考研英语二 作文模板
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英语二

图表作文

图表作文的写作要领

图表作文着重说明事实,常常是通过对图表中所反映的具体数据的说明、分析、比较,对某种事物或现象的事实或变化情况等加以说明,并提出结论或看法。因此,图表作文常常采用议论文体的写作方法。

写好图表作文,关键在于能否读懂图表中所提供的信息,把握各信息间的联系,用准确流畅的语言把这一信息表达出来,并就这一信息发表自己的看法。

图表作文的写作步骤

写图表作文时,要注意遵循以下步骤:

1) 认真分析图表的含义,弄清图表中所含的信息及不同信息间的关系;

2) 确定文章的主题思想,构思出文章的基本框架,筛选出能说明图表主题思想的典型数据;

3) 编列文章的提纲;

4) 根据文章的提纲,将各段的提纲内容扩展成段落,然后将各个段落组成文章,注意段与段之间的衔接与过渡;

5) 检查与修改。

图表作文的篇章结构

写图表作文时,常采用三段式的谋篇方式。文章的第一段往往分析图表中的数据变化反映什么问题或趋势,概述图表所揭示的信息。第二段分析造成这一问题或趋势的原因。第三段则展望未来的情况或提出解决问题的办法或建议。这一结构可以简单地表述为:

第一段:概述图表反映的主题思想

第二段:分析产生的原因

第三段:展望未来或提出方法或建议

图表作文常用的句型

(1)常用的开篇句型(即概述图表内容时常用的表达法)

①According to the table/pie chart/line graph/bar graph,we can see/conclude that…根据该表/图,我们可知……

②The table/graph reveals(shows/indicates/illustrates/represents/points out)that…该表/图表明……

③As we can see from the table…

As can be seen from the line/bar graph…

As is shown(illustrated/indicated)in the pie chart…

如表/图所示,……

(2)描述增减变化常用的句型

①Compared with…is still increased by…

②The number of…grew/rose from…to…

③An increase is shown in…;then came a sharp increase of…

④In…the number remains the same/drops to…

⑤There was a very slight(small/slow/gradual)rise/increase in 1990.

⑥There was a very steady(marked/sharp/rapid/sudden/dramatic)drop(decrease/decline/fall/reduction)in

1998/compared with that of last year).

下面是根据例2的题目要求写的范文。

⑴From the graph,we can see that the number of car accidents in Walton city fluctuated during the

year of 1990.⑵The first two months of 1990 showed an increasing trend.⑶The rate rose to 32 in March but fell to 26 in June.⑷From June on,the rate was rising again and reached the peak point 39 in August.⑸After August the rate began to decline remarkably,and eventually dropped to the lowest point 16 at the end of the year. ⑹Therefore,it’s obvious that car accident in Walton city declined in 1990.⑴主题句/概述表格反映的内容⑵—(5)反映交通事故的变化情况(6)小结:总结表格数据反映的总趋势

⑺There are several reasons for the decline. ⑻First,a new traffic law was made and came into force. ⑼It provided that in summer every car must be air-conditioned.⑽As a result,the highest rate in August,when humidity and high temperature make drivers impatient and easily lead to car accidents,dropped steadily. ⑾Second,new roads were built and some narrow streets were widened,which quickened the flow of traffic.⑿Finally,the city administration made great efforts to heighten people’s awareness of observing traffic rules.⑺主题句⑻原因/措施一⑼解释措施一/次要辅助⑽采取措施一后的结果⑾原因/措施二⑿原因/措施三

⒀With all these new measures,I’m sure the rate of car accidents in Walton city will go on falling this year.⒀总结:展望未来的情况

第四节、图表作文练习及其参考范文

下面是写作练习,在写作的过程中注意审题,考虑文章的结构、采用的扩展方法、开头的结尾的方法以及文章中的过渡等。

练习1:Directions:For this part,you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition of no less than 120 words on Changes in People’s Diet.Study the following ta ble carefully and your composition must be based on the information given in the table.Write three paragraphs to:

1.state the changes in people’s diet(饮食)in the past five years;

2.give possible reasons for the changes;

3.draw your own conclusions.

You should quote as few figures as possible.

⑴As is shown in the table,there have been great changes in people's diet between 1986 and 1990. ⑵From the table,we can find that grain,formerly the main food of most Chinese people,is now playing a less important role in people's diet. ⑶And the same goes for fruit and vegetables. ⑷On the other hand,the consumption of high-nutrition food such milk and meat has increased rapidly.

⑸What has caused these changes?There are mainly three reasons(主题句).(6)First,people are much wealthier than before.(7)With higher income,they can afford to buy nutritious foods.(8)Second,people have realized the importance of a balanced diet to their health.(9)Lack of certain amount of meat or milk,forexample,will result in poor health.(10)Finally,owing to the economic reform,meat and milk,which were scarce in the past,are produced in large quantities.

(11)Although milk and meat are important to one's health,eating too much rich food may result in obesity and may other diseases.(12)Therefore,people should not only eat a lot of milk and

meat,but also enough grain,fruit and vegetable for the sake of their health.

图表作文(二)

一、图表作文写作常识

1、图形种类及概述法:

泛指一份数据图表:a data graph/chart/diagram/illustration/table

饼图:pie chart

直方图或柱形图:bar chart/histogram

趋势曲线图:line chart/curve diagram

表格图:table

流程图或过程图:flow chart/sequence diagram

程序图:processing/procedures diagram

2、常用的描述用法

The table/chart diagram/graph shows(that )

According to the table/chart diagram/graph

As (is )shown in the table/chart diagram/graph

As can be seen from the table/chart/diagram/graph/figures,

figures/statistics shows(that )……

It can be seen from the figures/statistics

We can see from the figures/statistics

It is clear from the figures/statistics

It is apparent from the figures/statistics

table/chart/diagram/graph figures(that )……

table/chart/diagram/graph shows/describes/illustrates how……

3、图表中的数据(Data )具体表达法

数据(Data )在某一个时间段固定不变:fixed in time

在一系列的时间段中转变:changes over time

持续变化的data 在不同情况下:

增加:increase/raise/rise/go up……

减少:decrease/grow down/drop/fall……

波动:fluctuate/rebound/undulate/wave……

稳定:remain stable/stabilize/level off……

最常用的两种表达法:

动词+副词形式(Verb+Adverb form)

形容词+名词形式(Adjective+Noun form)

二、相关常用词组

1、主章开头

图表类型:table 、chart 、diagramgraph 、column chart、pie graph

描述:show 、describe 、illustrate 、can be seen from、clear 、apparent 、reveal 、represent 内容:figure 、statistic 、number 、percentage 、proportion

2、表示数据变化的单词或者词组

rapid/rapidly迅速的,飞快的,险峻的

dramatic/dramatically戏剧性的,生动的

significant/significantly有意义的,重大的,重要的

sharp/sharply锐利的,明显的,急剧的

steep/steeply急剧升降的

steady/steadily稳固的,坚定不移的

gradual/gradually渐进的,逐渐的

slow/slowly缓慢的,不活跃的

slight/slightly轻微的、略微地

stable/stably稳定的

三、英语图表写作套句精选

1.the table shows the changes in the number of……over the period from……to……

该表格描述了在……年之……年间……数量的变化。

2.the bar chart illustrates that……该柱状图展示了……

3.the graph provides some interesting data regarding……该图为我们提供了有关……有趣数据。

4.the diagram shows(that )……该图向我们展示了……

5.the pie graph depicts(that )……该圆形图揭示了……

6.this is a cure graph which describes the trend of……这个曲线图描述了……的趋势。

7.the figures/statistics show(that )……数据(字)表明……

8.the tree diagram reveals how……该树型图向我们揭示了如何……

9.the data/statistics show(that )……该数据(字)可以这样理解……

10.the data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…这些数据资料令我们得出结论……

11.as is shown/demonstrated/exhibited in the diagram/graph/chart/table…如图所示…

12.ac cording to the chart/figures……根据这些表(数字)……

13.as is shown in the table……如表格所示……

14.as can be seen from the diagram,great changes have taken place in…从图中可以看出,…发生了巨大变化。

15.from the table/chart/diagram/figure,we can see clearly that……or it is clear/apparent from the chart that……从图表我们可以很清楚(明显)看到……

16.this is a graph which illustrates……这个图表向我们展示了……

17.this table shows the changing proportion of a&bfrom……to……

该表格描述了……年到……年间a 与b 的比例关系。

18.the graph,presented in a pie chart,shows the general trend in……

该图以圆形图形式描述了……总的趋势。

19.this is a column chart showing……这是个柱型图,描述了……

20.as can be seen from the graph,the two curves show the fluctuation of……

如图所示,两条曲线描述了……的波动情况。

一、开头段转述题目常用句型

The line graph describes/illustrates/demonstrates/summarizes/outlines/shows…

后面跟名词或者从句

开头段或者主体段引出数据或者趋势常用句型

According to/As shown in/As can be seen from…后面跟图表的类型

It can be seen from…后面跟图表的类型…that

It is manifest from…后面跟图表的类型…that

表示上升的动词

Go up(went up)/rise(rose)/grow(grew)/increase(increased)/ascend(ascended),其中

rise 和increase 也经常作名词,grow-growth

表示急剧上升的动词

Jump(jumped)/surge(surged)/shoot up(shot up)/soar(soared)其中surge 也可以做名词

表示下降的动词

Decline/fall/drop/sink/dip/decrease/descend,其中decline/fall/drop/decrease也经常做名词 表示急剧下降的动词

Plummet/plunge

表示速度快的形容词

Sharp/dramatic/drastic/rapid/precipitous/steep副词加-ly

表示幅度大的形容词

Marked/substantial/significant,副词加-ly

中间段

1.The most obvious reason for this phenomenon is that______________.Consequently,______________.

2.No matter you like it or not,AAA has become more and more popular and there are many reason for it.

3.It’s a n urgent task for us to change this unfavorable situation:______________.

4.The picture can reminds you of some strange,yet familiar phenomena existing in our society.

5.A great number of solutions are being offered.Some people suggest that______________.Others argue that______________.

6.Confronted with AAA,we should take a serious of effective measures to cope with the situation.

7.However,________may cause some problems.First,it is__________.Second,_______.Finally,_____.So,it is clear that______________has its advantages and disadvantages.

8.Although______________has a great advantage of______________,it can’t compete with______________in______________.

9._________may be preferable to______________,but______________suffers from the disadvantages that________.

10.The advantages of______________are much greater that those of______________.For instance,______________.

11._______may be preferable to______________,but it also suffers from the disadvantages that______________.

12.But I don’t think it is a very g ood way to solve_______.Forinstance,______________.Worst of all,____.

13.There are many ways to______________.First,______________.Second,______________.Third,______________.

14.On the contrary,there are some people in favor of_______.They believe_________.Moreover,they think_______.

15.There are several measures for us to adopt.First,wecan______________,there are a number of advantages of______________.Another solution is to______________.

16.It is high time that something was done about it.Forexample,______________.Inaddition,______________.All these measures will

certainly______________.

17.There are some other people,who______________.Their reasons are different,somethingfor______________,sometimesfor______________,and sometimes simply for______________.

18.______________is necessary and important to our country’s development and construction.First,______________.What’smore,______________.Most important of all,______________.

19.However,if not managed properly,______________can create many problems.Sometimes______________.Furthermore,______________.Therefore,______________has been gaining public concern.

20.Thereareprobably many reasons for______________.First,______________.Second,______________.Finally,______________.

结尾句

1.The most effective means to solve this problem is that______________.In that case,______________.

2.Everything has its own two sides,no exception with AAA.For one thing,______.for another,_________.

3.My experience tells me that to______________needs a thorough and persevering process,and in this process you had better abide by the principles mentioned above.

4.On the whole,it is high time that we recognized the significance of______________.

5.As a result,we should take some effective methods to______________.

6.Judging by the figures,we can draw a conclusion that______________.

7.In a word,the whole society should pay close attention to the problem of_______.Only in this way can______________in the future.

8.In my opinion,we should place much emphasis on the importance of______________.

9.But______________and______________have their own advantages.Forexample,______________,while______________.Comparing those two,however,I prefer to______________.

10.In my opinion,______________is just as common as______________.If______________,it may be very useful.Whatever______________,the key point lies in______________.

11.Are their opinions correct?To my mind,the first idea seems______.As for the second idea,________.

12.As a popular saying goes,______________.In my opinion what really counts is not______________,but______________.I believer that as long as______________,wewill______________.So I am for the opinion that______________.

13.In my opinion,both sides are partly right.Whenwe______________,we should take into consideration all aspects of the problems,and then make the right decision.

14.Personally,I believer that_______.Consequently,I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because_______.

15.In my opinion,all of the people should be brave enough to show our disapproval and criticism when confronted with______________.

16.People are coming to realize the importance of______________.They have begun to

try their best to______________.We believe that______________.

17.All in all,we cannot live without______________.But at the same time we must try to find out new ways to cope with problems that would arise.18.Whatever you do,please remember the saying-______________.If you understand it and apply it to your study or work,you’ll definitely benefit a lot from it.

19.With the development of society,______________.So it’s urgent and necessary to______________.If every member is willing to contribute himself to the society,it will be better and better.

20.It is difficult to say whether______________is good or not in general as it depends very much on the situation of______________.However,from a personal point of view I find______________. 作文模版(七) 图表作文 Directions:

1) Describe the changes indicated in the table. 2) The reasons for the change.

3) Make predictions about the future tendency.

daily expenses in Xi’an from 1995 to 1999.The expenses on food have declined by 30%while those on clothing and recreation have increased respectively by 9%and 7%.The statistics of rise and fall seem to exist in isolation but closely related to each other.

There are two factors accounting for these changes.Development in economy is an essential one in the five years.The increased income resulting from economic growth plays a vital role in the less expense onfood. Hence, a small percentage of total income is enough tocover food expenses.Another one is the changes in life style.When food presents no worry to the average,people begin to focus more of their interest on handsome appearance and happy leisure time. As a result of such a shift,spending on clothing and recreation increases year by year.

From the analyses made above,we may come to the conclusion that people’s living standards in Xi’an have been constantly improved between 1995 and 1999.With the further growth in economy and more changes in life style,the tendency indicated in the table will continue in the better direction.(206 words)

考研英语小作文书信类八大模板

1:投诉信

Dear_______,

I am ______ (自我介绍) .I feel bad to trouble you but I am afraid that I have to make a complaint about_____.

The reason for my dissatisfaction is _______(总体介绍). In the first place,_______(抱怨的第一个方面). In addition, ___________(抱怨的第二个方面). Under these circumstances, I find it ____ (感觉)_______(抱怨的方面给你带来的后果).

I appreciate it very much if you could _______(提出建议和请求), preferably ______(进一步的要求),and I would like to have this matter settled by ____(设定解决事情最后期限). Thank you for your consideration and I will be looking forward to your reply.

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

2:询问信

Dear ______,

I am ____________ (自我介绍). I am writing to see if it is possible for you to provide me with information regarding_______.(要询问的内容)

First of all, what are ____________________?(第一个问题) Secondly, when will___________________?(第二个问题) Thirdly, is __________?(第三个问题)

I would also like to inquire ________(将最重要的问题单独成段). Could you be so kind as to send me some relevant booklets on the above-mentioned aspects?

Thank you for you kindness, and your prompt attention to this letter will be highly appreciated.

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

3:请求信

Dear___________,

I am writing to formally request to___________(请求的内容)

The reason for_____is that______(给出原因).I_____, so I_____(给出细节)

I would also like to request______(提出进一步的要求). I am sorry for any inconvenience I have caused.

Thank you for your attention to these requests. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact me at _______(电话号码).I look forward to a favorable reply.

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

4:道歉信

Dear ___________,

I am truly sorry that_________________________(道歉的原因).

The reason is that_(介绍原因) Once again, I am sorry for any inconvenience caused. Hope you can accept my apologies and understand my situation.

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

5:感谢信

Dear______,

I am writing to extend my sincere gratitude for _________ (感谢的原因). If it had not been

for your assistance in ___________ (对方给你的具体帮助), I fear that I would have been_________(没有对方帮助时的后果).

Every one agrees that it was you who______________(给出细节).Again, I would like to express my warm thanks to you! Please accept my gratitude.

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

6:建议信

Dear ___________,

You have asked me for my advice with regard to _______, and I will try to make some conductive suggestions here.

In my humble opinion, you would be wise to take the following actions: ____(建议的内容)

I hope you will find these proposals useful, and I would be ready to discuss this matter with you to further details.

Good Luck with your_______(祝愿)

Yours sincerely

Li Ming

7:求职信

Dear Sir or Madam,

I write this letter to apply for the position that you have advertised in______(报纸名称)of______(广告发布时间).

Not only do I have the qualifications for this job, but I also have the right personality for a_____(工作名称). In the one hand,______(第一个原因). On the other hand, _______(另一个原因).

Should you grant me a personal interview, I would be most grateful. If you need to know more about me, please feel free to contact me at any time at _______________(电话号码) Thank you for considering my application, and I am looking forward to meeting you. Yours sincerely

Li Ming

8:邀请信

Dear________,

There will a ____(内容) at/in_____ (地点) on___ (时间). We would be honored to have you there with us.

The occasion will start at ___________(具体时间). This will be followed by a _______(进一步的安排). At around______(时间) ,_______________(另一个安排)

I really hope you can make it. RSVP before ___________(通知你的最后期限)

Yours sincerely