名言哲理性作文
初一 议论文 8440字 367人浏览 孟利娜86

一、名言哲理性作文

名言哲理型作文要求考生通过评论一句话(一般是谚语或者名言)来写一篇作文。这与其他类型的作文相比略有难度,可能会使部分考生感觉有些不适应,甚至无从下笔。因此要写好此类作文,考生必须深入了解这种类型作文的命题特点。这类作文题目给出的引言往往言简意赅,既抽象又深刻,因此考生写作之前必须仔细审题,准确把握谚语或者名言所蕴含的意义。

此类作文虽然形式上有别于提纲式作文,但具体的写作方法上仍然可以借鉴提纲式作文。文章开头部分应该在充分理 解谚语或名言含义的基础上,概括出论点,接下来通过举例或者正反两方面的说理来论证观点,最后给出总结。 模板一:①_______(概述某事物的作用). However, as _____(相关人物)once put it, _____(引用名言). It is well established that______ (给出论点).

②Blinded by ______(错误观念), we often take it for granted that ______ (错误观念). However, ______(指出现状). For instance, ______(举例说明现状). What’s more, ______(进一步举例说明).

③As far as I am concerned, ______(得出结论).

模板二: ①The saying ______(引用名言). However, ______(指出论点).

②In my opinion, ______(给出自己的观点). Such examples might be given easily. ______ (举例论证自己的观点). ③Have you ______(提出疑问)? If not, ______(提出倡议).

二、图画型作文 图画性作文包括漫画作文和图表作文。

漫画作文通常是指根据所给的一幅或几幅漫画或图片写出的作文。通常,所给漫画反映的是一定的社会现象或社会现实。这类作文难度较大,要求考生在认真分析图画的基础上,通过文字形式将图中所包含的思想内容准确地表达出来。图表型作文是指根据统计数据表格(table )、坐标曲线图(line graph)、条形图(bar chart)、饼形图(pie chart)或图片(picture)写 出的作文。图表作文的特点是以图表作为信息来源,要求考生根据图表上的信息进行对比分析,发现规律,找出所反映的社会现象,并从中看出主要问题和发展趋 势,再归纳出结论。

模板一:①What the drawing vividly depicts is that_____(图画主题).The picture illustrates that______(图画反映的现象).

②Those who favor______(观点1).In contrast,people who hold the opposite opinion maintain that______(观点2).They think that______(原因).And the cartoon above ______(举例1).For another example,______(举例2).

③As far as I am concerned,______(表达自己的观点).I suggest that______(提出解决措施).

模板二:

①As is vividly indicated in the above chart/table/graph, ______(图表主题). Especially in ______ (关键时间), ______ (图表最大特点).

②The reasons for ______ (描述现象) are as follows. Firstly, ______(原因1). Secondly, ______(原因2). Thirdly, ______(原因3).

③From the changes reflected in the chart/table/graph, we can predict/see that ______ (得出结论). For one thing, ______(产生的影响1). For another, ______(产生的影响2).

模板三: ①The cartoon above is thought-provoking.______(描述图画).Apparently,the cartoon ironically demonstrates a truth that______(揭示寓意).

②Just as ______(亮出观点).First of all,______(论据1).Let ’s take______(相关事物)as an example.______(举例1).In addition,______(论据2).Therefore,______(得出结论).

③To sum up,______(总结全文).

模板四:①From the two charts/According to the charts/According to the figures given in the charts, we can see that ______(图表数字的变化趋势).

②We can see from the statistics that______ (图表变化细节1). This means that______ (说明原因). In addition, the figures also tell us that ______(图表变化细节2). From it we can see that ______ (说明原因).

③Judging from the figures, we can predict that______ (得出结论).

提纲式作文及写作模板

一、现象解释型作文

现象解释型作文明确描述社会生活中存在的一种现象。通常要求考生首先对这一现象作出简要的说明;进而解释这种现象存在或发生的几个方面的原因,有些 题目还会要求考生分析说明这种现象可能会产生的积极或消极影响;最后要求考生表明自己的观点或看法,或者要求阐述应该如何发挥这一现象的积极作用以及如何 应对这一现象可能造成的消极影响。

模板一:①Today, it is widely acknowledged that______(相关观点). Therefore,______(提出现象).However, as for

this phenomenon, opinions vary from person to person.

②Some______(涉及人群)insist that______(支持观点). However, many other______(涉及人群)do not agree. They hold that______(反对观点).

③From my perspective, ______(自己的观点). On the one hand, ______(观点的一方面), but on the other hand,______(观点的另一方面). What's more, ______(强化自己的观点).

模板二: ①Recent decades have seen the rapid development of______(指出现象). As a result, ______(相关事物) have successfully entered our everyday life and are gaining popularity among ordinary people.

②It's no wonder that some people hold that______ (提出观点), because______ (原因综述). To start with,______ (原因1). What's more, ______(原因2). Last but not least, ______(原因3).

③As far as I am concerned, ______(自己的看法). However, with further development of______ (现象相关内容), ______ (未来前景) in the near future.

模板三: ①It is not an uncommon social phenomenon that ______(提出现象). However, opinions vary from person to person concerning this phenomenon.

②Some people hold that______ (支持观点)because______ (指出原因). Consequently, ______(说明结果). But others maintain that______ (反对观点). They argue that______ (反对理由).

③From my point of view,______ (自己的观点).

二、问题解决型

问题解决型作文也是近年来六级考试中常见的作文类型。这类作文在命题中明确提出在现实生活和社会中存在的某个亟待解决的问题,通常要求考生首先对存在的问题 进行介绍,进而针对问题产生的各方面原因及其已经或可能产生的诸多不良后果予以较为详细的分析和阐述,最后提出解决问题的方法,有些则要求说明应该如何从 自身做起,帮助解决问题。

模板一:①As is known to all, ______(导入命题). However, it is quite worrying that______ (提出问题).

②Therefore, ______(相关各方) should be greatly responsible for______ (问题内容). Firstly, ______(解决方法1). Secondly,______ (解决方法2). Thirdly,______ (解决方法3).

③But______ (相关方面) alone cannot ensure the final success in______ (问题内容). ______(问题相关方)should also take an active part in______ (怎么做1). They/We should ______(怎么做2).

模板二:①It is widely acknowledged taht _______(某事物的重要性1).Besides,______(重要性2).

②However,_______(事物出现的问题).Some people prefer to______(问题表现或原因1). Others tend to_______(问题表现或原因2).

③As the salt of the earth, college students should be fully aware of ______(相关事物). Therefore, we should______(自身怎么做1).We should also______(自身怎么做2).

模板三:

①In recent years, ______(消极现象) has been prevailing ______(盛行范围).

②There are three main factors that can account for this phenomenon. First and foremost, ______(原因1). Moreover, ______(原因2). Last but not least, ______(原因3). As a result,______ (结果).

③In my view, effective measures should be taken to solve the problem. First, ______(解决方法1). Second, ______(解决方法2). Third, ______(解决方法3).

三、对比选择型作文

对比选择型作文往往给出社会上热议的某一观点或现象,一般要求考生就此从两个方面进行论述,进而表明自己对这一问题的观点或态度,也就是做出选择。

模板一:

①It is widely believed that______(指出现象).What ’s more,______(进一步阐述该现象).Many people strongly advocate it owing to______(支持原因).However,_______(相关因素),people ’s ideas vary.

②On the one hand,some people hold that ______(第一种观点及原因).On the other hand,a great many people insist that_______(第二种观点及原因).

③As far as I am concerned, however,______(自己的态度及理由).Therefore,it is time that_____(得出结论).

模板二:①A great many people______(提出观点).First and foremost,some people incline to______(赞成原因1).What ’s more,they maintain that______(赞成原因2)

②On the contrary, the vast majority of people assume that_______(提出相反的观点).

③In my opinion,______(提出自己的观点).For one thing,______(理由1).For another,______(理由2).

模板三:①With the development of society,people attach more importance to ______(提出现象).They regard it as______(进一步阐述该现象).

②Should we______(提出观点)?______(相关答案).To begin with,______(理由1).What ’s more,_______(理由2).

③For my part,______(表明自己的态度).Most importantly,_______(进行进一步阐述).

四、观点议论型作文

观点议论型作文一般要求考生根据题目中的论点,按提纲的结构要求对其进行论证,最后表明自己的立场和看法,即通过摆事实、讲道理的方式剖析事物,论证事理,发表意见,确立或否定某一主张。观点论证型作文的表达方式一般以议论为主,叙事、说明为辅。

模板一:①Recently, we often hear complaints about______(提出现象).We can see that______(进一步阐述该现象). ②The following factors need to be taken into consideration.First and foremost,______(原因1).What ’s more,_______(原因2).As a result,_______(结果).

③From my point of view,_______(自己的态度).In the frist place,______(理由1).Furthermore,_______(理由

2).Hence,______(结论).

模板二:①_______is always regarded as(提出观点). However,_______(指出特殊情况).

②For one thing._______(原因/看法1). For another._______(原因/看法2).

③On the whole, it is important to keep in mind that_______(自己的态度).

模板三:①Thereare many factors that_______(与论点相关的内容〉.But of_______(所有因素),

I believe_______(个人论点〉to be the most important one for the following reasons.

②The first reason is that_______(原因1). Another reason is that_______(原因2). Finally._______(原因3).

③Inshort. I believe _______(重申自己的观点).Thus we should_______(提出建议).

五、应用书信型作文

应用书信型作文指的是书信类的应用文,主要包括简历、广告、通知、道歉信、咨询信、投诉信、邀请信等。 —般来说,英文书信的结构通常包括六个组成部分:信头(heading ,包括寄信人地址和日期)、信内地址(inside address ,指收信人地址)、称呼(salutation )、正文(body )、结束语(complimentary close) 、签名(signature) ,有时候还包括附言(post 〉和附件(attachment ),一般考试中只要求包括称呼、正文、结束语和签名四个部分,写作应用书信型作文时内容要直截了当,中心突出,层次分明,格式正确,语言得体。

模板一:①Dear______(称呼),

②Iwant to express my_______(感谢、歉意等)for_______(相关事件).Thank you for/I will be very grateful if_______(表示感谢).

③_______(相关陈述). However, the situation does not allow me to do this./ However. I am afraid I cannot accept your kind offer. _______(阐述原因).

④I sincerely hope that_______(表达真诚的愿望).

⑤Yours sincerely,

_______(写信人姓名)

模板二: ①Dear_______(称呼),

②_______ (客套话),but I am writing to express my dissatisfaction with/I venture to write you a letter about/I am afraid I ’m not content with_______(简要概括投诉内容).

③Firstly,_______(问题1). Secondly. _______(问题2). Finally. _______(问题3). /_______(问题1). What is worse._______ (问题2).

④I/We do hope that_______(提出意愿或建议).

⑤Yours sincerely,

_______(写信人姓名)

模板三: ①Dear_______(称呼),

②I am_______(简要介绍自己的身份)and hope_______(提出希望). I will be grateful if you would be kind enough to_______(对方的相关行为).

③First ,_______(咨询问题1). Second._______(咨询问题2).Third,_______(咨询问题3).

④I wish_______(再次重申希望)./ I would greatly appreciate it if_______(向收信人可能提供的帮助表示感谢). ⑤Yours respectfully,

_______(写信人姓名)