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Urbanization should be people-oriented

The so-called urbanization is the process that people comes from countryside transforms to the urban people. The essence of urbanization is citizenization of migrant workers. Urbanization has a tremendous and profound impact on economy, society and culture. The rate of china’s urbanization was about 20 percent in the beginning of reform and open and the official figures indicated that rate of urbanization in china has exceeded 50 percent last year. For a long time, this low- cost urbanization has lead that a large number of migrant workers can ’t enjoy the treatment same as citizen. At the same time, they can’t go back to the hometown. The third plenary session of twelve has clearly presented that we must perfect the system of urbanization. It is said the quality of urbanization should be comprehensively improved so that more migrant workers can enjoy equal public service and get more development opportunity.

Due to the limitation of objective and subjective reasons, we can find that some issues involved in all aspects of the economy, society, resources and environment have exposed throughout the process of urbanization in china. And we must maintain keen vigilance to them because they may lead that policies of government can ’t be enforced. These issues are mainly in three aspects following. Firstly, some areas prefer the urbanization of land to people. Thus peasantries’ lands are compulsory acquisition and their interests are occupied. Secondly, urbanization has been kidnapped by real estate in china. Buildings become the leading actor in the urbanization. Thirdly, government pays more attention to build the city and ignores the management of the city. So in most case, the cities are magnificent and it doesn ’t benefits the local people. At the same time, it is unbalance between big and middle cities development. The counties near peasant lost the leading role in the urbanization.

The essence of urbanization in reality is real estate now. It seems like the migrant workers have come into the city. The reality is that people not only lost the land and ways to live, but also doesn’t get the welfare which the citizen have yet. They often have enough money to buy commercial residential building. And the education, medical treatment and even minimum living allowance also have nothing with them. When the urbanization sacrifices the benefits of rural regions and peasants, it is opposite to original intention of urbanization.

The city is the engine of growth. This engine depends on the hands of marketing and government jointly. Urban development has its own inherent laws. It is proved that we will pay the price if we violate this law.

It is essential to have a deep understanding of the long-term, arduous and complex nature of urbanization in developing country whose population has accounted for nearly 1 /5 of world.

Therefore, urbanization in china should be people-oriented and aim to deliver equitable benefits to all. Even though there are many issues exited now, the government must pursue urbanization in an innovative way to make sure that people can enjoy modern and civilized way of life and promote social harmony and progress. China should build harmonious and livable modern cities, promote rural migrant population's integration into cities, deliver equal basic public services, including employment, education, medical care and health and social security. To avoid real estate leading the urbanization, government should give priority to building government subsidized housing. All these steps should be taken to ensure that development benefits and urban civilization are enjoyed by all.