2014考研大作文练习
初二 记叙文 11850字 79人浏览 陈德保happy

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【第一段】

简要描述图片,略微引向主题

1. 图片基调

2. 相关细节

3. 引向主题

【第二段】

点明图片寓意,进行充分拓展

T → D → D → C

1. 化立论为驳论

大众观点

1.

It is generally accepted that …. 2.

It is a ―conventional wisdom‖ that …. 3.

It is imagined by many that ….. 4.

It is shared by the general public that ….. 5.

It is deeply rooted in the mind of the general public that …… 6.

Traditionally, …is viewed as ….

质疑大众

1. However, is this view still applicable currently?

2. Yet, is this view still the truth?

3. Nevertheless, is this public view viable?

详实论据

Examples against the point are abundant and within easy reach.

Cases against the view are abundant, and the following one will suffice.

得出结论

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2. 化平淡为修辞

Conceived in the cartoon is a motto: ……. Any cases? Of course. ….. | However, people in expanding amount have let go of this principle. Haven’t you ever seen….? Haven’t you ever noticed …? Why…? Why…? Why…? Aren’t …..?

3. 化苍白为哲理

哲理引入

1.

As a wise man once put it, “……” 2.

Never easily let go of the motto, “……” 3.

Never shrug off the simple truth, “…” 4.

Never wave aside the doctrine, “…” 5. The extended meaning of the cartoon can be summarized as a motto: “…. ”

哲理阐释

1.

In other words, ……. 2.

That is, ….. 3.

Put it another way, …. 4.

Simply state it, …. 5. Or, ….

详实论据

举例、数据、对比、史今

重申主题

1. 直接点明

2. 借图中角色

【第三段】

根据上文论调,进行有效评论

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1. 社会弊病,生态环境

从外控走向内控

外控

1. Corresponding (disciplines and school regulations )

to ….

2. Official intervention …

3. Fines and penalties to direct the situation into a better one.

4. New social norms …

5. Media supervision should be cast on …

内控

1. The ability of who …..

2. The ……should be cultivated among those who….

3. The …. should be advocated by the mass media.

4. The toward … should be imparted to those who ….

How can we put an end to the problem of …?

We should put an end to the problem of environmental destruction immediately! But how? It is hold by many that we need a package deal, involving legislation from department concerned , intervention from environment groups, and supervision from the mass media. Yet, is this deal comprehensive enough? Actually, we also need the awareness that we would be homeless if we continue to mistreat the planate earth – our only home, with the assistance of which we can fundamentally solve the problem.

Structure!

《狗镇》德国舞台剧!

Grace

Tom

Such misconduct of …should be put under control immediately! But how? Suggestions from the general public involve …, …, and …. These proposals have been put into practice for years, with fruitful rewards. Actually, what we need is more than what mentioned above. The key point is that …….

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一揽子计划

2. 社会风尚

态度:支持

理由:惠及自身与他人,惠及当下与未来

决心:积极参与

Asked about my attitude to …, I am to say …is either beneficial to individuals or elevating to society. Actually, this escalating effect will not last for merely several years. We are willing to deliver… from one individual to another, from one decade to another, from one generation to another. As a female college student, I am determined to …., as excellent as a male one.

more information than children of the past.

Elevating

Escalating

3. 箴言哲理

现身说法:困惑

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图片启示:领悟 个人决心:积极

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Exercise 1

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) interpret the phenomenon it reflects, and then

3) give your comments.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)

学生的对联

【第一段】

图片基调:ironic, sarcastic

相关细节:couplet, the first line, the second line, horizontal scroll

引向主题:dishonest

(1) the couplet pasted by students echoes their undesirable attitude to college examinations. (2) ―there will be no up-grade without cheating in exams‖―they prefer sound scores to dignity.‖ (3) they are to pass these tests by any means.

Be to do …..

dignity

No …without ….

Prefer …to …

【第二段】

大众:honest

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质疑:

举例:作弊(小抄、手机、偷窥、暗号)

结论:dishonest, harm

no other groups in the world can be as honest as college students . (2)

cheating in tests even transmitting keys during examinations. (4) Evidently, people in expanding amount no longer cherish the virtue of honesty. This is harmful to students themselves or to the quality of education, not to mention the harm to social atmosphere in the future.

官人, 商人, 情人

This is detrimental to A, B, and C.

This is harmful to A, B, and C.

This is harmful to A or B, not to mention the harm to C.

Transmitting

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Exercise 2

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3) give your comments.

You should write neatly on ANSWER SHEET 2. (20 points)

The dream of a Bird

【第一段】

A bird, holding a gun and hiding in the bush , is staring at the sky in which human beings are soaring.

(2)a bird, holding a gun and hiding in the bush, is staring at the sky in which human beings are soaring. Clearly, he is to shoot people for revenge. (3) we may pay a price for what we did with the nature.

【第二段】

化立论为驳论

no other ages place more emphasis on environmental

animals for fun, cooking them for food, or even selling them for profits. It is also not rare to find . (4) Evidently, people in expanding amount no longer stress the ecological balance. This is harmful to the quality of life of this generation, not to mention the harm to the survival of the coming generations.

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化平淡为修辞

(1)Conceived in the cartoon is a motto: the nature may treat us the way we treat it .

(2)However, people in expanding amount have let go of this principle. Haven’t you ever seen some guys hunting wild life for fun, cooking it for food, or even selling it for huge profit ? Haven ’t you ever noticed some factories letting out wasted liquid with the water body polluted?

(3)Where has their conscience gone? Where has their insight gone? Where has their sense of environmental protection gone? Aren’t these wisdoms swallowed by their greediness, sacrificing ecological balance for instant benefits?

A:Instant benefits

B:Ecological balance

Sacrifice B for A

Seek A at the cost of B

化苍白为哲理

(1)As a wise man once put it, “The nature may treat us the way we treat it.” (2) Simply state it, the nature may reward us fruitfully on condition that we are on good term with it, while punish us when we mistreat it. (3) In the past, our ancestors never went too far in exploiting natural recourses so these gifts were available anytime, anywhere, or anyhow. However, currently, our greediness puts these resources to the edge of running out. (4) No wonder the bird in the picture is to attack human beings! He is warning us that we would lose our chance for survival if we kept mistreating the nature.

We are so greedy that these resources are at the edge of running out.

Run out of

Take care of …

Be on good term with …

Get on well with …

Greed

Greedy

Greediness

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Exercise 3

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3)

give your comments.

He feels perplexed and confused

He is facing several directions

(1) Have you ever been caught in a dilemma? If so, you can easily understand the feelings of the character in the cartoon. (2) In the drawing, (3) The author of the cartoon is reminding him as well as all of us that .

Decide

Decisive

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Exercise 4

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3) give your comments.

钱非万能

Portrayed in the cartoon is an instructive scenario: a man, filthy rich, wants to buy things like love, health, happiness which are signed “not for sale”. Being told that these things are not offered for sale, he still insists that he could pay for them with much more money.

: money is indeed indispensible but not almighty.

enjoy a life of comfort and ease, but not a sense of being career .

financial problems and faced with well-paid job opportunities. – “money is not almighty but education guarantees a decent life” – I chose to take the National Entrance Examination for Postgraduates. Moreover, with this decision, I am determined to head on with my sincerity, enthusiasm and perseverance.

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2013年满分范文

Have you ever been caught in a dilemma? If so, you may feel the same awkwardness as the graduates in the picture do. In the drawing, facing several choices including hunting for an ideal job, going aboard, achieving further education or starting their own business, they cease their steps, feeling puzzled and wondering where to go.

Conceived in the inspirational cartoon is a simple truth that one should make sensible choice and, more importantly, adhere to the decision. Indeed, decision-making on graduating will have some influence on one’s life. So he should take into consideration of different features of each option, personality traits, and family economic status so that he can make an advisable choice. Moreover, once come to a decision, one should do his utmost to achieve the goal, which requires hard-work, patience and perseverance.

such a cross road several months ago. – “education is the access to opportunities” – I chose to take the National Entrance Examination for Postgraduates . Moreover, with this decision, I am determined to head on without any hesitation.

德意志

豆芽哥

眼镜哥

建哥

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Exercise 5

Write an essay of 160-200 words based on the following drawing. In your essay, you should

1) describe the drawing briefly,

2) explain its intended meaning, and then

3)

give your comments.

基调:inspiring, encouraging

细节:

A Mr. ―Help-Provider ‖

A Mr. ―Help-Accepter ‖

主题:X is the right access to Y

(1) Have you ever been ? If so, you can easily understand the feelings of the characters in the cartoon. (2) In the drawing, a Mr. “Help-Provider ” is offering what he could, a Mr. “Help-Accepter ” is extending his gratitude heart and soul. (3) The author of the cartoon is reminding him as well as all of us that mutual assistance is the right access to a society of great harmony. .

化平淡为修辞

(1)Conceived in the cartoon is a motto: anyone, without assistance from others, can hardly lead a normal life. (2)However, some of us have let go of this principle. Haven’t you ever seen a pregnant lady standing in a crowded bus ? Haven ’t you ever noticed the injured groaning ?

(3)Where has their conscience gone? Where has their generousness gone? Where has their warm-heart gone? Aren’t these virtues swallowed by their selfishness, caring about their own comfort regardless of others’ needs?

-14- 化苍白为哲理

(1)As a wise man once put it, “Labor makes human, and mutual assistance makes human society. ” (2) Simply state it, anyone, without assistance from others, can hardly lead a normal life. (3) However, not every of us acknowledge this principle. Haven ’t you ever seen a ? Haven’t you ever noticed ? (4) No wonder the two characters in the picture are advocating mutual support among people! They are warning us that “we can never stride into a harmonious society without mutual assistance.”

Advocate

分娩

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图片作者——张砚均

1. 摘要

2. 备忘录

3. 告示:海报、通知

4. 书信:

书信总公式

Dear XXX,

Dear Sir or Madam,

To whom it may concern,

【第一段】

1. 道明来意

2. 自我介绍、说明背景、问候致意

【第二段】

A :罗列:建议、理由、原因、困难、方案

T →D1(E1)→D2(E2)

B :情节:来龙去脉

【第三段】

1. 重申来意

2. 适度借鉴

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Yours sincerely,

Li Ming

X city was hit by a flood

Dear friends,

I am writing, on behalf of the student union, to ask for help for people in a disaster. Several weeks ago, a flood turned thousands of residents in X city into homeless individuals.

They are now exposed to two difficulties. Specifically, their daily necessities, such as food, fresh water, and medicine, are far from being adequate, while local authorities cannot afford to address their needs. In addition, they need intensive care, as only under such care can they recover from worry, sorrow, and fear.

Knowing about their difficulties, can we continue to stand by doing nothing? Anyone who would like to offer help can contact us at . Thank you very much!

Yours sincerely,

Li Ming