四级作文
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四级作文

图画作文

• 作文的图画选择都含有丰富的寓意。

• 要求:

• 把握寓意、联系现实、深刻思考、丰富表达。

三段

• 第一段:主要是描述图画中的信息和表达的含义。

• 第二段:是全文的重点,一般都是要求具体分析图画中暗含的社会现象。

• 第三段:一般视具体地试题而定。有的要求给出自己的评论、有的要求举例、有的要求考生提出自己的建议以及针对现象应该采取的措施。

框架

• 3段

• 12句

• 160-200词

• 5-7个关联词

• 5-7个从句

第一段

• 图画描述 3-4句

• 1. 总体描述:人物、动物、事物+动作+环境 (1句)

• 2. 挖掘细节词、串联成句, 将图中细节一网打尽。(1-2句)

• 3. 文字说明/象征寓意(1句)

第二段 主体段,意义阐释(5句)

• 1. 主题句:象征寓意(1句)

• 2. 论证(3句)

• A. 因果论证

• B. 举例论证

• C. 正反论证

• D. 联系现实:以小见大,把握象征寓意,个体想为群体。

• 3. 小结:概括论证,总结本段(1句)

第三段 结论段,建议措施(4句)

• 1. 结论句:1句

• 2. 针对双方提建议:2句

• 3. 包装结尾、展望未来:1句。

• Only in this way can we slove the problem.

• It is high time that we solved this problem.

描述图画的常用词

• 有关图画的名词

• 描述图画的形容词

• 修饰动词的副词

替换picture 的名词

• Sketch 素描,草图

• Drawing 指用线条或色彩绘成的图画。

• Cartoon 指幽默或讽刺性漫画

• Diagram 指图表

• Picture 图画,图像

• Painting 指着色的画

• Portrait 指肖像,只用于指人

描述图画的形容词

• thought-provoking 发人深省的

• enlightening 有启迪作用/使人感悟的

• compelling/striking/intriguing 引人注目/引起兴趣

• profound 含义深刻=far-reaching implications

• instructive 有意的(=informative)(搭配adv:extremely, highly, most, particularly,

very/quite)

• amusing 令人发笑的,ridiculous 荒谬可笑的

• illuminating(particularly revealing or helpful)富有启发性的,很有助益的

• impressive 印象深刻的,exaggerative 夸张的

• telling 有效的,生动的,明显的

修饰动词的副词

• graphically/vividly 生动地

• symbolically 象征性地

• conspicuously/clearly/explicitly 清晰地

• subtly 巧妙地,精细地

寓意

• The moral of this story is very simple.

• 这个故事的寓意是十分简单的。

• The story has a profound message/is pregnant with meaning/entertains a thought deeply. • 这个故事寓意深刻

字幕

• Caption

• We are informed by the caption that_____.

• The caption reads/indicates that ______.

第一段套话模板

• 批卷老师对于第一段的要求很高,也是决定你整篇作文得分的关键。

模板1

• What a compelling and thought-provoking drawing it is! As is vividly depicted in the

cartoon above, __描述Simple as the image is, the implications mirrored(反映的) are apparently far-reaching. 模板2

The cartoon subtly and symbolically depicts a thought-provoking scenario in which __描述1__. 模板3

As is vividly depicted in the picture, __描述1___. The most striking feature is _描述2信息). There is no doubt that its symbolic meaning subtly conveyed should be given deep consideration

模板

• It seems to me that the cartoon / drawing is sending a message about ____________(图

画内容),which reveals ____________(稍作评价).From my perspective, ____________ (表明个人观点)。

• Apparently, ____________(将个人观点和图片内容相结合,得出观点和主旨。)

For one thing, ____________(从社会角度论证). For another thing, ____________(从个人角度说明). For example, ____________(例证,自己、朋友或他人,只要自己知道或听过的例子).Last but not least, ____________(从反面角度谈论). As a result, the drawer of the illustration is urging us to _____________(建议或措施).Only in this way can we ____________(展望结果).

• In conclusion / To my understanding, ____________(再次表明观点或态度). We

should ____________(进一步说明个人的观点).

2013年6月英语四级考试作文题目

• For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay. You should start your

essay with a brief description of the picture and then express your views on the importance of doing small things beofore undertaking something big. You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.

图片说明

• 子:Dad, I’m a bit worried about disposing of nuclear waste.(处理核废料)

• 父:If you can empty the dustbin(垃圾桶)here, you can do anything.

一、形式

• 1. 有图片,图片要点为:一对父子就一个问题展开讨论;

• 2. 题干英文提示:

• A. 简要描述图片(a brief description of the picture)

• B. 给出有关于主题 “the importance of doing small things before undertaking

something big”的观点。

二、写作应对

• 1. 简要描述图片:

• 简要描述,即,描述图中主题,并引出相关的主题即可。

• 2. 题干中有明显的两种观点,即先做小事,或者大事,但是,出题人要求学生写的

是关于先做小事的重要的意义,因此可以使用两种观点对立的论证方法。

第一段:描述图片+说明现象

• As we can see from the picture(模板), there are two persons, debating about the

importance of doing small things before undertaking something big, who are a father and his son. Recently, the issue of the importance of doing small things has aroused wide concern among the public. Especially the young generation living in the big cities, they tend to do the big ones firstly, paying no attention to the fact that this behavior may pose underlying threat to their precious life and may even endanger others.

第二段 阐述主题,观点讨论

• Does anyone claim the same attitude towards this issue? Definitely not, actually,

opinions vary from person to person. Some maintain that the doing some big is beneficial to students. However, (对比观点论证) quite a few people hold the opposite opinion that the doing some big is detrimental to the youngsters, and they think that the merits of students ’ doing some small things far outweigh its demerits. To my way of thinking, we should know the importance why we must do small things before we undertake something big. If we know the significance, we wil choose the right way and do the right things.

第三段 观点总结, 提出建议

• The problem of doing big things firstly mentioned above will be bound to generate severe

consequences. What we should do is to encourage the merits and diminish the demerits to the least extent. It is high time that all of us, parents, educators, and the authorities, made combined efforts to let young men know the importance of doing small things before undertaking something big. (建议)With these measures taken, it is reasonable for us to believe that this problem can be perfectly solved in the near future.(展望未来)

第一段 描述图片

Talking in the cartoon are two men, who are a boy and his father. The boy is worried about the impacts that the disposal of the nuclear waste may cause, while his father is telling him that what matters now should be emptying the dustbin in front of them.

第二段 阐明观点,进行论证

It is the profound implication beneath the surface of this simple and sarcastic drawing that

ought to be taken into account/consideration(强调句): one who can cope with small tasks first can then undertake something big.(阐明观点) Such phenomena collectively reflect the fact that some modern citizens, especially a number of young people, lack the spirit of “down to earth”.(反映的社会现实) This can be chiefly due to the fact that these people are so lazy and blind that they are only in want of a fruitful outcome but never make any efforts.(分析原因) Those who wants to fly but forget the power of the gravity will be sure to fall down on the ground and hurt badly as a result.(阐述后果)

第三段,重申观点,提出建议,展望未来

• In conclusion, I suppose it is imperative 势在必行的for us young people to understand

that one who can seriously deal with small tasks first can then undertake something big. (重申观点) Not only are we supposed to learn knowledge and to enhance our abilities, we also need to take seriously the assignments confronting us. (提出建议) I believe if each of us manages to strengthen himself or herself, the problems worrying us now will be settled in the near future.(展望未来)