写作文-讲义
四年级 记叙文 8054字 61人浏览 小百合亲亲

Appendix

1. Main sorts of compositions

a. Table and Graph

b. Letter

c. Description (an entity, a picture, or a person)

d. Argument

2. Writing skills and models

a. Table and Graph 图表

i (table, pie chart, line graph, bar chart)

Examples (refer to what we practiced last semester)

ii skills

First , one should describe the numbers or figures indicated in the table/graph, which is fact telling. Second , one should analysis what is the problem, phenomenon or trend implied in this table/graph. Then , one should analysis the reasons for such changes. At last, one should predict what will happen in the future or what will be the corresponding solution to the problems.

iii model structure

It is obvious in the graphic/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped

considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of X1, Y reaches its peak value of …(多少).

What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are … (多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(第一个原因). More importantly, …(第二个原因). Most important of all, …(第三个原因).

From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graphic/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势).

b. Letter

i the layout of a letter (ordinary letter and business letter)

iii examples (refer to the answers to our model tests)

c. Description

An entity:

Appearance (color, shape, size, location, resource,)

Functions

A picture (refer to our exercise last semester)

First describe the content of this picture, then try to reveal what social phenomenon this picture is going to focus on and then give an solution or

prospect of this phenomenon.

A person

Relation to you

Appearance (looking, height, dressing)

Age, nationality,

Character (try to reveal his character by examples)

D. Argument

写作模板——提纲式作文

1. 对立观点式

A .有人认为X 是好事,赞成X , 为什么?

B . 有人认为X 是坏事, 反对X ,为什么?

C .我的看法。

Some people are in favor of the idea of doing X. They point out the fact that 支持X 的第一个原因。They also argue that 支持X 的另一个原因。

However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对X 的第一个理由。 An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。

There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned

negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。

2. 批驳观点式

A .一个错误观点。

B . 我不同意。

Many people argue that 错误观点。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。

There might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法) 。

3. 社会问题(现象)式

A .一个社会问题或者现象。

B . 产生的原因

C .对社会和我们生活的影响

D . 如何杜绝。(如果是问题的话)

E . 前景的预测。

Nowadays, there exists an increasingly serious social/economic/environmental problem. (X has increasingly become a common concern of the public). According to a survey, 调查内容说明这种现象的情况。(或者是一个例子)。

There are a couple of reasons booming this problem/phenomenon. 下面参照辩论式议论文的写法。

X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。

A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。

Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will ……..

模版1

Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea.

There are a dozen of reasons behind my belief. First of all, 论据1. More importantly, 论据2.

Most important of all, 论据3.

In summary, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.

或 From above, we can predict that 预测.

模版2

People hold different views about X. Some people are of the opinion that 观点1, while others point out that 观点2. As far as I am concerned, the former/latter opinion holds more weight.

For one thing, 论据1.

For another, 论据2.

Last but not the least, 论据3.

To conclude, 总结观点. As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心. 或 From above, we can predict that 预测.

模版3

There is no consensus of opinions among people about X(争论的焦点)。Some people are of the view that 观点1,while others take an opposite side, firmly believing that 观点2。As far as I am concerned, the former/latter notion is preferable in many senses. The reasons are obvious. First of all, 论据1。

Furthermore, 论据2。

Among all of the supporting evidences, one is the strongest. That is, 论据3。

A natural conclusion from the above discussion is that总结观点。 As a college student, I am supposed to 表决心.

或 From above, we can predict that 预测.

3. Model sentences

(一)段首句

1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.

2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天,

它在许多场合仍然适用。

There is an old saying______. Its the experience of our forefathers ,however ,it is correct in many cases even today.

3. 现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……;其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily life. First, ____ Second, ____. What makes things worse is that______.

4. 现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且)……。 Nowadays ,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______.

5. 任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也

有不利的一面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception ,it has both advantages and disadvantages.

6. 关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看来,…… 的

People’s opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.

7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。 Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.

8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈的辩论。

______ has become a hot topic among people ,especially among the young and heated debates are right on their way.

9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in our day-to-day life.it has 51Test 的 brought us a lot of benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in the /chart/bar

graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______ while. Obviously,______,but why?

(二)中间段落句

1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。 On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At the same time,they say____.

2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的是……。

But I dont think it is a very good way to solve ____.For example ,____.Worst of51Test的all ,___.

3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……

______is necessary and important to our country’s development and construction. First ,_____.Whats more, _____.Most important of all,______.

4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。

There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we can______

5. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方面……,另一方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______. For one thing,______For another,______

6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯

定会……。

It is high time that something was done about it. For example. _____.In addition.51Test 的_____.All these measures will certainly______.

7. 为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second reason is ______.The third is51Test 的______.For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______.

8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一面,象……。

However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own51Test的disadvantages, such as ______.

9. 尽管如此,我相信……更有利。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous.

10. 完全同意……这种观点(陈述),主要理由如下:

I fully agree with the statement that ______ because______.

4. Hot topics

a. A Nationwide Shortage of Power (电力短缺) in China

b. Do You Want to Pursue a Master's Degree?

c. The Development of a Private Car

d. Problems of Piracy (盗版)

e. My View on College Students' Renting Apartment outside Campus f. My Best Friend