英语作文专题
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2016年英语高考作文专题(一)

撰写人:任永科

二 应用文 书信的表达

1, 书信结构

Dear... ,

正文............

Yours sincerely/faithfully,

Li Hua

2, 书信种类

1)求助信 2)道歉信 3)邀请信

4)求职信 5)申请信 6)意见. 建议信

3,信的正文篇章结构(一般正文分三段):

1)首段:开门见山,表明意图

2)主体段:陈述理由

3)结尾段:礼貌地提出自己的愿望

4,各信件正文的开头常用语

1)道歉信

I am really/very/terribly sorry that...

2) 求助信(注意时态)

I am writing to ask if you can do me a favor to...

3) 邀请信(注意礼貌用语)

I am writing on behalf of ...to invite you to...

4) 求职信(注意人称和语气)

I am writing to apply for the job/position...

5) 申请信(注意人称)

I am writing to you hoping that I may get an opportunity to...

6) 意见. 建议信(注意建议用第二人称和时态一般时) I am happy/glad/delighted to receive your letter and I know... 5, 作文得高分亮点(4---5档作文)

1)高级词汇(后有文档)

2)高级句型(后有文档)

(1)陈述不如倒装秒 (2)主动不如被动巧(3)分词结构不能少 (4)长短句结合效果

好 (后面有文档)

3)连词,文章结构连贯

6, 一些高级套用句型

1)求助信

I would appreciate anything you can do to help me...

I would appreciate it if you could do...

2) 邀请信

I would be very happy if you could...

3) 建议信

It is useful/helpful/of great importance/necessary for sb to do,,,

As far as I am concerned, it would be better if you do...

7,各作文范文

1)道歉信 Dear Tom,

How are you doing? (问候) You asked me in your last letter about my plan for the

coming summer vacation.(写信背景) I am sorry terribly that I didn’t reply without

delay.(写信目的)

How I wish I would read and reply your email as soon as I received it. However,

I was busy preparing for my final exam at that time, which is vital for me. As a result, I

had no choice but tocompletely focus on my study. I believe that if you were me, you

would make the same choice.(第二段为道歉信常见套路)

By the way, I have a busy schedule for my summer vacation. (主题句) First and

foremost , I would do a part time job, so that my interpersonal skills would be improved

(被动语态)(拓展句1) Additionally, I will take a short trip to Beijing to take a summer

course in the New Oriental School.(拓展句2) Last but not least, maybe I will work as a

volunteer for the school as a teaching assistant.(拓展句3) These are my plan for the

summer vacation. What’s yours? I am looking forward to your earliest reply. (以合理的客套话结尾)

Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

2)求助信

Dear Mary,

I am sorry to trouble you; nobody would come into my mind to help me except you. So I am writing to ask if you can do me a favor.

You know, I had planned this holiday for several years. Eventually, my dream came true. You could imagine how excited I was. My mind was completely occupied with the holiday. I forgot to collect my laundry. I really don't know if you can help me collect my laundry. I sent the laundry to the John's. It is the one down the corner on St. Peter's Street. You can't miss(错过) it, because the house is painted green-a big green house. I have got two pairs of trousers, three shirts, one T-shirt and a blanket. Call a taxi to send you home. I will pay you back when Iam home. I would appreciate it if you could give me a hand.

My first stop is London. It is a pity that it is raining here. But the streets are very clean. How I wish I could have the chance to see the famous London fog. But someone told me thatit has been already the history. One can only read things like that about London in books.

My best wishes to you.

Yourssincerely,

Peter Chen

3)邀请信

Dear Lucy,

As the Double Ninth Festival is around the corner, I am sincerely writing on behalf of all my friends to invite you to join us in order to spend the festival with the old in nursing home.

Gone are the days when we are just little kids. It is our duty to do something for the old. We are about to leave for the nursing home at 2:00 in the afternoon and come back at 9:00 in the evening. On arriving there, all of us will go to make dumplings. The old will be eating dumplings and enjoying watching TV programs that we have prepared. I am sure that they will

I am so keen in(擅长于)English and I can communicate with students from other countries. Not only will I be able to tell them about China, but also I can learn about different countries.

I hope that I will be accepted as a member of your summer camp.

Looking forward to your reply. Yours sincerely,

Li Hua

高级的词汇:

1.affect/→make a difference

2.be very important→be of vital importance/significance

3.be grateful→appreciate

4.be quite popular→enjoy great popularity

5.be tired of →be fed up with

6.believe that → be convinced that

believe sth--be convinced of sth

7.describe →picture 8.don ’t know→be at a loss

9.form →develop 10.help →contribute to促进. 导致

11.important →significant

12.improve →better 13.many/much→considerable

14.plan →schedule 15.result →consequence

16.should →be supposed to

17.speak out→voice 18.think of→come up with

19.try one’s best to do sth. →spare no effort to do sth.

20.It is believed→It is universally acknowledged that

21. difficult ---challenging 有挑战性的

22.beautiful---appealing 动人的;attractive 吸引人的;charming 迷人的

23.learn---research 研究;pick up偶然学到,顺便学到,轻松学到;master

24.sad---discouraged 气馁的;depressed 沮丧的;downhearted 垂头丧气的;low-spirited 意志消沉的;

25.start to do---get down to doing