作文 (1)
初一 议论文 15019字 80人浏览 想知道666

1 先列提纲,如果写字速度慢就不要打稿。字体工整清晰。

一、审题

我们拿到作文后第一件要做的事就是审题。审题的作用在于使你写作不跑题(如果跑题,条理和语言再好,也得不到及格分,甚至0分。)那么审题要审什么呢?

.体裁(议论文,说明文,描述文)

审题就是要审作文的题材和体裁。因为什么样的体裁就会用什么样的题材去写。那么体裁包括那些呢?它包括议论文,说明文和描述文。从近些年看,四级作文不是单一的体裁,而是几种体裁的杂合体。例如:

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Due Attention Should Be Given To Spelling. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below:

1. 如今不少学生在英语学习中不重视拼写

2. 出现这种情况的原因

3. 为了改变这种状况,我认为… 因为,第一段要求写“如今不少学生在英语学习中不重视拼写”,这说明本段体裁是记叙文;第二段要求写“...原因”,这说明本段要求写说明文;儿地三段要求写“我认为”,这说明本段要求写议论文。所以在大多数情形下,四级作文是三种体裁的杂合体。

记叙文:一“人”为中心描述一个“做”的过程。与下两段相比,本段的主语多为人称代词,他要与第二段相互应进行描述。

说明文:可以从几方面或几条来说明一个问题,可以摆出来几点

议论文;要有论点和论据,而且往往从正反两方面来论述。例如上面第三段的思路是:改变这种状况,会怎么样(这是从正面论述);不改变这种状况,又会怎么样(从反面论述);所以我们要改变这个状况

二、确定主题句

通过审题,我们知道该如何确定正确的写作思路。下边我们就谈如何些。第一部就是要写主题句。主题句是确保不跑题的前提,只有不跑题才有可得及格分。写主题句嘴保险的方法就是把中文提纲的各句译成英语。例如上述三段主题句分别为:

文章的每一段开头,使用主题局。意思就是着段你要说什么,一句话概括出来。(建议这几个主题句写在草纸上,以免出现语法错误,直接影响成绩) 例如:

it is very necessary to be a good university student . (议论体的主题句)

There are several respects of necessities to be a good university student .(说明体的主题句)

What I will do in the future is the following .(描述体主题句)

三、确保文章条理清楚

保证不跑提示写作当中第一任务,第二个重要任务就是要做到条理清楚。对于议论文来说,正反面要清楚,对于说明文来说条理要清楚,对于描述文来说,

2 谁干什么要清楚。就拿上例来说,第一段保持正反面要清楚救应这样写:正面(With good English handwriting ,we can...),反面(Without English hanfwriting ,we can do nothing .We can’t do...) 为了使文章更具有条理性,我们可以用first(ly) second(ly) third(ly)等副词,他们可以是文章的条例性更加突出。

一 二 三原则

1)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)

2)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)

3)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)

4)most important of all, moreover, finally

5)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

6)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)

四、确保文章英语地道

1、长 短 句原则

As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.

长短句结合

强烈建议:在文章第一段(开头)用一长一短,且先长后短;在文章主体部分,要先用一个短句解释主要意思,然后在阐述几个要点的时候采用先短后长的句群形式,定会让主体部分妙笔生辉!文章结尾一般用一长一短就可以了。

2、 短语优先原则

就是把你会的短语尽量用,但是 ,别用错,拿不准千万别用!

I cannot bear it.

可以用短语表达:I cannot put up with it.

I want it.

可以用短语表达:I am looking forward to it.

这样字数明显增加,表达也更准确。

3、 多实少虚原则

少用虚词。我这里所说的虚词就是指那些比较大的词。比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice 这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。

再比如:

走出房间,general 的词是:walk out of the room

但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room

小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room

小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room

老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

所以多用实词,少用虚词,文章将会大放异彩!

4、 and 原则

最容易犯的错误就是不知道:英语中,绝对从来没有两个两个句子用逗号分开的从句。

比如:

3 Tom is pretty, Lily is beautiful,.明显错误

Tom is pretty,and Lily is beautiful,. 加个and 就好了。别小看and 没有它,句子就错误。少不得!

5、时态一致原则。

一般考试的文章都是议论文,一般采用现在时,不要一段中,时态太多。

6、绝对绝对不要原则

绝对不要用汉语的语法句型,把英文单词组织起来,这不叫英语!叫英汉语。 尽量,一定,必须,务必使用英语语法、句型,把英语单词给串起来!

7、过渡句原则

一定要重视,段与段之间的过渡!

有用的句型

一、换言之

没话说了,可以换一句话再说,让你的文章在多一些字实际就是重复重复再重复!下面的句子实际上就三个字 I love you!

I am enthusiastic about you. That is to say, I love you.

I am wild about you. In other words, I have fallen in love with you.

二、编造数字,增强说服力。

例如:According to a recent survey, about 78.9 of the college students wanted to further their study after their graduation.

A recent statistics shows that …

三、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V 例句:Nothing is more important than to receive education.

没有比接受教育更重要的事。

四、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调... 的重要性也不为过。)

例句:We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

五、There is no denying that + S + V ... (不可否认的... )

例句:There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.

不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

六、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道... )

例句:It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.

全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

七、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的... )

例句:There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired. 毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

八、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (... 的优点是... )

例句:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution.

九、By +V-ing, ~~ can ~~ (借着... ,.. 能够.. )

例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.

借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

4 十、~~~ enable + Object(受词)+ to + V (.. 使.. 能够.. )

例句:Listening to music enables us to feel relaxed.

听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十一、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能... )

例句:On no account can we ignore (动词原形)the value of knowledge. 我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十二、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是... 的时候了)

例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.

该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十三、Those who ~~~ (... 的人... )

例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.

违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。

十四、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不... )

例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.

没有人不渴望上大学。

十五、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不... )

例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.

既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

十六、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)

It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. 可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

十七、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是... 的原因)

例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don’t like it.

夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

十八、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式... (过去... 年来,... 一直... ) 例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination. 过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

十九、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.

自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

二十、It pays to + V ~~~ (... 是值得的。)

例句:It pays to help others.

帮助别人是值得的。

二十一、be based on (以... 为基础)

例句:The progress of the society is based on harmony.

社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

二十二、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)

例句:We should spare no effort to beautify (动词原形 )our environment. 我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。

5 万能句

一) 比较

1.The(its) advantages far outweigh the disadvantages. 某事物的优点比缺点更重要

2.Like anything else, it has its faults. (过度用)

3.A and B has several points in common. (共同点)

适用于

5. A and B differ in several ways.

6. Evidently, it has both negative and positive effects.

二) 原因

1.A number of factors are accountable for this situation.

2. The answer to this problem involves many factors.

3. The phenomenon mainly stems from the fact that...

One of the most common factors (causes ) is that ...

Another contributing factor (cause ) is ...

Perhaps the primary factor is that …

But the fundamental cause is that ...

三) 后果

1. It may give rise to a host of problems.

3. It will exercise a profound influence upon...

4. Its consequence can be so great that...

四) 批驳

1)It is true that ..., but one vital point is being left out.

2) Some people say ..., but it does not hold water.

3) Many of us have been under the illusion(假象) that...

4) Contrary to what is widely accepted, I maintain that ...

五) 举例

1) A good case in point is ...

2) As an illustration, we may take ...

3) Such examples might be given easily.

4) ...is often cited as an example.

六) 证明

1) No one can deny the fact that ...

2)There is no denying that

3) Recent studies indicate that ...

4) There is sufficient evidence to show that ...

5) According to statistics proved by ..., it can be seen that ...

6

七) 开篇 (重要)

1) Many nations have been faced with the problem of ...

2) Recently the problem has been brought into focus.

3) Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.

4) Recently the issue has aroused great concern among ...

5) Nowadays there is a growing concern over ...

6) Never in our history has the idea that ... been so popular.

7) According to a recent survey, ...

8) With the rapid development of ..., ...

八) 结尾

1) From what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that ...

2) It is high time that strict measures were taken to stop ...

3) It is necessary that steps should be taken to ...

4) To solve the above-mentioned problem, we must ...

5) In summary, if we continue to ignore the above mentioned issue, more problems will crop up.

6) Taking all these into account, we ...

7

范文

明星代言问题

On the Celebrity Spokesperson

Currently, we could hardly live a single day without seeing a celebrity

spokesperson promoting a product or a social campaign on TV, net or other media. This is an intensely popular trend that we cannot fail to notice.

There is no doubt that the celebrity spokespeople could boost the sale of a

product. A host of celebrity spokespersons, however, have emerged as the marketing tool of some companies, even companies producing and selling fake and inferior

items. This kind of behavior has produced negative impacts on consumers and whole society, which should be severely criticized and penalized. Of course, as is known to all, everything has both bright and dark sides. Some stars’ endorsement of social activities and public campaigns raises public awareness, giving rise to changes in

public behavior. In this case, they serve as positive role models of the general public. To name only one case: Pu CX, a household figure, acting as the celebrity spokesman of the China AIDS Foundation, contributes greatly to the cause of AIDS prevention and cure in China.

关于选秀节目

Over the past couple of years, a variety of talent shows have emerged on TV

channels across the nation, from Super Girls to Happy Boys and so forth. This type of entertainment program is intensely popular, especially among young adults and has produced profound impacts on their studies and life.

There are a couple of reasons behind the tide. To start with, young folks need role models to learn from. So many of them are crazy for contestants participating in these programs. This gives rise to the increasing emergence of these shows because TV networks naturally need to cater to young audiences. Plus, thanks to economic and political reforms carried out by the government, this crop of young generation have more freedom and desire to express and showcase themselves. Therefore, a growing number of young people desire to get involved in these shows.

This is a divisive topic. On my personal level, the talent show is a superb means of relaxing and amusing and can hugely relieve our strains. As college students, however, we could not afford to indulge in them and should be aware of the utmost importance of studies.

食品安全问题

8 On the Food Security

Over the past couple of years, several cases of the food scandal have been

disclosed on various media. The problem of food security has become a hot button across society. The prevalence of food insecurity has greatly impacted public health, which the government could not afford to ignore, according to the online edition of the People Daily.

There are a couple of driving forces, I would argue, behind this undesirable tide. First, in the course of the rapid economic evolution, we ignore moral education, giving rise to the rising rate of the problem. More importantly, the lack of adequate regulation and punishment on those illegal producers enforces the trend.

As Confucius instructed, it is better late than never. Prompt and strict measures should be taken to turn back this evil trend. The government should launch a massive moral campaign to educate all citizens and draw up tougher laws to crack down on those irresponsible corporations and prohibit them from entering the food industry

again. I am firmly convinced that through our combined efforts we are bound to enjoy more risk-free foods in the days ahead.

社会不文明现象

On Uncivilized Behaviors

We cannot fail to notice that countless uncivilized behaviors exist in our daily lives, such as spitting, talking loudly, littering, saying nasty words in public places and so forth. All these are bad manners that we should not lose sight of. As an ancient land enjoying a splendid civilization spanning over 5,000 years, China is witnessing a surge in improper acts that every Chinese citizen should feel ashamed of. Uncivilized behaviors by a host of Chinese both at home and abroad have seriously affected China’s image, according to an editorial posted on People Daily’s official website. As Chinese, we should not get offended when others point out our weaknesses but should focus more attention on improving ourselves. We should strive to identify the causes of those improper behaviors and find ways to eliminate them. There are a host of causes, I would argue, behind this trend. To name only one: the lack of moral education. The government should wage a massive moral campaign to fight against this trend and we ourselves should endeavor to behave decently in our daily lives. As college students of the new age, we should take the leading role.

感恩

On Cultivating the Sense of Gratitude

9 On college campuses across the nation, there is a noticeable phenomenon that we cannot afford to ignore: far too many young college students lack the sense of

gratitude, one of the countless traditional virtues of this ancient land with a splendid civilization spanning over 5,000 years. These young adults were not and are not aware of the huge importance of expressing gratitude to those who once helped them, from teachers to parents and so forth.

Personally, I deem that the root cause of students without a graceful heart is that they receive an education not valuing the moral sphere. I strongly believe that joint efforts from folks across society are the final remedy for this social headache. As young university students of the new era, we should make our own contributions to this cause. Imagine a world without the sense of gratitude. This kind of world is

doomed to failure. Simply put, we should join our hands to heighten our awareness of fostering a graceful heart. Only in this way can we build our society into a

harmonious one. My fellow students, I beg you to act from now on.

大学生使用信用卡现象

On Credit Card

At present, a wide variety of credit cards issued by major banks and shopping malls are thriving in colleges and universities across the nation, with a multitude of college students making up a growing population of card holders. Indeed, one out of five students is estimated to be in possession of at least one credit card, and the figure is expected to be on the steady increase, the latest data published by Yangtze Evening Post suggests.

Like anything prior to the emergence of this small piece of plastic, the increasing popularity of credit card on campus has both bright and dark sides. On the one hand, young adults in college, free from the trouble of pocketing a considerable sum of cash, could enjoy the convenience of credit cards and purchase expensive goods by

installments. On the other hand, however, the irresponsible and excessive use of the cards by these youngsters, the majority of whom are fresh out of middle school

incapable of budgeting their money, can make them heavily in debt which will take them years to pay off.

On my personal level, while enjoying a host of conveniences the credit card may bring, we couldn’t afford to ignore a conspicious fact: in most cases, parents are our sole financial sources.Instead of spending without any restrict, we are supposed to put studies on the top of our agenda and move ourselves beyond heavy dependence upon our parents.