雅思小作文
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Rise

Grow

Ascend

Climb

Go up an upward trend

Soar

Surge

Shoot up

Spiral

Rocket

Jump

Leap

Dip dipped a dip

Slide slid a slide

Decline declined a decline Descend descended a descent Drop dropped a drop Fall fell a fall Go down a downward trend

Plumb plumbed a plumb Plummet plummeted a plummet Plunge plunged a plunge Nosedive nosedived a nosedive Slump slumped a slump

Sharp sharply

Steep steeply

Drastic drastically

Substantial substantially Considerable considerably

Impressive impressively Conspicuous conspicuously Marked markedly

Noticeable noticeably

Appreciable appreciably

Notable notably

Exponential exponentially

Stable stably

Steady steadily

Gradual gradually

Modest modestly

Slight slightly

Marginal marginally

Minimal minimally

Moderate moderately

The number of students during the last 5 years. There was in the number of students.

The number of

The amount of

The quantity of

The proportion of

The percentage of

The share of

The rate of

In 1990, the fertility rate per woman was 7 in Oman.

The fertility rate stood at =amounted to

=reached =arrived at=topped 7 in Oman in 1990.

Adolescents

Juvenile crime

Fertility rate=birth rate=the average number of births per woman

1. The fertility rate in Oman stood at gradual descent to 5.5 by 2000.

2. The fertility rate in Oman stood at experienced a gradual descent to 5.5 by 2000.

3. The fertility rate in Oman stood at 7 in 1990, by 2000.

4. The fertility rate in Oman stood at 7 in 1990, by 2000.

5. The fertility rate in Oman stood at 7 in 1990, after which it

6. The fertility rate in Oman stood at 7 in 1990, it began to decline to

5.5 by 2000.

7. In 1990, the fertility rate in Oman stood at 7, it began to undergo a conspicuous fall, dropping to 5.5 by 2000.

8. In the initial 3 years from 1999 to 2001, the proportion of internet users in Mexico showed a marginal climb of approximately 3%, a noticeable leap, rising from 8% in 2001 to 40% in 2009.

9. In the initial 3 years from 1999 to 2001, the proportion of internet users in Mexico showed a marginal climb of approximately 3% following 8 years, arriving at approximately 40% by 2009.

Firstly

Secondly

In addition

Furthermore

Moreover

What’s more

Besides

Apart from this,

At the beginning,

Initially,

In the initial 5 years,

In the first 5 years,

Then,

And subsequently=and then, After that,

In the following/next 5 years By the middle of 1980s,

In the early 1980s,

In the mid-1980s,

From the late 1970s to the mid 1980s,

By the end of the period,

In the late 1990s,

Over/during the last 4 years,

Lastly,

Finally,

Overall,

In general,

Generally speaking,

As can be seen from the chart, …….. As is shown in the graph,……..

As we can see from the chart,……

According to the graph,

In the light of the data presented in the chart, it can be found that……

It is

apparently=conspicuously=noticeably=notably=markedly=impressively=appreciably

s hown/illustrated/revealed/displayed that……..

More specifically,

To be more precise,

Put it in details,

On the contrary,

In stark/sharp contrast,

Compared with A, B….. In comparison with A, B…. In contrast with A, B….

By contrast,

Comparatively speaking, On the other hand,

A is big, while/whereas B is small. A is big, B is small.

Similarly,

Likewise,

In a similar way,

A similar picture=trend=situation can be found in B. B it experienced a drastic decline= a decline as drastic as A did.

Interestingly,

It is worth to mention that….

It is interesting to note that….

It is important to note that….

One interesting fact highlighted by the figures is that…..

Also noteworthy is the fact that…..

小作文的复习思路:

1. 整理所有的句型,背熟所有的句型

2. 梳理剑桥4到9每一篇小作文的文章布局思路

3. 除了模考之外,至少每周练习2篇小作文

4. 在这个过程中,反复诵读剑桥4-9的考官满分范文。

In spite of =despite +n/doing, sentence Although sentence 1, sentence 2

the sales of the

supermarket experienced an overall /a generally substantial climb during the two decades, the

period between 1990 and 1995 witnessed a noticeable slide.

As to/As for….,……

Turning to …,….

Speaking of….,……

When it comes to….,….

With regard to…..,…..

Wi th respect to…….,……

In terms of .. (句尾)

Account for

Represent

Constitute

Comprise

Rank ranked

Stand stood Come came +the first/the second Lie lay

Lie last

Lay last

1. 从第一名排到第二名

Lotus pouredtelevision ads, nearly 2/5 of the total spending/ nearly $500000, the expenditure on web page ads, approximately a quarter of the overall spending.

The house price of Beijing ranked the first out of the five cities, amounting to ____, which was followed by that of Shanghai, standing at____.

Lotus poured television adsVS ¼ of total spending )

The house price of Beijing ranked the first out of the five cities, followed by/far ahead of that of Shanghai. (数字VS 数字)

2.从第二名排到第一名

MG put/placed more emphasis on magazine ads, spending 14.51% on it, ( expenditure on television ads, with 22.96%.

3 按升序或降序进行排列

In decreasing order of….

In increasing order of ….

Likewise/similarly, LAND ROVER opted for =chose the television ads as the

main/major/dominant way to promote its

products.( 数据 ) The four other channels of media promotion, in decreasing order of

spending , were magazine, web page, newspaper and radio respectively ( 数据 )

The math score of Student A stood the first out of the four students.( ) The three other students, in decreasing order of their math scores, were Student B, C and D respectively.( ) Student A achieving the highest score of 98. The three other students, in decreasing order of their math scores, were..................................

4. 分组式的排列,靠前,居中,靠后

A and B rank high

A and B top the list of ….

At the top of the list of ….are A and B Beijing and Shanghai ranked high economic development speeds/rates.

The economic development speeds of Beijing and Shanghai ranked high.

E and F Maintain the middle positions

At the bottom of the list are C and D.

5. 分组中穿插必要的比较,尤其在居中的两个数值中不使用直接的居中词语,而是通过对比进行阐述 the product promotion expenses of LAND ROVER, television and magazine ads The spending on television ads on magazine ads. , the company spending. Ads on internetcost the company 15.31% of total expenses, (which was )

6. 弱化中间数据的表达,直接给出平均值

A ranked high, while/whereas at the bottom of the list was D. +平均数值….

7. 一些相对固定的搭配

A ranks first, followed by B. Next comes C,which was slightly more than D. E lies last , with …..

1. The size of the new park is triple/treble that of the old one.

The population of China is six times that of USA.

倍数+比较对象

A 是B 的几倍

The new park covers 1000square kilometers, (which is) triple the size of the old one.

China ’s population topped 1.6 billion, 6 times USA ’s.

2. The new park is large.

The new park is as large as the old one.

The new park is twice as large as the old one.

The house price of city A is four

times/quadruple that of city B.

The house price of city A is four times as high as that of city B .

The house price of city A amounted to $500 per square meter, (which was) four times that of city B/four times as high as that of city B.

倍数+as +形容词原型(使用哪个形容词取决于主语)+as+比较对象

A 是B 的几倍

3. T he sales of supermarket A is high

The sales of supermarket A is higher than that of supermarket B.

The sales of supermarket A is triple higher than that of supermarket B.

倍数+比较级+比较对象

A 比B 多了几倍

***** 倍数的加分句型为:

先交代一方的数据+,比较关系。

1. A is more than B.

A is less than B.

A is higher than B.

A is lower than B.

A is

considerably=substantially=impressively more than B.

A is minimally more than B.

A is slightly=marginally more than B.

2. S urpass

Exceed

Overtake

***Outnumber :在数量上超过, 所以主语不需要是数量词

The number of students in School A surpassed =exceeded=overtook that in School B.

Students in School A OUTNUMBERED the counterparts in School B.

USA outnumbered China in terms of the domestic waste generation.