作文
初三 记叙文 13817字 73人浏览 花海也无涯

一、~~~ the + ~ est + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + haveever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc) ~~~ the most + 形容词 + 名词 + (that) + 主词 + have ever + seen ( known/heard/had/read, etc)

例句:

Helen is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen.

海伦是我所看过最美丽的女孩。

Mr. Chang is the kindest teacher that I have ever had.

张老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。

二、Nothing is + ~~~ er than to + V Nothing is + more + 形容词 + than to + V 例句:

Nothing is more important than to receive education.

没有比接受教育更重要的事。

三、~~~ cannot emphasize the importance of ~~~ too much.(再怎么强调... 的重要性也不为过。)

例句:

We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much.

我们再怎么强调保护眼睛的重要性也不为过。

四、There is no denying that + S + V ...(不可否认的... )

例句:

There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse. 不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。

五、It is universally acknowledged that + 句子~~ (全世界都知道... )

例句:

It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.

全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。

六、There is no doubt that + 句子~~ (毫无疑问的... )

例句:

There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.

毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满意。

七、An advantage of ~~~ is that + 句子 (... 的优点是... )

例句:

An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won't create (produce) any pollution. 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。

八、The reason why + 句子 ~~~ is that + 句子 (... 的原因是... )

例句:

The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air./ The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.

我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们新鲜的空气。

九、So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 句子 (如此... 以致于... )

例句:

So precious is time that we can't afford to waste it.

时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。

十、Adj + as + Subject(主词)+ be, S + V~~~ (虽然... )

例句:

Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory. {by no means = in no way = on no account 一点也不}

虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。

十一、The + ~er + S + V, ~~~ the + ~er + S + V ~~~

The + more + Adj + S + V , ~~~ the + more+ Adj + S + V ~~~(愈... 愈... )

例句:The harder you work, the more progress you make.

你愈努力,你愈进步。

The more books we read, the more learned we become.

我们书读愈多,我们愈有学问。

十二、By +Ving, ~~ can ~~ (借着... ,.. 能够.. )

例句:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy.

借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。

十三、~~~ enable + Object (受词)+ to + V (.. 使.. 能够.. )

例句:Listening to music enable us to feel relaxed.

听音乐使我们能够感觉轻松。

十四、On no account can we + V ~~~ (我们绝对不能... )

例句:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge.

我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。

十五、It is time + S + 过去式 (该是... 的时候了)

例句:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.

该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。

十六、Those who ~~~ (... 的人... )

例句:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.

违反交通规定的人应该受处罚。

十七、There is no one but ~~~ (没有人不... )

例句:There is no one but longs to go to college.

没有人不渴望上大学。

十八、be + forced/compelled/obliged + to + V (不得不... )

例句:Since the examination is around the corner, I am compelled to give up doing sports.

既然考试迫在眉睫,我不得不放弃做运动。

十九、It is conceivable that + 句子 (可想而知的)

It is obvious that + 句子 (明显的)

It is apparent that + 句子 (显然的)

例句:It is conceivable that knowledge plays an important role in our life. 可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。

二十、That is the reason why ~~~ (那就是... 的原因)

例句:Summer is sultry. That is the reason why I don't like it. 夏天很燠热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。

二十一、For the past + 时间,S + 现在完成式. (过去... 年来,... 一直... ) 例句:For the past two years, I have been busy preparing for the examination.

过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。

二十二、Since + S + 过去式,S + 现在完成式。

例句:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard. 自从他上高中,他一直很用功。

二十三、It pays to + V ~~~ (... 是值得的。)

例句:It pays to help others.

帮助别人是值得的。

二十四、be based on (以... 为基础)

例句:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.

社会的进步是以和谐为基础的。

二十五、Spare no effort to + V (不遗余力的)

例句:We should spare no effort to beautify our environment.

我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。

二十六、bring home to + 人 + 事 (让... 明白... 事)

例句:We should bring home to people the valueof working hard. 我们应该让人们明白努力的价值。

二十七、be closely related to ~~ (与... 息息相关)

例句:Taking exercise is closely related to health.

做运动与健康息息相关。

二十八、Get into the habit of + Ving= make it a rule to + V (养成... 的习惯)

We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.

我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。

二十九、Due to/Owing to/Thanks to + N/Ving, ~~~(因为... )

例句:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream. 因为他的鼓励,我终于实现我的梦想。

三十、What a + Adj + N + S + V!= How + Adj + a + N + V! (多么... !)

例句:What an important thing it is to keep our promise!

How important a thing it is to keep our promise!

遵守诺言是多么重要的事!

三十一、Leave much to be desired (令人不满意)

例句:The condition of our traffic leaves much to be desired.

我们的交通状况令人不满意。

三十二、Have a great influence on ~~~ (对... 有很大的影响)

例句:Smoking has a great influence on our health.

抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。

三十三、do good to (对... 有益),do harm to (对... 有害)

例句:Reading does good to our mind. 读书对心灵有益。

Overwork does harm to health. 工作过度对健康有害。

三十四、Pose a great threat to ~~ (对... 造成一大威胁)

例句:Pollution poses a great threat to our existence.

污染对我们的生存造成一大威胁。

三十五、do one's utmost to + V = do one's best (尽全力去... )

例句:We should do our utmost to achieve our goal in life.

我们应尽全力去达成我们的人生目标。

economy and reform经济与改革

gnp (gross national product)国民生产总值

per capita人均

give incentive to鼓励

improve economic environment改善经济环境

rectify economic order整顿经济秩序

control inflation控制通货膨胀

invigorate enterprises搞活企业

poor management/poorly managed管理不善

primary/secondary/tertiary industry第一/第二/第三产业 foreign funded enterprises外资企业

joint venture合资企业

wholly foreign owned funded enterprises独自企业 living standard生活水平

industry 工业

fixed assets固定资产

sino-foreign joint venture中外合资企业

autonomy in operation经营自主

deficit 亏空,赤字

economic strength经济实力

total industrial and agricultural output value工农业总产值 national economic system国民经济体系

to work for more and better economic result提高经济效益 national revenue国民收入

consumption level消费水平

foreign trade and special economic zones对外贸易和经济特区 interior areas内地

trading partner贸易伙伴

corporate income tax企业所得税

export/import duty出口/进口关税

to coordinate the development协调发展

to be approved by the state国家批准

balance of payment收支平衡

transnational corporation跨国公司

economic and technological development zone经济技术开发区

utilize foreign investment利用外资

direct foreign investment国外直接投资

to improve investment environment改善投资环境

technology and knowledge intensive project技术密集, 知识密集型项目

favorable/unfavorable trade balance 顺差/逆差

education 教育

input in education教育投入

communal participation社会参与

enhance the moral awareness of提高„„的思想品德

professional ethics 职业道德

credit system学分制

guarantee job assignments包分配

multi-disciplinary 多学科的

key university重点大学

national expenditure on education 国家教育经费

account for„%占百分比

intercultural communication国际文化交流

equal stress on integrity and ability德才兼备

to become educated through independent study自学成材

compulsory education普及教育

preschool/elementary/secondary/higher/ education学前/初等/中等/高等教育

adult education成人教育

vocational and technical education职业技术教育

institutions of higher learning高等学校

in-service training course在职进修班

compulsory/optional course必修/选修课

record of formal schooling学历\

diploma 文凭, 学历证明

英语写作常用句型(一)段首句

1. 关于……人们有不同的观点。一些人认为……

There are different opinions among people as to ____ .Some people suggest that ____.

2. 俗话说(常言道)……,它是我们前辈的经历,但是,即使在今天, 它在许多场合仍然适用。

There is an old saying______. Its the experience of our

forefathers ,however ,it is correct in many cases even

today.

3. 现在,……,它们给我们的日常生活带来了许多危害。首先,……; 其次,……。更为糟糕的是……。

Today, ____, which have brought a lot of harms in our daily

life. First, ____ Second,____. What makes things worse is

that______.

4. 现在,……很普遍,许多人喜欢……,因为……,另外(而且) ……。

Nowadays ,it is common to ______. Many people like ______ because ______. Besides,______.

5. 任何事物都是有两面性,……也不例外。它既有有利的一面,也有不 利的一面。

Everything has two sides and ______ is not an exception,it has both advantages and disadvantages.

6. 关于……人们的观点各不相同,一些人认为(说)……,在他们看 来,……

People’s opinions about ______ vary from person to person. Some people say that ______.To them,_____.

7. 人类正面临着一个严重的问题……,这个问题变得越来越严重。

Man is now facing a big problem ______ which is becoming more and more serious.

8. ……已成为人的关注的热门话题,特别是在年青人当中,将引发激烈 的辩论。

______ has become a hot topic among people,especially

among the young and heated debates are right on their way.

9. ……在我们的日常生活中起着越来越重要的作用,它给我们带来了许 多好处,但同时也引发一些严重的问题。

______ has been playing an increasingly important role in

our day-to-day life.it has brought us a lot of

benefits but has created some serious problems as well.

10. 根据图表/数字/统计数字/表格中的百分比/图表/条形图/成形图可 以看出……。很显然……,但是为什么呢?

According to the figure/number/statistics/percentages in

the /chart/bar graph/line/graph,it can be seen that______

while. Obviously,______,but why?

(二)中间段落句

1. 相反,有一些人赞成……,他们相信……,而且,他们认为……。

On the contrary,there are some people in favor of ___.At

the same time,they say____.

2. 但是,我认为这不是解决……的好方法,比如……。最糟糕的 是……。

But I dont think it is a very good way to solve ____.For

example ,____.Worst of all,___.

3. ……对我们国家的发展和建设是必不可少的,(也是)非常重要的。 首先,……。而且……,最重要的是……

______is necessary and important to our countrys

development and construction. First,______.Whats

more, _____.Most important of all,______.

4. 有几个可供我们采纳的方法。首先,我们可以……。

There are several measures for us to adopt. First, we

can______

5. 面临……,我们应该采取一系列行之有效的方法来……。一方 面……,另一方面,

Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective

measures to______. For one thing,______For another,______

6. 早就应该拿出行动了。比如说……,另外……。所有这些方法肯定 会……。

It is high time that something was done about it. For

example. _____.In addition. _____.All these measures

will certainly______.

7. 为什么……?第一个原因是……;第二个原因是……;第三个原因 是……。总的来说,……的主要原因是由于……

Why______? The first reason is that ______.The second

reason is ______.The third is ______.For all this, the

main cause of ______due to ______.

8. 然而,正如任何事物都有好坏两个方面一样,……也有它的不利的一 面,象……。

However, just like everything has both its good and bad

sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as

______.

9. 尽管如此,我相信……更有利。

Nonetheless, I believe that ______is more advantageous

在英语写作中,有一些句型的搭配能力非常强,基本上可以用在各种话题的议论文中,如果能将这些句型掌握并熟练应用一定会使你

的英文写作得心应手。想不想试一试呢?

一、开头句型

我们常说,良好的开端等于成功的一半。做事如此,作文也是如此。所以我们颇有必要在作文的开头花一番心思。 在写议论文时,你通常以什么样的方式开头呢?最简单也最常用的可能就是开门见山法。也就是说———直截了当地提出你对这个

问题的观点,点出文章的中心思想。

I....has both advantages and disadvantages.„„既有利又有弊。例如:

1.Obviously television has both advantages and disadvantages.

2.Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages.

3.Com pared with cars,bikes have their advantages and disadvantages.

举一反三:

1.Although computers bring people a lot of convenience,they have many disadvantages.

2....has many advantages.For example,...However ,just as every coin has two sides,...has its disadvantages.(本

例将利弊分开讲,转折过渡自然。just as every coin has two sides也很值得背诵。)

II....play(s)an important role /part in...„„在„„中扮演重要角色/起重要作用。例如:

1.Computers play an important role in science and technology.

2.Computers play a more and more important role in our life.

Computers play an increasingly important role in our studies.

3.Education plays an important part in developing our mind.

4.Addiction to alcohol and drugs play a role in homelessness.

举一反三:

1.Advertisement plays an informative role in our daily life.

2.In the past ,letters played a decisive role in long-distance communication.But now ,telephone ,email ,fax have

taken their place.

III.With the development of...,随着„„的发展,例如:

1.With the developm ent of our econo- m y,m any Chinese fam ilies can afford a car.

2.With the development of our economy and society,pollution is more and more serious.

3.With the rapid development of science and technology,people can get a college degree by taking online-courses at

home.

4.With the current social and technological developments ,employees with more knowledge and higher academic degrees

are needed.

举一反三:

1.With the rapid increase of China's population,housing problem is becoming more and more serious.

随着中国人口的急剧增加,住房问题越来越突出。

2.With more and more women entering society,people's attitude owards

women is changing.

随着越来越多的妇女走入社会,人们对妇女的态度也在改变。

3.With the deepening of Chinese reform and opening up,an increasing

number of Chinese families can afford a car.

随着中国改革开放的深入,越来越多的中国家庭买得起车了。(“越来越多”除了常用的more and more 外,还可以用an increasing

number of, a growing number of,a significant number of,a great number of等来表达。)

本结构看似固定,实则富于变化,只要记住with 有“随着”的意思,相信大家可以根据实际的需要造出更多的句子。

我们已经看到,开门见山的开头使论文直切主题,直白明确地提出了论点。不过在讨论某些有争议性的问题时,就显得有欠缺,因为我们必须在文章的开头引出人们对要讨论的问题的不同看法,然后再表明自己的观点。下面就是专门针对争议性论文的一种句型。 IV.When it comes to... ,some people think /believe that... ,others argue /claim that opposite /reverse is true.There

is probably some truth in both arguments

/statements ,but... 当说到„„,有些人认为„„,但另一些人则持相反的观点„„。这两种观点可能都有点道理,但„„。 本结构先用when it comes to ... 引出话题,再用some...others... 这个对立的结构引出了两种相反的观点,然后说There is some

truth in

both... 表明严谨公正的态度,最后用but... 很自然地引出了自己的论点。请看下面这个例子:

TV ,a good thing or bad thing

When it comes to TV,some people believe that it is extremely valuable,as it provides relaxation, entertainment and education. Others argue that it is harmful for it begins to control our lives and deprives people of time to do other activities.There is probably some truth in both sides.But we must realize that television itself is neither good or bad.It

is the uses to which it is put that determines its value to society.

二、结尾句型

英语议论文多以简要总结全文或对所讨论的问题提出解决办法来结尾。总结全文时除常用到in one /a word ,generally speaking

等外,没有固定模式。提出解决办法时却常使用下一句型。

V....take measures to do sth.例如:

1.We should take measures to control pollution in order to save the world.

2.We'd better take effective measures to prevent students from cheating on exams.

3.The government decided to take strong measures against drug abuse.

4.Urgent measures should be taken to prevent terrorists from carrying out further attacks.

本文列举了英语作文中常用的几个句型,当然不是要大家写出千篇一律的文章来,而是希望起到一种抛砖引玉的作用,提醒大家在

学习中注意多总结,以使自己的写作水平更上一层楼。