2016全国卷高考英语作文评分标准
素材 8446字 11628人浏览 bingxue201004

2013高考英语作文评分标准

1 本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分。

2 评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次 的 要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。

3 词数少于 80和多于 120的,从总分中减去2分。

4 评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准 确性、上下文的连贯性。

5 拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程 度予以考虑。英、美拼写汉词汇用法均可接受。

6 如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。

各档次的给分范围和要求

Ⅰ. 第五档(很好) ;(21-25分) :

完全完成了试题规定的任务

⑴ 覆盖所有内容要点

⑵ 应用了较多的语法结构和词汇,

⑶ 语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备较强的语言运用能力,

⑷有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑 , 完全达到了预期的写作目的 Ⅱ. 第四档(好) :(16-20分)

完全完成了试题规定的任务

⑴虽漏掉1、2个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容

⑵应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求

⑶语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致 ⑷应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑 达到了预期的写作目的

Ⅲ. 第三档(适当) :(11-15分)

基本完成了试题规定的任务

⑴虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容

⑵应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求

⑶有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解

⑷应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文内容连贯 整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的 Ⅳ. 第二档(较差) :(6-10分)

未恰当完成试题规定的任务

⑴ 漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容

⑵语法结构单调、词汇项目有限

⑶ 有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解

⑷较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性 信息未能清楚地传达给读者

Ⅴ. 第一档(差) :(1-5分)

未完成试题规定的任务

⑴明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求

⑵语法结构单调、词汇项目有限

⑶较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解 ⑷缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯 信息未能传达给读者。

Ⅵ. 不得分:(0分) ⑴ 未能传达给读者任何信息:内容太少,无法评判;写的内容均与所要

求内容无关或所写内容无法看清。

三点关键定档因素(不跑题是前提)

词汇多样性

语法复杂性

文章连贯性

书面表达的五项秘诀:

审题,遣词,造句,润色,谋篇

既然知道了这些关键因素和高分秘诀,我们要如何从这些方面入手呢? 审题的概念

拿到试卷后,首先浏览书面表达的题目,研究题目要求。正确的审题内容包括A 、审标题B 、审体裁C 、审要点。审标题:看文章是否要求有题目(title)或者主题(topic)能够确保你不跑题; 审体裁:确能够定文章的文体,为你写作提供方向。审要点:如果英语作文中,有要求要点的,一般打分时是踩点给分的,准确把握住要点,是高分的一个诀窍。

如何审要点? 要做到以下两个方面:

总结归纳要点:不是所有内容都要写出来,而是抓住其中的关键要点、衔接要点!

理顺要点:将提炼的要点按逻辑关系(如时间关系、因果关系、转折关系等) 重新安排,这样整篇文章看起来就整体有序,流畅自然,更加容易打动评分老师,从而作文分数提升一档。

构思文章提纲:根据题目的要点,安排好段落和主次关系。要形成良好的分段意识,写作分段是必须要进行的(2至4段为佳) ,这样显得文章不会拥挤并且层次分明。在行文意识上,要注意突出要点。

遣词的注意点

不出现语言错误

词语和短语搭配

适度使用加分词汇

避免词语重复

注意词语和短语搭配使用

可以适度的使用加分词句:高级词、同义词、短语等替代

造句的原则

表达意思要清楚无误。

多种表达方式表达相同含义

避免句式单调(简单句,并列句,复合句等适度调整)

表达意思清楚无误:具体化,细节化

可以用形象思维来表达(什么叫形象思维? 比如说你朗读的“很好听”,用“抑扬顿挫”来表达就是形象思维)

谋篇的攻略

注意分段、详略搭配、注意连贯

行文时多用关联词、引导词,把文章句子通过各种关系整合起来,达到起承转合,运用自如的目的,从而获取高分。

具体的连接关系有:并列关系、递进关系、因果关系、转折关系、让步关系、列举关系、条件关系、举例关系、时间关系等。

2015年高考英语全国I 卷

写作阅卷评分标准及各档次作文示例

——领会高考阅卷要求,有效指导学生高考写作备考

【作文题】假定你是李华,你校英文报“外国文化”栏目拟刊登美国节日风俗和中学生生活的短文。请给美国朋友彼得写信约稿,要点如下:

1. 栏目介绍;

2. 稿件内容;

3. 稿件长度:约 400 词;

4. 交稿日期:6 月 28 日前。

注意: 1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头语已为你写好。

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

2015年普通高考评卷英语作文评分标准

评分总则:

1、本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分。

2、评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定是否达到及格线(15分),然后确定其所属的具体档次,以该档次的要求来衡量,最后给分。其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。

3、词数少于80和多于120的,从总分中减去2分。

4、评分时应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的丰富性和准确性及上下文的连贯性。

5、若缺少要点,分数降一档处理。

6、拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面。评分时应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写及词汇用法均可接受。

7、书写较差以至于影响交际,将其分数降低一个档次。 评分细则:

优秀(22--25):紧扣主题,覆盖所有要点,内容充实;语法结构多样,词汇丰富,行文流畅,显示出较强的语言运用能力,允许有个别语言错误,但不影响意思表达。

良好(18--21):紧扣主题,覆盖所有要点,内容较充实,行文较流畅,语言有少量错误,但基本不影响意思表达。

一般(15--17):紧扣主题,基本覆盖所有要点,语言错误已影响了部分意思的表达,但多数句子基本正确;基本达到预期写作目的。

较差(11--14):要点不全,内容不完整,行文不够连贯;语言错误较多,半数句子基本正确。

差(6--10):内容混乱,或主要内容偏离主题,尚能够写出少数与内容相关的可读句。

极差(0--5):只能写出与内容相关的词语,没有有效信息;抄写其他文章,或只是写出与作文无关的内容。

高考命题组提供的参考范文:

Dear Peter, I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

The “Foreign Cultures” section in our newspaper is very popular among us students. It carries articles written by foreign friends about the cultures of their home countries. Would you please write

something about the culture in your part of the United States? And

we would especially welcome articles about how Americans spend their holidays and festivals, and the life of American high school students. You can write anything relevant so long as it’s interesting and informative.400 words would be fine. Could we have your article before June 28?

I’m looking forward to hearing from you. (95words ) Yours,

Li Hua

【点评】该参考范文语言简练,表达准确,但从高考考场作文考虑应提示学生词数再增加一些,句式可再丰富一些,这样才更有利于得高分。

各档次打分参考范文示例:

1.阅卷组确定的24分作文范例

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

Recently a refreshing program has been established in our

school’s English newspaper which is named “The Foreign Culture”. I’m inclined to invite you to write an article. The importance concerning this issue is listed as follows.

This program is aiming to introduce the festivals and habits in America, especially including the life of students in high school. Consequently, I intend to inquest you to write some matters. Such as what the individuals tend to do when significant events are forthcoming. Additionally, it’s universally acknowledged that

American students have extremely active thoughts. Considering that how they study in school is what we indeed intend to attain. What’s more, it must be beared in mind that the articles are supposed to be around 400 words. Meanwhile, I anticipate you can finish it before 28th, June.

I’m looking forward to your conclusive reply. (140 words)

2. 阅卷组确定的22分作文范例

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

It will be put on the part of Foreign Culture, which aims to introduce many other countries’ culture. This article needs to be

concerned with America festival custom and middle school students’ life. As you are American student, it’s certain that you can teach us a large amount of knowledge about it. As is known to all, only if we learn American Culture well, can we truly understand the country. Therefore, I’d appreciate it if you write article.

There are some requirements below. The essay is around 400 words. Besides, it has to be sent before June, the 28th. If you have other questions, please write to me as soon as possible.(112 words)

3. 阅卷组确定的18分作文范例

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

We have an area named “Foreign Culture”. It’s used to introduce America’s customs and students’ daily life. Could you write an essay for me.

Initially please write some traditional festivals to enlarge our horizons. Some interesting things in your school life is also fine.

Moreover, please write more than 400 words. So we can edidate is better. Eventually, the deadline is 6,28 because our work must be finished in these days. Don’t be late please?

Here are my words. Thanks for attention. Looking forward to your reply at your earliest convenience.(92 words)

4. 阅卷组确定的15分作文范例

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

The English newspaper have a “foreign culture” program. If your article is written well, it will be select in newspaper. The article is about American festivals and customs, besides inclouded media school students’ life. There is no doubt that you can make it.

Because you is familiar with them. In opinion, you can also increase students how to study. Most importantly, your article can help us broaden horizon and let us know more American culture.

You need to write about 400 words. Last but not least, you must hand in it before June, 28th.

I’m looking forward to your early reply.(101 words)

5. 阅卷组确定的12分作文范例

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

The English newspaper has a show which is made describes for American Traditional Day Culture and middle school students’ school life.

I think you had much knowledge about them. Therefore, I want to that you could write a paragraph for them. You can write about 400 words. In addition, the paragraph should finished and put on before June, 28th.

I believe you are able to do well.

I’m looking forward to your information.

Thanks about your favour.(77 words)

6. 阅卷组确定的9分作文范例

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

The newspaper’s “Foreign Culture” part plan add an article of product the USA’s festival and student’s life. Then, I tell some about it.

First of all, the article must about the USA’s Festival and

students’ life, you can write the students’ study behaviour. And write the USA’s festival behaviour. In addition, the article you need take 400 words. Don’t write a very large artist. You can make a simple production. At last the article’s deadline is before 28th, June. I believe you can finish better.

Best wishes.(87 words)

7. 阅卷组确定的4分作文范例

Dear Peter,

I’d like to ask you to write an article for our school’s English newspaper.

My name is Li Hua. I need you help. thank you. I hope you write the USA style and student live. I need you help. I need you letter. letter need to 400, in 6,28. need to your letter. thank you. (41 words)