdeveloped, financially-challenged 替换 poor(因为poor 通常含有贬义)

38. demonstrate, manifest 替换 show

39. invariably 替换 always

40. perilous, hazardous 替换 dangerous(写社会类作文时常用,说什么社会现象是不好的,有害的)

41. formidable 替换 difficult

42. quintessential 替换 typical(举例时常用,例如:a quintessential example should be cited that=for example; for instance)

43. distinguished 替换 famous

44. feasible 替换 possible

45. consequently, accordingly 替换 so

2. 写作之衔接词

一、文章及段落起始常用的过渡词语

to begin with 首先

【例】To begin with, smoking should be banned in public areas. 首先,在公共场合应该禁烟。

first of all 第一,首先

【例】First of all, many people in remote areas still live in poverty. 第一,在偏远地区许多人还生活在贫困中。

in the first place 首先

【例】In the first place, she can read at the rate of 100 words a minute. 首先,她能每分钟阅读100字。

generally speaking 总体上讲

【例】Generally speaking, the more you practice, the more skillfully you can write in English. 总体上讲,练习地越多,你英文写作时就越熟练。

二、文章及段落结尾常用的过渡词语

therefore, thus 因此

【例】Thus, taking morning exercises regularly may reduce the chances of getting sick. 因此,定期进行晨练可以减少生病的概率。

in conclusion 总之,最后

【例】In conclusion, universities should give larger amount of money to libraries. 最后,高校应该给图书馆大量拨款。

in brief, in a nutshell 简言之

【例】In brief, birth control is of vital importance in China. 简言之,计划生育在对中国来说是十分重要的。

to sum up 总而言之

【例】To sum up, out of sight, out of mind. 总而言之,眼不见,心不烦。

in a word 总之

【例】In a word, country life is more beneficial than city life. 总之,乡村生活更优于城市生活。

三、常用表示先后次序的过渡词语

first 第一 second 第二 next 其次,然后 eventually 最后,最终 since then 自此以后 afterward 以后,随后 meanwhile 同时 therefore 因而 immediately 立刻 finally 最后,最终

【例】Finally, the country must not again go through the war. 最终,这个国家必须避免再次遭受战争。

四、常用表示因果关系的过渡词语

accordingly 于是 for this reason 由于这个原因 as a result of 由„„结果 in this way 这样 consequently 结果,因此 due to 由于„„ therefore 因而 because of 因为 thus 因为

【例】It rained, for this reason, the game was cancelled. 由于下雨,游戏取消。

五、常用表示比较和对比的过渡词语

in contrast with 和„„成对照 similarly 同样 whereas 然而 on the contrary

相反 different from与„„不同likewise 同样 equally important 同样重要 on the other hand 另一方面

【例】Different from Jane, Mary is interested in Maths. 和简不同,玛丽对数学比较感兴趣。

六、常用表示举例的过渡词语

a case in point 恰当的例子 for example 举例 namely( that is ) 即,这就是说 for instance 举例

【例】A case in point is the water control project along the Yangtze River. 一个恰当的例子就是长江沿线的水控项目。

七、有关描写图表的过渡词语

during this time 在此期间

【例】During this time, more women took various jobs. 在此期间,更多的妇女找到了各种各样的工作。

apart from 除了„„之外

【例】Apart from the figures, the information below the table also suggests the growth of production. 除了数据之外,表格下面的信息同样也反应了生产量的增长。

compared with 与„„相比较

【例】Compared with the percentage of the base year, it jumped by 15 percent. 与基准年相比,上升了百分之十五。

from the above table/ chart/ graph 根据上图(表) 所示

【例】From the above chart, it can be seen that changes do occur in the society. 从上面的图表来看社会确实发生了变化。

八、常用表示强调的过渡词语

furthermore 此外 moreover 而且 besides 此外 in fact 实际上 also 而且,也 indeed 的确 again 另外,还 in particular 尤其,特别 naturally 当然,自然,必然

【例】Naturally, he denied that he had committed the crime. 他必然不承认自己犯罪了。

九、逻辑连接词语

先后次序关系:second, last but not the least, seeing„

原因、结果关系:so „, as a result of this, consequently, in consequence

转折关系:even though, though, regardless of

并列关系:also, as well as, either„or „

递进关系:not only„but also„, in order to do it„, accordingly

比较关系:when in fact„, similarly, compared with

对比关系:on the contrary, contrary to, conversely

举例关系:as he explains, like, put it simply, for one thing„for another„

强调关系:particularly, to be true, other things being equal

条件关系:if so, if possible, provide that

归纳总结关系:in brief, in short, the conclusion can be drawn that

3. 必背点睛佳句

1.Chances are that man will eventually land on Mars.

人类有可能最终登陆火星。

2.The likelihood for peace in the Middle East remains questionable.

中东和平的可能性仍让人怀疑。

3.The necessity for nuclear nonproliferation seems clear.

防止核扩散的必要性似乎清清楚楚。

4.It is perhaps more accurate to consider the family as a blanket of security, rather than a cloak of bondage.

把家庭看作保护安全的毯子可能比把它看做束缚的斗篷更确切。

5.While generalizations are dangerous, it is quite safe to present solid evidence.

抽象概括是危险的,但是提供确凿的证据是万无一失的。

6.It seems almost certain that China will achieve this year's economic growth targets.

中国将完成今年经济增长的目标似乎是毫无疑问的。

7.Reaching this year's growth targets is almost a certainty.

达到今年的增长目标几乎是必然的。

8.The urgency of the situation makes it necessary to reiterate the monumental problems of population growth.

情况的紧迫性使我们有必要重申人口增长的重大问题。

9.A recent study revealed the surprising fact that many students pass examinations by relying on nothing more than rote memorization. It is horrifying to think that students graduate without a thorough understanding of the subject matter.

最近的一项研究显示了一个令人惊讶的事实:许多学生仅仅依靠死记硬背通过考试。想到学生对主题没有透彻地理解就毕业了是令人震惊的。

10.Needless to say, advertising sells products. Where would we be without it? Shelves would be empty, consumers would have few choices and products information would disappear.

毋庸讳言,广告推销产品。没有它,情况将会怎样?货架将空空如也,消费者的选择将减少,产品的信息将消失。

1.There is absolutely no reason for us to believe that a brighter future for the world is an impossibility.

我们丝毫没有理由相信,世界不可能会有一个更光明的未来。

2.Meteorologists offer computer models leaving little doubt that this year's El Nino phenomenon has disappeared.

气象学家提供计算机模型,充分证明今年的厄尔尼诺现象已经消失了。

3.Facts prove the unjustifiability of claims that China will be unable to feed itself by the year 2020.

事实证明:断言中国到2020年将不可能养活自己是不合道理的。

4.Previous explanations of the rising divorce rate in China are simply untenable. The fact is that many marriages were simply based on convenience and wives are no longer willing to accept the

abusive domineering attitudes of husbands.

以前对中国离婚率升高的解释是完全站不住脚的。事实是许多婚姻仅仅建立在便利的基础上,而且妻子不再愿意接受丈夫作威作福的态度。

5.Claim that entering the Chinese market offers foreign companies an immediate road to profits are grossly misstated and have been proven wrong time and again. The key to entering China rests with the phraseology vast potential market, and how long one is willing to wait for returns.

声称进入中国市场会给外国公司带来立即获利的途径是非常错误的,事实已经一次次地证明了这一点。进入中国的关键在于“广阔的潜在市场”这一说法以及为了回报愿意等待多久。

6.Parents are not wrong in enforcing good study habits, but they must not do so at the expense of stifling normal child development.

家长把好的学习习惯强加给孩子没有错,但是,他们这么做不能以抑制儿童的正常发展为代价。

7.It is quite reasonable to assume that modern science and technology (S&T) will continue to advance. It is no less reasonable to believe that S&T will radically improve the way we live. However, the same reasoning cannot be applied to improving social interaction.

假定现代科学技术将继续进步是很有道理的。相信科技会大幅度地改变我们的生活方式也是同样有道理的。然而,同样的逻辑不能用于改善社会上的相互作用。

8.Belief in the wonders of modern medical science is quite understandable. It is also quite possible that our faith in the ability of scientists to find the key for prolonging life are

well-founded. Yet, the wisdom of prolonging life remains in question when considering the already massive global population and projected future growth.

相信现代医学的奇迹是可以理解的。很有可能我们相信科学家能够找到延长生命的关键也是有根据的。但是,考虑到已经非常庞大的世界人口和预计的未来的增长,延长生命是否明智仍有疑问。

9.It is one thing to support euthanasia, but quite another to offer any justification for genocide.

支持安乐死是一回事,为种族灭绝提供正当的理由是另一回事。

10.Claiming the need for censorship is one thing, but rationally proving its redeeming values represents a quite different issue.

主张审查制度的必要性是一回事,理智地证明它的可取之处是完全不同的另一回事。

1.Claiming something is true misses the point, while presenting verifiable fact proves its

correctness.

声称某样东西是正确的没有什么意义,而提出可以证实的事实能证明它的正确性。

2.Suggesting that one thing …… is better than another thing …… bears no more significance than insinuating that black is better than white.

暗示一件东西比另一件东西更好比旁敲侧击地说黑比白好并没有更大的意义。

3.Ignoring cause and effect is exactly the same thing as failing to look both ways when crossing a busy intersection.

忽略因果就相当于横穿繁忙的十字路口时没有朝两边看。

4.One who advocates the rights of homosexuals should not be surprised by the belligerent stance of opposition forces.

主张同性恋者的权利的人对反对力量的好战姿态不应感到奇怪。

5.The greatest problem with political and religious zealots is their total inability to consider the views of others.

政治和宗教狂热者的最大问题在于他们完全不能考虑别人的观点

6.The basic stumbling block to global peace rests with the self-serving ambitions of many nations.

全世界和平的基本障碍物在于许多国家谋私利的野心。

7.The overemphasis on one particular aspect of a problem often obscures the relevance of other issues.

过分强调问题的一个方面经常掩盖了其他方面的相关性。

8.Any presumption that smoking is in anyway beneficial is totally preposterous.

任何对抽烟不管怎样是有益的假设都是完全荒谬的。

9.The fallacies of many arguments are quite obvious.

许多论证的推论错误是相当明显的。

10.Arbitrarily dismissing the direct link between increasing sexual promiscuity and the rapid spread of sexually transmitted diseases would be foolhardy. An even more foolish mistake would center on denying the need for extensive sex education programs worldwide.

武断地无视性乱行为的增多和性传播疾病的迅速蔓延之间的直接联系是鲁莽的。一个更愚蠢的错误是否认在世界范围内开展广泛的性教育项目的必要性。

1.There is undoubtedly an element of truth in assertions that capital punishment is necessary, but proponents seem to ignore the fact that the practice has failed to deter heinous crimes.

毫无疑问,主张极刑的必要性有正确的成分,但是,支持者似乎忽略了这种做法不能阻止令人发指的罪行这一事实。

2.Many people assume that the extinction of a plant or animal species is of little consequence. Careful examination, however, reveals that the extinction of any one species disrupts the food chain, and the loss of a plant species leads to the disappearance of a key ingredient which might yield a cure for cancer.

许多人想当然地认为一种植物或动物的灭绝产生的后果很小。然而,仔细的考察揭示出任何一个物种的灭绝会破坏食物链,一种植物的消失造成有可能生成治疗癌症的药物的关键成分的缺失。

3.At first glance, the characteristics of Bugs BUnny seem comical. However, a closer examination reveals the cartoon character never creates a problem, and instead simply hopes for quiet and peaceful life. This suggests that cartoons most often teach children the difference between good and evil.

乍一看,流氓兔的性格似乎滑稽。然而,仔细观察发现这个卡通人物从不制造麻烦,相反,它只希望过安静平和的生活。这说明卡通在大多数情况下教授给儿童好与坏之间的区别。

4.Logically, calls for a New World Order sound valid, and I whole-heartedly agree with some points, but the absurdity arises when considering that the world's 200-odd nations have diverse agendas when it comes to development and diplomacy.

从逻辑而言,要求形成新的世界秩序听似正确,而且我真心实意地同意一些观点,但是,考虑到世界上二百余个国家在发展和外交上有不同的议事日程,这种要求就显得荒谬了。

5.In spite of claims to the contrary, it is common knowledge that corporal punishment most often has the exact opposite affect intended.

尽管有相反的主张,但是大家都知道体法在多数情况下产生适得其反的效果。

6.We were brought up to believe that the role of a man was to provide and the role of a woman was to care for the household and family. Today, however, role reversal is becoming increasingly commonplace.

我们从小就相信男人的角色市提供生活所需,女人的角色是照顾家庭和子女。然而,今天,

角色的互换变得越来越普遍。

7.Some people tend to tenaciously cling to the misguided concept of racial superiority. Their persistence in doing so, however, does readily reveal the inferior mentality and social

incompatibility of certain human beings.

一些人顽强地坚持种族优越性的错误观点。然而,他们坚持这样做正揭示了某些人自卑的心理和社会对立性。

8.Some people claim the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) far exceeds that of Western-style pharmaceuticals. More often than not, however, the exact opposite is true.

有的人声称中药的功效远远好于西药。但是,通常情况下,事实正好相反。

9.Workers commonly complain that causes for labor disputes rest solely on the shoulders of management. Quite likely the opposite is true.

工人经常抱怨劳资纠纷的责任完全在管理者的肩上。很可能正好相反。

10.There are those who claim that competition brings out the best in people. Others contend it simply forces one person to prove he/she is better than another. Advocates vociferously support one position or the other. I suggest the former proposition bears greater relevance than the latter.

有些人认为竞争促使人们发挥出最优秀的东西。另一些人认为它只是强迫一个人证明他/她比别人更优秀。提倡者叫嚣着支持其中的一个立场。我认为前一个立场比后一个立场更恰当。

1.While the inclination to procrastinate is common, one must fully consider the detrimental impact of unnecessary delays.

虽然拖延的倾向是普遍的,但是人们应该充分考虑到不必要的延误造成的有害影响。

2.The tendency to take things for granted is understandable, but the need for one to rationally evaluate the circumstances of any situation is absolutely essential.

想当然的倾向是可以理解的,但是,理智地估计任何情形的情况是完全必需的。

3.Most people are under the illusion that a college degree guarantees success. There is no such guarantee without hard work.

许多人错误地认为大学学位能保证成功。不努力工作就没有这样的保证。

4.Some stubbornly hold to the correctness of traditional practices, but in so doing they seem to totally ignore the fact that progress depends on change.

一些人固执地坚持传统做法的正确性,但是,他们这么做,似乎完全忽视了进步依靠变化的事实。

5.Generally speaking, previous parliamentary policy debates ignored the relevance of transparency.

总的来说,以前议会中针对政策的辩论忽视了透明度的重要性。

6.A precise definition of poverty is actually very difficult to determine. Where does one draw the line between those who are poor and those who are not?

对贫困的精确定义实际上是很难的。如何在贫穷和非贫穷的人之间划一条界限呢?

7.Admittedly, bribery and corruption are endemic to our political and economic systems, but it doesn't necessarily follow that all politicians and business people resort to illicit behavior.

诚然,贿赂和腐败在我们的政治和经济系统中很流行,但这并不是说所有的政府官员和商界人士都采取违法行为。

8.There's little doubt that a third World War is avoidable, but it is highly unlikely that regional conflicts will disappear in the foreseeable future.

毫无疑问,第三次世界大战是可以避免的,但是,在可预见的将来地区冲突消失是非常不可能的。

9.Some people assume that investing in stock is a safe pursuit, but their assumption fails to hold water when considering the substantial risk involved.

有的人想当然地认为投资股票是有把握的事情,但是,考虑到涉及的巨大风险,他们的想当然就说不通了。

10.Some people have called for accelerated across-the-board changes. Their approach quite frankly ignores the need for gradual but effective changes.

一些人要求更快速的全盘改变。他们的做法的确忽略了渐进而有效的改变的必要性。