复活节由来
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Easter

A Sunday between March 22 and April 25

The meaning of many different customs observed during Easter Sunday have been buried with time. Their origins lie in pre-Christian religions and Christianity. All in some way or another are a "salute to spring," marking re-birth. The white Easter lily has come to capture the glory of the holiday. The word "Easter" is named after Eastre, the Anglo-Saxon goddess of spring. A festival was held in her honor every year at the vernal equinox (春分).

People celebrate the holiday according to their beliefs and their religious denominations (命名). Christians commemorate Good Friday as the day that Jesus Christ died and Easter Sunday as the day that He was resurrected (复活). Protestant settlers brought the custom of a sunrise service, a religious gathering at dawn, to the United States.

This year Easter will be celebrated on Sunday April 11, 2004. On Easter Sunday children wake up to find that the Easter Bunny has left them baskets of candy. He has also hidden the eggs that they decorated earlier that week. Children hunt for the eggs all around the house. Neighborhoods and organizations hold Easter egg hunts, and the child who finds the most eggs wins a prize.

The Easter Bunny is a rabbit-spirit. Long ago, he was called the" Easter Hare." Hares and rabbits have frequent multiple births so they became a symbol of fertility. The custom of an Easter egg hunt began because children believed that hares laid eggs in the grass. The Romans believed that "All life comes from an egg." Christians consider eggs to be "the seed of life" and so they are symbolic of the resurrection of Jesus Christ.

Why we dye, or color, and decorate eggs is not certain. In ancient Egypt, Greece, Rome and Persia eggs were dyed for spring festivals. In medieval Europe, beautifully decorated eggs were given as gifts.

Egg Rolling

In England, Germany and some other countries, children rolled eggs down hills on Easter morning, a game which has been connected to the rolling away of the rock from Jesus Christ's tomb when he was resurrected. British settlers brought this custom to the New World.

In the United States in the early nineteenth century, Dolly Madison, the wife of the fourth American President, organized an egg roll in Washington, D.C. She had been told that Egyptian children used to roll eggs against the pyramids so she invited the children of Washington to roll hard-boiled eggs down the hilly lawn of the new Capitol building! The custom continued, except for the years during the Civil War. In 1880, the First Lady invited children to the White House for the Egg Roll because officials had complained that they were ruining the Capitol lawn. It has been held there ever since then, only canceled during times of war. The event has grown, and today Easter Monday is the only day of the year when tourists are allowed to wander over the White House lawn. The wife of the President sponsors it for the children of the entire country. The egg rolling event is open to children twelve years old

and under. Adults are allowed only when accompanied by children!

Traditionally, many celebrants (司仪神父) bought new clothes for Easter which they wore to church. After church services, everyone went for a walk around the town. This led to the American custom of Easter parades all over the country. Perhaps the most famous is along Fifth Avenue in New York City.

Good Friday is a federal holiday in 16 states and many schools and businesses throughout the U.S. are closed on this Friday. 复活节是那一天呢?

复活节是在每年春分月圆后的第一个礼拜天。

所以,每年的日期都不一样,像2003年的复活节就是4月20日,2004年的复活节是4月11日,2005年的复活节则是3月27日,而2006年的复活节则是4月16日,以此类推。

复活节的前两天,就是受难日,往往信徒会带著肃穆的心情,记念耶稣为世人的罪钉在十字架上而死。

复活节是什麼日子

很多人都知道耶诞节是庆祝耶稣降生的日子,会有礼物、庆典和欢乐。然而,却很少人晓得什麽是复活节?甚至有人会问:复活节到底该开心呢?还是要忧伤呢?看看这个故事,就知道为什麽要过复活节啦!

上帝的儿子耶稣降生在马槽裏,之后就像别的孩子一样成长。当他三十岁的时候,挑选了十二个学生,开始传道工作。三年半中,他医病、传道、赶鬼,帮助各样有需要的人,将天国的道理说给人听。一直到上帝所安排的时候到了,耶稣就被自己的门徒出卖、被官兵捉拿、被无理审问、还被钉死在十字架上、被放在坟墓裏。

耶稣的死,让许多曾经跟随他的人非常忧伤、绝望。他们所爱、所盼望的拯救者居然死了,而且死得如此悲惨。他们的希望破灭了。他们忘记耶稣曾说过:他死后第三天要复活。

在第三天清晨,有一群爱耶稣的妇女带著香膏到坟墓边。他们在那裏找不到耶稣的尸体,却遇见了天使。天使告诉他们:「他不在这裏,照他所说的,已经复活了!」

耶稣复活之后,和爱他的人共处了四十天,和他们谈论天国的事,之后才升到天上。有一次,耶稣甚至出现在五百多人聚集的场合中。因此,他的复活是证据确凿的事实。

耶稣虽然像犯人一样被钉十字架,他死并不是因为他有罪,而是要按上帝的计划替世人赎罪。

现在他从死裏复活,表示他为我们赎罪成功。任何人只要信靠他、向他认罪,就可得上帝赦免。

而耶稣的复活,代表他胜过了死亡,所以凡是信靠他的人,都有永生,就是可以永远和耶稣在一起。因为,耶稣现在仍然活著,所以他听得见我们向他的祷告,会看顾我们每天的生活,赐力量给我们,让每一天都充满了希望。

所以,复活节,是庆贺耶稣为我们复活,而且现在仍然活著,天天与我们在一起!

复活节的 象徵

百合花

百合花象徵神圣与纯洁 。人们喜爱以在春天、复活节左右盛开的百合花来代表耶稣基督的圣洁。而形状像只喇叭的百合花,也像是正大声宣扬耶稣基督复活的好消息。

复活彩蛋

蛋,象徵新生命。坚硬的蛋壳无法限制里面正在孕育的新生命。

耶稣基督为了我们的罪而钉死在十字架上,葬在坟墓里,但坟墓无法关住他。他第三天复活了,使凡相信他的人,因此而得到新的生命。蛋,便成为复活节常用的象徵物之一。

十字架、钉子

复活节那天,有许多人会将煮熟的蛋用颜料画上与复活节相关的图案。例如:十字架、钉子、百合花、兔子等等,装饰的五彩缤纷。然后互相交换,提醒耶稣的复活。也有人喜欢玩寻找彩蛋的游戏,大人先将彩蛋藏在花园草丛中,让小朋友们去找。找到彩蛋的人,就要说出蛋上图案的意义。比如说,十字架是耶稣为我们死在十字架上,钉子则是提醒我们耶稣基督被钉子钉在十字架上。

复活兔(邦尼兔)

依据欧洲古老的传说,野兔是一种终日不闭眼的动物,它们能在黑夜里,观看四周其它的动

物,因此,野兔就代表著那黑夜中一轮皎洁的明月。再加上复活节日子的计算是以春天月圆为基准於是就将春天繁殖力强的野兔视为 复活节的一个象徵。这习俗传入美国后,美国人还为兔子取了一个可爱的名字,叫它复活节的邦尼兔呢!

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欧洲,十二世纪

复活兔(邦尼兔)

依据欧洲古老的传说,野兔是一种终日不闭眼的动物,它们能在黑夜里,观看四周其它的动物,因此,野兔就代表著那黑夜中一轮皎洁的明月。再加上复活节日子的计算是以春天月圆为基准於是就将春天繁殖力强的野兔视为 复活节的一个象徵。这习俗传入美国后,美国人还为兔子取了一个可爱的名字,叫它复活节的邦尼兔呢!

复活节Paques 乃仅次於圣诞节的大节庆,是最古老最有意义的基督教与天主教的节日,顾名思义为要纪念基督的复活。因为古犹太人是采 原来,自十二世纪起,欧洲许多国家人民开始有互相赠送复活蛋的习俗。平民间互送的复活蛋非常的朴素,仅仅将煮熟的水煮蛋涂成红色并让神父祝圣过。有钱人的复活蛋可就不同了,用多彩的颜料为蛋壳做美丽的雕饰,让复活蛋看起来更是喜气洋洋。到了文艺复兴时期la Renaissance ,复活蛋的习俗更正式进入了法国皇室中,普通的鸡蛋更被黄金蛋取代,并加有珍贵的宝石做装饰。自十六世纪起,复活蛋里也开始藏有小惊喜。据说法王路易十五Louis XV送给其爱慕的巴丽夫人的复活蛋,里头就藏有一个邱比特的小雕像呢!

在欧洲,有人认为互赠复活蛋的传统乃与四旬斋Careme (复活节前40天)的守斋息息相关。原来,在长达40天的守斋期后,往往会有大量的鸡蛋库存

用阴历,每年庆祝的复活节乃於春分(3月21日)月圆后的第一个星期日,若月圆当天刚好是星期日,复活节则推迟一星期。因此,复活节可能在阳历中3月22日至4月25日之间的任何一天。而2004年的 ,才会有相互赠送鸡蛋送的习俗。也有人认为,蛋乃意味著春天的到来及新生命的诞生,并象徵著耶稣从死里复活走出石墓。

Easter (Greek: ∏άσχα) is the most important annual religious feast in the Christian liturgical year.[1] According to Christian scripture, Jesus was resurrected from the dead on the third day from his crucifixion. Christians celebrate this resurrection on Easter Day or Easter Sunday[2] (also Resurrection Day or Resurrection Sunday), two days after Good Friday and three days after Maundy Thursday. The chronology of his death and resurrection is variously interpreted to be between 26 and 36 AD. Easter also refers to the season of the church year called Eastertide or the Easter Season. Traditionally the Easter Season lasted for the forty days from Easter Day until Ascension Day but now officially

lasts for the fifty days until Pentecost. The first week of the Easter Season is known as Easter Week or the Octave of Easter. Easter also marks the end of Lent, a season of fasting, prayer, and penance.

Easter is a moveable feast, meaning it is not fixed in relation to the civil calendar. The First Council of Nicaea (325) established the date of Easter as the first Sunday after the full moon (the Paschal Full Moon) following the vernal equinox.[3] Ecclesiastically, the equinox is reckoned to be on 21 March. The date of Easter therefore varies between 22 March and 25 April. Eastern Christianity bases its calculations on the Julian Calendar whose 21 March corresponds, during the twenty-first century, to 3 April in the Gregorian Calendar, in which calendar their celebration of Easter therefore varies between 4 April and 8 May.

Easter is linked to the Jewish Passover not only for much of its symbolism but also for its position in the calendar.

Relatively newer elements such as the Easter Bunny and Easter egg hunts have become part of the holiday's modern celebrations, and those aspects are often celebrated by many Christians and non-Christians alike. There are also some Christian denominations who do not celebrate Easter.