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高二 议论文 7332字 50人浏览 品书223

37. "Every…not" 和"All …not" 结构,"Every …not" 表示" 不见得每个……都是……";"All …not" 表示" 不见得所有……都是……" 的意思。

Every man is not polite, and all are not born gentlemen.

38. "may as well not…as" 结构,此结构可译为" 与其……不如不……".

One may as well not know a thing at all as know it but imperfectly.

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39. "have only to …do" 结构,此结构表示" 只须(消) ……就能……" 的意思。

We have only to turn to that extraordinary discovery made by Edison to see the significance of it.

40. "not (no) …unless …" 句型

No increase in output can be expected unless a new assembly line is installed.

41. "better…than …" 句型

Better my life should be ended by their hate, than that hated life should be prolonged to live without your love.

42. "as it were"是一个非常常用的插入语,意思是" 好象" ," 可以说" 等。

Apiece of iron near a magnet, though apparently separate from it , feels, as it were, the threads of this attachment.

43. 复杂结构,在下面例句中,由于anyone 的定语从句过长,把谓语must realize 提到定语从句之前。

Though faith and confidence are surely more or lass foreign to my nature, I do not infrequently find myself looking to them to be able, diligent, candid, and even honest. Plainly enough, that is too large an order, as anyone must realize who reflects upon the manner in which they reach public office.

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44. "not…any more than…" 为:" 不能……,正如不能……".

One cannot learn to sketch and express himself graphically only by reading about

it any more than one can learn to swim while standing by the pool.

45. "By that as it may"是"Let it be that as it may"的省略形式,是由"be" 引起的另外一种假设结构,意思是" 虽然如此,尽管这样".

It is said that the nerve poison is the more primitive of the two, that the blood poison is, so to speak, a new product from an improved formula. Be that as it may, the nerve poison does its business with man far more quickly than the blood poison.

46. "if at all"是一个由"if" 引起的主谓结构不完整的短句结为" 即将……" ," 即使……" 等。

I can see only with great difficulty, if at all.

47. 由there 引起的句型容易产生复杂的句子结构.

There have been opened up to the vast and excellent science, in which my work is the beginning, ways and means by which other minds more accurate than wine will explore its remote corners.

48. "range from …to …" 结构。这是一个常见结构,译时很多情况下应变通处理,不能完全依靠辞典上的释义。

Computer applications range from an assembly line completely run by computers to a children toy responding to remote signals.

49. "the way…" 结构

I always thought she was a common-sense person who discussed things the way they ought to be discussed.

50. 复杂宾补结构

In recent years, the development of sensitive and accurate measuring equipment has made it possible to measure the acuity of hearing of any individual at different frequencies.

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51. 某些分隔结构

1) 动词短语相关部分被分隔(当"make use of " ,"take notice of" ,"pay attention to" ,等动词短语变成被动语态时) 。

Use is made of solar energy in heating houses.

2) 双重定语引起的分隔。

But there is of culture another view, in which not solely the scientific passion, the sheer desire to see things as they are, natural and proper in an intelligent being, appears as the ground of it.

52. "to be doing …when …" 是一个句型,多译为" 某人正在做……时,突然……". 在简单的句子中容易看出,一旦句子变得复杂一些,可能就不太容易识别这种句型。

She said she and a friend had gone out to dinner that night, and were walking home together at about 10 o'clock, when a "very big, very tall man", accosted them and demanded their purses.

53. "too…to" 句型

Then I remembered how often I, too, had been indifferent to the grandeur of each day, too preoccupied with petty and sometimes even mean concerns to respond to the splendor of it all.

54. "so much that…" 句型

But he developed gradually a very musical English. He learnt to write sentences that fall away on the ear with a misty languor and it delighted him so much that he could never have enough of it.

十三、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (..使.. 能够..)

例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.

听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

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十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能...)

例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是... 的时候了)

例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.

该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (...的人...)

例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.

违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。

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十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不...)

例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.

没有人不渴望上大学。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不...)

例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.

既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)

It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life.

可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

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二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是... 的原因)

例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don't like it.

夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式...(过去... 年来,... 一直...)

例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the

examination.

过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.

自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

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二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (...是值得的。)

例句:It pays to help others.

帮助别人是值得的。

二十四、be based on (以... 为基础)

例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.

社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

1. "as good as…" 相等于,就像,几乎如; 实际上,其实,实在。

The merchant as good as promised the orphan boy, that he would adopt him.

2."many as well…as" 和"might as well …as" "many

as well…as" 可译为" 与其……,不如……,更好" ," 以这样做……为宜" ," 如同……,也可以……" 等等。"might as well…as" 表示不可能的事,可译为" 犹如……" ," 可与……一样荒唐" ," 与其那样不如这样的好" 等等。

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One may as well not know a thing at all as know it imperfectly.

3. "so…that, such…that" 是一个普通的句型,但在同一个句子里有两处使用它却比较少见。

The truth is, that in one point of view, this matter of national literature has come to such a pass with us, that in some sense we must turn bullies, else the day is lost, or superiority so far beyond us, that we can hardly say it will ever be ours.

4. "by doing…" 结构。这个结构的意思是" 通过(做) ……" ,但翻译实践中不能拘泥于这种释义,不少情况下需要灵活变通。

5. "something(much)of"和"nothing(little)of"

"something of" 相当于"to some extent" ,表示程度。在疑问句或条件从句中,则为"anything of" ,可译为" 有点" ," 略微等。"" 译为毫无" ," 全无"."much of" 译为" 大有" ,"not much of" 可译为" 算不上" ," 称不上" ,"little of"可译为" 几乎无".something like译为" 有点像,略似。"

They say that he had no university education, but he seems to be something of a scholar.

6. 同格名词修饰是指of 前后的两个名词都指同一个人或物,"of" 以及它前面的名词构一个形容词短语,以修饰"of" 后面的那个名词。如"her old sharper of a father",可译为:" 她那骗子般的父亲".

Those pigs of girls eat so much.

7. as…as …can(may)be

It is as plain as plain can be.

8. "It is in(with)…as in(with)"

It is in life as in a journey.

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9. "when"引导状语从句有时并不好译,不能一看到when 从句就考虑译为" 当……的时候" ,它还有许多种译法。

Anything is better than not to write clearly. There is nothing to be said against lucidity, and against simplicity only the possibility of dryness. This is a risk that is well worth taking when you reflect how much better it is to be bold than to wear a curly wig.

10. "not …because …" ,有时可否定前面,有时可否定because 本身,往往出现歧义。应根据上下文面判定。

In 1600 the earth was not the center of the universe because the majority then supposed it was; nor, because she had more readers, was Ella wheeler Wilcox a better poet than Father Hopkins.

11."to make…of" 的译法(使……成为……,把……当作)

I will make a scientist of my son.

12. oo…+不定式" ,not(never)too…+不定式" ,"too …not+不定式

She is too angry to speak.