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高二年级摸底考试英语试题

2013.08.11 注意:本试卷分第一卷(选择题)和第二卷(非选择)两部分共150分,考试用时90分钟.

第一卷(共105分)

第一节:单项填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

从A 、B 、C 、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

1. ------- Would you permit me_____ here?

------- Sorry. We don't permit______ here in the reading room.

A .smoking; smoking B .to smoke; to smoke C .smoking; to smoke D .to smoke; smoking

2.Only when______ possible to settle the problem.

A .does the chief editor come will it be B .the chief editor comes will it be

C .has the chief editor come it will be D .the chief editor comes it will be

3.The teacher,with 6 girls and 8 boys of her class,________ visiting a museum when the earthquake struck.

A .was B .were C .had been D .would be

4. Sometimes he found______ very hard to fall asleep at night, so he went to see the doctor.

.A .him B .this C .that D .it

5.What all the doctors in the hospital said suggested that he _____ badly wounded and that he ____ at once.

A .should be;be operated on B .were ;must be operated on

C. were;should be operated on D. was;be operated on

6.—________to the sun, the flower will become dry soon.—What you said does make________.

A .Exposed; sense B .Exposing; sense C .Exposed; senses D .Exposing; a sense

7.It doesn’t make sense ________ after ________.You should cheer up and practice hard instead.

A .to complain; being defeated B .complain; defeating

C .complain; being defeated D .to complain; defeating

8. He regretted________ a second-hand car. A.buy B .buying C .to buy D .bought

9.—What illness does the patient get? —The doctors ________ that the patient’s disease is cancer.

A .arrive a conclusion B .come a conclusion C .draw a conclusion D .take a conclusion

10.I can't help_____ the cleaning_____ I'm busy making some dumplings now.

A .doing; because B .to do; now that C .doing; since D .to do; therefore

11.—Jones! Roy has broken the glass. —________ Such things happen.

A .Doesn't matter. B .How come?C .What a pity! D .What has become of him?

12. Our meeting room is ________ theirs.

A .three times as bigger as B .bigger than three times

C .three times as the size of D .three times the size of

13.The leaders from some of the countries suggested that the problem of the nuclear weapon about Iran worth paying attention_____ at the international conference.

A .to be discussed B .to being discussed C .to discuss D .to discussing

14.They argued ________ each other ________ where to spend the golden week.

A .at ;over B .with ;about C .about ;at D .over ;on

15. Noticing some broken toys____ on the floor, I picked them up and_____ them on the chair , so I wasn't_______

A .lay; lay; lying B .lying; lay; lying

C .laid; laid; laying D .lying; laid; lying

16.For the next two hours she was______ the film, so she didn't notice what happened around her.

A .engaged in B .busy with C .absorbed in D .occupied with

17. While watching Titanic, most people couldn't help crying when it came to the scene______ Jack saves the life of the girl but dies in icy water himself. A .which B .as C .why D .where

18.Neither my parents nor I ________ at home,so nobody could answer the phone.

A .was B .were C .is D .are

19.—Your name again, please?________.—It's Bell Green.

A .I didn't quite catch you B .I couldn't quite catch you

C .I don't hear you D .It's your name

20. I had just got up and was about to cook my breakfast ________the telephone rang loudly, but it hung up________ I could answer it.

A .while; when B .when; as C .as; after D. when; before

第二节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,共30分)

阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的A 、B 、C 、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项

涂黑。

脚印). I shall always recall (回忆) the autumn and the girl with the She will always bring back the friendship between us. I know she will always be my best friend. like a stream (小溪) flowing in the mountains. I was so surprised that I jumped to see what it was. A young girl, standing in in playing her violin. I had seen her before. The music was so nice that I 存在) did not seem to disturb her. Leaves were still falling. Every day she played the violin in the corner of the building 惊讶), the girl came over to me. “You must like violin.” she said. “Yes. And you play very well. Why did you stop?” I asked. Suddenly, a expression appeared on her face and I could feel something unusual. “I came here to see my grandmother, but now I must leave. I once played very badly. It was your listening every day that me.” she said. “In fact, it was your playing gave me a meaningful autumn,” I answered, “Let's be friends.” The girl smiled, and so did I. I never heard her play again in my life. I no longer went downstairs to listen like before. Only thick leaves were left behind. But I will always remember the fine figure (身影) of the —so short, so bright, like a shooting star giving off so much light that it makes the autumn beautiful.

21. A. with B. for C. against D. to

22. A. good B. true C. new D. old

23. A. sound B. song C. play D. violin

24. A. shaking B. hanging C. falling D. floating

25. A. wind B. snow C. air D. rain

26. A. watching B. listening C. seeing D. hearing

27. A. lively B. lovely C. harvest D. lonely

28. A.up B. off C. down D. over

29. A. flowed B. grew C. entered D. ran

30. A. lost B. active C. busy D. interested

31. A. once B. never C. often D. usually

32. A. waiting B. stopping C. Standing D. hearing

33. A. because B. so C. when D. but

34. A. interesting B. moving C. encouraging D. exciting

35. A. But B. However C. Even D. Though

36. A. stopped B. began C. gone D. changed

37. A. happy B. sad C. strange D. surprised

38. A. surprised B. excited C. encouraged D. interested

39. A. that B. which C. it D. who

40. A. song B. dream C. fire D. sister

第三部分:阅读理解 第一节(共10小题,每小题2分,满分20分)

请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A 、B 、C 、D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂

黑。 A

A trip to the library can change your life.That is the idea of the Get It Loud in Libraries project ,which challenges the habit of speaking in a low voice.The sweet tones of singer Diana Vickers rang out recently ,surrounded by books as well as fans,at Lancaster Library.Plan B,Adele ,Florence and the Machine,Speech Debelle ,and the Thrills have also performed for the project.

This five-year project aims to increase access(进入) to libraries while developing youth talent and has attracted more than 8,500 visitors,5,000 of whom are first-time library users.

“I think it’s wonderful,”Vickers says.“I’ve been playing in front of big crowds and I’m excited about close environments where you can be close to your fans.”

As a child growing up in nearby Blackburn,she says that her school library was a “second home”to her.When she was young she loved Peter Rabbit and Mr.Men books,and later her favorites included Little Women and The Lovely Bones.

Attracted by the stage,the young who would once never have been to a library have been returning to borrow books and CDs.The project’s founder,Stewart Parsons,has worked in libraries for 25 years.He feels that the concerts have made libraries something that the young want to be part of.A mother,Lauren Zawadzki,sent him a text message after a concert:“Your work is great!!!Both Izaak and Dom have been reading in the library for the last half hour...You should be proud.They would never have suggested that before the concerts.”

Parsons hopes that the activity is changing the way people view libraries.“My big worry is that libraries trail(拖拉)behind slightly;they shouldn’t.This is about bringing libraries up to date.The beautiful thing is that people are reconnecting with the library in a way they haven’t done before.”

41.The Get It Loud in Libraries project aims to ________.

A .collect money for libraries to buy books B .attract more people to read in libraries

C .provide a performing place for music lovers D .develop youth talent for singing

42.What can we know about Diana Vickers from the passage?

A .She once worked at a library. B .She doesn’t like being close to her fans.

C .She liked reading in her childhood. D .She complains about the noisy environment.

43.According to the passage,Zawadzki ________.

A .advised libraries to keep quiet B .praised Parsons for helping her reading

C .found her children’s talent for singing D .praised the Get It Loud in Libraries project

B

Florence Nightingale was born in a rich family.When she was young she took lessons in music and drawing,and read a lot of books.She also travelled a great deal with her mother and father.

As a child she felt that visiting sick people was both a duty and a pleasure.She enjoyed helping them.

At last her mind was made up.“I’m going to be a nurse,” she decided.“Nursing isn’t the right work for a lady ,” her father told her.

“Then I will make it so ,” she smiled.And she went to learn nursing in Germany and France.When she returned to England,Florence started a nursing home for women.

During the Crimean War in 1854 she went with a group of thirty-eight nurses to the front hospitals.What they saw there was terrible.Dirt and death were everywhere to be seen and smelled.The officer there did not want any woman to tell him how to run a hospital,either.But the brave nurses went to work.

Florence used her own money and some from friends to buy clothes ,beds ,medicines and food for the men.Her only pay was in smiles from the lips of dying soldiers.But they were more than enough for this kind woman.

After war she returned to England and was honoured for her services by Queen Victoria.But Florence said that her work had just begun.She raised money to build the Nightingale Home for Nurses in London.She also wrote a book on public health,which was printed in several countries.

Florence Nightingale died at the age of ninety ,still trying to serve others through her work as a nurse.Indeed ,it is because of her that we honour nurses today.

44.When she was a child,Florence ________.

A .loved to travel very much B .knew what her duty in life was

C .loved to help the sick people D .was most interested in music and drawing

45.What made Florence determine to become a nurse?

A .Her father’s support. B .Her desire to help the sick.

C .Her education in Germany and France. D .Her knowledge about Germany and France.

46.Why was Florence honoured by Queen Victoria?

A .She built the Nightingale Home for Nurses. B .She wrote a book on public health.

C .She worked as a nurse all her life. D .She did a great deal of work during the Crimean War.

c Even at school there had been an unhealthy competition between George and Richard.

“I’ll be the first millionaire in Coleford!” Richard used to boast.

“And you’ll be sorry that you knew me,” George would reply “because I’ll surely be the best lawyer in our town!”

After graduation, George never became a lawyer and Richard was anybody but a millionaire …. Instead, it happened that both men opened bookshops on opposite sides of Coleford High Street, while it was hard to make much money from books then, which made the competition between them worse. Eventually, Richard closed down his, dreaming of making a fortune elsewhere.

Now, with only one bookshop in the town, business was better for George. But sometimes he sat in his narrow old kitchen and gazed out of the dirty window, thinking about his former rival (竞争对手) 。Perhaps he missed him? zxxk

George was very interested in old dictionaries, and he had recently found a collector in Australia who was selling a rare first edition. When the parcel arrived, the book was in perfect condition and George was quite delighted. But while he was having lunch, George glanced at the photo in the newspaper that the book had been wrapped in. He was astonished — the smiling face was older than he remembered but unmistakable! Trembling, George started reading: “Bookends Company has bought ten bookstores from its competitors. The company, owned by multi-millionaire Richard Pike, is now the largest bookseller in this country.”

47.George and Richard were at school.

A. roommates B. good friends C. competitors D. booksellers

48.How did George feel about Richard after his disappearance?

A. He envied Richard’s good fortune very much. B. He thought about Richard from time to time.

C. He felt unlucky with no more rival in the town. D. He was unhappy of Richard’s disappearance.

49.George got information about Richard from .

A. a dictionary collector in Australia B. one of Richard’s competitors

C. some rare edition of a dictionary D. the wrapping paper of a book

50.What happened to George and Richard in the end?

A. Both George and Richard became millionaires by selling books.

B. Both of them realized their original ambitions, which were the same.

C. George established a successful business while Richard was missing.

D. Richard became a millionaire while George had no great success.

第二节 (共5小题,每题2分,满分10分)

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

Easy Ways to Keep Your Brain Sharp

Everyone is forgetful, but as we age, we start to feel like our brains are slowing down a bit—and that can be a very annoying thing. ___51____Read on for some techniques worth trying.

1.____52____

People who regularly made plans and looked forward to upcoming events had a 50 percent reduced chance of Alzheimer's disease (早老性痴呆症), according to a recent study. __53____ Something as simple as setting a goal to have a weekly coffee date with a friend will do. There's evidence that people who have a purpose in life or who are working on long or short-term goals appear to do better. In other words, keep your brain looking forward.

2.Go for a walk.

Mildly raised glucose (葡萄糖) levels can harm the area of the brain that helps you form memories and physical activity can help get blood glucose down to normal levels. In fact,exercise produces chemicals that are good for your brain.___54____.

3.Learn something new.

Take a Spanish class online, join a drawing club, or learn to play cards. A study found that mental stimulation (刺激) limits the weakening effects of aging on memory and the mind. But the best thing for your brain is when you learn something new and are physically active at the same time. ___55___ Or go dancing with your friends.

A .Focus on the future.

B .This can be especially harmful to the aged.

C .It should be something like learning gardening.

D .So take a few minutes each day to do some reading.

E .But don't worry if your schedule isn't filled with life-changing events.

F .Luckily, research shows there is a lot you can do to avoid those moments.

G .In other words, when you take care of your body, you take care of your brain.

第二卷 (非选择题)

第一节 单词拼写 (共10小题; 每小题1.5分, 满分15分)

根据下列句子及所给汉语注释, 在相应的位置上写出空缺处各单词的正确形式. (每空只写一词)

56.It has been________(通知)that Mr. John and Miss Smith will get married next week.

57. She didn’t like the plan, but ______(就个人而言) I see nothing wrong with it.

58.By________(分析)the parts of the sentence we learn more about English grammar.

59.His great________(贡献)to the development of a modern China will never be forgotten.

60.Learning to walk again after his accident required great________(耐心).

61.It is a great________(挑战)for him to govern the country well.

62.The river has been________(污染)seriously since the factory moved here.

63.The ________(冒险) of Tom Sawyer is written by Mark Twain.

64.In respect of this problem, we don't have to draw a________(结论)quickly.

65.What________(特征)distinguish the Americans from the Canadians?

第二节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均限一词。

2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

Get a good education is more important today than ever before. In Canada mostly children attend public schools. Public schools are mainly found by governments through tax income. Students in Canada taught in English and in French. The rests of Canadian children attend private schools, that are supported mainly by fees paying by parents. By law, the children must attend the school from age 5 to 16. There are several different levels in the Canadian education system .The first was called Elementary Schools, which includes kindergartens through grade 7 or 8.

第二节 书面表达(满分30分)

假定你是李华。请你给笔友Peter 写封信,告诉他你叔叔李明将去他所在城市开会,带去他想要的那幅中国画,同时询问他是否可以接机。信中还需说明:

李明:高个子,戴眼镜 航班号:CA985 到达:8月6日上午11:30

注意:1. 词数100左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头语和结束语已为你写好。 Dear Peter, Yours,

Li Hua

班级_________ 姓名_________ 考号_________ 座位号_______

-----------------密--------------封---------------线---------------

单词拼写 71___________ 72 ___________ 73 ____________ 74 ____________ 75__________ 76 ___________77 __________ 78. ____________ 79 _____________ 80_________ 短文改错 (注意做题格式规范化,否则不得分)

Get a good education is more important today than ever before. In Canada mostly children attend public schools. Public schools are mainly found by governments through tax income. Students in Canada taught in English and in French. The rests of Canadian children attend private schools, that are supported mainly by fees paying by parents. By law, the children must attend the school from age 5 to 16. There are several different levels in the Canadian education system .The first was called Elementary Schools, which includes kindergartens through grade 7 or 8. 作文Dear Peter, ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Looking forward your reply.

Yours, Lihua

高二英语摸底考试答案

答案详解:

1. 答案:D 考查permit 的用法。句意:“你允许我在这里吸烟吗?”“抱歉,在阅览室里我们不允许吸烟。”permit常用于以下两种结构:permit sb. to do sth.和permit doing sth.。

2.B only 修饰状语从句位于句首时,主句要部分倒装,而从句用正常语序。

3. 答案 A 解析 因为句子的主语是the teacher,谓语动词用单数形式,又因时间状语when the earthquake struck为一般过去时,所以选A 。在此was visiting...when...表示“正在……这时……”。

4. 答案:D 句意:他发现晚上有时候很难入睡,于是他就去看医生了。it 作形式宾语,真正的宾语是to fall asleep at night。其他选项都不能作形式宾语。

5.解析:选D 。当suggest 表示“暗示,表明”时,后接的宾语从句用陈述语气,表示“建议”时,后接的宾语从句用虚拟语气。根据语境可知,第一个宾语从句用陈述语气,而第二个宾语从句用虚拟语气,故谓语用“(should+) 动词原形”。

6. A 句意:“暴露在日光下,这花儿很快就会被晒干。”“你说的话的确有道理。”第一空expose 与flower 之间是动宾关系,所以应用过去分词作状语;第二空make sense为固定用法,表示“有道理,讲得通”。 7. 解析:选A 。考查非谓语动词的用法。根据句子结构可知,it 在句中作形式主语,动词不定式作真正的主语,由此可以排除B 、C 两项;根据句意可知,you 与defeat 是动宾关系,即要用被动形式 8. 解析:regret doing sth.后悔干了某事。答案:B

9.解析:选C 。此题考查的是conclusion 的固定搭配。和conclusion 连用的一般有come to,draw ,reach ,arrive at 等,所以此处选择C 。

10.答案:B 本题考查非谓语动词及连词的用法。本题很容易误选A ,误认为是can't help后就跟动名词。句意:我不能帮助大扫除,因为我现在正忙着包饺子。从I'm busy making some dumplings now来看,此处help 应为“帮助”,can't help(to)do sth. 表示“不能帮助做某事”;now that意为“既然”,表示原因。

11.A 考查情景对话。句意:——Jones! Roy打坏了玻璃。——没关系。这样的事情时有发生。

12. 解析:考查倍数的表达。句意:我们的会议室是他们的三倍大。正确的表达方式为:Our meeting room is three times as big as theirs. =Our meeting room is twice bigger than theirs. =Our meeting room is three times the size of theirs. 故选D 项。答案:D

13.A 考查动词短语pay attention to与虚拟语气在具体语境中的运用。worth paying attention to为后置定语修饰名词problem ,而suggest 表示“建议”的时候,从句中的谓语动词用虚拟语气(should+动词原形) 。

14. 答案B. argue with sb about / over sth 就某事与某人争论

15.答案:D 本题考查易混词lie, lay的用法辨析。句意:看到地上有一些弄坏的玩具,我把它们捡起来,放在椅子上,因此我一直没有躺着(睡觉) 。第一空用lie(躺) 的现在分词作补语;第二空为lay(放下) 的过去式laid ,与picked 并列作谓语;第三空用lie 的现在分词,与be 一起构成过去进行时。

16. C 考查短语辨析。句意:在此后的两个小时里,她在专心看电影,因而没有注意到周围所发生的事情。be engaged in“从事”;be busy with“忙于”;be absorbed in“全神贯注于”;be occupied with“忙于”。

17. 答案:D scene 为先行词时,定语从句中缺少状语,所以用where 引导。

18.A. neither …nor …连接并列主语时,谓语遵循就近一致的原则。

19.A 让对方重复所说的话,是因为没有听清楚(表示、事实) 。catch 此处意为“听清”。B 项是干扰项,说话人要表述的是“刚才没有听清”,而不是“不能听清”。

20. 答案:D 本题考查连词用法辨析。be about to do...when... 表示“正要做……这时……”,第一空用when ;第二空用before ,表示“还没来得及……就……”。

文章通过“我”和一个小姑娘秋天邂逅的故事体现了知心朋友的重要性。

1. A. 结合后面一句可知,“许多人与你在一起(with you), 却不能理解你”。

2. B. 只有真正的朋友,才能留在心中。

3. D. 结合后面的内容可知,“我”每天去听小姑娘拉小提琴。

4. D. 金黄的树叶在秋风中随风飘动。

5. A. 叶子是在风中飘动。

6. B. 现在分词用作伴随状语。

7. C. 秋天本是收获的季节,但是此处“我”却独自一人漫步在落叶之上,与下文的生活的无趣相对应。

8. C. 短语 get sb. down 意为“使人泄气; 使人疲倦”。

9.A. 琴声像山涧溪流一样,流进(flow into)“我”的耳畔。

10. A. 短语be lost in (doing) sth. “陷入„„之中”。此处指小姑娘正在聚精会神地拉小提琴。 11. B. 结合上下文可知,“我”以前与小姑娘素不相识。

12. C. “我”沉浸在优美的琴声中,不自觉地在风中伫立。

13. C. 从下文可知,“我”并不是听到琴声才下楼,而是因为两人心有灵犀,每次几乎是在小姑娘拉琴的同时,“我” 也到了楼下。因此这里应用when 。

14. A. 与上文的“生活无趣”相对,琴声让“我”觉得“生活有趣”。

15. D. 从整个句意来看,这里是一个让步状语从句。though 表“尽管”,合乎文意。

16. A. 与平日不同,琴声突然停止,小姑娘朝“我”走来,让“我”惊讶。

17. B. 由下文可知,小姑娘即将离开,故脸上闪现出悲伤的神色。

18. C. 在小姑娘眼中,“我”每天来听琴对她是一种无声的激励。

19. A. 此处是一个强调句型。

20. B. 结合全文的意思可知,在“我”看来,小姑娘就像一个梦,让“我”久久难忘阅读:【解题导语】 本文是一篇新闻,报道了一些图书馆为了吸引读者,在图书馆举办音乐活动,颠覆了人们认为图书馆应该安静的认识。

1-3 BCD 4C 解析 从第二段可知。5,B 解析 由第二、三段可知。

6. D 解析 从倒数第二段第一句的“...was honoured for her services...”可知

7-10 CBDD

七选五11-15 FAEGC

答案:1.announced 2.personally 3.analysing/analyzing 4.content 5.patience

6.challenge 7.polluted 8.Adventures 9.conclusion 10.characterastics

11.severely/seriously 12.contributions 13.attending 14.puzzled/confused 15.throughout 答案

1.Get-- Getting 2.mostly-- most 3.found --founded 4. in Canada∧-are 5.rests- rest 6.that -which 10. includes--- include

范文:How are you doing?

I’m writing to tell you that my uncle Li Ming is going to your city for a conference, and I’ve asked him to bring you the Chinese painting you’ve asked for before.Also, I’d like you to do me a favor. Would you please meet my uncle at the airport and take him to his hotel since this is his first visit to the U.S.? Thank you in advance! His flight number is CA985, and it will arrive at 11:30 am, August 6. My uncle is tall and he is wearing glasses. And he will be in a blue jacket.

Yours,

Li Hua