过去式
初二 散文 6385字 8804人浏览 zhengda501

动词过去式

一、动词过去式规则变化

1. 一般情况下,在动词原形后直接加-ed ,

如:play —played ;order —ordered ;wash —washed ;mind —minded ;discuss —discussed ;snow —snowed ;agree —agreed ;walk —walked ;water —watered ;visit —visited ;stay —stayed ;talk —talked ;look —looked ;remember —remembered ;clean —cleaned ;wait —waited ;rain —rained ;cook —cooked ;relax —relaxed ;report —reported ;enjoy —enjoyed ;pass —passed ;turn —turned ;start —started ;ask —asked ;work —worked ;answer —answered ;thank —thanked ;watch —watched ;call —called ;need —needed ;help —helped ;want —wanted ;join —joined ;show —showed ;listen--listened,

2. 以字母e 结尾的动词,直接加-d ,

如: decide—decided ;practice —practiced ;describe —described ;improve —improved ;like —liked ;arrive —arrived ;hope —hoped ;live —lived ;dislike —disliked ;use —used ;dance —danced

3. 重读闭音节单词需双写最后一个辅音字母,再加-ed ,(重读闭音节是指以辅音字母+元音字母+辅音字母结尾的单词)

如:stop-stopped ;prefer-preferred

4. 以辅音字母+y结尾的y 变为i ,再加-ed ,

如:cry —cried ;study —studied ;carry —carried ;worry —worried ;

二、不规则动词过去式记忆规律

不规则动词的变化规则作了归纳整理,分为以下几类

1. 把动词原形中的o 改为a ,变成过去式。过去分词不变.如:

become —became, come—came

2.把动词原形中的i 改为a ,变成过去式。如:

begin —began ,drink —drank ,give —gave ,ring —rang ,sing —sang ,sit —sat ,swim —swam ,sink —sank

3.把动词原形中的i 改为o ,变成过去式。如:

drive —drove ,ride —rode ,shine —shone ,win —won ,write —wrote

4.动词原形中的e 改为o ,变成过去式。如:

get —got ,forget —forgot

5.动词原形中的eep 改为ept ,变成过去式。如:

keep —kept ,sleep —slept ,sweep —swept

6. 动词原形中的an 改为oo ,变成过去式。如:

stand —stood ,understand —understood

7.改动词原形中的aw /ow 为ew ,变成过去式。如:

draw —drew ,grow —grew ,know —knew ,throw —threw (动词show 除外,show —showed )

8.动词原形中的eak 改为oke ,变成过去式。如:

break —broke ,speak —spoke

9.动词原形中的ell 改为old ,变成过去式。如:

sell —sold ,tell —told

10.以ought 和aught 结尾,且读音是[ :t]的过去式。如:

bring —brought ,buy —bought ,think —thought ,catch —caught ,teach —taught

11.以ould 结尾且读音为[ud ]的情态动词过去式。如:

can —could ,shall —should ,will —would

12.在动词原形后加d 或t 变成过去式,并且发生音变。如:

hear [hi ]—heard [h :d], say[sei ]—said [sed ],mean [mi:n]—meant [ment ], dream —dreamt [dremt ]

13.动词的过去式与动词原形一样。如:

cut —cut, hit—hit, hurt—hurt, let—let ,must —must ,put —put ,read —read [red ],set —set

14. 动词的过去式有两种形式。如:

dream —dreamed/ dreamt learn—learnt/ learned shine—shone/ shined smell —smelt/ smelled wake—woke/ waked

15.不符合上述规律的动词过去式。如:

Am/is—was ,are —were ,build —built ,do —did ,eat —ate ,fall —fell ,

feel —felt ,find —found ,fly —flew ,go —went ,have /has — had,hide —hid , hold —held ,lay —laid ,leave —left ,lie —lay ,lose —lost ,make —made ,may — might ,run —ran ,see —saw , smell—smelt ,take —took ,wake —woke ,

wear —wore

过去时练习

写出下列动词的过去式

is\am_________ fly_______ plant________ are ________

drink_________ play_______ go________ make ________

does_________ dance________ worry________ ask _____

taste_________ eat__________ draw________ put ______

throw________ kick_________ pass_______ do ________

1.It was exciting.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2.All the students were very excited.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. They were in his pocket.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

一、用be 动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ an English teacher now.

2. She _______ happy yesterday.

3. They _______ glad to see each other last month.

4. Helen and Nancy ________ good friends.

5. The little dog _____ two years old this year.

6.Look, there ________ lots of grapes here.

7.Today _____ the second of June.

8. Yesterday ______ the first of June.

9. It _____ Children’s Day.

10. All the students ______ very excited.

一、用行为动词的适当形式填空

1. He _________ (live) in Xuanwu two years ago.

2. The cat ________ (eat) a bird last night.

3. We _______ (have) a party last Halloween.

4. Nancy ________ (pick) up oranges on the farm last week.

5. I ________ (make) a model ship with Mike yesterday.

6. They ________ (play) chess in the classroom last PE lesson.

7. My mother _______ (cook) a nice food last Spring Festival.

8. The girls ________ (sing) and _______ (dance) at the party.

二、句型转换

1. Su Hai took some photos at the Sports day.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

2. Nancy went to school early.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

3. We sung some English songs.

否定句:________________________________________________

一般疑问句:____________________________________________

肯、否定回答:__________________________________________

总结:1. 句中没有be 动词的一般过去时句子改成否定句didn ’t+动词原形;

2. 句中没有be 动词的一般现在时句子改为否定句do+动词原形

3. 居中有be 动词或情态动词的句子直接在be 动词后加not 变为否定句

4. 一般疑问句在句首加did ,动词变回原形

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read ) a newspaper last night.

3. We _________ (go) to zoo yesterday, we _____ (go) to the park today.

4. ______(do ) you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?

5. ______(do ) he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.(一般疑问句)

8. What ______(do )she _______ (find) in the garden last morning?

9. She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly.

一、用动词的适当形式填空

1. It ______ (be) Ben’s birthday last Friday.

2. We all ______ (have) a good time last night.

3. He ________ (jump) high on last Sports Day.

4. Helen ________ (milk) a cow on Friday.

5. She likes ______(read )newspapers, but she ______ a book yesterday. (read )

8. _______ they ________ (sweep) the floor on Sunday? No, they _____.

9. I _______ (watch) a cartoon on Monday.

10. We ___________ (go) to school on Sunday.

一、用动词的适当形式填空

1. It _____ (be) the 2nd of November yesterday.

2. Gao Shan ________ (put ) the book on his head a moment ago.

3. Don’t ______ the house. Mum _______ it yesterday. (clean)

6. I want to ______(pick) apples. But my dad _______(pick) all of them last month.

7. _______ he ______ the flowers this morning? Yes, he _____. (water)

9. The students often _________ (draw) some pictures in the art room.

clean- finish- wash- help-cook- phone- paint- watch-listen- play- walk- stay- invent- print- climb- kiss-live- play- happen- bump-

put- cut- read- hurt- is-are- get- do-

go- eat- learn- ride- have- buy- see- wear-

fall- make- take- say-come- give- win-