考研最后冲刺阶段:如何解决作文单词量不足(一)
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第 1 页 共 1 页 考研最后冲刺阶段:如何解决作文单词

量不足(一)

在英语考研各种题型中,作文是比较主观的题目,一般逻辑清晰,贴合主题就能拿到较为可以的分数。但是说来简单,写起来大部分考生都会被一个明显的问题难住单词量不足。的确,单词量是构建文章的基础,巧妇难为无米之炊,有再好的思路但是不能通顺的表达出来也是枉然。那么如何解决这个问题?在此,为广大考生提供了以下方法。

一、背诵模板

纵观1991-2017年的历年真题,无论运用何种命题形式,实际上仅仅涉及了十种固定段落模式的考查,考生只需在考前把这十种段落模式背诵下来,考试的时候根据具体的文章类型选择适当的段落模式来用即可。这样大体的框架构建起来了,考生只需按照自己的思路,用自己擅长的单词在框架内发挥即可,这样写出来的文章,虽说不上是佳作,但是也不失为一篇中规中矩的文章。

1. 图画/图标描述段

①From the picture (graph, chart, table, pie, bar), we know that_____(图表内容总概括). ②On the one hand, the left/first picture tells us that_____(情况一,图一/表一的内容). ③On the other hand, (the right/second)picture informs us that_____( 情况二,图二/表二的内容). ④It can easily be seen that_____(揭示图画/表寓意).

2. 意义阐述段

①Judging from the pictures, we can clearly infer that the drawer’s intention is_____(主题句). ②_____(扩展句). ③For one thing/First of all/Firstly,_____(第一个层面). ④For another/Besides/Moreover/In addition/Secondly,_____(第二个层面). ⑤Thus/As a result/Therefore/Finally,_____(总结句).

3. 原因阐释段

①There are many reasons responsible for this phenomenon/case/instance and the following are the typical ones. ②The first reason is that_____(理由一). ③The second reason is that_____(理由

二). ④The third reason is that/A case in point is that/The typical example is that_____(理由三).

4. 建议措施段

①Considering all these reasons/this situation/Confronted with such a problem, I think we need to take some positive measures. ②On the one hand,_____(方法/建议一). ③On the other hand, it is necessary for us to_____(方法/建议二). ④Thus/Only in this way, can_____(总结自己的观点/建议/态度).

5. 趋势预测段

①Accordingly, it is vital for us to derive positive implications from these thought provoking drawings. ②On the one hand, we can frequently use them to enlighten that_____(主题). ③On the other hand, we should be sensible enough to_____(观点/态度). ④Only by_____(段落总结句), and only in this way can we have a brilliant future.

6. 举例说明段

①There are many cases/examples to explain_____(主题句). ②Take_____as a typical example./The first example is that_____(阐述例子)_____,(可进一步阐述). ③The second example is that/In addition/Here is a counter example./Opposite case in point is that/On the

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第 2 页 共 2 页 contrary_____(第二个例子的内容或举一个反面例子). ④Therefore,/Only_____can_____(总结主题句/段落总结句).

7. 观点阐释段

①Nowadays, a heated debate about_____(主题)is under way in China. ②A close inspection of this argument would reveal how flimsy (groundless )it is. ③As a matter of fact,_____(进一步说明).

8. 现象/现状说明段

①With the rapid advances of_____in recent years,_____has_____(引出现象). ②However,_____has_____, as_____(提出问题). ③As a result,_____(指出影响),which has aroused close social attention from all walks of life.

9. 利弊说明段

①Some people are in favor of the idea of doing_____(主题). ②They point out the fact that _____(支持的第一个原因). ③They also argue that_____(支持的另一个原因). ④There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief.⑤However, other people stand on a different ground. ⑥They consider it harmful to do_____. ⑦They firmly point out that_____(反对的理由).

10. 归纳结论段

①Judging from these figures, we can draw the conclusion that_____(得出结论). ②The reason for this, as far as I am concerned is that_____(给出原因). ③It is high time that we_____(发出倡议).