初中英语作文
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初中英语作文

一、考点简介

中考作文分值占15分。从近三年广东英语中考试题中书面表达的考查来看,其写作的题体裁多以议论性的文章为主;本题型涉及的内容比较贴近学生的生活,词数上是保持一致性的,都是80个左右。

二、写作技巧

“一审”即审题。主要是看清楚题目要求,读懂题目所表达的含义,抓住要点,注意文体是什么,准备写作的人称和时态:如果是日记和故事,宜采用过去时态;如是简介之类的,宜采用现在时态。 “二写”即列纲。主要是列个提纲,考虑所要选用的单词、词组、句型,要能根据自己的英语水平,尽量扬长避短,避难就易。遇到想不起的词、句时,就用同(近)义词或同义句代替,不要使用没有把握的词句,并且要综合考虑所涉及到的情景、场合,语言要地道。

“三连”即连句成文。根据短文的内容要求,确定先写什么,后写什么,按照表述内容的情节发展和实际需要,重新排列组合已写成的 句子,划分必要的段落,一般分成三段。但要注意句式的灵活运用,长、短句,简单句,复合句要搭配运用。

“四改”即修改润色全文。主要是看全文符不符合题目要求,行文是否流畅,有没有遗漏要点;语法是不是正确,包括单词的拼写、大小写、标点符号、时态、语态、单复数、主谓一致、冠词等。

*总之做到

—>短语—>句式;

文章分3段:

(1)综述:概括性强,最多2句话引入主题;

(2)正文——主要内容:层次性强,一定要有过渡型连接词。最多展开3个方面,每个方面最多2句话;

(3)结尾:紧扣主题,2句话内结束,尽量升华。 常见连词:

三、高级句式替换:

1.too...to...

He is very young. he can’t go to school.

He is too young to go to school.

2.so...that...

He is very clever. He can work out the problem.

He is so clever that he can work it out the problem. He is clever enough to work out the problem.

3.not only...but also...

She not only plays well, but also writes music. 她不仅很会演奏,而且还会作曲。

Not only the students but also their teacher is enjoying the film. 不仅学生们在欣赏这部影片,他们的老师也在欣赏这部影片。

4.It has many advantages . First, 优点1… Besides, 优点2…

5.However, every coin has two sides. It also brings us bad influences. On the one hand,

缺点

1… On the other hand, 缺点2…

6. It is important(easy,hard,possible,good,bad…)for sb. to do sth.

四、连词

(1)表示递进:and ,what’s more,besides ,in addition,moreover ,furthermore ,what’s worse

(2)用于对比(转折):but, however, yet, instead, on the other hand, on the contrary(相反), although, in spite of, unlike, nevertheless(然而), not only ... but also, on the one hand ... on the other hand,

(3)表示时间顺序:first ,next ,then ,after ,before ,when

(4)用于举例:for example,such as

(5)表示原因关系:because ,since ,as ,so ,for, now that, thanks to, due to

(6)表示结果关系:so, as a result, then, consequently, thereby, therefore, hence, thus, so that…, so ... that…, such ... that…

(7)表陈述事实的过渡词:in fact, actually, as a matter of fact, to tell you the truth

(8)表总结的过渡词:in a word, in general, in short, above all, after all, generally speaking, to sum up, finally, in conclusion, at last, in summary

(9)表并列:and ,also ,as well as,not only…but also,both…and,either…or,neither..nor

(10)表示利弊的:

be good/bad for sb.; be harmful to sb.; do harm to sb.; …have great/much influence on sb.; sth. benefit sb.; sb benefit from sth.; affect; have an effect on sb.;

(11)表示喜爱的:

love/like/enjoy…; be fond of…; be interested in…; show great interest in…; lose oneself in…; put one’s heart into…;

(12)总结 As I see, As for me ,As we all know, in general, generally speaking, I think...,

in fact , in a word, in brief, in conclusion, in short, in summary, to sum up

△另外,有些连词不能一起使用。例如有because 就不能有so, 有though 就不能有but 等等。连词的应用会让作文提高一大块。

五、翻译要点

1. 先翻译: 人 做 事 (主语 + 动词 + 宾语)

2. 时间地点放句子 末尾 ,顺序为: 地点----时间

3. 最后检查时态:一般现在时(加:s 或es ) 一般过去时(加:--ed )

现在完成时(加:have --ed) 现在进行时(加:--ing )

4. 如果没有明显时间,讲自己的一般是 一般现在时 ,讲别人的一般是 一般过去时 。

六、初中英语作文十大常见错误分析

1、审题不清

2、拼写错误

3、名词单复数问题

例:My father and my mother is all teacher.

4、缺少动词

在汉语中没有动词的句子是允许的,但英语中每个完整的句子都必须有动词来构成,如:“我累了”。这个句子没有动词作谓语,而用形容词,但英语形容词不能作谓语,一定要写成:I'm tired. 例:I happy I can come to Beijing Zoo.

The apples cheap.I'll take some.

5、缺少介词、冠词等

例:Because heavy rain we can't hold the sports meeting.

6、代词的误用

例:I mother and I went to the shop to buy a present for I father.

7、句子不完整

例:Many students have a hardtime passing all the tests to get in to college.For example,my friend in high school. (这段文章的第二句话没有动词,他不能独立构成一个句子。这是一个非常常见的错误,修改的方法是将两个句子连接起来。)

8、前后不一致

例:When one have knowledge,he can do what he want to do.

(人一旦有了知识,他就能想干什么就干什么.)

9、时态、人称和数的搭配错误

例:When I get to the station the train leave.

10. 综合性错误:

综合性错误是指单词的大小写和标点符号的错误等,以及形容词和副词的混淆、连词的误用等等。这些都是靠考生平时知识的积累,所以考生应该从平时练习出发,每天坚持写英语日记,多读适合自己英语水平的原版著作,提高自己的英语素养。

七、万能句型

1) . It’s +adj for sb to do 做…对某人来说…

2) . … so … that … 如此… 以至于…

… too … To do 太… 而不能… such … that … 如此… 以至于…

3) . not…until… 直到…才…

4).The reason why + 句子 is that + 句子 … 的原因是…

The reason why he got angry was that she told him a lie. ( 他生气的原因是她对他说了谎。)

5). That is why + 句子 那是…的原因

6). That is because + 句子 那是因为…

7).It is said that + 句子 据说… It is reported that + 句子 据报道…

8). There is no doubt that + 句子 毫无疑问…

9). There is no need to do 没必要做…

10). as is known to all, +句子 众所周知

as we all know, +句子 据我们所知

it is generally/ publicly known / considered that…, 众所周知

11).An advantage of ........is that + 句子 ……的优点是……

12).Have a great influence on ..... 对……有很大的影响

13).do good to (对... 有益) do harm to (对……有害)

1、提建议

had better (not) do 最好(不) 做

how about / what about doing …怎么样?

I think you should do 我认为你应该…

I suggest / advice that you should do 我建议你做…

If I were you, I would do… 我要是你的话,我会做…

It’s best to do 最好做…

Why not do / why don’t you do…? 为什么不…

2、表示喜欢和感兴趣

like / love doing enjoy doing be fond of doing 喜欢做…

be keen on n/doing 喜欢做…

prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做A 也不愿做B

be interested in doing = show/ take great interest in n / doing 对做某事感兴趣

3、努力做…

try to do努力做… strive to do 努力做…

try one’s best to do = do one’s best to do 竭尽全力做…

make efforts to do = make every effort to do 尽力做…

do what sb can (do ) to do 尽力做…

spare no effort to do 不遗余力的做… do what / everything sb. can to do 尽某人全力做…

5、打算做… / 计划做…

intend / plan to do 打算做… be going to do 打算做…

decide to do 决定做… determine to do决定做…

be determined to do决定做… make up one’s mind to do 下定决心做…

5、表示想/希望

want to do= would like to do 想做… hope to do 希望做…

expect to do 期待着做… wish to do 希望做… consider doing 考虑做…

6、只加doing 作宾语的动词

finish 完成/ practice 练习 / suggest建议 / consider 考虑 / mind 介意 / enjoy 喜欢doing

7、固定句型

look forward to doing 盼望做… keep on doing 坚持做… dream of doing 梦想做… can’t help doing 情不自禁地做… keep / stop / prevent sb. from doing 阻止某人做… be busy (in ) doing be busy with + 名词 忙于做… spend time / money (in )doing spend time / money on + 名词 花费时间做… have fun / ha ve a good time / enjoy oneself doing 玩得开心 have trouble / have problem / have difficulty (in) doing 或 with + 名词 做…有困难

八、实例剖析

一、【美文鉴赏学习】

There is an old English saying.It tells us that we must go to bed early at night and get up early in the morning.Then we shall be healthy. We shall also be rich and clever.This is true. The body must have enough sleep to be healthy.Children of young age should have ten hours’ sleep every night.Children who do not have enough sleep cannot do their work well and they may not be healthy.The body also needs exercise.Walking, running, jumping and playing games are all exercise.Exercise keeps the body strong. Exercise also helps the blood to move around inside the body.It is very important.Our blood moves to all parts of our body.The head also needs blood.Exercise helps us to think better.

二、重点词汇积累。

1. 古老的英语谚语________________________________

2. 上床睡觉________________________

3. 起床________________________________

4. 少儿___________________________

5. 十小时的睡眠_____________

6. 保持身体强壮________________________

7. 身体各个部分______________________

三、找出文章中的连接词。

1. 然后_____________

2. 也_______________

3. 和_______________

四、重点句型解析并造句。

★ It tells us that we must go to bed early at night and get up early in the morning.它告诉我们晚上要早睡,

早上要早起。

It tells us that…它告诉我们……这是一个宾语从句。

1. 老师告诉我们,地球围绕太阳转。

The teacher______________________ the earth goes around the sun.

2. 这个故事告诉我们,做人要诚实。

_____________________________________________________________________

【写作步步高】

假如你是李佳,你将参加一个学校主办的以“Healthy Lifestyle”为主题的演讲比赛。请你准备一篇发言稿,谈谈你对健康生活的看法。内容包括:

(1)每天运动; (2)健康饮食;(3)充足的睡眠;(4)保持好心情。

注意:1. 词数80左右;信的开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

2. 请结合实际情况适当发挥。

【思路点拨】

第一步:审题:人称__________________ ;时态__________________

第二步:列提纲。

第一段:引入话题。开头部分已给出。

第二段:谈对健康生活的具体看法。参考句型:

1.In order to have enough sleep, we should go to bed early.

2.If you want to be healthy, you can laugh.

3.I hope you will live healthily.

第三步:列出主要的单词、短语和句型。

1. 做运动_______________

2. 至少______________________________

3. 保持健康_________________________

4. 健康食品_____________________________

5. 保持心情愉快___________________________

第四步:运用适当的连接词,如First,…Second,…Third,…Fourth,…等将以上要点连接成文,注意语句连贯。

Healthy Lifestyle

Dear Sir or Madam, Good afternoon!

A healthy lifestyle is very important for us.We need to start a healthy lifestyle.Here are some of my suggestions.____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

九、课后作业

写一篇你和你的朋友一起做的一件有趣的事情,字数在80个词左右,要写明下面各个要点:

(1)你和你的家人周末去长城。

(2)在长城上遇见了一个外国男孩,一个人来中国旅游。

(3)互相介绍,并充当他的导游。同时练习英语。 (4)成为朋友,约定回国后写信联系。

_____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

答案:

Last weekend, I went to the Great Wall with my family.It was a sunny day and there are a lot of people there.Before entering the gate, a foreign boy came to me and asked where he could buy a ticket in English.I told him and found that he came here by himself.So I invited him to go with us.I tried to introduce the Great Wall to him in English.We were so happy

together that day.Before we were back, we promised to write to each other.Making a new friend made me so happy.