英语概要写作(浙江省高考作文新题型)
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高二英语组自编练习 M5U4 写作

概要写作

一.What is a summary?

A summary is a of the of a longer

二.Tips on summary writing

While reading

1. Is the passage a narration, exposition, argumentation or a description?

2. Is there any topic sentence or key words? If so, underline them.

While writing

1. Structure

1) Topic sentence*

2) Main supporting points/evidence

3) About 60 words

2. Language

1) To use your own words*

2) To be concise (leave out the details; reduce the examples; simplify the

descriptions; eliminate all repetitions. )

3) To present the information fairly, do not give your own comments

4) To use the third person to retell

5) Tense(narration often uses the past tense)

小试牛刀

1. 压缩长的句子和词组。

(1 ) His courage in battle might without exaggeration(夸张) be called lion-like.

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(2) He was hard up for money and was being pressed by his creditor(债权人).

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2. 使用词组代替整句或者从句。

few people in the past. Today, better wages, holidays with pay, new hotels on these mountains, and better train and bus services many who never thought of visiting them ten years ago.

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3. 使用代替具体的词。

She brought home several Chinese and English novels, a few copies of Time and Newsweek and some textbooks. She intended to read all of them during the winter vocation.

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4. 使用简洁的句子间连接成分,如such ,but ,then ,yet 等。

高二英语组自编练习 M5U4 写作

文体类型一:议论文

议论文通常包括论点、论据和结论,因此写议论文的概要主要是找出主题句(the topic sentences) 、支撑句(supporting sentences)和结论句(conclusion sentences)。其中最主要的是找准主题句。

概要模板:论点+论据(+结论)

Getting rid of dirt, in the opinion of most people, is a good thing. However, there is nothing fixed about attitudes to dirt.

In the early 16th century, people thought that dirt on the skin was a means to block out disease, as medical opinion had it that washing off dirt with hot water could open up the skin and let ills in. A particular danger was, thought to lie in public baths. By 1538, the French king had closed the bath houses in his kingdom. So did the king of England in 1546.Thus began a long time when the rich and the poor in Europe lived with dirt in a friendly way. Henry Ⅳ, King of France, was famously dirty. Upon learning that a nobleman had taken a bath, the king ordered that, to avoid the attack of disease, the nobleman should not go out.

Though the belief in the merit(好处) of dirt was long-lived, dirt has no longer been regarded as a nice neighbor ever since the 18th century. Scientifically speaking, cleaning away dirt is good to health. Clean water supply and hand washing are practical means of preventing disease. Yet, it seems that standards of cleanliness have moved beyond science since World War Ⅱ. Advertisements repeatedly sell the idea: clothes need to be whiter than white, cloths ever softer, surfaces to shine. Has the hate for dirt, however, gone too far?

Attitudes to dirt still differ hugely nowadays. Many first time parents nervously try to warn their children off touching dirt, which might be responsible for the spread of disease. On the contrary, Mary Ruebush, an American immunologist (免疫学家), encourages children to play in the dirt to build up a strong immune system(免疫系统). And the latter position is gaining some ground. (302 words) ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________