4-2翻译作文
初二 其它 17872字 9025人浏览 s感受坊

Part Ⅰ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 189 words.

本题得分:--/15分

The Most Important Factor for Success

1. 成功的因素很多(如勤奋、能力、外界环境、机遇等等)

2. 我认为最重要的因素是

3. 我的理由

你的答案

未作答

参考范文

The Most Important Factor for Success

There are many factors that can bring success such as diligence, capability, chances, etc. Among these factors, I think diligence is the most important one.

Successful people are all diligent. As we all know, Thomas Edison, the most famous inventor in the world, had a large number of inventions. That was because he was diligent. When his experiments failed, he tried again and again. It was said that before he successfully invented the light bulb, he had done the same experiments over one thousand times. Therefore, diligence contributed a lot to Edison's success.

Although sometimes people achieve their success easily, I don't think it can last long. They, without diligence, won't work hard to maintain their success. Sooner or later they will lose it. In my opinion, diligence is the most important factor to achieve success.

范文点评:

此作文是一篇涉及成功因素话题的论述文,考生需要根据所给提示进行写作。本文语言规范、地道,结构清晰。作者首先开门见山,第一段指出自己认为勤奋是决定成功最重要的因素。第二段通过爱迪生的事例,指出只有勤奋和不断努力,才能在无数次的失败之后获得成功。最后一段延续第二段的话题,说明不靠勤奋得来的成功是不会长久的。

Part Ⅰ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 187 words.

本题得分:--/15分

Renting an Apartment off Campus

1. 现在大学生在校外租房的现象很普遍

2. 这种现象产生的原因

3. 我的看法

你的答案

未作答

参考范文

Renting an Apartment off Campus

Nowadays, an increasing number of college students would rather rent an apartment off campus than live in a dormitory. This phenomenon has raised considerable concern among parents and college faculties about living off campus, which is caused by the following reasons.

To begin with, living conditions of an apartment off campus may be better than those of a dormitory.

A rented apartment is often equipped with an independent washroom and a shower equipment which may be of great advantage over the school dormitory. In general, a typical dormitory often accomodates four or six, or even eight students and it is too crowded and noisy for those who prefer private space as well as quiet circumstances. In addition, instead of being regulated by dormitory rules, students may enjoy more freedom in a rented apartment.

If college students intend to rent an apartment, I think they should give top priority to safety. It is important to make a survey of the surroundings first to ensure the security. Besides, when they tend to enjoy the freedom, they should have a better sense of self-control and make good use of their time.

范文点评:

作文是一篇涉及校外租房话题的论述文,考生需要根据所给大纲进行写作。本文语言规范、地道、结构清晰。作者首先指出了当下大学生校外租房的普遍性;第二段通过to begin with 和in addition的使用,清晰地列举出校外租房相对于住宿舍的优势:公寓房条件要比宿舍好,而且学生可以享有更多的自由。最后,作者给出了自己的建议,如果想要校外租房,首先要考虑的就是安全问题。

A Reply to a Stressed Friend's Letter

1. 说明已收到来信,清楚了解朋友的压力及原委

2. 宽慰朋友并提出建议来帮助朋友减轻压力

A Reply to a Stressed Friend's Letter

Dec. 25, 2010

Dear Li Ming,

As we know, taking the college entrance examination has far-reaching significance to our lives, but I don't think it's necessary to feel severely stressed about it.

Believe it or not, feeling stressed always has a negative effect on you. You may lose appetite and may not want to go over the subjects in the following days before the approaching examination. Consequently, it will in turn distract you from your revision work, which is of great importance.

I can tell you some shortcuts to relieving stress. First of all, don't repeat the very word "examination" every now and then in your mind. You should calm down and stay cool to focus on the revision of the subjects. Second, I suggest that you should listen to some Chinese classical music to ease your mind when you feel stressed. Third, walking around on campus, either alone or with friends, is also a good way to help you relax. In a word, you should create a relaxed atmosphere to prepare yourself for the coming challenge.

Wish you good luck.

Sincerely yours,

Wang Gang

Part Ⅰ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 182 words.

本题得分:--/15分

On DINK

1. 丁克家庭越来越多

2. 产生丁克家庭的原因

3. 我对丁克家庭的看法

你的答案

未作答

参考范文

On DINK

DINK is the short form of "Double Income No Kids". It refers to a married couple who both have decent jobs, but would like to lead a childless life. Nowadays, DINK has become more and more popular, especially in developed countries.

But what are the reasons for this phenomenon? For one thing, people are under great pressure in work or life in the highly competitive society. Excessive stresses often make them feel breathless, and even lead to some physical and mental disorders. Under such circumstances, how can they have time and energy to raise a child? For another, raising a child consumes a large amount of money. A survey shows that an average Chinese family usually spends at least RMB 600,000 on a child, not to mention the time and energy that they devote, and the sacrifices that they make. Therefore, the appearance of the DINK family just reflects people's mentality in a highly competitive modern society and choosing to lead a DINK lifestyle is a way to relieve tension for many people, especially white-collar workers.

Personally, I don't want to have a DINK family. If nobody wants to have a child for whatever reasons, how can a nation or even the human beings continue to exist? Besides, a child can bring a lot of joy to a family. And when people get old, their child will take good care of them. Therefore, a DINK family is not the lifestyle I will choose in the future.

范文点评:

范文第一段首先说明了丁克一词的含义,然后提到丁克家庭现象在一些国家,尤其是发达国家正变得越来越流行;第二段首先以提问的形式开头,然后具体说明丁克现象产生的原因:一方面,在竞争日趋激烈的现代社会中,人们承受的来自工作和生活的压力越来越大,过多的压力甚至导致了人们生理和心理的紊乱,有些年轻人没有时间和精力去生孩子;另一方面,抚养一个孩子要花费大量的时间和金钱,因此丁克式的生活成为一些白领减轻压力的方式;在第三段中,作者表述了自己对于丁克的看法。范文第二段中运用了for one thing, for another, therefore等连接词,使上下文行文连贯,过渡自然。第三段在开头部分运用了personally 一词明确表明了自己的观点,后面又分别用连词besides 和and 作为开头,陈述了产生此观点的原因。范文的内容充实,表述客观、准确。

Part Ⅰ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 183 words.

本题得分:--/15分

Mobile Phones on Campus

1. 校园里越来越多的学生使用手机

2. 使用手机对学生的影响

3. 总结自己的观点并提出建议

你的答案

未作答

参考范文

Mobile Phones on Campus

With the development of science and technology, people have become increasingly aware of the necessity of using mobile phones. Even students on campus begin to use mobile phones and view them as a must. The following are my points of view.

Mobile phones, on the one hand, are beneficial to students. To begin with, they enable students to keep in touch with their parents and friends more conveniently and quickly. Moreover, with their various functions such as information storage, media player and camera, mobile phones also make students' life more colorful and meaningful. On the other hand, mobile phones have some negative effects on students. First, they cost students a great amount of money. Second, they may distract students from their study, which does harm to their future. Third, they sometimes become a nuisance especially when they are brought into class or the library, which disturbs the teacher and other students.

As far as I am concerned, it is not good for students to use mobile phones, especially for those elementary and middle school students, since their main task is to study. In my opinion, universities should make some rules to discourage students from using mobile phones on campus. Moreover, parents may also forbid their children to take mobile phones to school.

范文点评:

此作文是一篇涉及校园内手机使用话题的论述文。考生需要根据所给提示来写作。 本文语言规范、地道,结构清晰。作者首先指出了当下校园内手机使用的普遍性;第二段分别列举了学生使用手机的益处和危害:手机的使用方便了学生和父母朋友的沟通,也令他们的生活变得丰富多彩。与此同时,手机会增加学生的开销,也会影响他们的学业。结尾处作者亮明了自己的观点:学生不应该使用手机,尤其是中小学生。学校和家长也要想办法,禁止学生把手机带到校园。

Part Ⅰ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 184 words.

本题得分:--/15分

Printed Book or E-book

1. 随着网络不断深入人们生活,电子图书逐渐受到大众欢迎

2. 与传统图书相比,电子图书具有的优势

3. 我的看法

你的答案

未作答

参考范文

Printed Book or E-book?

As the computer and Internet technology heads its way into everyone's daily life, the printed world gradually loses its dominance. You can almost certainly see more people staring at Internet terminals than flipping through printed books.

Unlike printed books, you can purchase, download what you want to read in few minutes and start reading e-books without leaving your room. Besides, e-books take up less space. You can store hundreds and thousands of them in your computer. With modern technology, you can read e-books anywhere at any time, such as on the bus, train, airplane or while waiting in line. Last but not least, e-books are eco-friendly by not consuming paper, ink, etc.

However, in no way does it signal the end of printed books. Actually, not all books are available in e-book form. And the high cost of an e-book reader prevents much of the world's population from using e-books. Moreover, the rapidly changing technologies put old devices out of use, thus lead to more waste and pollution.

范文点评:

此作文是一篇涉及阅读话题的论述文。考生需要根据所给提纲信息来写作。 本文语言规范、地道,结构清晰。作者首先对现实状况进行了描述,随着网络和电脑技术的发展,印刷品逐渐丧失了统治地位;第二段列举了电子图书的优势:图书的获取和购买更为便捷、占用空间小、便于携带等多种特点。结尾处作者亮明了自己的观点:电子图书的兴起并不意味着纸质图书的终结。一方面,并不是所有的图书都有电子版;另外,由于技术进步带来的电子阅读器的淘汰会带来更多的污染和浪费。

Part Ⅰ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write an essay. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 185 words.

本题得分:--/15分

On Smoking

1. 吸烟问题是社会关注的焦点之一

2. 吸烟带来的危害

3. 我的看法

你的答案

未作答

参考范文

On Smoking

In modern society, smoking is attracting increasing attention from the public. A lot of academic papers and reports have been released to discuss its consequences and effects.

In fact, smoking has brought about a lot of harmful effects to individuals and the society as a whole. To begin with, smoking does great harm to both smokers and non-smokers and quite a few diseases are closely related to it, such as lung cancer, cardiovascular disease and so on. Besides, it is a great waste of money for smoke addicts to smoke every day. Smoke addicts will spend every coin they earn buying cigarettes, which is a huge financial burden on them, especially the young who still live on their parents. In addition, careless smokers may cause fire under some circumstances, which will lead to significant economic losses.

As far as I am concerned, effective measures must be taken immediately to stop smoking. On the one hand, people should start from stopping smoking and taking more responsibility for their own health and that of people around them. On the other hand, the government should publicize the harmfulness of smoking to all, especially to the young. Strict regulations can be made to prohibit smoking in public places, such as restaurants, hospitals and schools.

Only through such efforts can people be aware of how severe consequences smoking will cause, and join the anti-smoking force actively.

范文点评:

本文在第一段首先介绍了近年来社会关注的焦点之一?? 吸烟问题;第二段从三方面详细论述了吸烟带来的危害,比如危害身体健康、浪费钱财、引起火灾等;第三段要求考生给出自己的观点,也就是解决方法。文章论据详实,结构清晰,表述客观,另外还很好地使用了to begin with,besides ,in addition,on the one hand,on the other hand等过渡词,使文章行文连贯,层次分明。

Part Ⅳ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English.

本题得分:--/15分

66. 剪纸是中国民间一门有着近千年历史的独特艺术。它要求的材料很简单,只要有纸张和一把剪刀就可以了。剪纸艺术在农村地区尤为流行。中国古代有制作灯笼的习俗,每逢节日和喜庆日子,必挂灯笼。灯笼的制作有时是直接在上面作画,但更多的是粘贴剪纸,各种花样的剪纸,在灯光的衬托下,越发有趣味。 参考范文

The papercut is a special folk art in China, with a history of nearly 1,000 years. The materials used are simple: ordinary paper and a pair of scissors. Papercuts are very popular in rural areas. In ancient China, people enjoyed the tradition of making and hanging lanterns for festivals and joyous occasions. People sometimes drew pictures on the lanterns but more often would prefer to paste papercuts of different patterns, which, set off by the lantern light, became even more vivid and interesting.

66. 酒是中国人生活中的重要饮料之一。中国制酒源远流长,享誉中外。在中国最具有代表性的酒莫过于白酒了,从某种角度上来说,中国的酒文化就是白酒文化。酒在中国人眼里更多的是一种交际的工具。酒渗透于整个中华五千年的文明史中,从文学创作、文化娱乐到饮食烹饪、养生保健等各方面在中国人生活中都占有重要的位置。

参考范文

Alcohol is one of the important drinks in Chinese people's life. Chinese alcohol-making has a long history and has been renowned at home and abroad. In China, no alcohol is more representative than Chinese liquor and at some point, Chinese alcohol culture is Chinese liquor culture. Alcohol is more of a communication tool in Chinese people’s eyes. Alcohol has permeated 5000 years’ civilization of the whole Chinese history, which plays an important role in every aspect of Chinese people ’s life, from literary and artistic creation and entertainment to food and cooking and health preservation.

66. 很多外国人对中国文化的了解,最早往往是通过遍布世界各地的中国餐馆,他们知道中国是一个讲究饮食文化的国家。占第二位的大概就是京剧。京剧的脸谱几乎成了中国文化的一个代表性的符号,一种象征。许多国家举办“中国文化年”,招贴画上往往画着一个大大的京剧脸谱。要了解中国文化,确实不能不了解京剧。 参考范文

Many foreign friends first learn about Chinese culture through the numerous Chinese restaurants found all over the world, and soon discern that China is a country with delicious cuisine. The second impression of Chinese culture is often Peking Opera, whose masks are now almost emblematic (标志性的) of China. Many countries design posters using Peking Opera masks to signal a "Year of Chinese Culture". To understand Chinese culture, therefore, some knowledge about Peking Opera is indeed indispensable.

66. 北京最辉煌的古代建筑是紫禁城。自15世纪以来,先后有24位君王在这里行使权威。这个地方是中国近五百年明清王朝的权力中心,也是目前世界上保存最完好、体量最大的皇家宫殿。它的建筑艺术举世称奇;它有

数不尽的收藏,使得无数人为之流连忘返;它所包含的历史内涵,使人们阅读它时,深深感受到这个国家的岁月沧桑。

参考范文

The Forbidden City, also known as the Palace Museum, is where 24 emperors of the Ming and Qing dynasties ruled China from the 15th century to the early 20th century. It is the most splendid palace complex in Beijing and one of the best preserved of its kind in the world. Its awe-inspiring architecture and huge variety of collections stand as living evidence to the rich historical essence of this country.

66. 孔子是古代中国人心目中的圣人(sage)。《论语》(The Analects)一书是中国古代文化的经典著作。在孔子以后几千年的中国历史上,没有哪一位思想家、文学家、政治家不受《论语》这本书影响的。不研究《论语》,就不能真正把握中国几千年的传统文化,也不能深刻理解古代中国人的内在心境。在21世纪的今天,孔子的学说不仅受到中国人的重视,而且受到整个国际社会的重视。

参考范文

Confucius is an ancient sage to the Chinese people. An enduring classic of Chinese culture, The Analects has influenced all thinkers, writers and politicians in the over-2000-year-long history of China after Confucius. No scholar could truly understand this long-standing culture or the inner world of the ancient Chinese without this book. Confucian thought in the 21st century still retains the interest of not only the Chinese but also people in other parts of the world.

Part Ⅳ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English.

本题得分:--/15分

66. 丝绸之路是公元前2世纪开始出现的一条联系中国和欧亚大陆的交通要道,由于这条道路开始时以丝绸贸易为主,所以人们便称它为丝绸之路。丝绸之路不仅是一条古代通商的道路,它更是连接古代中华文明、印度文明、埃及文明、希腊文明和美索不达米亚(Mesopotamian)文明的纽带,是东西方文化和科学技术交流的桥梁,是横贯欧亚大陆的历史文化大动脉。

参考范文

The Silk Road refers to a transport route connecting ancient China with Central Asia, West Asia, Africa, and the European continent. It appeared as early as the second century B.C and was traveled mainly by silk merchants. The Silk Road functioned not only as a trade route, but also as a bridge that linked the ancient civilizations of China, India, the Mesopotamian plains, Egypt, and Greece. It also helped to promote the exchange of science and technology between east and west as a communicating artery going through Eurasian continent.

Part Ⅳ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English.

本题得分:--/15分

66. 在英文中,“中国”与“瓷器”是一个词,这说明,很早时期欧洲人认识中国是和瓷器联系在一起的。瓷器15世纪时就传入欧洲,在中外交流中占有重要位置。瓷器以其优雅精致的品质,为中国赢得了好名声。瓷器是中国文明史上的重要物品。大约在公元1世纪时,中国就出现了瓷器。到了宋代,瓷器进入了成熟期。

参考范文

In English, the country and “porcelain ” share the same name —“china ”. This proves that Europeans in the 15th century, occupying an important position in the exchanges between China and other countries. Porcelain garnered a good reputation for China for its sophistication and elegance. Porcelain is of great significance in the history of Chinese civilization. Around the first century, porcelain production first emerged in China, and by the Song Dynasty it had become mature.

Part Ⅳ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English.

本题得分:--/15分

66. 茶,这一美妙的饮品原产地在中国。四千多年前,中国人就开始有饮茶的习惯了。茶,是中国人对世界的重要贡献。在茶叶的故乡中国,饮茶是一种普遍的习惯。几千年来,茶一直是中国人最喜欢的饮品。中国幅员辽阔,南北都有饮茶的习惯。因为饮茶的风习不同,甚至影响了各地不同的民风。茶与普通百姓的生活密切相关。 你的答案

未作答

参考范文

Tea is a wonderful beverage originally produced in China about 4,000 years ago. Tea is an important contribution of the Chinese people to the world. In China, the home of tea, drinking tea is still a widespread habit. Over the past several thousand years, tea has been the most favored drink for the Chinese people. However, the tea-drinking habit varies from north to south in style, and different tea-drinking habits have helped develop different local customs. Tea is closely related to the everyday life of ordinary people.

Part Ⅳ

Directions :For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to translate a passage from Chinese into English.

本题得分:--/15分

66. 春节是中国最重要的传统节日,一到春节,无论城市农村,家家户户,都要张灯结彩庆贺。张贴年画,是春节的重要节目。用年画将家庭布置得热热闹闹,增加过年的气氛。年画在内容上多表现祝福、吉祥和喜庆之意。中国幅员辽阔,年画的风格上也有不同。北方的年画最著名的要数天津的杨柳青,南方年画最著名的要数苏州的桃花坞。 你的答案

未作答

参考范文

Spring Festival is the most important traditional festival in China. People celebrate it with lanterns and streamers, no matter where they live, in the countryside or in the city. New Year pictures are

an indispensable part of this celebration for each and every household. People put up New Year pictures in their homes to enhance the lively festive atmosphere and festivity. China is a country of vast territory, so the styles of New Year pictures vary from north to south. The northern New Year pictures are best represented by those produced in Yangliuqing in Tianjin Municipality, while in the south there are those from Taohuawu in Suzhou City, Jiangsu Province。