英语作文:金钱能买来幸福吗?
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Agnes Zhang

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Would Materialism Bring People Happiness? Nowadays, with the development of modern advertising techniques such as the Internet and product placements in movies, companies have more ways in delivering their messages to customers. This is one of the reasons why materialism is becoming more and more popular. However, it is not something that has just appeared. In fact, materialism has existed way longer than modern technology has.For example, French writer Albert Guy de Maupassant published a short story called The Necklace in 1884. It describes an attractive yet materialistic young womannamed Mathilde Loisel, who seeks to escape her destiny. She has been involved in the blind chase of external goods

throughout her life, but has never really gained happiness. The story develops the idea that happiness cannot be obtained from materialism, as it would cause endless dissatisfaction, inferiority complexes and even arrogance among humans.

It is very difficult to satisfy a materialist, because he or she will always have more desires. In the story of The Necklace, Mathilde Loisel is a typical materialist. She feels that she is "born for all the delicacies and all the luxuries", so she is unhappy about hereconomic condition while other women of her rank are unconscious(Maupassant).In fact, it is not her poverty that upsets her. It is the materialism inside her, which also

makes her ask for more: she asks for a dress when her husband brings her an invitation to a ball, and asks for jewellery when her husband gave up his plan to shoot with friends and bought her the dress(Maupassant). Mathilde, blinded by her desire for goods, cannot see the trouble it brings upon her and her husband. This is true for most

materialistic people, as their desires are burdens for themselves as well as their family.

Agnes Zhang

2 Nonetheless, there are times when the person gets everything he or she wants, but she or he will often end up becoming arrogant. When Mathilde finally attends the ball with the dress and a necklace she borrowed from her friend, she “danced madly, ecstatically, drunk with pleasure, with no thought for anything, in the triumph of her beauty, in the pride of her success, in a cloud of happiness made up of this universal homage and admiration”(Maupassant). This reveals that people like Mathilde admire the outside beauty so badly that they believe others do so as well. However, there is an argument that luxurious clothes and jewellery would make women feel confident, the doubtful part being, is this feeling really confidence, or is it something else? Since this feeling often fades away as the luxurious clothes and jewellery disappear, it is more likely to be arrogance than real confidence.

A lot of the times, the desires of materialists cannot be satisfied due to all kinds of reasons. No matter what the cause it is, the result of this is often inferiority complex. An inferiority complex is a lack of self-worth, a doubt and uncertainty, and feelings of not measuring up to standards. In this story, Mathilde has the exact same feeling when she realizes that she does not have a single jewel to wear to the ball:

The day of the party drew near, and Madame Loisel seemed sad, uneasy and anxious. Her dress was ready, however. One evening her husband said to her: "What's the matter with you? You've been very odd for the last three days.”

"I'm utterly miserable at not having any jewels, not a single stone, to wear," she replied. "I shall look absolutely no one. I would almost rather not go to the

party(Maupassant)”.

Agnes Zhang 3 Here, the inferiority complex caused by the lack of material prevents Mathilde from being happy. As a result, to stay away from feeling self-abased, materialism is what we must abandon.

Due to so many examples from The Necklace, we can come to the conclusion that materialism often results in dissatisfaction, arrogance and inferiority complex. These feelings are all obstacles in our way to finding happiness. As humans, we are different from all other species because of our ability to control our desires. We should not let ourselves be controlled by them instead, as they would not only control our

moods but also our thoughts. It is obvious that none of these would bring us happiness. In fact, the real key to happiness is one’s enhancement of spiritual and intellectual knowledge.

Agnes Zhang

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Works Cited "Inferiority Complex."Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 27 July 2015.

Maupassant, Guy De. "The Necklace."Short Stories. East of the Web, 22 Feb. 2013.

Web. 27 July 2015.