中考上海英语作文总结
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上海中考英语作文总结

纵观2001—2010年上海中考英语试卷,书面表达试题的样式大体可以分为两种类型:一、主观性命题;二、半主观性命题。字数要求方面从03年开始由原来的50个单词变成60个单词左右。

一、主观性命题

主观性命题是指试题的要求中有简单的写作要求但是没有详细的写作提示,要求考生根据要求自己确定写作中心和内容的书面表达形式。

主观性命题的书面表达特点:1. 试题中有简单的写作要求;2. 没有具体的中文或英文提示,文章的中心内容的确定带有主观性。 比如说上海2007年的中考英语作文题目是:以“爸爸/妈妈的故事”为题写一篇不少于60个词的短文,标点符号不占格。注意:短文中不得出现考生的姓名、校名及其他相关信息,否则不予评分。

本试题中只有简单的写作要求:以“爸爸/妈妈的故事”为题,只给出了作文题目,没有相关的内容提示,属于典型的主观类书面表达。做这类题的时候一定要从题目要求出发,通过主观想象写出符合题目要求的内容,对于英语基础薄弱的学生来说,可以先用汉语构思。比如上面的书面表达就可以根据题目要求从以下几个方面构思:

1)写妈妈的故事,确定文章的主人公;

2)妈妈的家庭:有5个兄弟姐妹,爸爸是农村的医生,妈妈只是一个普通的工人;

3)妈妈的童年:由于当时的时代跟现在不同,家里没有电视,没有电脑,妈妈每天下午放学都要跟姐姐弟弟帮他们的妈妈做家务,比如洗衣服,做饭;虽然艰苦,但是很快乐。 用汉语构思完文章大致内容后就把自己的汉语翻译成英语:

1)A Story about My Parent;

2) In mum’s family, there were seven people: mum’s parents, mum’s two brothers and two sisters and mum. When mum was young, her father was a doctor in the small village and her mother was just a worker;

3) At that time, for lack of TV and computer, everyday after school mum along with her brothers and sisters would go home to help their mother with the housework. For example, they helped to make supper or wash clothes. Mum told me that though the life at that time was very hard, she felt happy. 完成翻译工作后用一定的连接词将以上内容连接起来, 最终成文:

A Story about My Parent

My mum was born in a small village. In her family, there were seven people: mum ’s parents, mum ’s two brothers and two sisters and mum. When mum was young, her father was a doctor in the small village and her mother was just a worker. At that time, for lack of TV and computer, everyday after school mum along with her brothers and sisters would go home to helped their mother with the housework. For example, they help to make supper or wash clothes. Mum told me that though the life at that time was very hard, she felt happy.

二、半主观性命题

半主观性命题是指试题的要求中有详细的写作要求和写作提示,提示包括中英文两种,而这些写作提示其实就是该书面表达的核心内容即该书面表达的核心得分点。但是这些提示内容往往都比较零散,需要学生加入适当的过渡句或承接词,经过整理后才能成为完整的书面表达形式。

半主观性,命题的书面表达特点:1)文章的内容或者结构有一定的限制,这些是客观规定的;2)学生在组织文章的过程中需要加入一些必要的过渡句或承接词,这些是主观的。

纵观近十年的中考英语真题,上海中考英语作文试题大部分都是半主观性命题,只有01和07年时主观性命题,其他都是半主观性命题。相对于主观性命题而言,半主观性命题会稍显有点难度,因为文章的格式或者内容都是固定的,学生只需将中文转换成英文,再加以必要的过渡词或承接词,倘若学生在审题的时候没注意到这一点的话很有可能会出现跑题的现象。因此做这类题的时候一定要审好题再做题。

比如说上海2002年的中考英语作文题目是:根据英文提示,以“我的心爱之物”为题写作,不少于50个词。内容必须包括英文提示中的3项要求,标点符号不占格:

Make sure you

1. Introduce what the thing(s) is (are).

2. Say when and / or where, and how you got it (them)

3. Explain why you like it (them) and why it is (they are) special to you.

这是一道典型的半主观性命题,此题的要求中对该书面表达的内容已经做了详细的客观规定主要包括:

1. 题目:My Favorite Thing(s)

2. 文章必须包括一下三点:

What the thing(s) is (are)

When and / or where, and how you got if (them)

Why you like it (them) and why it is (they are) special to you

3. 字数要符合要求

以上这些客观规定的内容即文章的核心得分点,接下来的任务就是要将这些核心得分点写入到文章中并加之必要的过度句或承接词, 最终成正文:

My Favorite Thing

I have many small things in my home such as stamps, toys. But among those things, my favorite thing is a green watch. It is a digital watch with a duck on the bottom of it. And it is my birthday present given by my best friend. I got it on my 12th birthday. I like it very much because I can read time since then. Because it was the present given by my best friend, it is very special to me.

在做中考英语作文的时候一定要谨记,文章写完后要检查有没有语法上的错误,注意单三变化,主谓一致。中考作文并不难,只要平时多注意积累,多做练习,相信同学们一定会有所收获。