初一 议论文 11554字 403人浏览 go无关想念

Directions: Write a composition entitled On the Low-carbon Life. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 目前人们很崇尚低碳生活;

2. 低碳生活的重要性;

3. 怎样创建低碳生活。


On the Low-carbon Life

Recently, it is very popular to live a low-carbon life. It not only results

jt^omJbejpEomstionfifthejgovemmestjbuLaJsojEises^utjofjthejpeaple’s internalheart.

Living a low-carbon life is of great importance to every one. First of all, it can protect the environment to a great extent. Second, it can save the limited natural resources and energy, and will leave a better world for our offspring.jThird, it is a healthy lifestyle and will help mould a harmonious social atmosphere.

Therefore, how to create a low-carbon life is necessary for us to consider. To begin with, we should save the energy, such as the electricity, water and domestic gas. Second, when we go out we can walk or ride a bike instead of by car. Third, we should not use the plastic bags which are hard to break down. If so, we can live a low-carbon life and gain the happiness of it. (158 words)

Directions: Write a composition entitled Fast Food. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 快餐在中国十分流行,它是现代快节奏社会的最佳反映;

2. 快餐受欢迎有两条原因。然而,从营养角度来讲,快餐却差强人意;

3. 对快餐还是以偶尔品尝为宜。


Fast Food

Fast food is becoming more popular in China, especially among children and teenagers.

Today 、it’s certainly difficult to think of any other single thing that mirrors the fast pace of modern society as powerfully as fast food.

There are several reasons for its popularity. First, it is very convenient and saves a lot of time. The trends of modern society seem to all point to one ultimate goal — saving time, and fast food well serves this purpose. Second, its popularity is also attributed to the clean and comfortable environment of fast food restaurants, the excellent service, and the guaranteed quality of food. However From the nutritional point of view. It usually does not compose a balanced diet and doctors suggest that people, especially children, eat fast food as little as possible.

Therefore, fast food is only a good choice when you are in a hurry and turn to it once in a while. (157 words)

Should we help others in need?

1. 现在经常有这样的现象发生:路上有人摔倒,没人敢上前帮忙。

2. 这是人们的公德心缺失还是其他什么原因呢?

3. 你对此有何看法?


Helping others has always been a virtue in traditional Chinese culture. But what’s strange nowadays is that people dare not show their helping hands to those in need. I would like to elaborate my views on this issue.

Firstly, I think people’s moral sense has degraded. When egoism gains the upper hand, many people find it growingly hard to help others. Secondly, there is no denying that some tragic events turn out to be traps by people with evil intentions. So common people are becoming more risk-conscious and are more wary of traps and deceits.

In general, I contend the idea that we should be warm-hearted and offer help as well as look out for potential hazards so as not to be deceived.


第一句话介绍背景,使用“美德”virtue一词。第二句话为转折句,除了使用but 这个表示强烈转折意味的连接词,还采用了strange 和首句形成鲜明对比。

文章第二部分开始阐释人们公德心(moral sense)缺乏的原因。指出原因之一为自私。此处采用了egoism, 也可使用selfishness, 但不可使用individualism ,后者在英语语境中通常作褒义词讲,即崇尚自尊自立之意。原因之一是内因,原因之二是外因。Trap 指陷阱,deceit 指欺骗。第二段使用了内外因、主客观因素结合的方法,较全面地解释了公德心缺失的根源。 最后一段表明作者立场,提出既要坚持善良之心也要有防备之心。

Directions: Write a composition entitled Waste Separation from Your

Campus. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:

1. 大学生垃坂分类的意识仍然较弱;

2. 垃坂分类的重要意义;

3. 垃坂分类应该从校园做起。


Waste Separation from Your Campus

It’s no doubt that university campuses will produce a large amount of rubbish everyday, however, there are fewer college students paying attention to its classification.

Factually waste separation is vital to create an environment-friendly campus. Firstly, waste separation does great contribution to the environmental protection. Since some of waste is

recyclable, while other is unrecyclable, if all the students could voluntarily differentiate recyclable rubbish from unrecyclable rubbish, the risk of the environmental pollution will be greatly reduced. Secondly, waste separation could save a lot of energy and time on its processing.

With the rapid increase in the amount of rubbish at the campus, rubbish classification does not permit of any delay. On the one hand, as the well- educated people, college students should act as hosts of the universities and separate waste from this moment in their daily life. On the other hand, university authorities should strengthen students’ awareness of environmental protection and suide students to separate waste in a reasonable way. (166 words

一) 图表型

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition based on the chart given below. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.


(一) 图表型

The past years have witnessed a mounting number of Chinese scholars returning from overseas. As is lively illustrated by the column chart, the number of returnees climbed from a

mere 69.3 thousand in 2008 to over 272.9 thousand in 2012, at an annual increase rate of around 50%.

A multitude of factors may have led to the tendency revealed by the chart, but the following are the critical ones from my perspective. First and foremost, along with the development of

Chinese economy and society, the number of Chinese studying abroad has been soaring in the past years, which has provided an expanding base for the number of returnees. In the second place, the government has enacted a series of preferential policies to attract overseas Chinese scholars back home. Last but not least, the booming economy, science and technology in this country have generated more attative job opportunites for scholars returning from overseas.

The waves of returnees will definitely contribute to this nation’s development, since they have brought back not only advanced science and technology but also pioneering concepts of education and management. With more scholars coming back from overseas, and with the concerted efforts of the whole nation, we have reasons to expect a faster rejuvenation of this country.

(二) 图画型

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. Your essay should start with a brief description of the picture. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

(二) 图画型

This is a satiric but true-to-life drawing. As we can see in it, a man is drowning, with only one arm above water gesturing for help. Those standing on the bank, however, instead of lending a helping hand, are busy photographing with their mobile phones, most possibly taking the scene as another eyeball-attractor on the Internet.

Exaggerating as it might be, the phenomenon mirrored by the cartoon is not uncommon in modern society. Actually, both the picture and instances in real life point to the fact that many people nowadays ignore what they should do due to the use of mobile phones and the Internet. It never too rare to see some people taking pictures of newly served dishes in a restaurant and upload them to their friend circle in We Chat. Nor is it to find people busy taking photos and update their micro blogs when touring. Some even fail to take proper actions in case of emergency, just as the crowd in the picture do. Their only goal seems to be attracting as much attention online as possible.

Such being the case, it is high time that we pondered over the problem and figured out a solution. Among all measures, I believe, the central one should be resisting the temptation of vanity brought along by such modern self-media as micro blog, and coming more back to life itself.

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled College

Students Playing Truant. In your essay your should probe into the causes of and the solution to the problem. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

(五) 解决问题型

College Students Playing Truant

The past few years have witnessed a mounting number of college students playing truant. Taking a look around, one can find examples too many to enumerate. Sometimes, even less than half of the students in a class attend the lecture..

A number of factors may be responsible for this phenomenon. Personally, I can come up with the following ones. In the first place, there exist faults with the arrangement of curriculum. In other words, some courses are irrelevant, or far beyond or below students. In the second place, some teachers are responsible for the phenomenon. Their teaching is far from attractive or

efficient. Lastly, there exist reasons on the part of students, many of whom have become restless under the influence of some social trends.

This phenomenon is definitely unhealthy and requires remedying. Naturally, measures should be taken in the three aspects mentioned above. For one thing, it is imperative that the school perfect its arrangement of courses. For another, teachers should be constantly urged to improve

their work. Last but not least, students should be warned against some vicious trends in society and concentrate on their study. Only with these measures taken can we expect a solution of the problem.

(三) 对立观点型

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition of at least 150 words but no more than 200 words according to the following information:

Currently, a number of schools allow students to grade their teachers and even decide if the teachers can teach on or not. This has given rise to a heated debate, with some approving of the pratice and others strongly opposed to it. Now discuss both views and give your own opinion.

(三) 对立观点型

Is It Up to Students to Evaluate Teachers?

The past few years have witnessed a mounting number of universities allowing students to evaluate their teachers and even decide if they can stay on their positions or not. To this practice, people’s attitudes differ considerably. Some applaud it warmly whereas others criticize and even condemn it harshly.

Proponents of the practice may list the following reasons. In the first place, they assert that students are the people who know the most clearly about the teaching performance of a teacher, so they should have the say in evaluating him or her. In the second place, they contend that students have paid for their education, so they have the right to decide which teacher should be employed. Opponents, however, point out that it is dangerous to leave the right to students to evaluate teachers. For one thing, students may not know what ought to be taught and how it should be taught; they may only judge a teacher according to his temper and even accent or appearance. For another, in order to please students, some teachers may resort to some improper means.

Personally, I believe that both views are justifiable, and we should achieve a balance between them by employing the evaluating approach in a reasonable and beneficial way. To be specific, students should be allowed to evaluate their teachers, but they may not be the only decision-maker in the teachers’ fate.

(或Personally, I think that both sides have something right. Actually, lottery games should be viewed as a two-edged sword, which presents us with both benefits and troubles. But we should not give up eating for fear of choking. The best policy, as I see it, is to maximize their advantages and eliminate their unhealthy side-effects. Or in other words, we should further develop lottery games and exert proper supervision over them so that they can benefit us in a better way.)