作文2
初二 记叙文 9637字 383人浏览 伊人457

胡哥考前作文攻略

1. 如何驾驭简单句的基本正确度(第一部分)

2. 共计3个作文模板(第二部分)

3. 给常用的套词和套句(第三部分)

第一部分

胡哥所谓的简单句有三种:

A. 1个名词(主)+1个动词(谓)+其它

B . 定从

C . 名从

备注:英语能力已经来不及补的同学,别去玩弄【B. 定从C. 名从】了。定从何名从我在课上已经讲过了,这里不赘述。

A. 1个名词(主)+1个动词(谓)+其它

对此罗嗦两句:

1. 就是你写的任何句子,必须保证有一个名词作主语,一个动词作谓语,记住是一个不是两个,听懂了吗?这样,你写的句子中就有且仅有了一套【主语+谓语】式的结构了

2. 【其它】的言外之意就是说,不要再出现第二套【主语+谓语】 这下够土够明白了吧!另外,别忘了:连词后接的是句子,比如because

作文的基本单位是正确的简单句。如果你真能看懂且做到我上述的要求。在把作文要求的信息点写全了情况下,基础分10分是有的。YOU SEE!考试作文没你想象的那么难那么复杂。

用什么级别的词去构建正确的简单句:

初中级的词汇就可以,能用高中级更安全!不信?我秀一段给你看:

以下是2012年真题,我欲求10分,我该用什么级别的词去构建正确的简单句呢?

Part II Writing (30 minutes, 15 points)

Directions : In this part, you are to write within 30 minutes a composition of no less than 150 words under the title of “My Favorite Way of Keeping Fit”. Some clues are given below in Chinese. Please remember to write your composition clearly on the COMPOSITION SHEET. 保持健康有多种做法……,我最喜欢的做法是……。

注意:1. 人家给你标题了就写上,没的话就没必要写了2. 题目有两个要求点:A. 保持健康的做法B. 你的做法。用初中词汇构建正确的简单句去写好这两点就可以了。10分不难!

My Favorite Way of Keeping Fit

Nowadays, more and more people care about their own health. To keep healthy, most of them work out many different ways to do exercise. So far as I know, young people would like to go to gym, because going to gym is really a fashionable matter for young men and women. That’s why gym is becoming more and more popular among teenagers. However, old people less usually go to gym for they have no more strong body. They tend to dance on the square after dinner. There’s one thing. That sounds really interesting. I have an old neighbor. Each morning, he gets up early and leaves very far away home to get water by feet. In fact, his house has tap water. That means it ’s not fully necessary to get water outside. You see, this is the way some old people do exercise.

But for me, I am always busy all day. Therefore, I prefer to do press-ups to keep fit even though I still think it’s really cool to go to gym doing exercise. By this way, I can save much time to read English texts in fresh air of morning before work. I have no good habits unless you call both doing press-ups and reading English in morning good habits. Finally, I am pretty sure in doing exercise, people not just get good body- and good mood-condition, as well as reduce their pressure from work. Thus, what kinds of exercise you are doing or going to do is not important. What ’s really important is ‘just do it’! 发骚完毕!好久没显湿了!这不是我写作能耐的全部,我这是按照10分的标准装出来!好多骚词骚句都强忍着憋回去了

为了不备受评完卷回家良心的谴责,评卷的这帮傻逼们看到此番盛况至少得给我10分

结束写作讲解的第一部分前,顺便吹一下牛逼:

1. 用的词几乎全是初中三年级以下的词汇 2. 句子几乎全是简单句,没神马定从、名从之类的东西 3. 哥凑字数靠撒一个朴素的谎,看出来了吗?4. 题目要求的两个点全覆盖完了。

想再吹两点:谁帮帮忙?现在有点词穷了……

北京竟成教育 英语教研组 张明毅老师

2013年5月15日

第二部分

话题作文和漫画作文,其实这是同类作文。都是针对一个特定的话题。只不过话题是通过文字锁定某个话题;而图片作文是通过图来锁定某个话题。总之,都是围绕某个特定话题!最后一类是数字作文,即以饼图、表格、曲线等形式出题。

【话题作文】

现象评论型

即不需要你去回答赞成还是不赞成、支持还是不支持?比如2012年真题

【Directions : In this part, you are to write within 30 minutes a composition of no less than 150 words under the title of “My Favorite Way of Keeping Fit”. Some clues are given below in Chinese. Please remember to write your composition clearly on the COMPOSITION SHEET. 保持健康有多种做法……,我最喜欢的做法是……】和2011年真题【Directions : In this part, you are to write 30 minutes a composition of no less than 150 words under the title of “How to Handle Stress”. The clues given below are for your reference only, NOT the outline you should follow. Please remember to write your composition clearly on the COMPOSITION SHEET.

1. Common sources of stress

2. Healthy ways to reduce stress

3. How you have overcome stressful situations.】

这就不需要你去回答赞成还是不赞成、支持还是不支持的!

参考作文模型:(三段)

第一段:

【第一句:Currently , there are more and more people thinking/feeling that 用一个简单句把题中所提及的现象说出来,放在that 后面。如Currently , there are more and more people thinking/feeling that it’s really necessary for them to do exercise in daily life.】

【第二句:用一句带数据的句子细说这种现象,当然如果题目本来就有带数据的句子,翻译或改装后直接套用。:what I’ve been told in one report is that 接一个带数据的句子,如 the number of those who +1个动词+其它+has climbed/increased up to…at least. 如 what I’ve been told in one report is that the number of those who keep doing exercise everyday has climbed/increased up to two million at least.】

第二段:

Generally speaking, ……这个主体段落没法给具体的模板。原因是作文题目里的2-3个要点是什么样子没法提前预知和预定。比如2011年真题里【1. Common sources of

stress 2.Healthy ways to reduce stress 3. How you have overcome stressful situations.】这种东西你怎么提前预测?没辙!对此,我的建议有三。建议1: 尽可能用正确的简单句挨个挨个地把每个要求点陈述到位。千万不要直接摘抄或翻译题目给定的各要求点文字信息,然后草草了事。对于题目给定的每个要求点应保持大意不变的情况下,换个句式换个说法,并稍微展开讨论!就每个要求点而言,对于平时不太容易有话说的同学,应该尽量合理编造或引述你日常生活的例证。比如前面我所写范文里的【There ’s one thing. That sounds really interesting. I have an old neighbor. Each morning, he gets up early and leaves very far away home to get water by feet. In fact, his house has tap water.】就是从日常生活中一个合理瞎编出来的切题小例子用以辅助相应要求点的论述。 建议2:每个要求点述说完毕后,要求点与要求点之间要有恰当的连接词或短语。常用连接词见第三部分。建议3:题干中的2-3个要求点应该有一到两个要求点是重点论述的对象。以2012年题目为例,题干里有2个要求点,最后一个要求点【我最喜欢的做法是…】应该是侧重点。

第三段:

According to what have been discussed above , I am convinced that……在这里接一个口号式的简单句,用以总结全文即可。比如以2012年真题为例:According to what have been discussed above , I am convinced that we should have regular diet, sleep early and do some exercise.

观点评论型

即需要你去给出个人认为,回答赞成还是不赞成、支持还是不支持。比如2006年真题为例【Directions : In this part,you are to write a composition of no less than 150 words about “College Graduates Work as Village Officials”. You should write according to the outline given below. Please remember to write it clearly on the ANSWER SHEET.

Some college graduates choose to work as village officials.

1. Do you think it is a good idea?

2. What can they offer the countryside?

3. What can they gain from their village positions?】

这就需要你给出个人认为,去回答赞成还是不赞成、支持还是不支持的!

参考作文模型:(三段)

第一段:(以上为例,假设你支持大学生去当村官)

【第一句:Currently , there are more and more people thinking/feeling that …用一

个简单句,紧扣题中所及话题,从侧面以支持自己预持观点的方式,放在that 后面。如Currently , there are more and more people thinking/feeling that college graduates should not go to work as village officials after leaving school. 】【第二句:用一句带数据的句子细说这种现象,当然如果题目本来就有带数据的句子,翻译或改装后直接套用。:what I’ve been told in one report is that 接一个带数据的句子,如 the number of those who +1个动词+其它+has climbed/increased up to…at least. 如 what I’ve been told in one report is that the number of those who broke their promises of deciding to work as village officials has climbed/increased up to half million at least each year.】【第三句:As far as I am concerned, it’s really…… 接一个‘it ’s really +形容词+to do sth’式的简单句直接亮出个人观点。比如As far as I am concerned, it’s really fun, as well as meaningful to do a job as village official. 】

第二段:

Generally speaking, ……去掉逼你正反两个观点取其一的要求点,因为第一段表述过了。将剩下的要求点,按照给定顺序,逐一展开论述。比如206年真题里【1. Do you think it is a good idea? 2. 和3. 展开论述。此环节的三个建议。建议1: 尽可能用正确的简单句挨个挨个地把每个要求点陈述到位。千万不要直接摘抄或翻译题目给定的各要求点文字信息,然后草草了事。对于题目给定的每个要求点应保持大意不变的情况下,换个句式换个说法,并稍微展开讨论!就每个要求点而言,对于平时不太容易有话说的同学,应该尽量合理编造或引述你日常生活的例证。比如前面我所写范文里的【There ’s one thing. That sounds really interesting. I have an old neighbor. Each morning, he gets up early and leaves very far away home to get water by feet. In fact, his house has tap water.】就是从日常生活中一个合理瞎编出来的切题小例子用以辅助相应要求点的论述。 建议2:每个要求点述说完毕后,要求点与要求点之间要有恰当的连接词或短语。常用连接词见第三部分。建议3:将题干中剩余的要求点均作重点论述的对象。以2012年题目为例题干里第2和第3要求点【2. What can 】应均重点论述。

第三段:

According to what have been discussed above , I am convinced that……在这里接一个口号式的简单句,用以总结全文即可。

【漫画作文】

图片作文和话题作文本质上是一样的,是在以不同形式表达一个话题。所以对于话题作文,应该用汉语先将之转化成话题作文,然后按照话题作文的大致套路来写。但是段落布局稍有不同,应该比话题稍微简单!

参考作文模型:(三段)

第一段:

This ’s a vivid description of …填入能概括图片的一个名词体…. 接下来,用2-3句话勾勒图片内容。

第二段:

It ’s obvious/clear/easy/not difficult to see that …用一个句子表达图片的核心主题,即你对图片的核心理解…. I maintain this point for two/three following 理由1的论述理由2的论述. (理由3的论述. )

第三段:

In short/in brief, 用一句话,保持愿意不变,换个句式简化:第二段首说过的表达图片的核心主题,即你对图片的核心理解. Therefore,/That’s why some .

【数字作文】

通常以带有数字的饼图、表格、曲线等形式出题。难度系数较大,其原因是我们很不擅长用多样化的句式简介地描述清楚数字信息。同等学力申硕英语是过关类考试,不是选拔类考试。数字作文出现的可能性极低。特别注意:重在描述角度的选取很关键。一般而言,通常地,以‘因素’作为数字描述的绳索。这样的好处在于,描述对象之间显得有关联性强、比较性强且整篇的文字显得简洁。

首段,总说图表阐述了什么,用一个句子搞定。而且题干里一般都有这样的主旨句。摘用时注意形式上要稍作更改,但句子原意保持不变。

次段,细说图表内容。其中切忌the number of 1990 is 500000这样致命性的句子出现。因为这容易造成小学生式的流水仗作文之嫌疑。在次段中应做到,描述数据变化趋势或反差的同时,完成图表关键数据的表述。这就要要求考生善用各种短语、定从句、同位语或同位语从句等了。如用同位语和定语从句,上述例句可改为In 1990, the number 500,000 is most that’s increasing up to 600,000 by the end of 2001.你看,多用这样的句子的话,好处一,图中大量的关键数字在少量的句子里就可以同时得以表达。好处二,巧妙地避免了流水仗式的句子的出现。注意,不要、也不应该试图将所有的图表数字在这段中一一进行表述。只陈述趋势和拐点信息。另外,还要善于观察、归纳、总结信息以及分出几个大类型或大趋势。

末段,用准确、简短的语言猜想出各组趋势或数据背后的原因。末段不宜过长,否

则字数就超了。同时,也别要在有限的考试时间里过分地逼自己给出的超合理超严密的原因解释。是否足够合理和足够严密不重要,只要不要太离谱就行,因为这主要还是在考察语言本身,当然如果能超合理且严密更好了。这是锦上贴花的段落。

参考作文模型:(三段)

第一段:

The chart above indicates the ……<如percentage 或trend/amount等名词> of ……,which includes …有几个对象就用相应的名词罗列几个对象…<首段>

第二段:

Less/more than ……<数字名词,如500,000persons> ……<谓语或系动词如 lived in Beijing 1999 with an increase of 20% 或increasing up to 600,000 by the end of 2001.等等 >. 在此,实在不便继续细列模块类句子。总之, 要多用这样的句子来完成本段。描述数据变化趋势或反差的同时, 完成图表关键数据和拐点的表述。

第三段:

Therefore, it can be easily concluded that ……<在此用两到三句话猜想出这种数据变化趋势背后的可能原因,或者可能会出现的接下来的情况。这得根据题目要求来! 附:

有两幅图的处理方案(出现的可能性更低,多见于普研、MBA 、雅思写作中):

第一段:总说图表阐述了什么,用一个句子搞定。

第二段:单独描述图一,并对图一稍作总结、比较。

第三段:单独描述图二,并对图一稍作总结、比较。

第四段:总结、比较图一和图二。

后序:1. 不管什么形式的写作。应该先用中文简洁地拟提纲,然后再动笔写英语。当然但是绝不可以先把作文用中文写一遍,然后再去翻译。这样的话,时间肯定不够用,而且写出的英文句子肯定有东方特色的问题。2. 在写英文句子的过程当中,偶尔碰到不把握的单词书写形式,没关系,先用铅笔把它的大概样子写出来。通篇继续写下去。通篇结束了,再来处理它。搞不好那时心情轻松了,很容易就写出来了。不行就考虑换词或换更容易的其它表达方式。3. 写字难看不要紧,但是一定要少连笔、一定要整洁,否则你的作文如果脏得连看都不想看的话,即便妙语连篇也很容易被充满倦意的考官误判。

4. 注意句子里的单复数、时态问题。时态没把握的话,考虑现在、将来、和过去即可。 北京竟成教育 英语教研组 张明毅老师

2013年5月15日

Directions: In this part, you are to write a composition of 150 words at least about the topic the haze of pollution of Beijing. You should write according to the clue given below. Remember to write the composition on the COMPOSITION SHEET.

1. What do you think led to haze of pollution of Beijing.

2. How to cope with this issue will be best feasible solution.