食品安全问题作文
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食品安全问题(On the Food Security)

Directions: Directions: You are supposed to finish a composition with 120 words or so within 30 minutes. The outline is as follows: 1) 目前食品安全问题很多; 2) 出现这么多的原因; 3) 解决的办法

资料:

Food Security

The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security as existing “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”. Commonly, the concept of food security is defined as including both physical and economic access to food that meets people's dietary needs as well as their food preferences. In many countries, health problems related to dietary excess are an ever increasing threat, In fact, malnutrion and foodborne diarrhea are become double burden. Food security is built on three pillars:

Food availability: sufficient quantities of food available on a consistent basis.

Food access: having sufficient resources to obtain appropriate foods for a nutritious diet.

Food use: appropriate use based on knowledge of basic nutrition and care, as well as adequate water and sanitation.

Food security is a complex sustainable development issue, linked to health through malnutrition, but also to sustainable economic development, environment, and trade. There is a great deal of debate around food security with some arguing that:

There is enough food in the world to feed everyone adequately; the problem is distribution.

Future food needs can - or cannot - be met by current levels of production.

National food security is paramount - or no longer necessary because of global trade. Globalization may - or may not - lead to the persistence of food insecurity and poverty in rural communities.

Issues such as whether households get enough food, how it is distributed within the household and whether that food fulfils the nutrition needs of all members of the household show that food security is clearly linked to health.

Agriculture remains the largest employment sector in most developing countries and international agriculture agreements are crucial to a country's food security. Some critics argue that trade liberalization may reduce a country's food security by reducing agricultural employment levels. Concern about this has led a group of World Trade Organization (WTO) member states to recommend that current negotiations on agricultural agreements allow developing countries to re-evaluate and raise tariffs on key products to protect national food security and employment. They argue that WTO agreements, by pushing for the liberalization of crucial markets, are threatening the food security of whole communities. Related issues include:

What is the net impact of the further liberalization of food and agricultural trade, considering the widely differing situations in developing countries?

To what extent can domestic economic and social policies - and food, agricultural and rural development policies - offset the diverse (and possibly negative) impacts of international policies, such as those relating to international trade?

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How can the overall economic gains from trade benefit those who are most likely to be suffering from food insecurity?

Do gains “trickle down” to enhance economic access to food for the poor?

How can food and agricultural production and trade be restrained from the over-exploitation of natural resources that may jeopardize domestic food security in the long term?

How to ensure that imported food products are of acceptable quality and safe to eat?

资料

The world grain market has been witnessing speculative fluctuations these days. Russia's decision to extend its ban on wheat exports from end of this year to virtually the end of 2011 to tide over the severe crop loss and the reported panic hoarding of staple foods is causing global food prices to rise further.

There's more bad news: farm outputs in other countries across Europe and Asia (and in Australia) are declining.

The UN Food and Agriculture Organization has called a special meeting in Rome later this month to discuss how the global food supply problem should be addressed. Given the global situation, the Chinese government had to act fast. That is precisely what the State Council, or China's Cabinet, has done. Earlier this week, the State Council vowed to strengthen regulations to control food and grocery prices. This is a welcome move to help consumers, especially during the festival season.

In all likelihood, the government plans to take further action, if needed, at least till the beginning of next year. Such actions could include financial commitment.

Besides, lawmakers are expected to urge the government at their national session in March to intensify its efforts further.

Earlier this year, the government took the very important decision to import more grains. From January to July, the overall trade in farm products showed a deficit bigger than the previous year's. Much of this, however, should be seen as a precautionary move to capitalize on generally low food prices rather than an emergency measure to meet any shortage in the domestic market.

China, as a matter of policy, has basically relied on its own resources for staple food supplies. The country's agricultural specialists usually pride themselves for being able to feed more than 20 percent of the world's population despite having less than 10 percent of its arable land. To be precise, the country meets about 95 percent of its food demand from domestic sources.

China cannot shirk its responsibility simply because there is no alternative. And the responsibility to stabilize the domestic and global markets has increased manifold because of climate change and freaky weather.

According to forecasts, this year's global grain output is likely to fall by more than 5 percent from last year's 681 million tons to 646 million tons.

In contrast, China's summer crop this year, which mainly comprises wheat and makes up roughly one-fourth of its total yearly farm output, was 123.1 million tons, slightly less than last year's 123.5 million tons. But National Development and Reform Commission officials say that wheat production this year was actually 1 million tons more than last year.

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As for the autumn crop, specialists have said corn production could increase by 4 million tons from last year's record output to 168 million tons this year.

This year's food security may be ensured, but it would take much greater efforts to ensure food security in the coming years. The national grain reserve system has to be strengthened and, hopefully, expanded to cover some non-staple but financially important products.

New investments have to be made to overcome the devastation that floods in the last two months have caused. The waters have not only washed away crops, but also destroyed farm waterworks across extensive areas.

China cannot yet afford to relax in its efforts to ensure its food security

范文

Over the past couple of years, several cases of the food scandal have been disclosed on various media. The problem of food security has become a hot button across society. The prevalence of food insecurity has greatly impacted public health, which the government could not afford to ignore, according to the online edition of the People Daily.

There are a couple of driving forces, I would argue, behind this undesirable tide. First, in the course of the rapid economic evolution, we ignore moral education, giving rise to the rising rate of the problem. More importantly, the lack of adequate regulation and punishment on those illegal producers enforces the trend.

As Confucius instructed, it is better late than never. Prompt and strict measures should be taken to turn back this evil trend. The government should launch a massive moral campaign to educate all citizens and draw up tougher laws to crack down on those irresponsible corporations and prohibit them from entering the food industry again. I am firmly convinced that through our combined efforts we are bound to enjoy more risk-free foods in the days ahead.

最近袭击中国的一系列食品安全丑闻引起了对监管措施进行改革的呼吁。第三届中国食品安全论坛期间,与会者决心实施更加严格的执法确保中国的食品安全问题。

The recent series of food safety scandals to hit China has prompted calls for a revamp to supervision practices. During the 3rd China Food Safety Forum, participants committed to implement stricter law enforcement to assure food safety in China.

To buy or not to buy, it is a question many have to ponder now, as a wave of food safety scares has renewed fears in China over continued problems. Shoppers told us they hope food safety violations will be resolved in a more effective and timely manner.

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买还是不买,这是许多人现在要考虑的问题,随着中国持续出现的问题,食品安全恐慌的风波引起新一轮的担忧。顾客告诉我们,他们希望违反食品安全的问题以更加有效和更加及时的方式得以解决。

A Beijing resident said, “I often buy food and other products that are popular and have a good reputation.“

一名北京居民说:“我经常买一些有名的和有信誉的食品和其他产品。”

During the 3rd China Food Safety Forum, about 10 governmental departments related to food safety vowed to implement stricter enforcement to assure the quality of food.

第三届中国食品安全论坛中,约有10个跟食品安全有关的政府部门立誓实施更加严格的执法确保食品质量。

Yu Jun, vice director general of Department of Food Safety of State Council of China , said , ”We will improve our monitoring system. We are urging the local

governments to standard enterprises. Companies and handed severe penalties if they break food safety or other laws pertaining to the qua(更多外语考试资讯尽在

http://waiyu.kaoshibaike.com)lity of food.“

中国国务院食品安全部副部长俞军说:“我们会改善我们的监督系统。我们强烈要求标准化。公司和个人如果违反食品安全或其他与食品质量有关的法律,将受到严厉的惩罚。”

In China, there are about 500 thousand food production companies. But for many of them, a weak food value chain is the main problem. When a scandal emerges, the public interrogates not only supervisory agencies, but also blames the food company at the center of the controversy.

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在中国,有大约50万家食品生产公司。但是的主要问题是食品营养价值链太低。当发生丑闻后,公众质问的不仅仅是监督部门,争论的品公司。

Huang Qitai, chief scientist of Synutra International, Inc , said ”I think the food safety problem depends on the people in the company. We should raise our company„s culture to a new level in order to win the respect of consumers, the illegal additives in our food today. “

圣元国际股份有限公司主要科学家黄启泰说:“我觉得食品安全问题取决于公司的员工。我们应该将公司的文化提升到新的水平,来赢得顾客的尊重,那么今天我们就不会看到食品中含有非法添加剂了。”

A publicity week on China Food Safety around the country. The aim is to make people know more about the State‟s standard of food safety and the knowledge of additives in food.

中国食品安全宣传周也在整个国家进行。目的是让人们了解更多关于国家食品安全的标准和食品中添加剂的知识。

Tainted food scandals have caused nationwide concern. As, it is urgent for related departments to more strictly enforce laws and regulations to resolve the country„s food safety problems, which concern everyone‟s health.

污染食品丑闻已经引起全国的关注。因此,有关部门更加严格地实施法律和规章来解决涉及每个人健康的国家食品安全问题是很急迫的。