初一 议论文 32767字 301人浏览 金合社






Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Can Money Buy Happiness?

You should write no less than 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

1. 有人认为金钱是幸福之本(source of happiness)

2. 也有人认为金钱是万恶之源(root of all evil)

3. 我的看法

[范文]Can Money Buy Happiness?

Can money buy happiness? Various people have various answers. Some people think that money is the source of happiness. With money, one can buy whatever he enjoys. With money, one can do whatever he likes. So, in their minds, money can bring comfort, security, and so on. Money, as they think, is the source of happiness.

But there are still a lot of others who think that money is the root of all evil. Money drives people to steal, to rob, and to break the law. A lot of people became criminals just because they were in search of money. And in the Western countries, there is nothing that can't be bought by money. Many people lose their own lives when hunting it.

I think that money is essential to life and we cannot do without money. But even though money is necessary to life, it can't buy happiness. Happiness is not something that can be measured by money. It is a state of mind. One can have plenty of money, with which he can buy whatever he wants, and at the same time he is not happy because he is never satisfied or he is troubled by various kinds of problems. Therefore, although money is necessary for a happy life, it can’t buy happiness.


Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic How to Succeed in a Job Interview? You should have your composition on the outline given in Chinese below.

1. 面试在求职过程中的作用。

2. 取得面试成功的因素:仪表、举止谈吐、能力、专业知识、自信、实事求是„„

Nowadays, in an ever tighter job market, great importance has been attached to job interview by both the employer and the applicant. The interview has become indispensable for getting a satisfactory job. On one hand, the interviewer can take advantage of the occasion to learn about the candidates, such as their work experiences, education and their personalities, so as to pick out the right candidates for the company. On the other hand, the interviewee can make use of the opportunity to get to know the job he is going to take up, the credibility of the firm to which he has applied, and the working conditions as well.

Essential as it is, the job interview is far from fearful. Well begun, half done. Excellent performance in it will enable the would-be employee to secure the job. But how can one succeed in it?

First of all, the interviewee has to pay attention to his or her appearance. Though we can never judge a person by his appearance, the first impression is always where we start. Secondly, good manners are

5 equally important. The interviewee has to be neither too proud nor too timid. Just be courteous. Thirdly, the interviewee must demonstrate his aptitude and skills for the job and knowledge about the job-related areas; he must express himself clearly and confidently. Last but not the least, the interviewee ought to be honest about his or her personal as well as academic background, for honesty is the best policy.

To sum up, the job interview is indeed important. There is no need to be nervous, however, if the interviewee ahs made full preparations for it and given a fairly confident and honest performance, his or her success can be ensured.


Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic The Two-day Weekend. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

1. 双休日给大学生带来的好处。

2. 双休日可能给大学生带来的问题。

3. 我应当怎样过好双休日。

[参考范文]The Two-day Weekend

The two-day weekend has brought a lot of benefits to college students. It not only offers us more time to get rid of tiredness and have a good rest, but also gives us more chances to take up some hobbies, such as fishing, reading, or gardening. From these activities we can learn many things outside the classroom, which will add to our knowledge.

Despite the convenience it brings us, the two-day weekend has also given rise to quite a few problems. The most serious one is that the weekdays are filled with more lesson, sometimes too many. Because our classes are limited to Monday through Friday, we have to take more lessons each day than in the past. This leaves us little time to catch our breath during the weekdays.

In order to benefit most from the two-day weekend, I have decided to make a good plan for the two-day weekend. Of course I should take this chance to relax. But during the weekend, I will still set aside enough time to study. By doing so ii can have a good time as well as make progress in my studies.


Global Shortage of Fresh Water

1. 人们以为淡水是取之不尽的(提示:雨水,河水,井水…)

2. 实际上淡水是非常紧缺的(提示:人口增加,工业用水增加,污染….)

3. 我们应该怎么办

Many people believe that fresh water will never be used up. The reason for this is obvious. They think that fresh water comes from such varieties of sources as rain, rivers, lakes, wells and so on. that it is always sufficient for use. Such opinion leads to surprising waste of water.

As a matter of fact, the earth is short of fresh water. There are three reasons for this. First, the world’s population is increasing rapidly. Second, with the development of industry, there is an increasing demand for water by industry. At last, the serious pollution of water is the most important reason for the shortage of water. We can’t ignore the fact.

What should we do to solve the problem? We should take some effective measures. First of all, we should make the best use of water instead of wasting it. Second, the government should try to reduce industrial pollution of fresh water. Finally, scientists must work out ways to purify polluted water and to convert ocean water into fresh water.


6 97-1

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes tow rite a composition on the topic Practice Makes Perfect. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

1. 怎样理解“熟能生巧”?

2. 例如:在英语学习中……

3. 又如……

Practice Makes Perfect

The famous saying “Practice makes perfect” is widely accepted today. It means if we practice unfamiliar things again and again, we'll be able to perform it perfectly.

The practice of learning English is a good example. We are not living in an English speaking country. So, in order to learn it well, we need extra practice, such as reading English books, going to English corners, or communicating with foreigners. Only sitting at the desk cannot lead to the mastery of English. As another example, if we want to be skilled in using the computer, we also need to practice using it. Some children become little experts in computer, just because they play with it everyday. On the contrary, if we just stick to books, we will still feel confused when using computers. Judging from the evidence offered, we might safely draw the conclusion that practice makes perfect.


1. 大学生了解社会的必要性。

2. 了解社会的途径(大众媒介,社会服务等)。

3. 我打算怎么做。

Getting to Know the World Outside the Campus

Nowadays, a growing number of college students are seen working for restaurants, companies, stores and many other organizations during their free time. Why do they take these part-time jobs? The main reason is that through doing these jobs, they can keep themselves informed of the world outside the campus. And only by doing these in this way can they acquire knowledge not only from books but also from the outside world and easily adapt themselves to the society and gain more valuable experiences for the work after graduation. By doing some practical social services they can also improve their abilities to be all-round persons. Therefore, it’s quite necessary for college students to know the world outside the campus.

In what way can they know about the outside world? They can keep in touch with society through mass media: radios, televisions, books, etc. They should go out of the campus to do some social work, widening their eyesight and enriching their social experiences.

As a college student, I should concentrate, of course, most of my time and energy on the study of all the subjects the university offer us to accumulate enough knowledge for future use. I’ll also participate in some social activities to enliven theory with practice and broaden my outlook. Only in this way can I always get myself informed of the outside world.


Social Practice in Education(模拟题)

1. 学生往往对社会实践缺乏认识。

2. 社会实践是学校教育的一个重要组成部分。

3. 参加社会实践的好处。

It is a common weak point among today’s college students that the majority of them have little knowledge of social reality. Most of them focus their concern on the textbooks, the score of test and the

7 study of book knowledge. They pay no or little attention to the world outside the campus. However, we should not ignore the fact that social practice is a bridge between their theory and reality.

Social practice has become an important part of the nati on’s higher education. More and more universities come to realize the importance of it and require their students to take part in social practice during the holidays. In some universities, it has become a required subject, for the aim of education is not only to teach students the knowledge from books, but also teach them how to apply it to practice.

Taking part in social practice may benefit them a lot. First of all, their participation in social practice will enrich their knowledge of the society and the national conditions and therefore might strengthen their sense of social responsibility. Secondly, their close contact with the working people might help them to apply their knowledge to the solution of practical problems. In short, social practice in education is necessary.



Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Harmfulness of Fake Commodities. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

1. 目前社会上有不少假冒伪劣商品(fake commodities)。为什么会有这种现象?

2. 举例说明假冒伪劣商品对消费者个人、社会等的危害。

With the rapid economic development fake commodities can be seen in almost every field in our country. Wherever you go, you may purchase fake food commodities, fake medicine and fake clothing. Some profiteers, without any regard for other people’s interests, can’t wait to make a fortune; they risk making and selling fake goods, because they believe producing fake commodities can bring them a large amount of money at lower cost. On the other hand, the punishment is not severe enough to stop the violators. That is why they still try every means to produce fake commodities.

Fake commodities are quite harmful to people in many ways. They can bring about great loss in both state properties and lives. A case in point is the 1998 fatal alcohol poisoning case in North China’s Shanxi Province. Because of the fake alcohol, 27 people were killed and around 700 poisoned. It was a terrible disaster, shocking the whole country. What if a consumer buys some fake medicine. What’s more, the producing and selling fake commodities cause unfair competition in the market economy, thus putting the whole society in disorder. Worst of all, people no longer have a sense of safety.

It ’s really high time we took measures to crack down on the production and sale of fake commodities. The leaders in charge should take measures to stop these harmful activities. Otherwise, they should be made accountable for the consequences. (236)


Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Do “Lucky Numbers ” Really Bring Good Luck? . You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline

(given in Chinese) below.

1. 有些人认为某些数字会带来好运。

2. 也有些人认为数字和运气无关。

3. 试说明你的看法

Do “Lucky Numbers” Really Bring Good Luck?

People in almost all cultures have some opinions about lucky numbers. They take it for granted that

8 some numbers can bring them good luck. For example, in Chinese culture, such numbers ended with “8” as “18” and “168” are regarded as lucky numbers by most people because they are pronounced in Chinese dialects as “fa ”, which means you will “make a fortune ” or “make fortune all the way ”. Some people would spend a large amount of money on them, especially when they choose telephone numbers or plate numbers.

Do “lucky numbers” really bring good luck? It seems they do to some people. Personally, I think the so-called “lucky numbers” can not bring people good luck. The reason that people believe in it is that it gives people a good psychological suggestion that they will be rich or gain success. And this sometimes really helps people have a peaceful mind to do things in our life, which contributes to the success. Here is an example to show that rich has nothing to do with numbers. When people in China get married, they always choose a date of even numbers, which means that they will live together forever. But among the tens of thousands of divorced couples, how many of them did not get married on a date of even numbers? “Lucky numbers” did not bring these couples good luck.

So numbers are nothing but numbers. One ’s luck only consists in oneself. However “lucky ” their numbers are, drivers have to abide by the traffic regulations, otherwise numbers could not help them to escape accidents. Only those who make every effort to do what they are asked to can have good luck. Lucky numbers are useless if we are lazy and easily discouraged. Work hard, study hard, and you will succeed in everything. (Words 300)


Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Don't Hesitate to Say “NO ”. You should write at least 100 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.

1 别人请求帮助时,在什么情况下我们会说“不”。

2 为什么有些人在该说“不”的时候不说“不”。

3 该说“不”时不说“不”的坏处。

In our everyday life, we often meet some people who ask us for help. What shall we do?

Of course, helping others is a virtue, but in some cases, we will have to say “no”. For example, if w hat others want to do is unreasonable or even illegal, you should say “no” without any hesitation. Everyone has his own principle of doing things, and we won’t do anything opposite to the right principle.

A good case in point is that once a close friend of mine asked me to take an English exam for him, saying that he would get promoted if I could help him pass the exam. But I refused. In other cases, if the request from others is reasonable but beyond your ability, what you should do is just to say “no”. Never promise others what you can’t do. If you can’t keep you promise, you will be considered dishonest and it will do you no good when dealing with other people.

But more often than not, some people prefer to say “yes ” for various reasons when they should say “no ”. They don’t like to hurt the feelings of their friends or people asking for help. And they are afraid to offend them.

But if I did not say “No ” to my friend when he asked me for help, I might get caught and lose my opportunity to continue my study at college, and my friend would also be found out some day and thus lose the trust of his boss and colleagues. In a word, if we don’t want to get into unnecessary trouble, just say “no” without hesitation when it is quite necessary. (278)


9 Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Reading Selectively Or Extensively?

1. 有人认为读书要有选择

2. 有人认为应当博览群书。

3. 我的看法

Reading Selectively or Extensively?

Sample 1

It is generally accepted that reading is very important, for knowledge is power. The main way for us students to gain knowledge is from the books. But should we read selectively or extensively? Different people have different opinions.

Some students argue that we should read extensively in order to know something about everything. The reason is that today’s society is not what it used to be. If you want to be successful, you must read so widely that you can obtain a lot of knowledge in both natural sciences and humanities, thus broadening our knowledge and enriching experience. If a man knows much only in his own field but little in others, he may not be of great use to the competitive society.

But some other people insist we should read selectively. That is because more and more books are published every day. it is impossible for us to read all of them. Besides, modern people are unable to find enough time to read extensively even if they intend to. What ’s more, some books are harmful, and we shouldn ’t read them. Therefore, choice of books can never be overlooked.

As far as I am concerned, I think we should read selectively and extensively. Knowledge is limitless while life is short. So we should make full use of our time to do the most effective reading and make the greatest to our motherland. We read extensively to widen human knowledge and also read selectively to improve the knowledge in our own field.

Reading Selectively Or Extensively?

Sample 2

How should we read? Should we read selectively or extensively? Everyone has his own view. (When it comes to reading, people’s opinions differ. Some think that reading selectively is a good way for us to enrich our knowledge, but others do not agree with them, and they think that reading extensively is better.)

Some people think we should read selectively. They argue that with the development of modern science and technology, more and more books are published every day. It is impossible for us to read all the books. What’s more, there are many bad books that are poisonous to our mind, and we shouldn’t read them. Since we can’t read all the books, we shouldn’t read bad books, we must read selectively.

But others may not agree. They emphasize that today’s society is not what it used to be. If you want to be successful, you must read widely and acquire knowledge in both natural sciences and humanities. If a man knows much in one field but little in others, he may not be of great use to the society. Since we must have a wide range of knowledge, we must read extensively.

Who’s right? There is a lot to be said for both sides of the argument. However, I think we should read extensively first and then read selectively and dig into the subject we want to specialize in. (In my opinion, we should choose good books to read and read as many good books as possible. In this way, we can derive the greatest benefit from reading.)


How I Finance My College Education

10 1.上大学的费用(tuition and fees)可以通过多种途径解决


Nowadays, higher education in China, as in other fields, is undergoing great changes. Students are supposed to pay tuition and fees for college which are much higher than ever before. How to finance one’s college education has become a matter of concern for many, but you can deal with it in many ways. You can get all the needed money from your parents. You can also apply for a bank loan specially set up for college students. Besides, you can raise the money completely by yourself, by doing a full-time job in summer and winter vacations. Or you can ask your parents to provide the greater part and earn the rest in your spare time by doing a part-time job.

In my opinion, the last way may prove to be quite beneficial. Having obtained most of the tuition and fees from one’s parents, one needn’t worry too much about the money and can concentrate on his studies. On the other hand, a part-time hob in one’s spare time will add color to one’s campus life. Through the part-time job one can make a lot of friends, improve one’s social skills and learn many practical things. Therefore, I choose this way to cover my tuition and fees. (206)

(I’m in favor of the second solution. My reasons for this choice can be listed as follows: First of all, my parents are not rich enough to afford my tuition and fees. Secondly, I won’t have enough time and energy left to study if I take a part-time job. Finally, I’m sure that I will get a nice job after graduation and be able to pay back the loan. Through the above analysis, I believe that the best choice for me is to apply for a bank loan.)


Is a Test of Spoken English Necessary?

1. 很多人认为有必要举行英语口语考试,理由是......

2. 也有人持不同的意见,......

3. 我的看法和打算

A test of spoken English will be included as an optional component of the College English Test (CET). We have all taken, and are thus familiar with, English tests of many kinds, but so far most of them are written ones. Have you any idea of what a spoken English test will be like, and is it necessary to go to all the trouble to hold or take such a test? People differ in their answers.

Many people will think it necessary. They know that although they have taken dozens, even hundreds, of English tests ever since they started learning it and many even have got surprisingly high marks, few of them can express themselves freely in spoken English. And if people can’t speak a word of it, what’s the sense of learning it and what do those high marks mean? — They’re none but deaf-and-mutes before the native speakers. Furthermore, with so many college graduates and undergraduates having passed CET-4 and CET-6, a test of spoken English is a further way to tell the excellent from the not so excellent. Finally, it is viewed as a new challenge to those who “live and learn”.

There are, however, also people who think differently. Besides the pains in preparation for such a new kind of test, there is also the uncertainty about the reliability and objectivity of the marking system, which may depend mainly on human (and thus subjective) scoring instead of on machine scoring, as in the case of a standardized objective test such as CET-4 and CET-6.

At the prospect of this optional test, I feel encouraged and regard it as a welcome challenge and another opportunity to improve my language ability and career potentials. I am determined to practice my oral English more often, and if I am qualified for such a test, I will not hesitate a moment to apply for it.

12 pleasant surprise to hear from you again after such a long time. In my opinion, Shenyang is your best choice for this vacation. On the one hand, there are many places of interest and historical sites in Shenyang. On the other hand, Shenyang is cultural center with various artistic and musical performances.

As to the famous sites, I suggest that you should visit Shenyang Imperial Palace Museum. If you are interested in gardens, Shenyang Botanic Garden won’t disappoint you. It is unnecessary for you to bring anything except your sweaters since it is a little cold in the evenings. In addition, as there will be many people at the railway station, you should not leave your belongings unattended. I am sure you will have a nice time here.

Please inform me when you have come to a decision. I am looking forward to seeing you soon.

Sincerely Yours,

Zhang Ying

A Letter to a Schoolmate

June 23, 2001

Sample 2

Dear Xiao Wang.

I'm delighted to learn that you are going to visit me during the week-long vacation. My parents will also be happy to see you again. I'm sure you will enjoy every minute here.

I know you are fond of swimming. A river lies not far away from my home. We can go swimming there. I think it would be very pleasant and refreshing to swim in such hot summer days. In every big room of my home there is an air-conditioner. We can watch TV , play CDs or read books very comfortably at home.

A mountain about two miles away from here is beautiful and it is worth touring. We can go there on foot. When we climb to the top of the mountain, we can have a wonderful bird-eye view of the whole village.

Just phone me before you set off. There is no need for you to take anything. I'll prepare everything for you.

I am looking forward to seeing you soon.

Sincerely Yours,

Zhang Ying


Part V Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic:

A Letter to the University President about the Canteen Service on Campus You should write at least 100 words, and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:


January 12th, 2002

Dear Mr. President,

January 12th, 2002

Sincerely Yours,

13 Signature


My name is (姓名). I am (身份). I venture to write you a letter about (表述抱怨内容).

The focus of the complaint is (抱怨内容的核心点). For one thing, (抱怨内容的一个方面). For another, (另一方面). Honestly speaking, (客观评论). But (抱怨产生的原因之一). Besides, (抱怨产生的原因之


All in all, there is still much room for improvement (总结说明所抱怨现象或事物还有很大改进空间). I do hope (表达本人的愿望). Thank you for your time and kind consideration. (信件结尾常用语) Sample 1

Dear Mr. President,

I ’m writing these words to you, not knowing when they will ever reach you.

Recently it is often heard that more and more students are complaining about the canteen service on campus. While the canteen staff works hard to offer students a nutritious and well-balanced diet, many of us claim that the food in the canteen leaves much to be improved. They’re complaining that they eat the same food almost every day, and even every year. We don ’t have a wide choice. The food is of poor quality, and its price is so high that we can hardly afford. And some of the canteen workers are not friendly to and patient with us all. Of course, there are times, especially around May Day and national Day, when the canteen workers go out preparing seasonal specialties, together with all kinds of meat and seafood.

As for the dining condition, it has to be improved too. First, it is not large enough. The number of students is ever increasing and the canteen is always crowded, particularly during the mid-day meal. Second, it may be beautified and background music may be played, which may stimulate our appetite. I hope very much that you, our respectable president, can take my suggestions into consideration.

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

Sample 2

Dear Mr. President,

My name is Li Ming. I am a senior junior student of the civil engineering school in this university. I venture to write you a letter about the canteen service on campus, which has given rise to many complaints among students.

The focus of the complaint is the poor quality of the food. For one thing, the rice is hard, the steamed breads are usually sold cold and vegetables are often overcooked. For another, the prices of the foods are surprisingly high. Honestly speaking, the dining environment has been improved since last year. But there are still enough space and seats for us to have our meals there. Besides, the attitude of the canteen staff is not hospitable at al.

All in all, there is still much room for improvement. I do hope we will not suffer another year. Thank you for your time and kind consideration.

Sincerely yours,

Li Ming


Part Ⅴ Writing (30 minutes)

Directions For this part you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic Student Use of Computers. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the chart and the outline

14 given below

1. 下图所示为1990年、1995年、2002年某校大学生事业计算机的情况,请描述其变化;


请说明发生这些变化的原因(可从计算机的用途、价格或社会发展等方面加以说明) ; 3.


Student Use of Computers

Sample 1

A graph of the use of computers by the college students shows a tremendous difference among the years. In 1990, the average number of the hours the students spent on the computer was less than two hours per week. In 1995, the number is on the increase, and they spent almost twice as many hours each week on the computer as they did five years ago. And by the year 2000, they increased their time on the computer to approximately 20 hours a week.

There are some reasons that computer is becoming more popular with the young people in the university. It is believed nowadays that the computer can do almost everything for man. It is gradually used not only in science fields, but in hospitals, libraries and homes as well. Computers are widely used for different fields of work. It is widely believed among the students that wherever you work, you have to be competent to use computer. The future for those who are skilled in using computers is promising. In addition, the prices of computer are getting lower recently because of competition and more and more students can afford to purchase them. Even if you could not afford one, you can go to a computer room which is opened everywhere near the universities.

Computers are of great use to the students, of course. However, they have a hard time using them. For one thing, some universities do not allow students to have computer in the bedrooms. For another, some students just play games on computer or converse with the other users through the internet. Some of them chat or play games day and night, forgetting their regular studies. So students should learn to use computer wisely.


Sample 2

Using computers has become a common part of people’s life. And the tremendous growth of student use of computers has always aroused the greatest concern. What impresses us most is that, in 2000, college students averagely spent 20 hours per week on computer, which is the size more than ten times that of ten years ago. The reasons why computers are widely used are varied. Among the various reasons the decreasing price of PC plays an important part. That is to say, more students can afford a personal 1990 1995 2000 year


15 computer. What is more, the Internet provides college students an amazing world to explore, For example, people can get the latest news and information as well as conveniently make friends around the world.

When talking about disadvantages and problems existing in student use of computers, I think that their lack of skills and disciplines is the point we should pay attention to, On the one hand, their lack of skills fails students to make full use of the computer and the Internet. On the other hand, their lack of necessary disciplines makes some students indulge in computer games and net world, and even other negative materials, forgetting their major tasks as college students. In brief, there is still a lot to do to help students make good use of computers.


Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic It Pays to Be Honest. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 当前社会上存在着许多不诚实的现象

2. 诚实利人利己,做人应该诚实

写作指导:写文章之前,应该先花上一分钟时间好好地审一下题。这是一篇命题作文,题目是It Pays to Be Honest。其中pay to意为“有利,值得”。因此文章应围绕“做人诚实非常值得”这一主题展开。在指令中给了中文提纲,所以按照提纲,第一段应介绍当前社会存在着许多不 诚实的现象,如商人卖假货欺骗顾客,学生考试作弊欺骗老师等等,同时在这一段应表明自 己对这种现象的反感。

第二段提出观点诚实利人利己,做人应该诚实。并用具体的例子来说明这一点,例子可以 是 正面的,也可以是反面的。如范文中用的就是“狼来了”的反面例子。 最后,结尾应强调 做人应该诚实,这是人的基本素质。

It Pays to Be Honest

Sample 1

As is known to all, "It pays to be honest". It is usually better to be honest than dishonest. Sometimes honesty may get you in trouble or hurt someone, but on the whole telling the truth is better than lying. However, there are many dishonest instances in our society. In the first place, many merchants cheat the customers. Take my neighbor, Xiao Wang, as an example. He bought a TV set with 2,000 yuan a week ago, but now it doesn't work. In the second place, some students cheat on exams so as to pass the exams or get high marks. Last but not the least important, many rich professionals cheat the government by evading the taxes. Liu Xiaoqing is a good case in point.

On the contrary, honesty not only brings us honor and friendship, but also material gains. To begin with, if we are honest, we will be trusted by others so others' trust will give us self-respect as well as social companionship. In addition, other people's trust will also bring us instrumental support — financial aid, material resources, and needed services. So to sum up, it does pay to be honest. (193 words)

Sample 2

From the mass media and also with our own eyes, we know much dishonest behavior existed in our society. For example, businessmen sell fake products to cheat their customers; students copy other one's homework or download illicit paper from Internet to cheat their teachers; and even worse, there are medical person produce fake medicine harming the patients. Seeing our society is filled with so man y dishonest phenomena, I can't help asking myself what's wrong with us?

When we were very young we were taught the im portance of being honest. I am sure everyone must still remember that story “wolf is coming”. In the story the child kept cheating other people that wolf was coming, but when the wolf really came, nobody trusted his words and he finally suffered his

16 own dishonesty. Also we have heard many stories that people benefit from their virtues of honesty.

So since we have already known being honest benefits both ourselves and other people, why many of us are still dishonest? I hope everyone to bear in mind that being honest is the basic quality of human being and then we won't be afraid of any "wolf".

Sample 3

It is true that most of us value honesty highly. However, nowadays we often confront confidence crisis such as cheating, overcharging, fake commodities and so on. I think that we should be honest because being honest is not only beneficial to ourselves but also to others and the whole society.

The reasons can be listed as follows. Firstly, only honest people can be truly respected by the others and can make more friends over a long period of time. Secondly, honesty, which is the traditional virtue of the Chinese people, can make our life easier and more harmonious. For example, consumers will not be afraid of being overcharged if dealers are honest, and thus dealers can win over more customers. Thirdly, honesty can make our society more stable. A case in point is that Singapore, a society featuring trustworthiness and integrity, has a comparatively low criminal rate.

It goes without saying that being honest is of great benefit to both the community and individuals. There is no doubt that we should foster the spirit of honesty. In conclusion, laying stress on honesty will become the public morals in our society.



1. 车祸发生的时间及地点

2. 你所见到的车祸情况

3. 你对车祸原因的分析

An Eye-Witness Account of a Traffic Accident

Sample 1 (14 point)

It was the morning of April 6th, 2003. Ay about 7:30, I went to school by bike as usual. It was a rainy day and the road was slippery. On the way, I noticed a boy riding in front of me, talking loudly with his friends. He didn ’t war a raincoat; instead he held an umbrella in one hand, and rode with another (the other) hand. As he turned left to Guangming Road, he failed to see a car coming from behind a truck parked on the corner. Suddenly I heard a big noise and saw an umbrella thrown away. The boy was knocked down by the car. I was completely shocked.

I think the boy’s absent-mindedness accounted much for the accident. He was talking all the time and dangerously used an umbrella while riding a bike. The weather also played a role in the tragedy. The third cause was parked truck, which was big enough to make the road conditions invisible to the students who were going to make a turn . All these contributed to this accident.


Sample 1 (11 point)

It was last Friday morning. The accident happened when I was on my way to school. It was so terrible that I would never forget it.

sound, the accident happened. The red car (stopped) suddenly on the road so that the driver of following car couldn’

17 I think the main reasons are as follows: First of all, the red car shouldn’t stop suddenly without any signals. Secondly, the following car should keep a certain distance from the front car so that the driver could have enough time to take measures Finally, these two drivers were careless. If they had paid more attention to driving, this accident wouldn’t have happened.


Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter in reply to a friend's inquiry about applying for admission to your college or university. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:




14 points

I’m very glad to learn that you’d like to apply for admission to my university.

Since you are good at writing, I strongly recommend you major in journalism. From my point of view, you are dynamic and always curious about what happens around you. You also seem to be a good observer while having the unbelievable ability of accurate description. You are born to be an excellent journalist!

Now I should mention some important points you should pay attention to. First, you should get high grades in the College Entrance Examination, for journalism is a very popular major in our university. There’s much competit ion in getting enrolled. Besides the preparation for the exam, a good health condition is also necessary.

Go over all your lessons and read some books about journalism, and you will be more confident of your application. If you still have time, you’d better watch TV and read newspapers. All the above is my advice.

Try your bet, and you will develop your talent to the full in the future. Good luck!

(175W )


Part V Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition entitled A Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction. You should write at least 120 words according to the following guidelines: Your role: a tour guide

Your audience: a group of foreign tourists

Your introduction should include:

● some welcoming words

● the schedule for the day

● a description of the place the tourists will be visiting (e.g. a scenic spot or a historical site, etc.) You should make the introduction interesting and the arrangements for the day clear to everybody.

Brief Introduction to a Tourist Attraction

Good morning, ladies and gentleman, welcome to Beijing. To begin with, I would like to introduce

18 myself: I am the tourist guide from China Travel Service and it’s great honor to stay here with all of you for a whole day. Just as the old saying goes, “It is always a pleasure to greet a friend from afar”, I wish all of you to enjoy yourselves during this trip.

The following is schedule of the day. The first spot we are going to visit is the Great Wall, the grandest fortification in ancient China. The next sight to look around is the Ming Tombs, which is one of the best-preserved tombs for 13 emperors in Ming Dynasty more than one thousand years ago. In the afternoon, we will go for the Summer Palace, the royal park for Chinese ancient emperors.

Currently we are on the way to the Great Wall. Dating back to the seventh century B.C., the Great Wall is constructed by respective states for fortifying against invasion of neighboring states. By the reasons of long history and its length, it becomes one of the eight wonders in the world and represents the highest wisdom and crafts. From the top of the Great Wall, we can enjoy a magnificent view of continuous mountains, green trees and blooming wild flowers. It is no doubt that one says, “He who has never been to the Great Wall is not a true man”.

Above is my introduction to the Great Wall. If any of you have questions, please feel free to ask me at any time.


Part V Writing (30 minutes)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a campaign speech in support of your election to the post of chairman of the student union. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese A Campaign Speech

1 你认为自己具备是什么条件(能力,性格,爱好)可以胜任学生会主席工作,

2 如果当选你将会为本校同学做什么?

Today I am very glad to run fo r the president of the students’ union. I am junior in Chemical Department. Since I came into the university, I have always been the monitor of my class. I have done a very good job for my classmates, and my classmates and my teacher all give me a good praise. I am good at communication and organizing. And I like to help others. Moreover, I have a variety of hobbies, for example, basketball, football, pingpong, etc. I am sure that I am qualified for this position. If I become the president, I will try my best to do well. I will organize some suitable activities for you. I will do many things for you to reach your demands as well. I am sincerely hope you will give me a chance, and please believe me that I will be a good president. Thank you. (148w)


In honour of teachers on the occasion of Teacher's Day


A 、向老师致以节日的问候

B 、回忆一件老师难忘的事情

C 、我如何报答

This is Teachers’ Day and a time to be grateful to all teachers. This profession deserves the special recognition and respect. There is no more appropriate time than this to honour you and others in your chosen field. You have my eternal gratefulness. Have a happy Teachers’ Day.

The whole secret of the teacher’s force lies in the conviction that men are convertible. Teacher, who educate children, deserve more honor than parents, who merely gave them birth; for the latter provided more life, while the former ensure a good life. What sculpture is to a block of marble, education is to the soul.

My heartfelt thanks to you, dear teacher. On the voyage of life, you have kind led the light of hope

19 for me. What you have done enriches my mind and broadens my view. On this day I honour you sincerely. No one deserves a bigger thank you than you. One day is hardly enough to show our gratitude.


The Once per year ’s Teacher’s Day will come soon. At first, I will extend the greeting of festival to my teacher.

Last week, I suddenly had a stomachache terribly in the school. My teacher was very worried, sent me to the hospital in a hurry. After checking , doctor verified that I have got the acute enteritis. My teacher came with me all the night in the hospital, so kind as to look after me. My teacher fed me food and medicine on time. After struggling with the serious illness in one day and one night, I left hospital. Then my teacher helps me to make up a missed lesson of English in a few days in succession.

I express gratitude to my teacher, I can’t recover so fast without my teacher. Because of my teacher I can participate today’s CETD. I want to repay my teacher. No present can express my grateful feeling to my teacher. And the best repayment is that I can pass the CETD this time.


Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists? You should write at Least 120 words following the outline given below :




Should the University Campus Be Open to tourism?

Nowadays, many famous university campuses have become one of the popular tourist attraction. It has been shown on TV and on the radio that every year thousands and thousands of middle school students visit Tsing Hua University and Peking University and other famous universities in China. In the place far away from the capital city, the local students also visit the universities famous in their own province.

So far as the present situation is concerned, is it a good or bad thing to open the university campus for tourists? Different people have different opinions. On one hand, some people argued that it is a good thing for the students to visit the famous university campus in that it can enable the middle students to get more information about the university and they can have enough time and opportunity to prepare themselves with the chance to get into the university. On the other hand, some people hold a negative view about this phenomenon. In their opinion, the public tourism will have negative effect on the universities because it will not only do harm to the environment but also to the intellectual atmosphere.

In my opinion, the tourism to the universities is not a good thing. The campus is mainly a place for study. With the increasing tourism on the campus, it will ruin the spiritual atmosphere in this learning field.


Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a poster recruiting volunteers. You should write at Least 120 words following the outline given below:





June 17, 2006

20 V olunteers Needed

You guys must have been tremendously tortured by the endless exams, undoubtedly longing for a relaxing summer vacation. Have you ever considered spending a meaningful summer instead of idling it away as usual?

Now you have a chance!

The Students’ Association is currently recruiting volunteers for an activity--Harmonious Community, aiming at broadening our vision and helping us explore the essence of harmony. This theme will be highlighted through a series of social work to be initiated in the neighborhood.

At the outset, we volunteers are going to visit the Special Education Center and specifically, with assigned tasks like teaching and so on. Afterwards, we are going to take care of the seniors at the Home for the Aged. Then we will take part in the publicity activities in the community.

Anyone who is enthusiastic and willing to dedicate your time to this activity is welcome.

If interested, please sign up at the St udents’ Association. Or you may email us at recruit@coolmail.com.

Looking forward to your participation! Students’ Association


Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selecting their lectures. You should write at least 120 words following the outline when bellow:

1. 有些大学允许学生自由选择某些课程的任课教师

2. 学生选择教师时所考虑的主要因素

3. 学生自选任课教师的益处和可能产生的问题

On Students Selecting Lecturers


Nowadays, some universities give students the right to choose who teaches some of their classes. This has led to some debate over whether students should be given this much power.

There are several factors that students consider when choosing a lecturer, including the teaching style of the lecturer, the lecturer's academic background, and the lecturer's reputation among students. The ideal lecturer is one who has an interesting teaching style, a diverse academic background, and a good reputation among students.

There are both positive and negative aspects to allowing students to choose their lecturers. Giving students the choice encourages them to take ownership for their classes, and also puts pressure on teachers to improve their teaching quality.

However, the factors that students consider might not be the ones that lead to the highest quality of education. Schools might end up with lecturers who teach interesting classes without much content. 范文2:

As the proverb says, “Knowledge is power.” It is an undeniable fact that a large amount of students prefer to choose their own teachers for certain courses. In fact, some universities allow their students to do so.

When choosing a teacher, some factors should be taken into consideration. On one hand, a learned teacher is preferred. After all, for a student, studying is given full priority. A teacher with plentiful knowledge can ease the burden of study for many students and provide them with many opportunities for enlarging their scope of knowledge, while at the same time realizing their potentials. On the other hand, a teacher with a clear and humorous teaching style is favorable. To a large extent, whether a lecture is

21 welcomed by the students or not is depended on the way of delivering rather than its content. No one can deny that interesting interaction is far more enjoyable than monologue.

There is a good side and a bad side to everything, including choosing teachers by students. It goes without saying that it can arouse students’ interest in study to the largest extent. Such phenomena as being absent from classes or paying no attention to the classes may vanish.

Nevertheless, it cannot be denied that it can bring some side-effects. The management of classes may be in a disorder. Some teachers can be warmly welcomed so the number of the students may be too large while other courses may have few participants.

We can conclude that allowing students to choose their own teachers has both positive and negative effects. What we must do is to make sure that the positive ones are encouraged and the negative ones are eliminated as far as possible.


Part I Writing (15%) 参考范文:

The approach of the Chinese Lunar New Year poses a national issue concerning the necessity of holding the CCTV Spring Festival Gala. Its established status is being challenged by a growing number of people, especially by younger generations. It is increasingly difficult to cater for all tastes.

Some individuals deem that it should be canceled or replaced by other programs. These young people focus their attention on other forms of celebration instead of immersing themselves in TV. Despite that, the majority of mid-aged people and senior citizens uphold the importance of the traditional performance. The most striking feature of this gala is its traditionally close link with ordinary people's lives. Most of people view this gala as an annual staple on the traditional Chinese Spring Festival Eve. They all have a restless night and glue their eyes on the television.

I am not supportive of the view that the grand gala should be abandoned. Undoubtedly, it plays a vital role in the celebration of Chinese New Year. To increase its appeal and meet young adults' need, the upcoming performance should invite some big names including super stars from Hongkong and Taiwan. We are all eagerly anticipating this unforgettable evening show.



An announcement to welcome students to join to a club

Welcome to our club

1、 本社团的主要活动内容

2、 参加本社团的好处

3、 如何加入本社团

There is a general discussion today about the issue of clubs in universities. This club is to help graduates get suitable jobs. Obviously, now students in growing numbers are beginning to realize that it is a good way for us to put our leanings into practice.

A lot of reasons or benefits are responsible for joining us. To begin with, many students have no ideas of getting a post after graduation, however it may offer you a chance to touch the field of the job-hunting. In addition, it is free of change. What ’s more, you may have relationships with these graduates, who are likely to help you in future. In other words, you are to be exposed to opportunities. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that it is beneficial for you to join this organization. You can email us by love@sina.com with your application. Please act without delay!







Nowadays, there usually exists a wide selection of electives for college students to choose from. However, students have quite different plans for their future so they always end up learning courses based on their own ideas.

Some students may choose to learn a certain course in order to obtain an extra certificate for their job hunting after graduation. Because they assume that some more knowledge could ensure more chances of winning in finding a good job. Others may have their choice made just for fun. They tend to hold the idea that college life could be more colorful if they could widen their knowledge through elective courses.

As far as I’m concerned, I’m inclined to choose electives based on both the value of the courses and the interest of my own.


Nowadays many college students prefer to have electives in their spare time because the courses can offer a variety of skills and abundant knowledge apart from what they learn in the daily courses. There are many factors that may account for it, and the following are the most conspicuous aspects.

To start with, many students want to get another degree besides their own, so that they can have more competence when they seek a job. Furthermore, as for me, I don’t care about degree or job, I just want to obtain some necessary skills to make my college life worthwhile. What I’m concerned most is how to own more skills that may be necessary for my future. Finally, some students want to learn anything that is different from what they are learning now. The science students, for example, want to know about Shakespeare while the art students want to tell how a vehicle works and how to deal with it when it breaks down. So, they can all get what they think is useful to their college life.

On the whole, the phenomenon is one of the results of multi-demand of the employment market. There is still a long way for us to improve the elective itself, but as a student myself, I find it rewarding and interesting.

03-6(CET-6) Changes on State-owned Houses and Private Houses of China

Ownership of Houses in a Big City in China

Ownership of Houses in a Big City in China


As can be seen from the chart, ownership of houses in Beijing has significantly changed in the 1990s. In 1990, 75 percent of the houses were state-owned. Five years later, the ratio of state-owned houses to private ones was 60 to 40. But from then on, the ownership changed dramatically and by the end of the century, 80 percent of houses were private.

There might have been two main reasons. One of the reasons was the policy of the government. In the 1990s, China carried on with its reform policy and the government called for privatization of the sate-owned estate. But it took time for the reform to come into effect. But from 1995 on when people have recognized its significance, the reformation took bigger steps. Another reason was that the people were getting better off and they could afford buying their own houses.

Such changes have had great impact on individuals as well as the society. On one hand, the

23 individuals must save money to buy an apartment or to pay the mortgage. On the other hand, a heaven bu rden has been taken off the government so that it can take more effective measures to improve people’s life

1. 根据上图描述该市住房产权的变化

2. 分析产生这些变化的原因

3. 说明这些变化对个人和社会产生的影响

Changes in the Ownership of Houses


From the chart, we can see clearly that in a big city in China, state-owned houses declined from 75% in 1990 to 60% in 1995 and then to 20% in 2000, while private houses rose from 25% to 40% and then to 80% during the same period.

Two reasons, in my mind, can account for the fundamental changes in the ownership of houses. On the one hand, the housing reform is one of the most important urban economic reforms and the old system of house distribution is replaced by individual purchase of real estate. On the other hand, as the income level goes up, people want to live in larger and more comfortable houses.

Such changes have a significant impact on both individuals and the whole society. For one thing, with the deepening of the housing reform, private housing investment witnesses an unprecedented boom. For another, national urban construction undergoes sustainable development, which is of great importance to the national economy as a whole. In a word, the housing reform is beneficial to both individuals and the whole society.


Directions: In this section you are required to write a composition on the topic “Reduce Waste on Campus ”. You should write at least 150 words and base your composition on the outline given in Chinese below:

1. 目前有些校园内浪费现象严重;

2. 浪费的危害;

3. 从我做起,杜绝浪费。

Reduce Waste on Campus

As is known to all, waste on campus has become a more and more serious problem. We can easily see many students dump a lot of food in the garbage can. Some students spend thousands of yuan buying fashionable clothes and so on.

The negative effects of waste can be shown in the following aspects. In the first place, it makes some students dependent on their parents for money, which is harmful to their development. If they don’t learn to support themselves, they will be “useless people” when they graduate. In the second place, it is not easy for our parents to arrange for our schooling.

Last but not the least important, there is no denying the fact that our country is still poor. There are many people who cannot go to university and many poor people still need our help. As far as I am concerned, I should set a good example to reduce waste on campus.

First of all, I will refrain from wasting anything, from food to stationery. What’s more, I’m determined to call on more schoolmates to fight against waste. Only through these measures can we hope to reduce waste on campus. (196 words)


Part V Writing (30 minutes) For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter to the editor of a

24 newspaper complaining about the poor service of a bookstore. You should write at least 150 words according to the guidelines given below in Chinese.





A Letter to the Editor of a Newspaper

June 19, 2004

Dear Editor,

I am writing this letter to reflect some problems I came across recently and appeal to the improvement of the service industry.

This weekend I bought an English-Chinese dictionary in a bookstore near my home since its cover is elaborately designed. But when I went home and read carefully, I found that the several pages of the dictionary have been cracked and befouled. What is worse, the misprints spread everywhere in the dictionary and seriously affect my comprehension. Since there was such damage and misprint to the dictionary, I went to the bookstore to require a replace. But to my surprise, the staff of the bookstore turned down my request rudely and even denied the poor quality of the dictionary.

It goes without saying that today ’s fast-paced and market-oriented economy calls for much higher standard for service industry. However, to my regret, many of the merchants fail to achieve this standard and the quality of the staff needs to be improved. It’s self-evident that the poor quality of practitioners in the service industry will not only deeply disappoint customers but also hamper the development of our country ’s economy. As a result, I expect your newspaper to appeal to the service industry to attach more importance to the service improvement.

Thank you for your attention!

Sincerely yours,









1万人近4万 12万以上


From the table, we can see that in the past 10 years, the number of people in a given city who have gone traveling abroad has increased considerably. Especially in the recent 5 years, the figure has been more than tripled, surging from 40,000 to 120,000.

There are several reasons for the change. Firstly, with the development of economy, more and more people become better off. And their ability to finance their trip abroad is growing. Secondly, tourism has greatly developed over the decade. Travel agencies offer

25 not only domestic packages but also travel specials abroad. In addition, individuals today are expected and encouraged to go outside to widen their horizon and to face the real world of globalization. In this way they hope to keep themselves informed of what is going on around the world.

From the changes reflected in the table, we can predict that the number of individuals going out of the country will boost. This encouragingly and inevitably facilitates the cultural exchange between ours and the rest of the world and this trend will be irreversible.


The importance of reading classics

1、 阅读经典书籍队人的成长至关重要

2、 现在愿意阅读经典的人越来越少,原因是„„

3、 我们大学生应该怎么做

Now some people, especially the elderly, are of the view that classics play a significant role in the life. English learners, for example, can benefit a lot from the famous readings, or classical books. Besides, they maintain that their childhood is exposed to these great minds.

However, young men in growing numbers seldom enjoy reading these articles or books. In other words, they find few interests in reading so-called classics. A lot of reasons are responsible for this. To begin with, they are in the shadow of practical minds. These classics may not meet the needs . What’s more, online reading is a good way for people to get information easily and efficiently. Moreover, the young people are too busy to read them.

From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that effective actions should be taken to prevent the situation. First, we can enjoy these minds in our free time. Second, these articles or novels will be arranged for further reading in our retirement. Certainly, it is high time that we placed great emphasis on the issue.



Doing a good deed expecting no returns

When I was young, my grandfather told me the story about Lei Feng and I was deeply moved by his deeds. And from then on, I set Lei Feng as an example for me to do good deeds without expects of returns.

As we all know, a society is harmonious only when people of all walks of the society live in harmony. Doing good deeds is good for not only others but ourselves as well. For example, helping the blind to cross a road, what can you expect? Picking up a wallet which others has forgotten and giving it to the police, what would you expect? Actually, the biggest return you have got is the inner peace in your deep heart. The world is for us and others and admittedly, our behaviors will have an impact on the people around directly or indirectly. As a saying goes, every bean has its black. If we expect a return for the good deed we have done, then what can we expect for if we make mistakes?

I do hope that every good deed can earn good return and people’s faces are filled with smile but not apathy. Do as our heart requires for inner peace and the society needs to keep in harmony.


The Digital Age

1. 如今数字化产品得到越来越广泛的使用,例如…

2. 数字化产品的使用对人们工作、学习和生活产生的影响

26 范文

Nowadays with the rapid development of advanced digital technology, more and more digital products are commonly and widely used in everyday life, ranging from computers and MP4s to mobile telephones and digital cameras. We are indeed coming into the digital age.

The popularity of digital products will have great influence on our work, study and everyday life. On the one hand, the digital products really facilitate our life. With the help of computers, we may even deal with our work at home, enjoying music at the same time. With digital cameras, we may take photos to our hearts’ content, keeping happy occasions as a permanent memory. With digital TV programs, it is convenient for us to watch whatever programs at any time we like. But on the other hand, some people are becoming too dependent on digital products and almost becoming slaves of advanced technology. Nowadays some students even can’t calm down to study without wearing their MP4s and mobile phones at hand. What a terrible scene!

To conclude, digital products are just like a double-edged sword. With them we may have less trouble dealing with problems in life and enjoy a better-off life. However, one point should be kept in mind that we should take sensible use of them, always being the master of them.