名师指导-短期内托福作文大跨越_托福写作
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名师指导:短期内托福作文大跨越_托福写作

想在短期内克服写作单项,如果仅仅模仿剑桥范文,必定是美中不足,甚至是不智之举,因为通常在字里行间找不到任何缺点,也学不到多少优点。考官答题的方法因人而异,因时而异,因题而异,所以不管是官方书本,或之外的作品,应该各有所长。一般人认为称职的烤鸭不能忽视剑桥范文,否则吃亏在眼前。

说明个人打造写作格式的必要,猫头鹰引用曾任考官的英国佬Simons ,提醒每位童鞋自创一套驾轻就熟的个人写法,藉以不变应万变。

Model essays can be extremely useful because they show you what you are aiming for, and they contain good

vocabulary and correct grammar. However, the model essays in some IELTS books seem to confuse students because they are written in many different ways.

Although there is no 'right way' to write any essay, you should find one way and stick with it. If you write in a

different way, don't worry! Use the essays for ideas and vocabulary, but don't change your method. Maybe you could even rewrite the model essays using your method.

至于如何铸造适个性的写作方法,猫头鹰建议古今中外公认的议论文心图,搞定【起承转合】的前呼后应,逻辑连贯:

第一段》起有趣—申论主题(话题从宽而窄,起中有合)

1. 提出答题的立场,藉以限定主题的范围。

2. 提出议论的焦点,藉以缩小主题的话题。

3. 提出焦点的两面,藉以预表主题的论证。

第二段》承有理—支持主题(逻辑论证:理由例子细节)

第三段》转有理—支持主题(逻辑论证:理由例子细节)

第四段》合有力—重申主题(话题由窄而宽,合中有起)

1. 归纳焦点的两面,藉以综合承转的论证。

2. 还原议论的焦点,藉以扩大主题的话题。

3. 再提答题的立场,藉以重申文章的主题。

考官或外教写英文范文,占尽母语的便宜而信口开河,而出口成章。多数范文趋向朴实,正是这种自然平凡最难学了。自然成习惯,习惯成自然。新鲜烤鸭写作难免困难重重,不信若换成老外写汉文雅思,那还不是笑话百出?

猫头鹰爱吃辣,总觉得剑桥范文全是营养十足,只嫌部分作品味道不够刺激。任何文章如果缺乏刺激,显然不好玩又不好记住。剑桥系列亮光闪闪,好处说不尽,比如说英文的亮点:修辞的效率,句法的变换,字汇的恰当。谈到作文的亮点,可能个别范文往往有所不同。网友不妨检验三个亮点:主题有焦点?结构有组织?内容有论证?

剑桥范文不论作者,到底哪几篇对你最来电?也许可以利用特别喜欢的范文格式来改装为自己行文的格式。写作如开车,只要自己拥有一套固定的写法,有如上快车道。

》猫头鹰阅读心得:

—没有任何范文值得全篇背诵,倒是应该牢记若干写作时可能用得上的完整句子。

—体验写作技巧,如何发展主题,结构,内容。

—亲手笔记作者所提出的好用ideas 作为例证的参考,如理由,例子,细节。

—不同的写手有不同的格式,不可能都学,也不必死心跟定一人,只有利用自己的格式才能驾轻就熟。

—潜移默化范文的靠谱亮点(写作评分标准):完整答题,逻辑连贯,字汇灵活,句法修辞。

—满分范文的特点是平凡,其实最难学的是平凡,也就是文体自然而不生硬,又不好高骛远。

》评分考官提醒(Writing Exam Skills):

1—Read the topic carefully to understand what you are asked to write about. You may want to read it more than once.

2—Think before you write. You may take notes about a logical plan to develop your essay.

3—Write grammatically at rhetorical, syntactic and lexical levels.

4—How well you write is much more important than how much you write. What matters more is the overall quality of your essay.

5—Don't bother learning essays by heart to use in the exam. Examiners are looking out for this kind of response and will mark you down for it.

6—It's much better to work on developing your good writing skills.

7—You can't impress by copying words and phrases from the question paper. Try to use your own words at all times.

8—Try to avoid repeating the same words, phrases and ideas too often. Use as wide a range of vocabulary as you can. It's also better to avoid repeating the same idea too often.

9—Explore different ideas to provide a balanced response.

10—Leave time to check your answer at the end. If you can, check spelling mistakes, verb and subject agreements, singular/plural nouns, and the flow of your writing.

OWL:猫头鹰在线写作实验室议论文

海外大学教师谢振礼Jeenn Lee Hsieh