五年级 记叙文 9644字 1392人浏览 超越自我20112

1 中考英语作文分类好词好句

1. 学校生活及学习成绩

put one’s heart into … 一心扑在…上 be fond of … 喜欢/爱好…… make progress in … 在……方面取得进步 be getting on well with one’s study (某人)学业进展得很好 work hard at … 努力学习

live up to one’s hope 不辜负某人的期望

be active in class (work ) 在课堂上(工作中)表现积极 take an active part in … 积极参加…… learn sth . by heart 谙记某事,牢记在心 work out a problem 解决一个问题 improve oneself in … 在某方面提高自己 have a good command of … 精通……

lay a good foundation in (language study) 在(语言学习)方面奠定一个好的基础

2. 师生关系

get on well with sb. 与某人相处得很好 raise a question 提问

like to be with students 喜欢与学生相处 be gentle with us 对我们很友善 be strict with one’s pupils 对学生要求严格 be strict in work 对工作要求严格 help sb. with sth. 用……帮助某人 praise sb. for sth . 由于某事赞扬某人 blame sb. for sth . 为(某事)责备某人 give sb. advice on sth. 在方面给某人建议 be satisfied with … 对……满意 develop good study habits 养成良好学习习惯 make one’s lessons lively and interesting 使课堂生动并且吸引人 devote all one’s time to work 将自己所有的时间都投入工作之中

admire sb. for his devotion to the cause of education 佩服某人对于教育事业献身精神

3. 课外活动及周末生活

spend one’s time in many different ways 以多种不同的方式消磨时间 enjoy doing things by oneself 喜欢独自做某事 have an outing at 去度假

see the sights of … 在…观光

enjoy a family trip 享受一次家庭旅游

2 get everything ready for 为…做好一切准备 We enjoy a change from our busy life in the city. 我们享受一种都市繁忙生活之外变化。

4. 彼此沟通信息

get information about … 了解…… express one’s idea(feelings )in English 用英语表达自己的思想(情感) wri te sb a letter saying … 给某人写信说…… apologize to sb. for … 为……向某人道歉 thank you for … 感谢你…… take a message for sb. 给某人带口信 hear from sb. 从(某人处)听说 explain sth . to sb. 向某人解释某事 look upon sb as … 把某人认为…… think sb. to be … 认为某人…… take sb’s side 站在某人一边;支持某人

5. 事件中人的态度

show sb one’s thanks 表示感谢 My heart beats fast 心跳加速 hesitate for a few minutes 犹豫了几分钟 give sb a meaningful smile 冲某人意味深长的一笑 prevent sb. from doing sth . 阻止某人做某事 call on sb. to do sth . 号召某人做某事 drive sb. off 赶走某人 think highly of sb. 对某人评价很高 force sb. to do sth . 强迫某人做某事 offer to do sth . 主动提出做某事 refuse to do sth . 拒绝做某事 agree to do sth . 同意做某事 regret doing sth . 遗憾做过某事

6. 事情过程

set out without a delay 一点没耽误地出发了 do sth . as usual 像平常一样做某事 do what he wants us to do 做他让我们做的事 set about doing sth . 开始做某事 try one’s best to do sth . = go all out to do sth . 尽力做某事 get into trouble 陷入困境 help sb. out 帮助某人解决困难;帮忙 have the habit of doing sth . 有做某事的习惯 have no trouble in doing sth . 做某事没困难 make up one’s mind to do sth . 下决心做某事 give up doing sth . 放弃做某事

3 find a way to do sth . 找到做某事的方法

I’m afraid we are out of 我担心我们失去…

pass the time doing sth . 做某事来消磨时间

feel a little excited about doing sth . 对做某事感到有一点兴奋 can’t help doing sth . 禁不住做某事

7. 感官活动与思维活动

b e delighted in doing … 做某事很愉快

take a pleasure in doing sth . 做某事很高兴

be sick for one’s home 怀念家乡

have a strong desire to do sth . 对做某事有强烈的愿望。 look around for … (在某地)查找/搜寻…… catch sight of … 看见……

take a look at … 看一眼…

have a good understanding of … 对……能很好地理解 consider sb. (sth. )to be 认为某人(某物)… come to know … 开始认识到……

realize that +从句 认识到……

know that +从句 知道……

8. 信件开头常用语

I was delighted to receive your letter. 我很高兴收到你的来信。 Your letter came to me this morning. 我今天上午收到了你的来信。 It was a great pleasure to learn that 。。。

I have received your letter of July the 29th. 我已经收到了你7月29号的来信。 I’m writing to you about the lecture to be given next Monday.


I’m writing to ask if you can come next week .


How time flies ! It’s three months since I saw you last.


Thank you for your letter.谢谢你给我写信。

In reply to your letter about the exhibition this year …


Let me tell you that … 让我告诉你……

9. 信件结尾常用语

Tom joins me in sending all good wishes to you and your family .


I imagine we’ll see you again , so I’ll end for now.


Please remember me to your whole family. 请代我向你全家问好。 Give my best regards (wishes )to your mother. 请代我向你妈妈致意。 Best wishes. 致以最良好的祝愿。

4 With love

爱你的 Wish you a pleasant journey.

祝你旅途愉快。 Wish you success.

祝你成功。 Wish you the best of health (luck )

祝你健康(好运)。 Looking forward to your next visit to China.

欢迎您下次再来中国。 Expecting to hear from you as soon as possible.


10. 其他

There is something wrong with …

……有问题。 It happens that …

碰巧…… It take sb. some time to do sth .

某人花费一些时间做某事 It is said that …

据说… be fit for …

适合于… be short of

缺乏 have no choice but to do sth .

除了做某事外,别无选择 I can’t help it.

我无法抑制自己。 be in need of …

需要/缺少…… be mistaken about …

把……搞错 fall behind

落后于(…) catch up with …

紧跟/追赶…… be welcome to do sth .



一、 长短句原则 写一个短小精辟的句子,相反,却可以起到画龙点睛的作用。而且如果我们把短句放在段首或者段末,也可以揭示主题:

As a creature, I eat; as a man, I read. Although one action is to meet the primary need of my body and the other is to satisfy the intellectual need of mind, they are in a way quite similar.

二、 主题句原则

To begin with, you must work hard at your lessons and be fully prepared before the exam(主题句). Without sufficient preparation, you can hardly expect to answer all the questions correctly.

三、 一二三原则

1)first, second, third, last

2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally

3)the first, the second, the third, the last

4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly

5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)

6)to start with, next, in addition, finally

7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least


8)most important of all, moreover, finally

9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)

10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)

四、 短语优先原则


I cannot bear it.

I want it.

五、 多实少虚原则

比如我们说一个很好的时候,不应该之说nice 这样空洞的词,应该使用一些诸如generous, humorous, interesting, smart, gentle, warm-hearted, hospital 之类的形象词。 走出房间,general 的词是:walk out of the room 但是小偷走出房间应该说:slip out of the room 小姐走出房间应该说:sail out of the room 小孩走出房间应该说:dance out of the room 老人走出房间应该说:stagger out of the room

六、 多变句式原则





Not only the fur coat is soft, but it is also warm.

其它的短语可以用: besides, furthermore, likewise, moreover


The car was quite old, yet it was in excellent condition.

The coat was thin, but it was warm.

更多的短语: despite that, still, however, nevertheless, in spite of, despite, notwithstanding


The snow began to fall, so we went home.

更多短语: then, therefore, consequently, accordingly, hence, as a result, for this reason, so that


主语从句,表语从句,宾语从句的变形。 举例:This is what I can do.


The man whom you met yesterday is a friend of mine.

I don’t enjoy that book you are reading.

Mr liu, our oral English teacher, is easy-going.




Whether your tastes are modern or traditional, sophisticated or simple, there is plenty in London for you.

Nowadays, energy can be obtained through various sources such as oil, coal, natural gas, solar heat, the wind and ocean tides.

We have got to study hard, to enlarge our scope of knowledge, to realize our potentials and to pay for our life.

七、 挑战极限原则

它就是分词的一种特殊形式,分词要求主语一致,而独立主格则不然。比如: The weather being fine, a large number of people went to climb the Western Hills.

Africa is the second largest continent, its size being about three times that of China.

7 初中阅读理解常用的体裁有:

(一)故事类。 (二)科普类。











what,when,where,who,whose,how,why 等引出。做这样的题,可以采用“题干定位法”,即先弄清楚题干问什么,然后直接到文中寻找相关信息。带着问题去读文章,目的明确,容易抓住文中与问题相关的信息点。



!)The writer mentions all of the following EXCEPT.

2) Which of the following is TRUE/NOT true according to the passage?

3)Which of the following statements is mentioned/NOT mentioned in the third paragraph?

针对这样的题目,同学们只要运用Skimming (略读)的方法,先整体上阅读文章,然后从原文中找到相关语句进行理解分析,就可以确定答案。要注意的是,不要孤立地理解单个句子,而要结合上下文语境来理解。


主旨大意题旨在考查考生把握全文主题和理解中心思想的能力,也就是考查考生的归纳概括和综合阅读能力。这类试题包括要求考生选出短文的标题(title, headline ),短文或段落的主题(subject )、中心思想(main idea)等。 技巧点拨

这种题型要注意文章的首段和每段的首句或最后一句。文章的首段或每段的首句 往往可能是文章或每段的中心,是作者要说明的对象或作者要阐述的观点,尾句是文章的结论或表达作者的意图、态度、目的。注意到这一点,才能抓住中心,为理解文章奠定良好的基础。





常以infer (推断),imply (暗示),suggest, conclude(推断),learn, intend(意指),mean, describe, purpose等词提问。









词义猜测题是根据上下文正确理解某些单词或短语的意思。主要分为两类:没学过的单词或短语;it, them等代词所指定的内容。



2) 根据同义词猜测生词词义,一是要看由and 或or 连接的同义词词组,二是看在进一步解释的过程中使用的同义词;

3) 通过因果关系猜生词词义,首先是找出生词与上下文之间的逻辑关系,然后才能猜词。有时文章借助关联词表示前因后果;



技 巧 点 拨



接着,浏览题目再读文章,可以带着题目有的放矢地在文中圈圈划划、做标记,查找解答题目的依据,避免毫无目的地通读文章,许多局部性题目都可以通过原文中的一两句话直接找到答案。第三、第四次阅读主要是定度答案。 最后,若是做回答问题时,先须把握全文整体意思。