硕士英语作文
初二 记叙文 10842字 957人浏览 小背心儿oo

各种文体写作要求

第一段概述(大约40字):

Nowadays, when it comes to the _______(作文的话题及某种社会现象,一般是作文标题), the answers may vary from person to person. Some people hold the idea that_______(第一种看法,观点), but others argue that_______(第二种看法,观点). As for as I ’m concerned, both _______(上述观点一) and _______(上述观点二). I will _______(陈述我的观点)for the following reasons.

第二段正文:(大约70字):

In my opinion, __________(第一种看法,观点)can bring____ to________ (优势或者劣势). For one thing________ (阐述理由一). And it is usually ____(阐述理由一). What's more _____ (阐述理由一). Despite many obvious advantages of the first opinion, we can still find the second one also has some advantages when compared with the first. First of all ______(阐述理由一). Because of_______(阐述理由二). Even more _____ (阐述理由三,及带来的后果及影响).

第三段总结(大约40字):

From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion. It is undoubted that _______(第一种看法,观点)is as important as_______(第二种看法,观点). So as for me, I agree to take the middle road. They both should be play extremely important role in our modern society. Only in this way can we become_______(总结,展望,呼吁)

1.1.写作技巧,布局结构。 第一段:

开头句指出某种社会现象,扩展介绍,所产生的影响和后果,大约30-40字。 第二段:

出现这种现象的原因和后果,大约50-60字。 第三段: 你的观点和建议,解决问题的方法。重复主题, 与前呼应,简要结论,提出展望,大约50-60

字。

第一段

1. When it comes to the access to (Internet surfing / private schools /e-business / high rate of unemployment / China's football / recycling / widespread corruption /...), most people believe that... but other people argue that...

说到……问题,许多人认为……,但是也有人争辩说……

2. Currently, there is a widespread concern over drug abuse (high unemployment rate / wildlife extinction / environmental pollution /organized crime / widespread corruption / energy crisis / water shortages / traffic jams / increasing traffic accidents / ...).

最近,人们广为关注…… 3. With the (rapid) development of science and technology (market economy /

electronic industry / information industry / higher education / ...) an increasing number of people come to realize that (knowledge is power / a weak nation has no international prestige / education is of vital importance / …) , an increasing number of people come to realize that (knowledge is power / a weak nation has no international prestige / education is of vital importance)

随着科学技术……的迅速发展,越来越多的人认识到……

4. People's opinions about …… vary from person to person. Some people say that ……To them,……But others……

人们对待……的观点各自不同,有的人认为……。对他们来说……。而另一些人…… 5. .It goes without saying that...

不言而喻…… 6. There's no denying the fact that...

毫无疑问,无可否认……

第二段

1. 表示比较和对比

1)…… is completely different from…….

……和……完全不同

2)Compared with(In contrast to/Unlike)…….and …….

把……. 和……. 相比

3)on the other hand,/in contrast,/

与……相反

4)Despite their similarities, …….and ……. are also different.

尽管他们相似,但……. 和……. 还是不同

2.陈述观点

1). There are several reasons for …, but in general, they come down to three major ones. 有很多个原因……. ,但总的说来,有以下三个最重要的原因

3). Many ways can contribute to solving this problem, but the following ones may be most effective.

解决问题的办法很多,但下面这种是最有效的

4).Generally, the advantages can be listed as follows.

总的来说,优势如下

5).The reasons are as follows.

理由如下

3.因果推理

1)Because/Since we ……., we have learned a lot…….

因为我们……. ,所以我们知道…….

2)As a result of (Because of/Due to/Owing to)……., we……..

作为……结果,我们……

3) The cause of (reason for/overweight) is ……

……的起因是……

4)……causes (results in/leads to overweight.)

……导致了……结果

4.举例说明

1)Here is one more example.

这里还有一个例子

2)Take … for example.

以……为例

3)Just think of….

联想到……

5. 陈述顺序

At first…second …third …and finally…

第一,第二,第三,最后……

6. 并列转承

And …和,并且That is to say…也就是说……Not only…but also…不仅……而且……

7. 表示转折

But …但是……However

…然而……

8. 表示递进

Besides …

除了……之外还有

Even more…

更为……

第三段

1. Obviously, we can draw the conclusion that…….

很明显,我们可以得出……结论

2. To sum up(in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, thus)

总之……

3. Obviously, it is high time that we……solve the problem.

显然,解决……的问题已经题迫在眉睫。 4. Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

总之,要解决这个问题,必须采取一些措施。

5. Taking into account all the factors, we may safely come to the conclusion that …. 考虑到诸多因素,我们可以总结如下……

6. From(Through/According) to what has been discussed above, we can come to/reach/arrive at/draw the conclusion that….

从以上的讨论,我们可以总结为……

7. It is believed that….

据信……

8. I take (hold) a negative(positive view) of….

对此,我持否定意见。

9. There is still a long way to go towards solving the problem. We hope that efforts should be made to….

解决这个问题还要很大的努力。我们希望我们的努力能……

10. It is necessary that effective (proper/quick actions/steps/measures )be taken to …. 有必要采取有效地措施来……

(说明文+议论文)

2.1. 写作技巧,布局结构。

第一段:解读图表中的信息,图表要表达的主题,弄清文字说明,对图表内容做简要概述,说出所涉及的问题,大约30-40字。 第二段:分析信息和表上具体数字,找出规律,发现问题或所代表的社会普遍现象,对其进行议论说明, 大约50-60字。

第三段:你的忧虑,一些建议,解决问题的方法,期待或展望。大约40-50字。

2.2.写作常用词句 第一段图表说明

1.As shown in the table (graph, chart)…

2.The table (graph, chart) displays…

3.The percentage remained steady/stable at…

4.As can be clearly observed from the chart…

5. The figures stayed the same…. 第二段分析图表数字信息

1. As indicated by the result…

2. The table (graph, chart, figures) shows the increase…decrease …

3.The data(figures ) leads us to the conclusion that….

4. The graph provides some interesting data regarding….

第三段结论

1) It should be noted that…

2) This suggests…

3) It must be realized…

4) We look forward to further changes…

(说明文+议论文)

3.1.写作技巧,布局结构。跟图表作文相似,不同之处是图表要分

析数字,对比数字。 看图作文着重分析图片内容。 第一段:

理解图片及文字,看图作文都有文字说明,这里必须对图片及文字内容都给予描述,大约30-40字。 第二段:

分析图片内容,理解其深刻含义。对图片所包含的现状发表议论,可以以生活中的名人为例子,或者以自己的亲身经历来支持你的观点,加以论证。大约50-60字。 第三段:

你的忧虑,一些建议,解决问题的方法,期待或展望。大约40字。

3.2.写作常用词句 第一段:说明图片及文字

1.The picture with words shows that…

2.The picture with words provides some interesting facts…. 第二段:联想,感想,观点

1. Firstly, it will bring us to think …Secondly ….

Thirdly ….And finally…

2.Take …as an example例子论证: ---the man enrolled in Harvard as a genius ---quitted from Harvard ---became a billionaire in his first thirty ---was named as the World Computer God Father ---was invited as a professor at Harvard

---Bill Gates showed such an example of 第三段总结:

1.We must realize that…

2. We look forward to further changes about…

4.1.写作技巧,布局结构。 第一段:

仔细阅读提供的文章,理解作者的写作意图,所包含的意义,对人的启示,并对其进行叙述,大约50字。 第二段:

根据所提供的文章得深刻含义,表明自己的态度,发表自己的联想和感想, 也可以生活中的名人为例子来举例说明,大约50字;第三段:;归纳评述,得出结论,大约50字;4.2.写作常用词句;第一段概述;1.The short paragraph above ;2.After reading the story,I ;

第二段正文;1.What do we learn from …? ;2.Firstly,it will bring …;Thirdly ….And finally ….

以以生活中的名人为例子来举例说明,大约50字。 第三段:

归纳评述,得出结论,大约50字。

4.2.写作常用词句 第一段概述

1. The short paragraph above tells us a story about…

2. After reading the story, I… 第二段正文

1. What do we learn from…?

2. Firstly, it will bring people …Secondly ….

Thirdly ….And finally…

3. Take…as an example… 第三段总结

1. In conclusion…

2. Have the same meaning.

3.As far as I am concerned…

. 5.1 写作技巧

1.去掉细节2.取消举例 3.简化描述 4.用间接引语 5.去掉重复词句

6. 少用从句

5.2.写作步骤

1.通读全文,把握要旨2.逐段细读,划出主题3.组织要点,连贯统一4.通读概要,修改润色

1. 总共写十七个句子.

第一段四个句子, 第一句宏观描述图画, 并谈图画看似可笑但发人深思. 第二句写出图画最强烈的视觉效果, 第三句是主题句, 谈用二十个单词的爆发力句型谈该现象对个人的发展和进步有破坏性, 并引发思考, 第四句是用贬义词批判这个现象是强烈的指责。 (1)As is vividly depicted in the pi

cture, ,which seems to be humorous and ridiculous but thought-provoking on second thoughts.

(2)The most striking feature that impresses me deeply is that unbelievably, , (3)Recent few years has witnessed a phenomenon of 主题 which seems to be disastrous to individual survival and prosperity.

(4)This phenomenon of 主题 should be condemned severely or made illegal. (5)There is no doubt that its symbolic meaning subtly conveyed should be given deep consideration.

中间段落从两方面论证问题的危害,并举例论证,预测危害的趋势

第二段七个句子, (1) To account for the above-mentioned phenomenon, several serious effects have been put

forward.

(2)To begin with, 主题 not only results does harm to our physical and mental health but also results in a frustrating and humiliating life. (3)In addition, nothing is more harmful than 主题 to contradict with a harmonious society. (4)Last but not the least, no issue is as harmful as 主题 to increase family burdens, which is a threatening situation we are unwilling to see. (5)No better illustration of this idea can be thought than the example mentioned below . (7)If we cannot take useful means, we may not control this trend, and some undesirable results may come out unexpectedly, we will see the gloomy future of something.

最后一段要强调解决问题,谈的两点建议通常是提高人们的意识,加强执法

第三段六个句子,

(1)From what have been discussed above, it is therefore, necessary that some effective measures are taken to prevent主题. (2)On the one hand, we should be sensible to strengthen the enforcement of the laws to protect something. (3)On the other hand, it is demanding for us to keep people aware of the importance of saving somebody out of the evil hands of destruction. (4)However, it is easier said than done. (5)Although the fight against it is long-standing and tremendous one,our efforts will eventually pay off.(6) Only when you attention to it can you see a colorful and harmonious future better sooner or later.

2. 积极有利型的文章 文章以团队精神为例子

第一段谈的是三个句子, 第一, 二

个句子都是在描述图画, 第三句子这个现象对社会发展的积极的现象, 第四个句子是图画简单, 寓意深刻.

(1)As is vividly depicted in the picture,(描述图画).(2) The most striking feature is(图画重点信息).(3)There is no doubt that its symbolic meaning subtly conveyed should be given deep consideration.

第二个段子 (1)As is symbolically revealed in the set of drawings, the fact that(重复上面的图画信息) profoundly indicates that team work is momentous (重要的) and fundamental to any one who undertakes great deeds. (2)Undoubtedly, it is team work that keeps us continually doing something valuable and admirable in spite of difficulty, that makes us still full of energy to face the coming challenges and competition and that offers us the foundation for the coming success. (3)If we don not cooperate sincerely, we will live a dull and depressing life and feel frustrated and humiliated or feel loss of hope about the future. (4)As far as I am concerned, there are several advantages that can be given as below. To begin with, nothing is more beneficial than team work to overcome our defects and improve our efficiency.

(5)Secondly, no issue is as good as team work to make our life more colorful and energetic.(6)No better illustration of this idea can be thought than the example mentioned below. (7)A person who is assigned various jobs along the production lines will make a mess just because no one can be proficient in all the things. (8)Only by cooperating with other people can you put your capacities into full play and can you be the winner in the society.

第三个段子 (1)From what have been discussed above,it admits of no doubt that in doing things whether great or small there are more or less difficulties, it is much better for one to involve yourself into a team work. (2)It is therefore, necessary that some effective measures are taken to make your team work more efficient. (3)On the one hand, we should be sensible to be receptive to other people’s opinions and benefits. (4)On the other hand, it is demanding for us to be always helpful and honest to other people.(5) However, it is easier said than done. Practice is the most important factor. (6)Only when you pay attention to it can you make it better sooner or later.