探索圣诞老人的故乡
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探索圣诞老人的故乡:芬兰魅力雪世界(双语视频)

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说到芬兰你会想到什么呢?和路雪?诺基亚?山顶冻人?OLA !这些似乎都不过冰山一角。这个冬天不怕冷,怕只怕到不了北极,看不了圣诞老人。

[1] 赫尔辛基ABC

[2] 芬兰文化全体验

[3] 萨米人&驯鹿

芬兰文中的芬兰叫做Suomi ,而瑞典文就是我们熟知的Finland 。芬兰地处美丽的北欧,为波罗的海所环绕。它被誉为" 千岛之国" 与" 千湖之国" :精确来说全国共有187888个湖泊和179584个岛屿;亦是世界高度发达国家,国民享有极高标准的生活品质。 赫尔辛基作为芬兰的首都,极大的受到邻国的影响。

The capital of Finland reflects the influences of its neighbours, Russia and Sweden.

Helsinki comes to life in summer when the sunlight bright up until midnight. It offers urban living on a human scale, with only half a million residents in a low rise cityscape.

芬兰严峻的气候条件以及特殊的地理位置和历史,使芬兰人形成了极富北欧特色的民族性格和文化。芬兰人性格内敛,行事低调,但实际上内心充满民族自豪感,在全球化的今天并不随波逐流,而是坚定的维护着自己的传统文化。

Did you know? Only 2% of Finns are foreigners.

Transport options include bus, ferry and your own two feet. If you are having a bad hair day, head to the harbourside markets for a hat, or kid's souvenirs like a wooden mobile phone.

Thanks to Nokia, almost the entire population of Helsinki is glue to the telephone. A suspect future generations must to an extra arm.

1927年芬兰的儿童故事大王玛尔库斯在电台讲故事时说,圣诞老人和两万头驯鹿一起就住在芬兰和苏联分界拉普兰省的" 耳朵山" (Korvatunturi )上,正是因为有" 耳朵" ,圣诞老人才能在北极听到世界上所有孩子的心声。他的这种颇有感染力的浪漫推理获得了世人认可,从此,故事中的" 耳朵山" 就成了圣诞老人的故乡。在每年的平安夜孩子们在睡觉前将长筒袜挂在壁炉旁,然后带着热切的期盼进入梦乡,圣诞老人晚上就会乘着驯鹿拉的雪橇,把圣诞礼物从壁炉烟囱中分发到孩子们的长筒袜里。

Finnish culture revolves around coffee, occasional beer, a regular . Most traditional saunas are old school log burners...

Here's how it works:

Step 1: Get s

Step 2: Enjoy some light conversation

Step 3: Water yourself with aromatic leaves to promote circulation Step 4: Diving to the nearest body of cold water

Step 5: Do it over again

我们的国粹是京剧;芬兰的国粹是桑拿浴。芬兰谚语说:先建桑拿,再搭房屋。桑拿是为数不多的进入世界语言范畴的芬兰词汇之一。芬兰桑拿是一定完全用木材建造,其中一定包括蒸汽房、洗澡间和更衣室。芬兰全国有不同大小桑拿上百万间,平均每三个人就拥有一间桑拿房,密度是全球之冠。对到芬兰旅游的人来说,如果没有洗过桑拿,就等于没到过芬兰 There's something pure in the Finnish air and spirit that's incredibly vital and exciting. Although socially and economically it is in the of nations, parts of the country remain gloriously remote; with the trendsetting modern capital of Helsinki by vast forested wildernesses in the north and east, like Lemmenjoki National Park and Oulanka National Park. These wilds are perfect for among the pines and lakes in summer. And who'd have thought that so far north you could have such a summer? It's a golden, sunny season when Finland bursts into life with an explosion of festivals, good cheer and optimism. It's a time when the towns are buzzing, but it's also a time to head for the lakelands of Mikkeli & around and Lappeenranta. Sit on the of a waterside wooden cottage and watch the summer sun shining low over the trees, and you'll have experienced one of Finland's ultimate treats; a real Nordic peace that eases the soul.

踏上芬兰的土地,你会很容易感觉这篇天空是如此干净,很自然被这里的气场所感染。虽然芬兰一直上榜前卫国家排行,这片土地仍然保留着宁静而古老的气息。赫尔辛基的摩登与东北部广阔森林的保守相平衡。谁又能想到在遥远的北极仍然可以享受难以名状的夏季?这里依然充满着五彩缤纷的嘉年华和狂欢派对。坐在小木房的游廊,水流嬉戏而过,阳光穿过丛林,此时迎接你的便是芬兰最完美的礼物,真正的北极魅力体验无疑。

Winter, too, has a special charm here, and the best way of banishing those scary temperatures is to get active. Every type of skiing and more goes on for months, but how about chartering a team of dogs or a snowmobile and heading out on a across the snowy wastes, lit by a beautiful, pale, winter sun? Catch

the aurora after your wood-fired sauna and you'll feel blessed by the universe. The Sámi, many of whom still make a living from the reindeer roaming the awesome Lapland expanses, once believed the northern lights to be the snow beaten from the tail of a giant fox spirit.

芬兰冬季的独特魅力更是触动人心。在芬兰的北部,九月就已经开始飘雪,从十一月到来年五月,地上积雪始终不融。当屋顶覆盖着厚厚的积雪,壁炉中跳跃着温暖的火焰;在冬日的阳关暖暖地照耀中,还能带领一队雪橇犬在冰天雪地中漫游。这也是尝试芬兰国粹桑拿浴的最佳时机。来到了这个圣诞老人和驯鹿的故乡,也证明你来到了萨米人的家。以驯鹿为生的萨米人

Finnish towns, too, have much to offer. Whether wooden churches, design, quirky museums or passionate Finnish rock music are your thing, you'll find them in abundance, as well as cafés warm with the smell of baking cinnamon, and nightlife - the latter particularly in chic, cultural Helsinki.

在芬兰无数的小镇,你总能找到适合自己的乐趣:温馨的教堂、前卫的设计、奇特的博物馆、激情澎湃的摇滚乐。不经意间,便呈现眼前,还有充满温暖香气的咖啡屋,更有赫尔辛基文化为代表的时尚夜生活。

Best of all, Finland is full of Finns, who tend to do their own thing and are much the better for it. Independent, loyal, warm and welcoming - they are a memorable people in an inspirational country.

最可爱的莫过于芬兰的居民。他们乐于生活中的忙碌,个性独立、真诚、亲切而热情,叫人永远难以忘记。

芬兰人口大约五百多万,其中有1/100是少数民族萨米人(Sami )。

北极冰原上生活的土著萨米人,几千年前他们就在北欧的斯堪的纳维亚半岛的拉普兰区生活,这里是圣诞老人的故乡,同样也是萨米人的故乡。在16世纪,欧洲白人进入他们的生活之前,萨米人是这个冰雪世界最自由的牧民---他们没有建立自己的国家,也不受任何统治。

无论是亚麻色头发、蓝眼珠、长相俊美、性格温和、以饲养驯鹿为生的萨米人,还是那支黑头发、棕色眼珠、体态结实、脾气暴躁、击着驯鹿皮鼓高亢地唱出本民族的音乐和故事的萨米人。一定不能错过体验北极圈中这个独特的少数民族文化。

圣诞驯鹿的来历与Rudolph 之歌>>>

萨米人的服装很有特点,湛蓝和艳红是服装的主色调,女子一般都会在肩上披一块红色的方巾。巨大的鲜艳色块在雪地里非常醒目和生动。领口,袖子,裙摆,都有细致的花边。女人们喜欢戴红色遮耳帽,腰上的那一挂带子更是精致无比。男人们会挎一把漂亮的芬兰刀,脚上穿一双略微翘起的鹿皮靴。一年八个月的冬天,三个月的极夜,茫茫白雪,慢慢长夜,在颜色单调的地带,人们总会在服装配饰上让生命的颜色扩张,就象非洲的黄土上总会有艳丽的民族和部落!

说驯鹿是传统萨米人的生命一点都不过分,因为它不仅是萨米人经济生活的来源,驯鹿身上的几乎每一部分都可以成为萨米人生活的需要。几千年来驯鹿也成了萨米人民间文化的重要组成部分。假如世界是由一种动物--驯鹿构成的,他们可能会很满意,因为驯鹿可以满足他们所有的要求。他们猎取它、食用它、无休止地谈论它,甚至做梦都梦见它。在很久以前,他们就把天堂想象成有无数驯鹿的地方。

一口吃掉圣诞驯鹿的方法>>>(链接)

现在的萨米人已经结束了游牧的生活,在世界上总人口才不到7万,但是他们的文化和风俗还是完整地保存着,也可以让我们这样来自完全不同地域和文化的人去亲身体验。