英语作文(四六级)
高二 议论文 20752字 1210人浏览 slyyanzi000

一、基础(适合于中等生)

第一段:陈述现状段

1.There is a heated discussion whether…

2. Does anyone hold the same attitude towards this issue ?Definitely not, actually,opinions vary from person to person.

第二段:正反论证段

3. Some maintain that ( 正方观点 ), firstly,(理由之一) 4. Secondly, (理由之二)

5. However,quite a few people hold the opposite opinion that (反方观点), for one thing,(理由之一) 6. For another, (理由之二)

第三段:个人观点段

7. To my way of thinking,(个人观点). In the first place,(理由之一) 8. Additionally,(理由之二)

9. Given all the factors I have outlined,I strongly commit to the notion that ( 重申个人观点) 补充:对立观点作文,观点陈述应该如何不落俗套地表述:

(1)某物是有好处的:something is beneficial to sth. (2)某物是有坏处测:something is detrimental to sth.

(3)某物优点>缺点: The merits of sth. far outweigh its demerits. (4) A优点>B优点: The merits of A are much greater than those of B.

二、问题解决作文 {3段9句话,2011年12月考}

第一段:陈述现状

1. The past several years have witnessed a not uncommon phenomenon that ( 社会现象 ).

2. Taking a look around,one can find examples with ease: (举实例映证社会现象)

第二段:分析问题(原因危害)

3. Ample reasons can account for this phenomenon,and the followings might be the most critical

ones: firstly,(原因之一) 4. Secondly, (原因之二)

5. The problem mentioned above will bound to generate severe consequences if we keep turning a blind eye and deaf ear to it. On the one hand, (危害之一) 6. On the other hand,(危害之二)

第三段: 解决问题

7. Effective measures should be adopted before things get worse. First and foremost,(措施

一). 8. Moreover,(措施二)

9. Only with these measures taken can we (美好愿景)

补充1:都可以采取哪些解决措施?

(1)扬善去恶:What we should do is to encourage the merits and diminish the demerits to the least extent.

(2)加强教育:A public education campaign should be launched to make people have a good knowledge of …(很好地理解)

(3)政府出台:It is essential that the authorities should work out and implement relevant laws and regulations to put an end to this trend.

(4)呼吁政府:We should appeal to the government to work out rigid laws to punish various illegal conducts that are potentially detrimental to the environment.

(5)大家联合起来:It is high time that parents,educators ,and the authorities make combined efforts to put an end to this situation.

(6)个人意识:The public should enhance their consciousness of the significance of …

(7)采取行动:We must press forward on deeper research, but research alone is inadequate, actually,any one of us has good reason to take actions to…

※※※ 补充2:美好愿景做结尾

(1)From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that^ ※※(2)只有采取措施,我们才能:Only with these measures adopted can we …

我坚信生活美好:It is deeply-rooted in my mind that a happy and bright

future is awaiting us if we make every effort to …

※(3) 和谐社会人人追求:It is deeply-rooted in my mind that the world will be a more harmonious place for us to live in.

二、高级(适合于中上等生)

(一) 正反观点及辩证看法类

1.The human race has entered a completely new stage in its history, alone with the advance of the society and the increasingly rapid economic globalization and urbanization, more problems are brought to our attention,one of which is that…… 人类进入了一个历史的崭新的阶段,随着科技发展和经济快速增长、经济全球化、都市化的速度不断加快,随之给我们带来了很多问题,其中之一便是……

2.Recently the phenomenon has aroused wide concern, some people are in alarm that.... 最近,这种现象引起了人们的广泛关注,有人开始担心______________。

3....... plays such an important role that it un de nia bly (无可厚非的)becomes a wide-spread concern of the present world, there comes a question, is it a blessing or a curse?"

_______显得非常重要而成为当今世界所关注的最大的问题,这是无可厚非的。不过,问题是:" 我们该如何抉择?"

4.As society develops, There are a wide-spread concern over…… 随着社会的发展,人们开始关注............

5.As to whether it is a blessing or a curse(咒骂[k ;s], however, people take different attitudes.

然而,对于此类问题,人们持不同的看法。

6.As to whether it is worthwhile ....., there is a long-running controversial

debate. As an an old saying goes every coin has two sides ', it goes without saying that (毋庸置疑) people from different backgrounds may have divergent(相异的) attitudes towards it.

关于是否值得___________的问题,一直以来争论不休。正如谚语所说……因此毋庸置疑,不同的人对此可能持不同的观点。

7.In the process of modern urban development, we often find ourselves in a dilemma. 在都市的发展中,我们往往会陷入困境。

8.More and more people become appreciating the convenience of mobile phone. 更多人对……的方便而受到吸引

9.People are attaching more and more importance to the interview during job hunting 求职的过程中,人们慢慢意识到面试的重要性。

10.Some people contend that ... has proved to bring many advantages (disadvantages) 有些人认为________有很多有利之处(不利之处) 。

11.People who advocate that ...,also have their sound reasons (grounds) 坚持认为______的人

也有其说法(依据) 。

12.As far as I am concerned, I am inclined(倾向于

[in`kl ind]) to be on the side of the latter view.

在我看来,我较同意后一种观点。

13.If asked to make a decision, I would prefer... 如果真的需要作出选择,我宁愿____________。

14.when asked about this phenomenon , people’s opinions vary greatly. 人们对现象褒贬不一

15.We should adopt a more reasonable attitude towards the pursuit(追求) of fashion.

16.It is widely believed…… Is vitally important. 17.……means much more than…… It means …… 18.…… and some would never ……

19. We should take well advantage of the …… and reduce the disadvantage of it to the minimum.

20. ……is always irritating when it unexpectedly ……in …… when many students are concentrating on study.

21. ……for ……rests in part on the^(因为……在一定程度上取决于……) 22. It won’t take long for……to replace……for the former have some undeniable(无可厚非的) advantages over the latter.(新技术取代传统)

23.For those who applaud this trend, university ranking has a positive influence on boosting the development of higher education. It encourage

universities to pursue academic achievements and upgrade the campus conditions along the way.

※※22. Over which controversy among the public has arisen. (arise over 提出)

自行补充:

(二) 介绍类

1.……was set up two years ago.

2.The club organizes various activities regularly catering for the needs of…… and is well know among ……

3.We have ……every weekend and you can practice your ……with …… 4.In addition,……are invited to give lectures on occasion(不时地)

5.A lot of benefits are responsible for(作为……的理由)your joining us,……hence(因此无逗号) ……

6.Besides you can……with more ease.

7.……was successfully held in Beijing, China, 2008,which attracted the whole world`s attention more than ever before.

8. China won 51 gold medals , accounting for almost 17% of the total 302. 9.I`m deeply moved and inspired by the……spirit.

10.Life is a journey full of competitions and challenge , …… will definitely drive me along the way.

11.proceed with 开始

12.They write blogs to record their everyday life, to describe their emotions and feelings and to make new friend from all over of the world.

13.They say blogs are like traditional diaries ,so blogs not only provide an

outlet for the students’ emotions, but also provide a channel of communication for the young. 自行补充: (三) 计划、展望类

1.Before I realize it, my second semester(学期[si`mest ])at college has elapse(流逝

[I`læps]) and a new one is drawing near, which means I have to make another set of plans.

2.I might be faced with obstacles when(+doing)……for lack of experience,but I`m sure God helps those who help themselves. 自行补充:

(四) 现象类

A 、 环境、行为、某种新东西的利弊

1.The overuse of plastic bags is always a major problems in China.

2.Convenient as they are for customers, they have become a threat to the environment and a cause for severe(严重的[si`vi ]) waste of resources.

B 、 追名逐利的社会中不好的现象

1.An increasing number of reporters make up false stories about…… 2.So as to make themselves more popular or to win some prizes. 3.Satisfying readers` taste and curiosity(好奇心

[kju ri`Dsiti])

4.Some of them even cut down the expending for books and meals to satisfy their desire for fashionable dress.

5.Some of them even fail to focus on their study,

6. ※※Besides , it is a costly hobby to follow the tide, which will impose(使…强迫接受) financial stress on their parents.

7. ※※The reasons are simple but thought-provoking(令人深思的)

8.And it can still be noticed that parents go to great lengt(努力) to seek advice form the old, the wise or the educated for a good name for their child. (讲述仍可见某种现象).

9. They argue that a name is nothing but a symbol and is not crucial to one’s fate(命运).As to what one’s future would be, it depends on many other factors such as efforts, opportunities, etc.(讲述A 对B 并不重要,B 是由……来决定的,或反驳一个因素对一件事的决定和相关作用)

10. An employee with a unique name can be easily remembered by his or her superiors

(上司,更好的) ,just as a product with a name of good association is more likely to be accepted by customers. (……之如……,正如……之如……一样)

11.A well-chosen name can be helpful in some cases.

C 当今社会的某种变化

1.※※However, in recent years, the 4-hour show is losing its appeal, especially to youngsters. 讲述一件事情失去了它的影响力

2.However, some other people are faithful audience of it, they argue that…… 讲述一件事情失去了它的影响力的时候,仍有人依旧热衷。

D 、某种尝试或追求是否应该

1. give advice to students who are going to work.

2. without those sense, they may encounter embarrassing situation during job hunting and thus lose great opportunities.

3. more confident about their behaviors and thus have a better relationship with other people, and the comprehensive(综合的,详尽的) qualities get improved eventually.

4. Moreover, success or failure have little impact on college students. The most important thing is to form a correct way of life and learn something during the process, the comprehensive qualities will get improved as well.

5. put their theoretical business knowledge into practice.

6. college students have less experience so that if they fail in business, they may endure a heavy burden and lots of pressure from all aspects.

7. go to great lengths. 努力

8. Both of which are absolutely essential for…… 9. enhance 提高

10. for……do play a vital role when people looking for a decent job.

11. With the admission expansion of colleges, a great many graduates have toface the fierce competition in the job market. So it is certificates(证书) that can make them more competitive.

12. They spare no effort to get the certificates for the sole purpose of proving that they are qualified in a certain field.

自行补充:

(五) 习惯类

1.Vitally important. 非常重要

2.We should take…… Into consideration and make it a habit to……

3.……is one of China`s most popular annual televisions on events,watched by millions of people on the eve of the lunar New Year.

自行补充:

加分短语及靓点复杂句:

(继续背诵者请务必确定以上内容已经掌握) 1.不可否认There is no denying that…

2.就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on… 3.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons 4.对…必不可少 be indispensable to … 5.…也不例外 …be no exception

6.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for… 7.致力于 be committed to… 8. 应当承认 Admittedly,

9.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty

10.在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree / in some way 11. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice

12. …必然趋势 an irresistible(不可抗拒的[iri`zistibl]) trend of…

13.交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information 14.跟上…的最新发展 keep pace with 15.身心两方面 both physically and mentally 16.有间接关系 be indirectly related to…

17. 提出折中提议 set forth a compromise proposal 18. 相反 in contrast / on the contrary.

19.经不起推敲 cannot bear closer analysis / cannot hold water 20.承受更大的工作压力 suffer from heavier work pressure 21.更多地强调 put more emphasis on…

22.实现梦想 realize one’s dream/ make one’s dream come true 23.我们还有很长的路要走 We still have a long way to go.

24. When it comes to education, the majority of people believe that education is a lifetime study.说到教育,大部分人认为其是一个终生的学习。

25. Any government, which is blind to this point, may pay a heavy price.任何政府忽视这一点都将付出巨大的代价。

26. Although this view is wildly held, this is little evidence that ……尽管这一观点被广泛接受,很少有证据表明……

27. In fact, we have to admit the fact that the quality of life is as important as life itself.事实上,我

们必须承认生命的质量和生命本身一样重要。

28. People believe that computer skills will enhance their job opportunities or promotion opportunities. 人们相信拥有计算机技术可以获得更多工作或提升的机会。 29. The information I've collected over last few years leads me to believe that this knowledge may be less useful than most people think.从这几年我搜集的信息来看,这些知识并没有人们想象的那么有用。

30. Even the best possible graduate needs to continue learning before she or he becomes an educated person.即使最优秀的毕业生,要想成为一个博学的人也要不断地学习。

31. It is commonly thought that our society had dramatically changed by modern science and technology, and human had made extraordinary(意想不到的

[ikstrD:dnəri] ) progress in knowledge and technology over the recent decades.人们普遍认为现代科技使我们的社会发生了巨大的变化,近几十年人类在科技方面取得了惊人的进步。

32. Children are undergoing fast physical development; lack of physical exercise may produce disastrous influence on their later life.孩子们正处于身体快速发育时期,缺乏体育锻炼可能会对他们未来的生活造成严重的影响。83. In addition to the obvious problem—loneliness, another major obstacle, in my opinion, is the alien

environment of campus.除了孤独这一明显的问题之外,我认为另一个困难是对校园环境的不熟悉。

33. 从另一个角度 from another perspective 34.做出共同努力 make joint efforts 35.眼前利益 short-term interest

36.Many experts point out that physical exercise contributes directly to a person's physical fitness.许多专家指出体育锻炼直接有助于身体健康。

37. According to a recent survey, a growing number of people express a strong desire to take another job or spend more time on their job in order to get more money to support their family.根据最近的一项调查,越来越多的人表达了想从事另外的工作或加班以赚取更多的钱来补贴家用的强烈愿望。 38.可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information

39.因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母I 大写) 40.综合素质 comprehensive quality (很重要!!) 41.社会地位 social status

42.The latest surveys show that quite a few children have unpleasant associations with homework.最近的调查显示相当多的孩子对家庭作业没什么好感。

43.No invention has received more praise and abuse than Internet.没有一项发明像互联网一样同时受到如此多的赞扬和批评。

44. People seem to fail to take into account the fact that education does not end with graduation.人们似乎忽视了教育不应该随着毕业而结束这一事实。

45. An increasing number of experts believe that imigrants will exert positive effects on construction of city. However, this opinion is now being questioned by more and more city residents, who complain that the imigrants have brought many serious problems like crime and drug.越来越多的专家相信移民对城市的建设起到积极作用。然而,越来越多的城市居民却怀疑这种说法,他们抱怨民工给城市带来了许多严重的问题,像犯罪和吸毒。

46. Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus, which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers.许多市民抱怨城市的公交车太少,以至于他们要花很长时间等一辆公交车,而车上可能已满载乘客。

47. A proper parttime job does not occupy students' too much time. In fact, it is unhealthy for them

to spend all of time on their study. As an old saying goes: All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 一份适当的业余工作并不会占用学生太多的时间。事实上,把全部的时间都用到学习上并不健康,正如那句老话:只工作,不玩耍,聪明的孩子会变傻。

48.Nowadays, many students always go into raptures(狂喜[`ræpt ]) at the mere(仅仅的) mention of the coming life of high school or college they will begin. Unfortunately, for most young people, it is not pleasant experience on their first day on campus.当前,一提到即将开始的学校生活,许多学生都会兴高采烈。然而,对多数年轻人来说,校园刚开始的日子并不是什么愉快的经历。

49. The majority of students believe that parttime job will provide them with more opportunities to develop their interpersonal skills, which may put them in a favorable(满意的) position in the future job markets.大部分学生相信业余工作会使他们有更多机会发展人际交往能力,而这对他们未来找工作是非常有好处的。

50. It is indisputable that there are millions of people who still have a miserable(悲惨的

[mizər əbl] ) life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure(暴露[ikspəsu ə] ). 无可争辩,现在有成千上万的人仍过着挨饿受冻的痛苦生活。

51. People equate success in life with the ability of operating computer.人们把会使用计算机与人生成功相提并论。

52. Environmental experts point out that the increasing pollution not only causes serious problems such as global warming but also could threaten to end human life on our planet.环境学家指出:持续增加的污染不仅会导致像全球变暖这样严重的问题, 53. For the majority of people, reading or learning a new skill has become the focus of their lives and the source of their happiness and contentment after their retirement.对大多数人来讲,退休以后,阅读或学习一项新技术已成为他们生活的中心和快乐的来源。

54. For people who want to adopt a healthy and meaningful life style, it is important to find time to learn certain new knowledge. Just as an old saying goes: it is never too late to learn.对于那些想过上健康而有意义的生活的人们来说,找时间学习一些新知识是很重要的,正如那句老话:活到老,学到老。

55. However, this idea is now being questioned by more and more experts, who point out that it is unhealthy for children who always stay with their parents at home.然而,这一想法正遭到越来越多的专家的质疑,他们指出,孩子总是呆在家里,和父母在一起,是不健康的。

56. It is suggested that governments ought to make efforts to reduce the increasing gap between cities and countryside. They ought to set aside an appropriate fund for improvement of the standard of peasants' lives. They ought to invite some experts in agriculture to share their experiences, information and knowledge with peasants(农民

[pezənt]), which will contribute directly to the economic growth of rural areas.政府应该努力减少正在拉大的城乡差距。划拨适当的资金提高农民的生活水平; 邀请农业专家向农民介绍他们的经验、知识和信息,这些有助于发展农村经济。

57. Most important of all, apart from their hometown and parents, students couldn't catch sight of any familiar face and have to suffer from homelessness, which can cause certain serious mental disease. 更重要的是,离开了家乡和父母,看不到任何熟悉的面孔,他们不得不忍受思家之苦,这可能会导致严重的精神疾病。

58.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable(必然性[,Invit `biliti]) result of social development

59.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in… 60.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon 61.长远利益. interest in the long run

62.优先考虑/发展… give (top) priority (优先权[pr i`Dr ti])to sth. 63. 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress

三、简易模板(适合于低基础学生)

一) 比较

1.The advantage far outweigh the disadvantages.

2.The advantages of A are much greater than those of B.

3.A may be preferable to B, but A suffers from the disadvantages that...

4.It is reasonable to maintain that ...but it would be foolish to claim that...

5.For all the disadvantages, it has its compensating advantages.

6.Like anything else, it has its faults.

7.A and B has several points in common.

8.A bears some resemblances to B.

9.However, the same is not applicable to B.

10. A and B differ in several ways.

11. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.

12. People used to think ..., but things are different now.

13. The same is true of B.

14. Wondering as A is ,it has its drawbacks.

15. It is true that A ... , but the chief faults (obvious defects )are ...

二) 原因

1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation.

A number of factors might contribute to (lead to )(account for ) the phenomenon(problem).

2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.

3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...

4. The factors that contribute to this situation include...

5. The change in ...largely results from the fact that...

6. We may blame ...,but the real causes are...

7. Part of the explanations for it is that ...

One of the most common factors (causes ) is that ...

Another contributing factor (cause ) is ..

Perhaps the primary factor is that …

But the fundamental cause is that ...

三) 后果

1. It may give rise to a host of problems.

2. The immediate result it produces is ...

3. It will exercise a profound influence upon...

4. Its consequence can be so great that...

四) 批驳

1)It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.

2) There is a grain of truth in these statements, but they ignore a more important fact.

3) Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.

4) Many of us have been under the illusion that...

5) A close examination would reveal how ridiculous the statement is.

6) It makes no sense to argue for ...

7) Too much stress placed on ... may lead to ...

8) Such a statement mainly rests on the assumption that ...

9) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ...

五) 举例

1) A good case in point is ...

2) As an illustration, we may take ...

3) Such examples might be given easily.

4) ...is often cited as an example.

六) 证明

1) No one can deny the fact that ...

2) The idea is hardly supported by facts.

3) Unfortunately, none of the available data shows ...

4) Recent studies indicate that ...

5) There is sufficient evidence to show that ...

6) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...

七) 开篇

1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...

2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.

3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.

4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...

5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...

6) Never in our history has the idea that ... been so popular.

7) Faced with ..., quite a few people argue that ...

8) According to a recent survey, ...

9) With the rapid development of ..., ...

八) 结尾

1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ...

2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...

3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...

4) In conclusion, it is imperative that ...

5) There is no easy method, but ...might be of some help.

6) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...

7) In summary, if we continue to ignore the above-mentioned issue, more problems will crop

up.

8) With the efforts of all parts concerned, the problem will be solved thoroughly.

9) We might do more than identify the cause it is important to take actions to ...

10) Taking all these into account, we ...

11) Whether it is good or not /positive or negative, one thing is certain/clear...