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初二 记叙文 2894字 71人浏览 lirufang1982

一、句与句之间的逻辑关系及衔接词问题

And 的用法:

1. 用于插入语中作为一种评语,例如:

He has a somewhat swelled head,and I don't like this.

2. 表示对比,例如:

Mary likes music and Jim is fond of sports.

3. 表示条件,因果关系,先后顺序等

4. 用在句子的开头以表示连续性和惊讶的意思,例如:

And he said to John.接着他对约翰说。

And is it true?这是真的吗?

But 的用法:

but 作为连词不用于句首,通常用于连接两个句子成一个复句。 如:He knows me, but I don't know him.如果用于句首,则应该使用however ,前面是句号。However 是副词,表示前后两句话是转折关系。如:Many people believe that environment is more significant than economy. However, some people are strongly against it.

二、in holiday 泛指放假,但说话人说话的时候并不在放假。如,i'd like to stay with my families in holiday.

in the holiday 指特定的假期,根据上文的延续。如,Christmas is a special holiday in western countries. In the holiday, people usually stay with their families.

on holiday 处于放假的状态如,i'm on holiday now.类似有on duty 上班中

如果你前面曾经提起过某个节日,而现在针对这个节日说on ,就要用on the holiday,特指在这个节日。否则,用on holiday.

三、since 的用法:译作“自从…以来”

(1)接时间点:如 I have stayed in that country since 1995. 要求:谓v. 用现在完成时,而且须是延续性动词。

(2)接一段时间 + ago:如 They have lived in that house since two years ago. 要求:谓v. 用现在完成时,而且须是延续性动词。

(3)接时间状语从句:如 I have loved her since I met her last time. / Lily has stayed at home since she left school. 要求:主句的谓v. 用现在完成时,而且须是延续性动词;从句的谓v. 用一般过去时,而且须是终止性动词。

(4)用于句型“It’s / It has been + 一段时间 + since + 时间状语从句”中,译作“自从…以来, 已经…(时间) 了”。如 It’s / has been three months since he moved to this city. 要求:主句的谓v. 用一般现在时或现在完成时;从句的谓v. 用一般过去时,而且须是终止性动词。

(5)用于句型“一段时间 + has passed since + 时间状语从句”中,译作“自从…以来, …

(时间) 已经过去了”。如上个例句还可写成:Three months has passed since he moved to this city. 要求:主句的谓v. 用现在完成时,而且动词必须是has passed ;从句的谓v. 用一般过去时,而且须是终止性动词。

(6)注:当since 用于否定句时,主句的谓v. 可以是终止性动词。如 He hasn’t seen the film since last month.

四、yours truly

五、一定要改掉边写边打点的习惯,注意逗句号以及大小写问题

六、SCHOOL 和大学不是一个概念,学校的前面一般加MIDDLE,PRIVATE 等形容词,小学中学,初中,什么的,大学已经超出这个SCHOOL 的范畴了.

七、because 不能位于句首

八、不自信是lose confidence

No confidence是不信任的

九、当宾语从句提到句首时,只能用whether 引导,而不能用if 。如: 正: Whether it is true or not, I can’t tell.

误: If it is true or not, I can’t tell.

十、单词不同词性词义不同,需要特别记忆

十一、months

十二、不需要加介词的时间状语

1. 在 today, tomorrow, yesterday, the day before yesterday, 等表示时间概念的名词前一般不用介词. 例如:

1) What are you going to do tomorrow? 你们明天打算干什么?

2) We have had six lessons today. 我们今天上了六节课.

3) We had a good time the day before yesterday. 我们前天玩的很开心.

2. 由this, that ,these, those 等用于表示时间概念的名词前, 前面往往不加介词. 例如:

1) That morning he got up very early. 那天早上他起得很早.

2) What are you busy with these days? 这几天你在忙些什么?

3) We will have a big gathering this coming Saturday. 下星期六我们将进行一次大聚会.

3. 由next, last, the next, the last 等用于表示时间概念的名词前时, 前面不用介词修饰. 例如:

1) We planted many trees last spring. 去年春天我们栽了许多树.

2) She said she would pay a trip to Suzhou the next month. 他说他下个月将去苏州.

3) The very next time I saw her, she was working in London. 在那次之后我又见到他时, 他正在伦敦工作.

4. 在each, any, every, some, all 等用于表示时间概念的名词前, 一般不用介词来修饰. 例如: 1) The buses go every 10 minutes. 汽车每隔10分钟一辆. 2) Jack coughed all night. 杰克咳了一整夜. 3) We have to get up very early every day. 每天我们都必须早早起来.