麦田里的守望者-英语读后感-论文
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麦田里的守望者 英语读后感, 论文

The Painfulness of Growing Up

According to most analyses, The Catcher in the Rye is a bildungsroman, a novel about a young character’s growth into maturity. While it is appropriate to discuss the novel in such terms, Holden Caulfield is an unusual protagonist for a bildungsroman because his central goal is to resist the process of maturity itself. As his thoughts about the Museum of Natural History demonstrate, Holden fears change and is overwhelmed by complexity. He wants everything to be easily understandable and eternally fixed, like the statues of Eskimos and Indians in the museum. He is frightened because he is guilty of the sins he criticizes in others, and because he can’t understand everything around him. But he refuses to

acknowledge this fear, expressing it only in a few instances—for example, when he talks about sex and admits that “[s]ex is something I just don’t understand. I swear to God I don’t” (Chapter 9).

Instead of acknowledging that adulthood scares and mystifies him, Holden invents a fantasy that adulthood is a world of superficiality and hypocrisy (“phoniness”), while childhood is a world of innocence, curiosity, and honesty. Nothing reveals his image of these two worlds better than his fantasy about the catcher in the rye: he imagines childhood as an idyllic field of rye in which children romp and play; adulthood, for the children of this world, is equivalent to death—a fatal fall over the edge of a cliff. His

created understandings of childhood and adulthood allow Holden to cut himself off from the world by covering himself with a protective armor of cynicism. But as the book progresses, Holden’s experiences, particularly his encounters with Mr. Antolini and Phoebe, reveal the shallowness of his conceptions. Bibliography

1 J.D. Salinger. The Catcher in the Rye California Univ. press,1989

2 Litz, A.W. Modern American Fiction [M]. New York:Oxford Univ.

3 李宜燮、常耀信. 高等院校文科教材《美国文学选读(下册) 》[M天津:南开大学出版社,1991

4 常耀信. 《美国文学简史》[M].天津:南开大学出版社,1990

5 秦小孟. 《当代美国文学概述及作品选读》上海:上海译文出版社,1986

6 《麦田里的守望者》〔美国〕J.D. 塞林格. 著 施咸容. 译 南京:译 林出版社,1998 7 吴定柏. 《美国文学大纲》[M]. 上海:上海外语教育出版社,1998

8 爱默生. 埃利奥特. 《哥伦比亚美国文学史》[M]. 哥伦比亚出版社,1998 9. 网上检索: (1)田佳《生存的困惑与抉择——塞林格<麦田里的守望者>主题评析》 (2)杨秋荣 《谁是真正的"守望者"——<麦田里的守望者>主题解读》 (3)王长才 《爱与真的艰难探寻——试论塞林格小说的深层主题》

(4)张欲晓 《悬崖边上的人生困惑——塞林格<麦田里的守望者>的社会主题解析