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高一 议论文 9466字 74人浏览 变压器绕包

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英语写作十字真经:研习、背诵、默写、互译、模仿

紧扣高考英语作文评分标准

高考作文采用总体评分方式,集中在以下四个方面:

-覆盖了题目提出的所有内容要点和要求;

-应用了较多的语法结构和词汇,内容比较丰富;

-在使用复杂结构或高级词汇时允许有些许错误;

-有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,全文结构紧凑流畅。

●高考英语作文完美行文四步骤

STEP1:确定文章框架,包括:时态、语态、格式、展开方式、开头结尾等。 STEP2:确定内容要点,包括:主要人物、时间地点、重要细节、合理发挥等。 STEP3:正式开始写作,整理思路成篇,行文连贯。

STEP4:纠正粗心犯下的错误.

高考英语写作技巧汇总

(一)掌握技巧:

(1)注意篇章结构,合理布局

开始部分(opening paragraph)——说出文中的要点、核心问题。

正文部分(Body paragraphs)——围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。

结尾部分(concluding paragraphs)——对全文的总结和概括。

要做到全文中心突出、段落之间必须是有机地联系,内容完整、连贯。前后呼应,祛除与主题无关的内容。

(2)确定主题句

主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头,而后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩展。 写主题句应注意以下几点:

①归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点

②提炼出一句具有概括性的话

③主题句应具有可读性,抓住、吸引读者。

(二)巧用连接词

要想使文章有整体性、连贯性,就要学会正确使用连接词

表示罗列增加:First, second, third,First, then / next, after that / next, finally, For one thing … for another…,On (the) one hand…on the other hand, Besides / what’s more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / another / also, Especially / In particular,

2 表示时间顺序now, at present, recently,after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days,at first, in the beginning, to begin with, later, next, finally,immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the moment, form now on, from then on,at the same time, meanwhile,till, not…until, before, after, when, while, as during,

表示解释说明now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreover, furthermore, in fact, actually

表示转折关系but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, of course, after all,

表示并列关系or, and, also, too, not only … but also, as well as, both… and, either …or, neither …nor

表示因果关系because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to…, due to…, therefore, as a result (of), otherwise, so…that, such…that

表示条件关系as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless

表示让步关系though, although, as, even if, even though, whether …or…, however, whoever, whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, where, when,whom) 表示举例for example, for instance, such as…, take… for example

表示比较be similar to, similarly, the same as, in contrast, compared with (to)…just like, just as, 表示目的for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to,

表示强调:in deed,in fact, surely, certainly,no doubt, without any doubt, truly, obviously, above all, 表示概括归纳in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know, As we all know, as has been stated, as I have shown, finally, at last, in summary, in conclusion

如何使用高级词汇:

1. Because the weather was good, our journey was comfortable. (幸亏…)

2.We all think he is a great man. (评价很高)

3.Suddenly I thought out a good idea. (occur )

4. The students there needn’t pay for their books.(免费的)

5.She went to Australia in order to study music. (purpose )

6.When he spoke, he felt more and more excited. (the 比较级,the 比较级)

(三)掌握常用句型:

下面只列举比较常用的。

1. in order to: 为了实现他的梦想,他学习非常努力。

He worked very hard in order to realize his dream.

2. in order that:她拼命干活以便到六点时把一切都准备就绪。

3 She worked hard in order that everything would be ready by 6 o’clock..

3. so…that:他们太累了,除了伸懒腰什么都做不了了。

They were all so tired that they could do nothing but yawn.

4. such…that:天气非常冷,以致于街上一个人都没有。

It was such a cold day that there was nobody on the street.

5. would rather do…than do:他宁愿听他人讲而不愿自己说。

He would rather listen to others than talk himself.

6. prefer doing to doing:他宁愿在精心准备后去做报告。

He prefers making speeches after careful preparation.

7. prefer to do…rather than do:比起女人,男人总是宁可在家睡觉也不愿花那么多时间来购物。Compared with women, men always prefer to sleep at home rather than spend so much time shopping.

8. not only…but also:在短短的三年的时间里她不但完成了所有课程,而且还获得了博士学位。In just three years, she had not only finished all the lessons, but also received her doctor’s degree.

9. either…or:如果考试过关,你可以买一个MP3或去云南玩一趟。

You could either buy an MP3 or go to Yunnan for a visit if you pass the exam.

10. Neither…nor:他是一个无聊的人,既不爱娱乐,也不爱读书。

He is a boring man. He likes neither entertainment nor reading.

11. as well as:他善良又乐于助人。

He was kind as well as helpful.

12. …as well:这个小孩活泼又可爱。

The child is active and funny as well.

13. One…the other:你看见桌子上有两只笔吗?一支是红色的,另一支是黑色的。 Have you seen two pens on the desk? One is red, the other is black.

14. Some…others:每个人都很忙,有些在读书,有些在写作。

Everyone is busy in classroom. Some are reading, others are writing.

15. make…+adj /n:我们所做的可以让世界更美丽。

What we do will make the world more beautiful.

16. not…until:直到他告诉我发生的事,我才了解真相。

I didn’t know the truth until she told me what happened.

17. as if:他夸夸其谈好像什么事都知道。

He talks a lot as if he knows everything.

18. It is no use (good) doing…:假装不懂规则是行不通的。

4 It’s no use pretending that you didn’t know the rules.

19. find it + adj to do…:我觉得作听力时有必要作笔记。

I find it necessary to take down notes while listening.

20. It is + time since…:我已经有两年没见他了。

It is two years since I last met him.

21. It is + time when…:我到电影院时已经八点钟了。

It was 8 o’clock when I got to the cinema.

22. It is + time before…:不久我们就会再见面的。

I won’t be long before we can meet again.

23. It is…that…:我最珍视的是友谊。

It is friendship that I value most.

24. It is + n / adj + that / to do…:每个人都必须懂得如何使用计算机

It is a must that everybody should know how to use computers.

英语书面表达在高考中日益显得重要,高考书面表达已不只局限于把话说清楚,把意思表达完整,而是要给我们的句子润色,让我们的句子靓起来。如何让我们的英语句子靓起来呢?很多人都强调用连词、介词等词汇手段迅速提高语言水平。但这种方法需要一定的积累,也需要一定的基础。而通过对低级句型的改造,可以迅速达到这一目的。

◆强调句:可以轻松地将时间、地点、原因、方式等类型的状语从句转变为强调句。 It was not until I arrived home that I realized I had left the bag on the shop counter.

◆倒装句:只要句中有介词短语或状语从句,便可将其提前,变成倒装句。

Only when I turned right at the crossing did that car crack towards me.

◆with 引导的伴随结构:可以将状语从句或并列句中的其中一个分句变成with 结构。 With the sun lighting brightly and the birds singing clearly, I went to school in high spirits ◆巧妙地使用非谓语动词:可以将状语从句或并列的动词简化为非谓语动词。

Hearing that, the driver’s wife quickly added that her husband often talked nonsense after drinking. (低级形式:When he heard that, ……)

◆恰到好处的被动句:适合应用于较简短的句子,这样显得语言简洁生动,宾语一般是nothing 、anything 、everything 等不定代词。

Searched all my pockets, but nothing was found。

◆感叹句:用于开头结尾活跃文章气氛,凡是“I feel …”之类表达感情的句子皆可如此改造。 How terrible I felt today! I failed again in the math exam.

◆高级定语从句:若定语从句中的动词带有介词,只需将介词移至先行词后。

We came to a place to which they had never paid a visit before.

5 ◆进行时态:有时会含有一定情绪,尤其要使用always 这样的富含感情色彩的副词。 I am always feeling terrible when I take a bus.

◆婉转表达:需要使用幽默的技巧,主要用于漫画型作文题。

I could find nothing but bad luck when I returned the shop after learning that my handbag had been left on the counter.

◆what 引导的名词性从句:将动宾结构转化为此结构。

What he gave me, which I knew, were not only a Christmas present but also a heart full of love and a mind of my existence in it.

◆“数词+名词”变为“as many as+数词+名词”。

As many as ten years ago, my hometown used to be covered by forests

◆适当加一些不关痛痒的插入语:一些连词、副词可以放到句子中间充当语气较弱的插入语,如I guess、however 、in a way、certainly 、in my opinion、probably 、briefly, generally speaking, believe it or not, besides, what’s more等,有时可以用插入语连用,就更像英美人士的文章了。 ◆独立主格:将主从句去掉连词,前句动词变为分词即可。

The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.

◆把简单句改成复合句:适当的时候把两个简单句改成“too….to…”或者“so…that…”等高级一点的复合句。例如:

I was very tired. I couldn’t keep up with them.我们可以改成:I was so tired that I couldn’t keep up with them.或:I was too tired to keep up with them.

修改作文:

联合国教科文组织某考察团正在我国某乡村参观考察。假定你是接待人员, 请根据下列提示以发言稿的形式简要介绍这个村的情况:

1) 大小:近100户人家,约500口人。

2) 变化:过去很穷,78年后变化很大。人们生活比以前好多了。现已旧貌换新颜。

3) 教育:原来的学校很小,现已经过改建。新建的教学楼有4层,是村里最美的建筑物。村所有学龄儿童在此免费就读。

注意:1)要点齐全,前后连贯。

2)词数:100-120之间。

Ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to our school.This village is very small. It has nearly 100 families and about 500 people. It used to be very poor. It has changed a lot since 1978. People here are richer than before. Now it is taking on a new look.

The school here was very small. Now it has been rebuilt. The newly built teaching building

6 has 4 storeys . It is the most beautiful building in the village. All the school-age children can study here. They enjoy free education in it.

Thank you.

写作:

假设你是李越, 你的加拿大笔友Steve 来信说, 他和他的一些同学正在学中文, 请你推荐两本学中文的词典,根据下表提供的信息, 请你给他写一封回信.

参考词汇:

• 推荐 recommend (V.)

• 英汉/汉英词典 The English-Chinese Chinese-English Dictionary (ECCED)

• 新华字典 Xinhua Dictionary (XD)

注意: 词数: 100左右

Dear Steve,

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Yours ,

Li Yue