扑克牌的来历英语短文(每日知多少)
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扑克牌的来历

When poker is emerging? Who invented? These two issues have caused controversy abroad. Italy said: the world's first invention of playing cards is Venetian. The Merchant of Venice ancient abroad to do business, with the invention of playing cards to calculate the date and entertainment. French said: playing cards in 1392, a scholar for the mentally ill king of France Tours designed entertainment VI. Belgians, said: As early as 1379, the cards appeared in Belgium. Can be preserved in the British Museum a Swiss monk documents, which recorded in 1377 in poker, it had already spread to the Swiss.

扑克牌是什么时候出现的? 是谁发明的? 这两个问题在国外曾引起争议。意大利人说:世界上第一个发明扑克牌的, 是威尼斯人。古代威尼斯商人出外经商, 发明了用扑克牌来计算日期和消遣娱乐。法国人说:扑克牌是在1392年时, 一个学者专门为有精神病的法国皇帝却尔斯六世娱乐而设计的。比利时人说:早在1379年时, 扑克牌就在比利时出现了。可英国博物馆里至今保存着一个瑞士僧侣的文件, 里面记载扑克牌在1377年, 就已经流传到瑞士了。

There are people abroad think that poker is invented by the Chinese people. Since the Song Dynasty in China, the prevalence of civil society on a "leaves play" deck of cards (called "leaves card" the size of two fingers. 8 cm long,

2.5 cm wide "leaves card", with silk and paper mounted into , patterns are printed with a woodcut version). They think that this card is in the Ming Dynasty or the Song and Yuan period, by businessmen, missionaries abroad to spread to the West inspired by the only converted into a popular poker now.

国外还有人认为, 扑克牌应是中国人发明的。因为在我国宋代时, 民间就流行一种“叶子戏”的纸牌(叫“叶子牌”, 有两个手指大小。长8公分, 阔2.5公分的“叶子牌”, 用丝绸及纸裱成, 图案是用木刻版印成的) 。他们认为这种纸牌是在明朝或宋、元时期, 由商人、传教士传到国外去的, 西方受此启发, 才改制成现在流行的扑克牌。

The design of playing cards is wonderful, it is designed according to the calendar. Why is a 52 playing cards (large, except Wang) do? This is because the original one year in 52 weeks. Why are there cards heart, box, flower, color of Spades four hours? It symbolizes the four seasons a year in spring and summer, autumn and winter. Therefore, we think it is not difficult, each suit why there are 13 licenses, which means that there is a season of 13 weeks.

扑克牌的设计十分奇妙, 它是根据历法而设计的。一副扑克牌为什么是52张(大、小王除外) 呢? 原来这是因为一年中有52个星期。扑克牌为什么有红桃、方块、草花、黑桃四种花色之分? 它象征着一年春夏秋冬四个季

节。因此, 我们也不难想到, 每种花色为什

么都有13张牌, 这表示一个季节里有13个星期。

54 If we license the total number of points, we can further prove the relationship

between cards and calendars. If the "J" when the 11 o'clock, "Q" when the 12 o'clock, "K" when the 13 o'clock, large, all as a single, Xiao Wang, the licensing of 54 points are added together, it so happens that the total 365 the number of days.

如果我们把54张牌的点数全部加起来, 就可以进一步证明扑克牌与历法的关系。如果把“J ”当十一点, “Q ”当十二点, “K ”当十三点, 大、小王各当作半点, 把54张牌的点数加起来, 恰巧是全年365的总天数。

Large and small card design has its reason, King (now Commander) represents the sun, the moon represents Wang. Why is there a red card (heart, box), and (flower, spades) of sub-do? One can now understand the reason: red that day, and that night. 大、小王牌的设计也有其道理, 大王(正司令) 代表着太阳, 小王代表着月亮。一副牌为什么有红(红桃、方块) 、黑(草花、黑桃) 之分呢? 现在也可懂得其中道理了:红表示白天, 黑表示夜晚。

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