小作文
高三 记叙文 19516字 110人浏览 有勇气happy

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小作文:

四大评分标准:

TA (task achievement)

不涉及跑题

2-4段

⏹ 第一段:改写题目,主要是改写题目中的关键词,

show-present-describe-reveal-demonstrate-illustrate-betray-suggest-comp are

⏹ 第二段:写极值(针对饼图)

⏹ 第三段:分趋势(要做到辨证的取舍)+内在规律(数据比较+倍数) ⏹ 切记:要在总结中写出明显的一些非臆断的规律

C C:coherence and cohension

⏹ 弹性包装:

用于段首

1 According to the information given in the table/graph, we can find that... 2 As can be seen from the table/graph/figure, there is a marked increase /decline/favorable (an unfavorable) change in.

3 As we can see from the table/graph/figure above, drastic/considerable/ great changes have taken place in...over the period of time from...(年份)to...( 年份) 4 The table/graph shows that there is a(n) declining/increasing trend of ...from...(年份) to...(年份)

5 Anyone who takes a closer look at the data in the table/graph can be surprised to find that...

6 according to/based on

用于段内:

1 it is easy to find/reveal/locate that ..

2 2 it is notable/noticeable that …

From an overall perspective,/Generally/ basically/as a

whole/interestingly/surprisingly/fortunately/unexpectedly/to be

specific/precise/specifically

IR: lexical resources

非常固定,回旋余地很小

GRA: grammar range and accuracy

简单句+主动语态

时态:一般现在/一般过去

曲线图:

解题思路: 7趋势+3句式+2连接

7趋势 1 increase/ rise/ grow(growth)/ improve(improvement)/ climb/jump /ascend (ascent)

3 soar /rocket飙升

2 decrease/ fall/ drop/ reduce(reduction)/descend (descent) 、 dive/ plummet 狂跌

Quickly/ rapidly/ sharply/ intensely/ considerably/ significantly/ swiftly/dramatically/significantly

Slowly/ minimally/ slightly/ gradually/ steadily

3 reach(达到) the/peak/top/summit at 100

4keep/stay/remain/maintain(保持) at 100

Stable/steady/constant(平稳)

Level off/ stabilize

5bottom out/reach the bottom

6 recover(recovery)/spring up 反弹

7wave/fluctuate(fluctuation )

Wildly (疯狂地)/mildly(温和地)

3句式:

A rose quickly in 1998 from 5 to 10

4 ● There was a quick rise in A in 1998 from 5 to 10 ● A enjoy a quick rise in 1998 from 5 to 10

● B fell quickly in 1999 from 9 to 6

● There was a quick fall in B in 1999 from 9 to 6 ● B suffered from a quick fall in 1999 from 9 to A

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● C waved mildly around 10 in 2000

● There was a mild wave around 10 in c in 2000

● C witnessed/saw/experienced/underwent a mild wave around 10 in 2000

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6 recover(recovery)/spring up 反弹

● D recovered quickly to 7 in 2002

● There was a quick recovery of 2 in D in 2002

● D enjoyed a quick recovery of 2 in 2002.

2连接:

● 用并列句, then, from then, and then, after that, next

要敢于用时间做主语,see/witness作谓语避开重复的主语

● 用主从句: 以时间状语从句为主

After A enjoyed a sharp rise from 2 to 10 in 1999/after enjoying a sharp rise from2 to 1o in 1999/after a sharp rise from 2 to 10 in 1999

It plummeted to 1 in 2000

Before A recovered to 10 in 2001

Which is followed by a quick recovery to 10 in 2001.

Key points:

● 学会上升连顶峰的写法=下降连低谷:

A rose quickly to 5 1999, reaching peak at 7 in 2000.

● 起始点的写法:

A stood at 100

● 虚值的写法:

Around/about/roughly/approximately

A little over

A little more than

A little below

7 A little less than

高分表达:

1 A rose more than 100, from 400 to 500

2 A shows some fluctuation, falling(slightly/sharply) in 1995 and then rising dramatically in 1996

3 A varied (slightly/sharply) over the period, rising from 9.2 in 1994 to 10 In 1995 before falling back to 9 in 1996

柱状图+图表:

解题思路:如果柱状图横轴是时间或者表格有一列是时间可与曲线图的转化

四个经典且保命的办法:

▲ 背景动词法→分词排序法 Up to 40% of adults study for interests in subjects, taking the first place ▲ 目睹法(see/witness)→分词排序法

Those who study for interest in subject see only 6%, filling the second position.

8 ▲ 排序法(take/fill/occupy/rank/reap/harvest place/position) “ to meet people” took the last position with only 6%

▲ 倍数法 (此方法是最为有效的凑字的办法)

▲ A is/was number times as as B

A is/was number times more than B

A( ) is about 7 times as many as B( )

A is about 6 times more than B

单柱状写法:

1用背景动词法+分词排序,写出最大2unexpectedly,surprisingly, 排序法+with+number,写出最小

3obviously/evidently/apparently, 目睹法+分词排序,写出第二

4which is followed by _ ,_, _ , with +number respectively

5用倍数法进行数据比较

如果柱状图横轴不是时间且每组有两个比较对象:

A + 趋势 with Men keeps an upward trend with different groups

Oppositely/ similarly ,B + 趋势 with

Women takes on a downward trend with various groups

Both A/men and Bwomen witness drastic changes (找不出规律)

● 三个结果 A>B A<B A=B

● 引出语:as for , as to, for, in terms of, as far as …. Is concerned/considered as for group a. b and c, more men were employed than women/more men than women were employed/in comparison with women, more men were employed.

9 ● 引出语后的常用语句 more A + 背景动词法 than B

More A than B +背景动词法

In comparison with(compared with B) B, more A +背景动词法

The most dramatic changes happened in group A. Where up to 95% men were employed in comparison with only 10 women

三柱状图,变化最奇怪的是用上面这个句型写。

● 引出语后的常用语句 more/less A + 背景动词法 than B

More/less A than B +背景动词法

In comparison with(compared with B) B, more A +背景动词法

Around 49 women were employed, strangely, executive position saw only roughly 18 men

如果柱状图横轴不是时间且每组有三个或三个以上的比较对象 ● 无法分组

● 引出语:as for , as to, for, in terms of, as far as …. Is concerned/considered ● 首先分析最大和最小值

饼图:

解题思路::“占有”的重复使用

Have make up take up cover represent occupy constitute account for

10 框架:单饼图

1 点题 it has been divided/classified/categorized into __ parts/segments as follows_, _ ,_...

2 Evidently, _ has the largest proportion, which covers_%, while _ has the smallest percentage, which takes up_%.

3 to be specific, after___, _ fills the second place with_%, which is followed by _, representing_%. Finally come_ _ _ _ With%%%% respectively. It is easy to find that A is + number + times as many as B 或者 it is notable that A is number times more than B.

it is notable/noticeable that 倍数2

流程图:

解题思路:

● 必须读题,因为题目中不含有太专业的词汇

● 要有步骤感,step, phase. Stage

● It mainly consists of

● It works as follows

● It always involves following steps

● The whole procedure can be divided into __ stages.

● 用尽图中所有的单词

● 简单句+被动语态

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五. 图表作文经典例句

本部分收录经典例句120个,并按照用途分类。考生可以根据自己的具体情况增加不同部分的词汇量,并增强对常用描述方法的理解。在此过程中,考生可以尝试将这些单词,词组应用于不同的图表作文,从而加深对不同描述方法的理解。

表示“上升和下降”的说法

1. The proportion of the people who were divorced went up from 2.5% in 1981 to

7.5% in 1991, rising further to 8% in 2001.

2. The crop yields worldwide in 1990 were 15% up on those of 1985.

3. The number of shoppers during the Christmas period plunged by up to 23 percent

since then on.

4. After five years of steady decline, the high-school drop-out rate started to rise.

5. Oil consumption grew steadily from 1980 to 2000, apart from in 1990, when

there was a drop of 5 percent.

6. House prices fell as much as 40% between 1980 and 1985, compared with the

period 1986 to 1990, when prices roughly doubled.

7. Arable land was being lost at the rate of over 38 thousand square miles per year

throughout the 1980s.

8. Exports topped $10 billion in 2006, with those to Asia Pacific in excess of $2

billion.

9. The smoking rate in young girls was on the rise, similar to that among adult

women.

10. Motorcycle casualties were in decline, down from a total of 54,037 in 1995 to

38,090 in 2000.

11. Gender equality would lead to 13.4 million fewer homeless children, a 13%

reduction.

12. Inflation is likely to moderate through the early months of 2007.

13. The number of married couples showed a significant decline, accounting for

12 50.7% of the adult population, compared with 68% in 1971.

14. The smaller gap between movie-goers and television viewers reflected a 5% drop

in the number of people who go to the cinema and a 1.2% increase in those who enjoy watching TV at home

表示“占据”的说法.

15. V olunteer constitute nearly half of the work force of the health care sector.

16. While Asians account for 11 percent of the American population, Hispanics

comprise 8 percent.

17. Women make up 52 percent of the population of Britain.

18. Landfill is composed of 36% municipal waste, 24% commercial and industrial

waste and 40% construction waste.

表示“倍数”的说法

19. Rent as a percentage of the household expenditure more than doubled between

1974 and 1998, from 5% to 12%.

20. Britons were twice as likely to die from heart attacks as Italians and three times as

Chinese.

21. Women working as childminders in the under-35 age group in 1995 were almost

twice as many as in 1990.

22. Television was twice as popular as washing machine in 1999, with close to 10

percent of households owning one TV set at home.

23. Young people used the Internet more than three times as often as the general

population in 1999.

24. The study found that people who earned more than $100,000 received nearly 50%

more junk mails than lower earnings.

25. It also found that those on higher incomes lost on average four times more money

than other victims in property-related crime.

26. China ’s agricultural trade deficit against US jumped 1.5 times to $35 billion over

the five-year period.

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读数据的方法

27. A quarter of the customers were African origin.

28. Some 700 migrants arrived to live in Australia every week in

2005.

29. Of those UK residents who traveled overseas, some 210,000

went to America.

30. The overall UK population was some 58 million in 2001, 17%

higher than 1951.

31. With an estimated 100 million international migrants worldwide,

the proportion of people living outside their country of birth approached 2 percent of the world’s population in 2002.

32. American spent a total of $12.5 billion on gifts in 2005 alone,

with $6.5 billion of that on toys.

33. An aggregate of 40,000 households bought new vehicles, three

times more than the number in 2004.

34. the per-capita spending of visitors in China stood at 1,000 US

dollars or so in 2000, a year-on-year rise of one percent.

35. Indonesia is still an impoverished country, with the population

below poverty line exceeding half a billion.

36. The number of people living on less than $1 a day in Asia

dropped by nearly a quarter of a billion people between 1990 and 2002.

14 37. Two-parent families now work an average of almost 400 more hours a year then they did 20 years ago.

38. There were 100,000 more people working on a full-time basis in 2004 than in 1994.

39. It is shown in the chart that up to two million children were orphaned in 2002 in Africa, half a million higher than the 2001’s record figure.

40. It was discovered that less than a fifth of the public money went to education.

41. Two-fifths of the population are suffering different levels of obesity.

42. Between half and two-thirds of smokers die of something other than smoking.

43. More than one-third of the British population has trouble sleeping from time to time.

44. In total, 1,400 magazines were sold within a week---200 a day----more than half of which were for female readers.

45. Currently, approximately 6,0000 languages still exist, the majority of which are under threat.

46. Cohabiting couples made up one in ten of the population in 1999----double the number a decade earlier.

47. A staggering four in ten students had the experience of using

15 marijuana.

48. Fewer than three in ten people were ethnic minorities.

49. According to the survey, a billion and a half of the world ’s citizens had no access to electricity in the year 2004, and almost as many lacked electricity in 2005.

50. 80% of drinks containers in Britain are recycled---far higher than the European average of 20% to 40%.

51. T he world population is projected to grow from 6 billion in 1999 to 9 billion by 2042, an increasing of 50 percent that will require 43 years.

52. J ust 18% of smokers were planning to give up smoking, while a further 42.4% said that they would “possibly ” do so.

53. A s many as 78% of men were doing administrative work, whereas women who were working as sales and customers services staff rose to a record 75%.

54. A bout 42% percent of students chose science as their subject, 40 percent engineering and the rest arts.

55. 40% of respondents said that students should be responsible for university fees, another 40% considered it the responsibility of the government, and the remaining 20% viewed it as a shared responsibility.

56. T he number of people enrolling for adult education courses

16 increased by about 5% in 1999, lower than those for 1995 and 1996, when 1.5 million and 1.8 million people respectively were enrolled.

表示“时间”的说法

57. S ince then, growth had started to accelerate, up to 3 percent on average annually between 1995 and 2000.

58. C onsumer spending rose 0.5% in November after an increase of 0.3% a month earlier.

59. T he industrial output growth had slowed to 2% by 2005.

60. B y the end of 2005, nearly 30% of commuters used public transport, a slight increase on the figures for 2003.

61. B ritain ’s GDP is expected to surpass that of France by then end of 2010.

62. I n 19993, 60% of Vietnam ’s population was classified as being under the internationally-accepted poverty line, but that figure had fallen to less than 20% by 2004.

63. F rom the 1970s onwards, the volume of exports underwent a period of growth.

64. F or twenty years or so, there was an upward trend in the number of deaths caused by heart disease.

65. T here was a steady increase in the enlistment of the armed

17 force in Vietnam over the period 1970 to 1980.

66. T he secondary school enrolment rate sank considerably after an increase of 10 percent during the period from the mid-1980s to the early 1990s.

67. A lthough 70 percent of the smokers said they wanted to quit smoking, a mere 3 percent of them were successful in those given years.

68. B y age 15, Americans are less likely to smoke than Europeans, although the 10-13-year-olds in America are as likely to smoke as European 10-13 year-olds.

69. S omeone who starts smoking aged 15 is three times more likely to die of cancer due to smoking than someone who starts in late 20s.

70. O verall, 11% of people aged between 35 and 45 in the UK said that they were not in good health.

71. T he PCs sold dipped 30% to 12.3 million in 2001, before a substantial increase in the following three years.

72. P rior to a surge to a record high in 1983, food supplies stagnated for nearly ten years.

73. A fter experiencing alarming increases during the second half of the 1990s, juvenile delinquency was at its lowest level for at least five years.

18 74. T he reported crime rate dropped more than 5%, compared to the same time in 2005.

75. C arbon dioxide emissions were rising by less than 2% annually up to the year 1999, but now rising at 4% or so per year.

76. T he popularity of some activities, such as jigsaw puzzle, declined noticeably as the age increases.

77. T here was a downward trend in the years 1998 and 1999.

78. O ver the course of the last century, the global population rose from under two billion to just over six billion.

79. A ustralia ’s share of Japanese tourist market shrank from 9% to 2% in just a 10-year period.

表示“平稳”或者“波动”的说法

80. T he population reached a plateau in 1990, before declining suddenly in 2001.

81. T he annual population growth rate fluctuated between 1% and 2% during the ten-year period.

82. T here were strong fluctuations in birth rates throughout the five years from 1995 t0 2000.

83. I n spite of a growth in the working population, the unemployment rate was flat at 7.8%.

19 84. T he output rose and fell within a narrow range between 41.2 million tons and 51.2 million tons.

85. T he number of young people obtaining qualifications remained static (slightly above 30%).

86. L CD TV prices remained steady for three years in a row apart from (despite, except) a slump in 2003.

87. T he mobile phone owner growth remained constant and averaged, 1 percent year in both the US and the UK up to 2003.

88. E nrolments rose dramatically to more than half a million and remained around that figure in 1965.

89. T he unemployment rate stabilized at a higher level by around 1995.

90. I ndustrial production continued to stagnate, after 12 years of tremendous growth.

91. T here had been slight oscillations in temperature throughout the 1970s and 1980s.

表示历史值的说法

92. U K trade deficit with China rose almost 10% to 3 billion, a ten-year high.

93. T he proportion of single-parent families reached an all-time

20 record of 15%.

94. A uckland received no more than 200 mm of rain per month on average in 1990, a new low in the twenty-year period.

95. T he total number of regular Internet users experienced an unprecedented rise in 2002, its sixth annual rise in a row.

96. B ritain ’s crime rated peaked at 9% or so in 1999.

97. T he greatest increase was in the proportion of the people who are overweight, 15% up from 8% in 1989.

98. U nemployment figures remained high, ranging from 12.5% to 15%.

99. Y oungsters spent a mere 5% of their pocket money on cigarettes in 2003, the fourth lowest on record.

排列比较的说法

100. The US ranked in the world ’s top five as a car manufacturer in 1985, but slipped to seventh in 1990 and plummeted to tenth in 1995.

101. Japan led other countries in life expectancy (81.2 years); Australia and Canada followed behind, 80.55 years and 80.2 years respectively.

102. The latest figures show that China has come second in terms of GDP, following the lead of United States and

21 narrowly beating Japan into third place.

103. France has risen two places to number four in the OECD countries, behind America, Japan and Britain.

104. Saturn is the second largest planet after Jupiter, with a diameter nearly ten times that of Earth.

105. In terms of GDP, Mexico, which did not appear in the top 20 in 2000, came in at 14th in 2005.

106. While the Asian countries compare favourably with their European counterparts, several have dropped in ranking.

107. Practical crafts was the most popular subject area, with an enrolment rate of 45%, closely followed by physical education and sport.

108. The US was ahead with an increase of 10% and China came second with 8%.

109. China is the world ’s most populous country, with a population of more than 1.4 billion, far ahead of India, with 1 billion people.

110. China overtook America in 1999 and became the largest export country.

111. In 1999, Australia ranked second, behind the USA, in terms of domestic waste generation.

112. The population growth in the UK was lower than the

22 European Union average of 23% and far below the growth in the United States(80%) over the same period.

113. Students made up the biggest proportion of employees in low paid occupations (65%), while high school students were most likely to have a professional job (40%).

114. While the number of full-time female workers grew, that of full-time male workers declined.

115. Whereas developing countries more than doubled car emissions, from 3 billion to 6.2 billion, industrialized countries cut theirs by half, from 4 billion down to 2 billion. 116. The population of France is only marginally larger than that of Britain.

117. The drop in 1995 was at odds with the sharp rise in 1999. 118. With regard to government spending on education, there was a sharp reduction during the five-year-long period (223 million in 1989 versus 110 million in 1994).

119. The income differences between sexes even out with age. 120. In Africa, there are around 14 women living with HIV for every 10 men.

121. The proportion of homeowners was as high as 78% in 1989, in marked contrast to a mere 35% a decade earlier. 122. Women were more likely to be part-time workers

23 throughout the 1990s, with more than two out of five women working part-time, compared with one in ten men.

123. The jobless rate in 1990 was 4%, the lowest level in more than ten years, as against 10% in 1980.

124. Among the leading reasons why an adult considered education in 2004, 65% said that it was helpful, while 24% chose it simply because they loved studying.

125. The average American produces 6 tonnes of carbon dioxide, a Chinese 0.7% tonnes and an Indian 0.25 tonnes.

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