四六级英文写作常用句子总结
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英文写作常用句子总结

1. 开篇

1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...

2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.

3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.

4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...

5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...

6) Never in our history has the idea that ... been so popular.

7) Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ...

8) According to a recent survey, ...

9) With the rapid development of ..., ...

注:用于句首提出论题或现象的句型

①Recently , „has become the focus of the society .

②„has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life .

③Nowadays there is a growing concern for „

④Nowadays it is common to hear /see „

⑤„has become a common occurrence in our daily life.

⑥Nowadays more and more people are beginning to be aware of the seriousness of „

⑦It is only during the last /past few years that man has become generally aware that „

⑧There is an old / popular saying / proverb which says / goes „ ⑨In recent years, there is a general tendency „

⑩Nowadays „ has become a problem we have to face.

2. 证明

1) No one can deny the fact that ...

2) The idea is hardly supported by facts.

3) Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...

4) Recent studies indicate that ...

5) There is sufficient evidence to show that ...

6) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...

3. 举例

1) A good case in point is ...

2) As an illustration, we may take ...

3) Such examples might be given easily.

4) ...is often cited as an example.

4. 表示原因

1)There are three reasons for this.

2)The reasons for this are as follows.

3)The reason for this is obvious.

4)The reason for this is not far to seek.

5)The reason for this is that...

6)We have good reason to believe that...

例如: There are three reasons for the changes that have taken place in our life.Firstly ,people ’s living standard has been greatly improved .Secondly ,most people are well paid, and they can afford what they need or like.Last but not least,more and more people prefer to enjoy modern life. 注:如考生写第一个句子没有把握,可将其改写成两个句子。如:Great changes have taken place in our life. There are three reasons for this.这样写可以避免套用中的表达失误。

4-1. 基本原因 --- 分析某事物时, 用此句型说明其基本的或者多方面的原因.

[1]. Why ...? For one thing„ For another...

[2]. The answer to this problem involves many factors. For one thing...For another... Still another...

[3]. A number of factors, both physical and psychological affect.... /both individual and social contribute to....

4-2 另一原因 --------> 在分析了基本原因之后, 再补充一个次要的或者更重要时用!

[1]. Another important factor is....

[2]. ... is also responsible for the change/problem.

[3]. Certainly, the ... is not the sole reason for...

另附 :

1. )A number of factors are accountable for this situation.

A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem).

2. ). The answer to this problem involves many factors.

3. ). The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...

4. ). The factors that contribute to this situation include...

5. ). The change in ...largely results from the fact that...

6. ). We may blame... , but the real causes are...

7). Part of the explanations for it is that...

One of the most common factors (causes) is that...

Another contributing factor (cause) is...

Perhaps the primary factor is that„

But the fundamental cause is that...

5. 后果--------- 分析某事物可能造成的后果或者带来的影响 .

1). It will produce a profound/far-reaching effect/impact on....

2). It involves some serious consequence for...

3) It may give rise to a host of problems.

4). The immediate result it produces is...

5). It will exercise a profound influence upon...

6). Its consequence can be so great that...

6. 表示好处

1. )It has the following advantages.

2. )It does us a lot of good.

3. )It benefits us quite a lot.

4. )It is beneficial to us.

5. )It is of great benefit to us.

例如: Books are like friends.They can help us know the world better ,and they can open our minds and widen our horizons.Therefore ,rea ding extensively is of great benefit to us.

7. 表示坏处

1. )It has more disadvantages than advantages.

2. )It does us much harm.

3. )It is harmful to us.

例如: However,everything divides into two.Television can also be harmful to us.It can do harm to our health and make us lazy if we spend too much time watching television.

8. 表示重要、必要、困难、方便、可能

1. )It is important(necessary ,difficult ,convenient , possible)for sb .to do sth.

2. )We think it necessary to do sth.

3. )It plays an important role in our life.

例如: Computers are now being used everywhere,whether in the government ,in schools or in business.Soon , computers will be found in every home,too .We have good reason to say that computers are playing an increasingly important role in our life and we have stepped into the Computer Age.

9. 表示措施

1. )We should take some effective measures.

2. )We should try our best to overcome(conquer )the difficulties.

3. )We should do our utmost in doing sth.

4. )We should solve the problems that we are confronted(faced )with . 例如: The housing problem that we are confronted with is becoming more and more serious.Therefore ,we must take some effective measures to solve it.

10. 表示变化

1. )Some changes have taken place in the past five years.

2. )A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications .

3. )The computer has brought about many changes in education.

例如: Some changes have taken place in people’s diet in the past five years.The major reasons for these changes are not far to seek.No wadays ,more and more people are switching from grain to meat for protein ,and from fruit and vegetable to milk for vitamins.

11. 表示事实、现状

1. )We cannot ignore the fact that...

2. )No one can deny the fact that...

3. )There is no denying the fact that...

4. )This is a phenomenon that many people are interested in.

5. )However ,that ’s not the case.

例如: We cannot ignore the fact that industrialization brings with it the problems of pollution.To solve these problems, we can start by educating the public about the hazards of pollution.The government on its part should also design stricter laws to promote a cleaner environment .

12. 表示比较对照

1. )Compared with A,B ...

2. )I prefer to read rather than watch TV.

3. )There is a striking contrast between them.

例如: Compared with cars,bicycles have several advantages besides being affordable.Firstly ,they do not consume natural resources of petroleum .Secondly ,they do not cause the pollution problem.Last but not least,they contribute to people’s health by giving them due physical exercise.

12-1. 两者比较 ---> 比较两事物, 要说出其一超过另一个, 或肯定一事物的优点, 也肯定其缺点的时候用!

[1]. The advantages gained from A are much greater than the advantages we gain from B.

[2]. Indeed, A carries much weight when compared with B.

[3]. There is no doubt that it has its negative effects as well as positive effects.

12-2 . 两者相同/相似 ------> 比较两事物共同都有或者共同都没有的特点时用!

[1]. A and B have several thing in common. They are similar in that...

[2]. A bears some striking resemblance(s) to B.

另附 :

1. ).The advantages far outweigh the disadvantages.

2. ).The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.

3. ).A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...

4. ).It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that...

5. ).For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.

6. ).Like anything else, it has its faults.

7. ).A and B has several points in common.

8. ).A bears some resemblances to B.

9. ).However, the same is not applicable to B.

10. ). A and B differ in several ways.

11. ). Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.

12. ). People used to think... but things are different now.

13. ). The same is true of B.

14. ). Wondering as A is, it has its drawbacks.

15. ). It is true that A..., but the chief faults (obvious defects) are...

13. 表示数量

1. )It has increased(decreased )from ...to ...

2. )The population in this city has now increased (decreased )to 800,000.

3. )The output of July in this factory increased by 15% compared with that of January.

例如: With the improvement of the living standard,the proportion of people’s income spent on food has decreased while that spent on education has increased.

再如: From the graph listed above,itcan be seen that student use of computers has increased from an average of less than two hours per week in 1990 to 20 hours in 2000. 注:“From the graph listed above,i t can be seen that”见句式12。

14表示看法

1) It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.

2) There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.

3) Some people say... but it does not hold water.

4) Many of us have been under the illusion that...

5) A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.

6) It makes no sense to argue for...

7) Too much stress placed on ... may lead to...

8) Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that...

9) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that...

10)People have(take ,adopt ,assume )different attitudes towards sth.

11)People have different opinions on this problem.

12)People take different views of(on )the question.

13)Some people believe that...Others argue that...

例如: People have different attitudes towards failure.Some believe that failure leads to success.

Every failure they experience translates into a greater chance of success at their renewed endeavor.However , others are easily discouraged by failures and put themselves into the category of losers. 再如: Do“lucky numbers really bring good luck?Different people have different views on it.

注:一个段落有时很适宜以问句开始,考生应掌握这一写作方法。

又注:用于陈述个人观点/想法的常用句型

①My own experience tells me that „

②In my opinion , we should attack more importance to „

③As for my own idea about „ I believe „

④As far as I am concerned , I plan to „

⑤Personally , I prefer „

⑥In my view , both sides are partly right in that „⑦But for me , I would rather „

⑧My own point of view is that „

⑨In conclusion , I support the statement that „

⑩As regards me , I tend to choose „

又注:用于比较、阐述不同观点的常用句型

①Some people like / prefer „, while others are / feel inclined to „

②There are different opinions among people as to „ Some believe „ whole hold „

③Some people claim that „ is superior to „ Others , however , disagree with it .

④Some people believe „ Others maintain „ Still others claim „ ⑤Some people suggest „ Others , however , hold the opposite opinion .

⑥On the one hand , people tend to „ On the other hand , they feel „

⑦Some people argue that „ Others , in contrast , believe that „ ⑧Although more and more people come to believe „ there are still others who insist that „⑨On the contrary , there are people in favor of „

⑩There are some people who hold different opinions about „

15. 套语

1. )It ’s well known to us that ...

2. )As is known to us,...

3. )This is a topic that is being widely talked about.

4. )From the graph(table ,chart )listed above,it can be seen that ...

5. )As a proverb says,“Where there is a will,there is a way. 例如: As is well known to us,it is important for the students to know the world outside campus.

The reason for this is obvious.Nowadays ,the society is changing and developing rapidly,and the campus is no longer an“ivory tower .As college students,we must get in touch with the world outside the campus .Only in this way can we adapt ourselves to the society quickly after we graduate.

再如: Does it pay to be honest?This is a topic that is being widely talked about and different people have different opinions on it.

16. 用于描写漫画、图表的常用句型

①As the graph depicts , „

②From the cartoon /picture , we can see that „

③According to the statistics shown in the first /second graph , ④The table shows / indicates / reveals that „

⑤It can be seen /concluded from the picture / table / figures that „

17. 用于书信写作的常用句型

①Thank you for your letter of „

②It is a pleasure for me invite you on behalf of „ to accept „ ③Thanks so much for your letter , which arrived „

④I am writing to you with reference to „

⑤I am writing to you in connection with „

⑥I would be grateful if you could / would „

⑦I would like to know some information on „

⑧It will be appreciated if you can / could „

⑨I would also like to know if you can / could „

⑩I look forward to hearing from you .

18. 用于结尾的常用句型

①From what has been discussed / mentioned above , we may conclude that „

②Therefore , it is not difficult to draw / come to the conclusion that „

③It is high time that something was done about „

④From all the reasons / consideration above , it is evident / clear / obvious that „

⑤Taking into account all these factors , we may reach the conclusion that „

⑥Given the reasons / consideration I have just outlined / discussed / presented , I strongly recommend that „

⑦It is clear , therefore , that „

⑧All in all ,what really matters is , in fact , to „

⑨It is essential that effective measure be taken to „

⑩From what has been discussed above , we may reasonably arrive at the conclusion that „⑾ In conclusion ,the most important is „

⑿ On the whole , it is high time that every one „⒀ As a result , we should take some effective steps to „⒁ Judging by the figures / statistics , it is not difficult to see that „⒂ Only in this way / in so doing , can be really „

1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ...

2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...

3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...

4) In conclusion, it is imperative that ...

5) There is no easy method, but ...might be of some help.

6) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...

7) In summary, if we continue to ignore the above-mentioned issue, more problems will crop up.

8) With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly.

9) We might do more than identify the cause ; it is important to take actions to ...

10) Taking all these into account, we ...

11) Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clear...

12)In short,it can be said that ...

13)It may be briefly summed up as follows.

14)From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...

例如: From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that examination is necessary,however , its method should be improved .

注:例句1可用于任何一个段落的结论句;例句3则多用文章结论段的第一句。