环保作文(1)
四年级 记叙文 8079字 166人浏览 迷人的蓝花楹

1 高三英语作文训练(四)

环境保护

编写:张美美 张静 审核:殷培玲

基础指导:衔接过渡

一 使用过渡性词语

1. 表示递进关系的过渡词

besides, in addition, moreover, what’s more, what’s worse, etc.

2. 表示转折对比的关系词

but, however, yet, instead, on the other hand, on the contrary, despite, in spite of, whereas (鉴于;然而;反之) , nevertheless(然而;尽管如此) , etc.

3. 表示结果的过渡词

so, thus, therefore, as a result, so that, etc.

4. 表示换一种方式表达的过渡词

in other words, that is to say, to put it another way(换个方式来说)

5. 表示普遍规律

generally speaking, in general, all in all

6. 表示总结性的过渡词

in a word, in general, in short, to sum up, finally, in conclusion, in summary

7. 表示特定顺序关系的过渡词

first, firstly, above all, first of all, then, next, in the end, at last, eventually

二 使用过渡性句子

1. 设问引出下文

2. 总体陈述不同观点,如Different people have different opinions towards it引起下文。

3. 举实例佐证。如take …for example引起下文

三 跟踪演练: 使用恰当的过渡词,重新修改文章

TV and website

TV and website are popular media. They have something in common. Both of them make money from ads. Websites also have different sections. You may choose the one you are most interested in.

They are different in many ways. Moving pictures are shown on TV with sound and interpretation. It makes you feel that you are just on the spot. The programs change every day. Professional TV reporters do the report for TV.

Some information on websites change all the time. Not all of it is so updated. Everybody can write articles for websites rather than professional reporter.

Every medium has its own features. It is hard to say which is better.

修改后的文章:

2

话题写作环境保护

必背词汇:

1. 环境污染的原因

cut down trees 砍伐树木 throw litter乱扔垃圾pollute the environment/air 污染环境/空气

lead /water /noise/air /white pollution铅/水/噪音/空气/白色污染

give off/ send out smoke and poisonous gases into the air排放烟雾和有毒气体

pour waste water into rivers without being treated往河里排放未经处理的废水

2. 破坏环境的后果

acid rain 酸雨 abnormal climate气候异常 global warming,

sea level rise greenhouse effect, extinction of animals,

be endangered, die out, become extinct species, be harmful to/do harm to..., flood into pose a great threat to,

be from bad to worse, flood many low-lying cities 水淹低洼城市

drought/flood/sandstorms sweep across...干旱/洪水/沙尘暴横扫

3. 环保措施

sort rubbish 垃圾分类 develop renewable resources 可再生资源 fight against pollution sustainable development 可持续发展 environmentally friendly products 环保产品 deal with rubbish properly正确处理垃圾

recycle textbooks/trash 课本/垃圾回收利用 keep the balance of nature

improve our living conditions 改善居住条件 live in harmony 生活和谐

ban the abuse of plastic bags 禁止滥用塑料袋 be aware of知道,意识到

take proper measures/steps/action to

pay attention to social morality讲究社会公德

don’t litter/spit everywhere 不随地扔垃圾/吐痰

raise/increase awareness of唤醒/增强…的意识

take an active part in building a civilized city积极参与创建文明城市

完成句子:

1. 我们必须要做一些事情来保护环境了。

It is high time we did something about environment protection.

It's time for us to ______ _______ to protect our surroundings and prevent them from

being polluted.

3 2. 即使是日常的一些小行为也会对环境产生影响。

Even the simplest everyday activities can _____ _____ _____ _____to the environment.

3. 如果人人都为保护环境作出贡献,世界将变得更加美丽。

If everyone ________ ______ to protecting the environment, the world will become much more beautiful。

4. 环境的严重破坏不仅带来了很多负面影响,还对人类的生存产生了威胁。

Massive destruction of environment has brought about ______ _______ and even poses a great _______to man’s existence

5. 经济的发展不能以牺牲环境为代价。

Economic development should not be _____ ______ _______ of the environment.

6.. 我们只有改变对待环境的方式,才能与环境和谐相处;我们只有挽救环境,才能挽救自己。

______ ______ changing the way we treat the environment can we get along well with it. ______ ______ saving the environment can we save ourselves.

7.. 公众将会意识到控制污染的重要性,并积极投入到节能减排的行动中来。

The public will realize the importance of pollution control and prevention and _____ ______ ______ _____in energy-saving and emission reduction.

8. 现在环境问题比以往任何时候都更紧迫。

Now environmental protection is more _______ than ever before.

读读背背:

1. 我们只有一个地球,因此环境保护刻不容缓。

There is only one earth in the world; therefore, it ’s of great urgency to protect the environment.

2. 否则,人们会因为对自己生活环境缺少关爱,而遭受严重后果。

Otherwise, man is certain to suffer from the serious consequences caused by this lack of care for his living surroundings.

3. 企业应特别注意对环境的影响,并找出解决问题的办法。

Enterprises should pay special attention to the effect they have on the environment and work out solutions for the problems.

4. 我们应请求政府组织各种各样的活动向人们强调保护环境的重要性。

We should call on the governments to organize varieties of activities to stress the importance of protecting and improving human environment.

5. 有些人把污水倒进河里,使水变得不能饮用和使用。有人把废气排进大气里,使居民深受其害。

Some of them pour dirty waste water directly into rivers, making the rivers not only undrinkable but also unusable. Others release poisonous gases into the air, causing residents to suffer a lot.

6. 文明人不会乱丢垃圾,随地吐痰。

4 A civilized person won’t throw away rubbish or spit wherever he likes.

7. 整个海洋的生态平衡遭到破坏,工业污染使河流没了生机。

The whole ecological balance of the sea is being changed and industrial wastes have already made many rivers lifeless.

8. 持续增加的污染不仅会导致像全球变暖这样严重的问题,而且还将威胁到人类在这个星球的生存。

The increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.

范文:

全球变暖是人类在21世纪面临的一个重要而又棘手的环境问题。它直接关系到人类的生存,所以引起了越来越多的人的关注。请你根据以下提示,写一篇英语短文,为“节能减排”献计献策。

背景:随着经济的发展,更多的温室气体被排放,其中大约70%为二氧化碳,这也是全球变暖的主要原因之一。

后果:海平面上升,自然灾害频发。

措施:1. 多使用清洁能源,少用煤,油. 2. 尽可能以步代车。 3. …

With the development of economy, more and more greenhouse gases are being given off into the air. CO2 makes up about 70% of the greenhouse gases, which is considered to be one of the greatest causes of global warming. It has harmful effects, causing the sea level to rise and natural disasters to strike.

So we must take effective measures to save our planet. First, we should use more clean energy and less coal and oil. Second, we should go to work on foot or by bus instead of driving a car if possible. Third, we should plant more trees, because plants can turn CO2 into oxygen. More importantly, we should form the habit of saving energy in our daily life.

课后练笔:

6月5日( June 5) 是世界环境保护日, 我们周围的环境变得越来越糟糕,污染越来越严重……。假如你是学生Jone. ,你校要进行“如何保护我们的环境?”专题演讲比赛。 要求:1、举例说明环境存在的问题1—3方面;

2、如何保护好我们的环境,采取怎样的措施,举例1—3方面进行说明,字数120~150左右。

5 I. 修改后的文章:

TV and website Both TV and website are popular media. They have something in common . Both of

them make money from ads. Similar to TV, websites also have different sections, so that you may choose the one you are most interested in. However, they are different in many ways. Above all, moving pictures are shown on TV with sound and interpretation, which makes you feel as if you are just on the spot. Then, the programs change every day and professional TV reporters do the report for TV . Unlike TV, some information on websites change all the time, but not all of it is so updated. In addition, everybody can write articles for websites professional reporter.

II. 完成句子:

1. take measures/ steps/ action 2. make a real difference 3. makes contributions

4. side effects threat 5. at the cost/expense of 6. Only by Only by

7. take an active part in 8. pressing/urgent III. 参考答案:

Dear headmasters, teachers, classmates and friends:

I’m very proud that I have chosen to speak to you all today, I’m a bit(=a little) nervous as I’ve never made a speech before to so many people ,so please forgive me if it shows.

As we all know, the environment around us is getting worse and worse . In some places we can’t see fish swimming in the river or trees on the hills. Some people even have no clean water to drink. So I think we must do

something to protect the environment. .But what can we do? How to protect our environment ?For example ,we can go to school on foot or by bike . we can use shopping baskets not plastic bags when we go shopping and we can use both sides of the paper when we write . In a word ,if everyone pays more attention to our environment , there will be less pollution and our lives will be better.

6 “There is only one earth”, I hope everyone will protect our environment well. Thanks!