中国传统文化名词
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2016高考英语作文必背:100

个中国传统文化名词

the Analects of Confucius《论语》 1. 元宵节: Lantern Festival 2. 刺绣:Embroidery

3. 重阳节:Double-Ninth Festival 4. 清明节:Tomb Sweeping Day 5. 剪纸:Paper Cutting 6. 书 法: Calligraphy 7. 对联:(Spring Festival) Couplets 8. 象形文字:Pictograms/Pictographic Characters

9. 雄黄酒:Realgar Wine

10. 四合院:Siheyuan/Quadrangle 11. 战国:Warring States

12. 风水 :Fengshui/Geomantic Omen

13. 昆曲 :Kunqu Opera 14. 长 城 :The Great Wall 15. 集体舞 :Group Dance 16. 黄土高原 :Loess Plateau 17. 红臼喜事:Weddings and Funerals

18. 中秋节:Mid-Autumn Day 19. 花鼓戏:Flower Drum Song 20. 儒家文化:Confucian Culture 21. 中国结:Chinese knotting 22. 古装片:Costume Drama

23. 武打片:Chinese Swordplay Movie

24. 元宵:Tangyuan/Sweet Rice Dumpling (Soup) 25. 越剧:Yue Opera 26. 火锅:Hot Pot

27. 江南:South Regions of the Yangtze River 28. 《诗经》:The Book of Songs 29. 谜语:Riddle

30. 《史记》:Historical Records/Records of the Grand Historian

31. 《红楼梦》:A Dream of Red Mansions

32. 《西游记》:The Journey to the West

33. 除夕:Chinese New Year's Eve/Eve of the Spring Festival 34. 针灸 :Acupuncture

35. 唐三彩 :Tri-color Pottery of the Tang Dynasty/ The Tang Tri-colored pottery

36. 二人转 : Errenzhuan 37. 偏旁 :Radical 38. 孟子:Mencius

39. 亭/阁:Pavilion/Attic 40. 黄梅戏 :Huangmei Opera 41. 火 药 :Gunpowder 42. 农历 :Lunar Calendar 43. 印/玺 :Seal/Stamp

44. 腊 八 节 :The laba Rice Porridge Festival

45. 京 剧 :Beijing Opera/Peking Opera

46. 秦腔 :Crying of Qin People/Qin Opera 47. 太极拳 :TaiChi

48. 《本草纲目》: Compendium of Materia Medica

49. 天坛 :Altar of Heaven in Beijing 50. 小吃摊 :Snack Bar/Snack Stand

51. 红双喜 :Double Happiness 52. 文房四宝(笔墨纸砚): The Four Treasure of the Study/Brush,Inkstick,Paper,and Inkstone

53. 春卷 :Spring Roll(s) 54. 莲藕 :Lotus Root 55. 罗盘 :Luopan

56. 故宫博物院 :The Palace Museum

57. 相声:Cross-talk/Comic Dialogue

58. 五行 :Five Phases

59. 北京烤鸭 : Beijing Roast Duck 60. 《桃花扇》:The Peach Blossom Fan

61. 木偶戏:Puppet Show

62. 敦煌莫高窟:Mogao Caves 63. 电视小品:TV Sketch/TV Skit 64. 甲骨文:Oracle Bone Inscriptions

65. 古筝:Chinese Zither 66. 二胡 :Urheen 67. 门当户对:Perfect Match/Exact Match 68. 《水浒》: Water Margin/Outlaws of the Marsh

69. 除夕:Chinese New Years Eve 70. 国子监 :Imperial Academy 71. 兵马俑: Cotta Warriors/Terracotta Army 72. 旗袍:Cheongsam 73. 指南针:Compass

74. 泼水节:Water-Splashing Day 75. 馄饨:Wonton

76. 花卷:Steamed Twisted Rolls 77. 羊肉泡馍:Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup

78. 冰糖葫芦:A stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.) 79. 八宝饭:Eight-Treasure Rice Pudding

80. 粉丝:Glass Noodles

81. 豆腐脑:Jellied Bean Curd 82. 小品:Witty Skits

83. 孝顺:To Show Filial Obedience

84. 武术:Wushu(Chinese Martial Arts)

85. 宣纸:Rice Paper 86. 衙门: Yamen 87. 叩头:Kowtow 88. 中庸:The Way of Medium(cf. Golden Means)

89. 牌楼:Pailou(Pai-Loo) 90. 东坡肉:Dongpo Pork

91. 中山陵:The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

92. 秦淮河:Qinhuai River 93. 玄武湖:Xuanwu Lake

94. 夫子庙:the Confucian Temple 95. 鸭血粉丝:Duck Blood Fans 96. 盐水鸭:Yanshuiya, or Salted and Baked Duck 97. 大煮干丝:Gansi

98. 小笼包:Steamed Buns 99. 明孝陵:Ming Tomb 100. 云锦:Nanjing brocade