高中英语写作技巧
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高中英语写作技巧

一.段落写作

一篇文章通常可分为三个部分,即开头、正文和结尾。这三个部分安排是否得体,直接影响到文章的质量。

文章的开头一般来说应尽量做到开门见山,用简单明白的叙述引出文章的话题,使读者了解文章要谈论什么,一下于引起读者的兴趣。

作文常见的开头形式大致有以下几种:

1. 开门见山,揭示主题

文章一开头,,就交待清楚文章的主题是什么。如“How I Spent My Vacation”(我怎样度假) 的开头可以写成:

I Spent my last vacation happily.

"Honesty"(谈诚实) 的开头可以写成:

Honesty is one of the best virtues.An honest man is always trusted and respected.On the contrary, one who tells lies is regarded as a "liar",and is looked upon by honest people.

2. 交代人物、事情、时间或环境开头

在文章的开头,先把人物、事件和环境交待清楚。例如"A Trip to Jinshan" (去金山旅游) 的开头可以写成:

The day before yesterday my class went on a bus trip to Jinshan. The bus ride there took three hours. The long trip made us very tired, but the sight of the beautiful sea refreshed us.

3. 回忆性的开头

用回忆的方法来开头。例如"A Trip to the Taishan Mountain"(泰山游) 的开头是: I remember my first trip to the Taishan Mountain as if it were yesterday.

4. 概括性的开头

即对要在文章中叙述的人或事先作一个概括性的介绍。如“The Happiness of Reading Books”(读书的快乐) 的开头:

People often say that gold and silver are the most valuable things in the world. But I say that to read books is more valuable than anything else, because books give us knowledge and knowledge gives us power.

5. 介绍环境式的开头

即开头利用自然景物或自然环境引出要介绍的事物。如“An Accident”(一场事故) 的开头可以写成:

It was a rainy and windy morning. The sky was gloomy, the temperature was low, and the street was nearly empty. I was on my way back to school. Suddenly, a speeding car came round the corner.

6. 交待写作目的的开头

在文章的一开头就交待写作目的,如通过文章要表扬谁,批评谁,或说明一个什么问题等。如 "Pollution Control" (控制污染) 的开头:

In this article I shall draw your attention to the subject of pollution control.

1. 结尾万能公式一:

说完了,毕竟要归纳一番,相信各位都有这样的经历,领导长篇大论,到最后终于冒出个“总而言之”之类的话,我们马上停止开小差,等待领导说结束语。也就是说,开头很好,也必然要有一个精彩的结尾,让读者眼前一亮,这样,你就可以拿高分了!比如下面的例子: obviously (此为过渡短语), we can draw the conclusion that good manners arise from politeness and respect for others. 如果读者很难“显而见之”,但说无妨,就当读者的眼光太浅罢了!

更多过渡短语: to sum up, in conclusion, in brief, on account of this, therefore 更多句型: thus , it can be concluded that……, therefore , we can find that…

2. 结尾万能公式二:

如果说“如此结论”是结尾最没用的废话,那么“如此建议”应该是最有价值的废话了,因为这里虽然也是废话,但是却用了一个很经典的虚拟语气的句型。 obviously , it is high time that we took some measures to solve the problem. 这里的虚拟语气用得很经典,因为考官本来经常考这个句型,而如果我们自己写出来,你说考官会怎么想呢?

更多句型: accordingly , I recommend that some measures be taken. Consequently, to solve the problem, some measures should be taken.

二.议论文常用过渡词

开始,首先 to begin with , at the very beginning ,first, first of all.

更近一步讲,另外moreover, further more, additionally, besides, what’s more

结果:therefore , as a result, in conclusion, so,

转折 :meanwhile ,however , nevertheless , notwithstanding , but, however, in the other hand

三.五句式作文写作

紧扣主题,注意句数,翻译提示,多用从句和状语

A Big forest fire

1火因 1青年员工抽烟2持续时间3个星期

3参加救火人员 数千消防队员及当地农民

4伤亡人数9人死亡80受伤5经济损失2000万美元6影响 震惊全国。

A big forest fire

An amazing big forest fire, which lasted for three weeks, was caused by a smoking young staff. It had big effect on the whole country, resulting in 20 million dollar's loss. In addition, as a pity, 9 men died and 80 men hurt. During this fire, thousands of fire fighters and local farmers helped to fight with fire.

From this accident, we should realize the importance of being careful all the time.