倒装句和作文魔鬼15句
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英语句子通常有两种语序:一种主语在前, 谓语在后, 称为自然语序, 另一种谓语在前, 主语在后, 称为倒装语序

按“主语+ 谓语” 这种顺序排列的句子是陈述语序。如果排列顺序变为“谓语( 或谓语一部分)+主语”,就是倒装。倒装句分为:

一、部分倒装

就是把谓语中的be 动词、助动词或情态动词置于主语前面。常见于下列几种情况:

(一). only所修饰的副词,介词短语或状语从句放在句首时,要用:

only+ 状语+ be /助动词/情态动词+主语+其他

如:Only in this way can you make progress in your English.

注意:only 修饰主语时,不需要倒装。

(二). 含有否定意义的副词或连词放在句首时。如:never, little, seldom, not, not only, not until, hardly ,rarely, in no way等。如: Seldom do we get up at four in the morning.

(三). 在so…that, such…that句型中,若把so, such引导的结构放在句首时。

So interesting is the book that he can’t put it down.

(四). 省略了if 的虚拟条件句中,把were, had或should 放在句首时。

如:Were I you, I would take the job.

(五). 把副词so 放在句首,表示前面所说的情况也适用于另一个人或物。

I like reading English, so does he.

(六). 把neither, nor放在句首,表示前面的否定内容也适用于另一个人或物。

If you won't go, neither will I.

(七) 用于as/though引导的让步状语从句中。“形容词/副词/名词+as /though+主语+谓语/be, +句子”

注意:当表语为名词时,则名词前不加任何冠词;主谓并不倒装。

Hard as he works, he doesn’t make any progress.

Child as he is, he knows a lot.

二、全部倒装

就是把整个谓语部分放在主语之前。注意:谓语动词的数要与后面的主语保持一致。常见于几种情况:

(一). 用于地点副词here, there,方位副词out, in, up, down及时间副词now, then等开头的句子里,以示强调。 Look! Here comes the bus. 这种倒装要求:主语必须是名词。主语是人称代词时,主语和谓语语序不变。

Here it is.它在这儿 注意:这类倒装句式一般只用一般现在时和一般过去时。

Here comes the bus.

Out rushed the boys.

(二). 当表示地点的介词短语放句首时。注意:谓语多为be, lie, sit, stand, come, walk等不及物动词;倒装时不需要助动词。 Under the table are three white cats.

(三)there 放在句首时,要用倒装句式。

在“there + be”结构中的谓语动词有时不用be , 而用表示类似“存在”观念的其他不及物动词。如:live, stand, come, lie等。 There lies a large wheat field in front of the house.

Long long ago, there lived an old man in the forest.

巩固练习

1._______ and caught the mouse.

A. Up the cat jumped B. The cat up jumped C. Up jumped the cat D. Jumped up the cat

2.______ and the lesson began.

A. In came Mr Brown B. Mr Brown in came C. In came he D. came in Mr Brown

4. —Where is my shirt, mum? —_________.

A. There is it B. There it is C. There is D. Here is it

5. —Where is your father? —Oh, ________.

A. here he comes B. he here comes C. here does he come D. here comes he

7. Now ______ your turn to recite the text.

A. will come B. comes C. has come D. there is

9.________ playing soldiers.

A. Inside the room were two boys B. Inside the room two boys

C. Were two boys inside the room D. Inside the room was two boys

10. On the wall _______ two large portraits. A. are hanging B. hanged C. hang D. hangs

11._______ who was wounded in the stomach.

A. Among them were a soldier B. Among them was a soldier C. Among them a soldier was D. Among th ey was a soldier

12. Next door to ours ________ , who is no less than eighty.

A. that lives an old man B. does an old man live C. lives an old man D. where lives an old man

13.She plays the piano very well, ______.

A. so every one of us does B. every one of us does C. so does every one of us D. so do every one of us

14.You say he works hard, ______, and _____.

A. so he does; so you do B. so he does; so do you C. so does he; so do you D. so does he; so you do

15. —I thought you women were absent at the meeting. —__________.

A. So we were B. So we did C. So were we D. So did we

16.I don’t think Jack will come today, _____.

A. nor will Mary B. and Mary doesn’t C. Mary will either D. or Mary does

17. She is fond of cooking, _____I .

A. so am B. nor am C. neither do D. nor do

19.A fish needs water and without water it will die._______.

A. So does a man B. So will a man C. So it is with a man D. So is it with a man

21.So loudly ______ that every one of the class could hear him.

A. did he speak B. did he spoke C. spoke he D. he spoke

22. __________ his appearance that no one could recognize him.

A. Strange so was B. So strange was C. Was so strange D. So was strange

23.Not once ______ their plan.

A. did they change B. they changed C. changed they D. they did change

24. Never ______ such a wonderful place as Hangzhou.

A. are seeing B. had I seen C. I have seen D. have I seen

25.Seldom ______ TV during the day.

A. they watch B. are they watching C. have they watched D. do they watch

29. Not only _______ a promise, but also he kept it.

A. has he made B. does he make C. he made D. did he make

30. Not until his classmates blamed him _______ to admit (承认) his mistake.

A. had he begun B. began he C. did he begin D. does he begin

英语写作“魔鬼句型”15句

一、Sb/Sth. Is the + 最高级 + 名词 +(that )+ sb. + has ever + seen (known/heard/had/read)

如:Music is the most beautiful thing that I have ever heard.音乐是我听过的最美妙的东西。

二、Nothing is + 比较级+ than to do sth.

如:Nothing is more relaxing than to listen to music.没有比听音乐更令人放松的事。

三、We cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(我们再怎么强调... 的重要性也不为过。)

如:We can’t emphasize the importance of listening to music too much.我们再怎么强调听音乐的重要性也不为过。

四、There is no denying that + 句子(不可否认的是, ……)

如:There is no denying that music is becoming more and more important in our daily lives.不可否认的是,音乐在我们的生活中正变得越来越重要。

五、There is no doubt that + 句子 (毫无疑问,……)

There is no doubt that healthy habits are important to us.毫无疑问,健康的习惯对我们来说是重要的。

六An advantage of.... is that + 句子(……的优点是……)

如:An advantage of listening to music is that it can make us relaxed.听音乐的一个优点是它能令我放松。

七、The reason why + 句子 is that + 句子(……的原因是……)

如:The reason why they prefer this kind of music is that it can make them excited.他们喜欢这种音乐的原因是它能使他们放松。

八、So + 形容词 + be + 主语+ that + 句子(如此……以致于……)

So important is music that I listen to it every day.音乐是如此的重要,以至于我每天都听它。

九、形容词 + as + 主语+ be, 句子(虽然……,但是....... )

如: Beautiful as this kind of music is, I don’t like it at all.虽然这种音乐很优美,但是我不喜欢它。

十、The +比较级 + 主语 + 谓语/be, the + 比较级 + 主语 + 谓语/be.

如:The more you listen to music, the more relaxed you will fell.你越听音乐,你就会越放松。

十一、By +doing sth., sb. can do sth.(通过做某事,某人能够做某事。)

如:By listening to music, we can relax ourselves and have a good rest.通过听音乐,我们可以放松自己并好好休息。 十二、主语+enable + 宾语+ to do sth. (……使……能够……)

如:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed. 听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十三、On no account can we + do sth.(我们绝对不能……)

如: On no account can we ignore the importance of music.我们绝对不能忽略音乐的重要性。

十四、It is time +主语+ 过去式 (该是……的时候了)

It is time we spent as much time as we could studying.该是我们花费尽可能多的时间学习的时候了。

十五、Those who+谓语+宾语+谓语+宾语(……的人……)

如:Those who like music that is quiet think it can make them relaxed.喜欢听安静的音乐的人认为它可以使他们放松。