2011湖南高考英语作文分析及范文[1] 2
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议论文

重点诠释:

1. 议论文是以议论为主要表达方式的一种文体,它通过摆事实,讲道理的方式来辩明是非曲折,从而表达出作者的观点。它常由论点,论据和论证三部分构成。

2. 在近几年的高考书面表达中,其主要命题形式是以表格式和提纲式来呈现写作材料的。

3. 它要求语言必须简练,准确,要尽可能避免使用口语,多用书面语,可适当使用名言警句;以议论为主,辅之以叙述,说明和描写等手法。

4. 写作时要围绕中心论点展开议论,即论据和论证要围绕论点展开。根据题目要求,有时需要从正反两面来论述,可增强论证的力度。最后,可得出结论,照应开头,形成一个有机的整体。

5. 写作时常以三段式的形式展开议论。

写作典例:

暑假即将来临,你班同学就假期计划进行讨论,提出了不同看法,请根据提示写一篇英语短文,并谈谈你的看法。

优点

缺点

呆在家中

花费少,舒适方便

不能亲自了解外界

外出旅游

增长知识,开阔眼界。

花费多,旅途不便

注意:1。词数120左右(不含已写好部分)

2.短文必须包括表中所列要点,可根据内容分段表述;

3.可适当增加细节以使行文连贯;

4.参考词汇:眼界horizon(view)

案例分析

这是一篇典型的议论文体的写作,它以表格的形式提出了论点(呆在家中的优点和缺点以及外出旅游的优点和缺点)和论据,还以文字提示形式提出了话题(假期计划)及需要考生自由发挥的部分(你的看法),自己的看法可选择上述中的任何一种,并就此发表个人的见解。本文的重点是表格中两种方式的优,缺点,根据题目的特点,以三段式的形式来写作比较好。

根据内容,尽管讨论已经发生,但它是就一般的暑假假期计划而进行的讨论,没有特定的时间界定,因而考生应以一般现在时和一般将来时为主。相当一部分考生用一般过去时进行论述,这会失掉较多的分数。从题目所给的开头可知应用第一人称来写。

范文:

The summer holiday is coming. Our class have a discussion about what to do during the holiday.

Some are in favor of staying at home. They think it ’s both convenient and comfortable. What ’s more, they can save money for other purposes. But they will lose the chance of getting to know the outside world. However, others prefer to go out for traveling since it can increase their knowledge and broaden their horizons. But they will spend more money and meet some difficulties while traveling.

In my opinion, it would be much better to stay at home, for I can do what I like, such as reading books, watching TV, and helping my parents with the housework.

假设你参加所在年级的英文写作比赛,请按如下要求完成一篇短文:

1. 简要描述下图内容,并点名主题;

2. 联系实际,表达该图带给你的启示

注意:1. 词数不少于120个;

2.不能使用真实姓名和学校名称

写作指导:

2011年作为湖南省新课改之后的第二次高考年,在传统的基础上有所突破和创新,也彰显出新课改的方向和目标。湖南省高考英语自2004年自主命题以来多以文字形的出题方式为主导,今年却采用了图画式作文。就出题形式而言,有所突破和创新。但是,从作文本质和实体而言,

依旧延续了湖南省偏爱的问题解决型文章的风格,而且在写作词汇的应用上不太难。因此,相信对大多数的考生来说,不会“无从下手”。若想得高分,更加重要的是理清思路、列好提纲。 在作文地带之前文章中就有提到过“图画型”文章的“三段式”写法----描写图画、分析图画和个人总结。在题目的要求中也不难察觉到,第一点要求“简要描述下图内容并点明主题”就应是开头第一段写到的“提出话题”,第二点要求“联系实际表达该图带给你的启示”可以归结到到主体段“分析图画”,最后写一段个人总结来结束全文。

开头段描写图画,就图写图,无需发挥任何的主观意见和言论。第一部分描写:海洋由水滴组成、森林由树木组成、社会有个人组成三幅图画;最后一句点明主题“积少成多”,第一段就轻松拿下。“组成”这一短语高一下学期的模块三就有出现:be made up of = be composed of = consist of ,在应用的时候注意主被动就可以了。最后的点明主题“积少成多”的翻译也不难:

A great number results from accumulation. Accumulation 这个单词其实模块六的第三单元就有学到,具体可见模块六的第34页。

文章主体段:分析图画的深层含义,在提纲中也已经有规定“联系实际”。找准文章的主题“积少成多”,联系同学们的校园生活就不会“无言以对”。Great successor progress is due to the accumulation of persistent efforts. 大的成功或进步都是由坚持努力积累而成。相信每个经历过高三生活的同学们都是在数次的月考中摸爬滚打而来吧,将每次月考的经验和教训积累起来就会取得最后的成功和胜利。The everlasting accumulation of words and expressions contribute to a purple passage. 任何一篇好的作文的形成,不管是英语还是语文,依靠的都是平时对措辞和表达的积累,只有一定的积累方可写出精彩的美文。诸如此类的例子不胜枚举,相信各位同学的亲身经历写出来并不困难。

结尾段的个人总结将第一段提到的“积少成多”的图画主题重声,并给出一个较为深刻的思想,比如任何人都不可能一夜之间获得巨大的成功。Nobody can be great successful just overnight.

结构紧凑、逻辑明确的“三段式”写法永远是高考英语写作的“不二法宝”,基础词汇和表达的平时积累定能为你的高分作文保驾护航。

Countless drips of water bring the sea its vastness;every single tree is the indispensable element of a verdant forest ,as well ,we people as individuals ,constitute the society. In order to achieve a goal ,everyone ought to make his own contributions.

We are often advised,by people around,to choose those specific popular majors in university in the future ,for they think we will be able to enjoy a happier and easier life after graduation if we are doctors,engineers or government officials. However,as far as I am concerned,as long as an individual is contributing his or her part to the society ,he or she should be respected ,no matter how low the class of his job is.

As the above picture shows , if every one of us successfully assumed our responsibility ,our earth will become a lovely home for human being.

【2013年湖南高考英语满分作文】

Last week, a football match was held between we Class One and Class Two. The players from both sides are all excellent basketball players, so the match went on fiercely at first. At last the result is: the winner is Cass Two, and we were

the loser.

We didn ’t win the match, but we didn ’t lose heart. One the one hand, we think that friendship comes first, and match comes second. On the other hand, since we all tried our best, we had no regret. In our life we may meet many failures, as long as we try our best, there ’s no need feeling regret for these failures. What ’ more, we should analyze the reasons of failure to get success for the next time.

In a word, success is important, so is failure, because it’s the mother of success