中考写作题型篇
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写作题型篇

01 考标导向化

1. 命题特点

书面表达是全国各地中考的必考题型,其目的在于考查学生运用各项语法知识、正确进行书面表达的能力以及理解情景提示的内容、抓住要点和中心思想的能力。书面表达分值在15分左右。题型主要有话题作文、看图作文和应用作文三种,其中话题作文和应用作文所占比重较大。

2. 内容特点

(1)常见的体裁有:记叙文、描写文、说明文和应用文(包括书信、日记、通知、便条、贺卡、启事、电话留言条) 等。

(2)题材与生活实际紧密联系,并关注社会焦点、热点问题,体现人文关怀。

(3)注重情境设计。书面表达中所设计的情景密切联系现实生活,写作题材源于生活,使学生有话可说,有利于学生写出真情实感,也有利于学生主动性、创造性的发挥。

(4)内容要点清楚,表达形式多样,为学生提供更自由的发挥空间。

预计2015年中考对书面表达的考查难度会稍有加大,文体以应用作文为主,话题作文和看图作文将有增加的趋势;内容会更加广泛,贴近社会生活。 02 题型归类化

◆类型Ⅰ话题作文 【解题策略】

此类题型通常会给出一定的提示,如中文提示、英文提示、关键词提示、要点提示、首句提示等,要求根据这些提示写一篇完整的短文。有时题目会有一个图表材料,其中包括所有的要点和提示,要求学生抓住要点信息,按一定的主题和体裁进行写作。写作时,应注意以下三点:

1. 认真审题,看清题目中的要求

写作书面表达前要认真仔细地阅读有关的提示,弄清试题提供的所有信息,它包含哪些情景、内容和要求,要明确题目有哪些要点,且要点必须齐备。要考虑用哪种体裁,是记叙文、说明文还是议论文;用第几人称来表述;选择什么时态。这样,思路才能条理清晰。

2. 根据提示内容,列出写作要点及每个要点中可能运用到的表达

话题作文通常会给出一些汉语提示(有时也会给出一些英语参考词汇) 。首先应认真阅读提示内容,列出写作要点,注意不要漏掉所给出的提示内容,同时所给的参考词汇也要全部用上。对于以表格、图表出现的描述文进行写作时,要读懂所隐含的信息,分析文章难点,确定如何去写。在理解好中(英) 文提示的基础上,认真选词,用准确的英文句子把文章的意思完整地表达出来。有

时一个句子可能会有几种表达方式,要根据实际情况选用最有把握的一种。遇到自己不是十分确定的词句,可采用变通的方法,切忌使用难词、难句。

3. 紧扣要点,动笔写作

依据写作提纲,完成短文。在写作的过程中,要注意句与句、段与段之间的过渡,必要时可适当运用表示转折、因果、并列、比较等关系的连词,使文章过渡平稳、自然流畅。 【题组训练】

A (2014·山西)

学习方法、自我反思、合作交流、同伴互评是学习过程中几个重要的方面。其中,有效的学习方法能使你的学习境界大开,让学习成为一种享受。

在你初中三年的学习过程中,你一定会有一些好的学习方法与你的同伴分享,请按以下要求写一篇短文,内容包含以下要点: ●your good learning method(s)

●an experience that you helped your partners ●your thoughts and feelings

要求:1. 词数80左右,提示词仅供参考;

2. 文中不得出现真实的人名、校名; 3. 请将答案写在答题卡相应的位置上。

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B (2014·河南)

你身边的每个人对你来说都具有特殊的意义。请以“My special ________”为题用英语写一篇短文,描述你家庭的某个成员或你的朋友、老师、同学等。

要求:1.在题目空格处填入你要描述的对象,如grandma ,teacher 或friend 等;

2. 文中不得出现真实姓名和学校名称; 3.80词左右。

My special ___________

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C (2014·陕西)

在日常生活中,你看到身边有哪些不良现象?请列出—些并

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参考答案:

写作题型篇

◆类型Ⅰ话题作文

A )One possible version:

Good learners must have good ways.Discussing in a group really helps me have a better understanding of what I’ve learned.It broadens my mind and allows me more chances to express my thoughts.

Shy and nervous,my classmate Jeff used to hide himself behind books.Answering questions in public was quite a difficult job for him.Once our math teacher asked us to solve a difficult problem.I encouraged Jeff to discuss his idea with us and we found his way was so creative.Then we advised him to write his answer on the blackboard and explain it to us.Believe it or not,he did it and we saw his great improvement after that.

Discussing in a group not only makes me enjoy the happiness of being a good learner but also deepens the friendship between Jeff and me.Knowledge comes from communicating and questioning.By discussing ,we learn more wisely and better.

B)One possible version: My grandma is special to me because we’re like friends.She always helps me out whenever I am in trouble.There are no secrets between us.

When I am with my grandma,we spend a lot of happy time together.I know my grandma is very smart because she seems to know everything.My grandma is good at many things.One thing she’s best at is cooking.She often cooks delicious food for me.I know my grandma loves me and I love her as well.

C)One possible version:

public.It is too noisy.Some people cut in line while others are waiting.It makes me unhappy.And in our school dining hall,I often see students waste food.

At times,people seem unfriendly and offer no help when others are in trouble.For me ,my parents are strict with me.They often tell me to behave well.So I never drop litter about.And I never draw on the desk or on the wall.I am polite to old people.

D)One Possible Version:

Reading Outside Class

,and it makes us wiser and richer in life.I like reading newspapers and magazines,from which I get lots of fun and learn about what’s going on around the world.I also read story books and novels in my spare time which make me relaxed and happy.I seldom read e-books because they’re bad for eyes.On weekends ,I usually spend a whole afternoon reading in the library.And I also read for about half an hour before going to bed every night.

Summer vacation is coming.I plan to do more reading.I am going to read more classics and more English books to improve my language skills.I’m sure reading can make a difference to my life.

◆类型Ⅱ看图作文

A)One Possible Version: ,they both like watching TV.Victor likes sports.He likes watching sports news in the evening.Nancy likes watching TV plays.But there is only a TV set in their family.

6 One day,it was time for news.Victor wanted to watch news first.But Nancy wanted to watch her favorite TV play.They both wanted to take the remote control,then they quarreled.The sound made their mother come in.After she knew the reason why they quarreled.She told Victor,“Victor,you are the brother,I believe you can deal with the thing.”

Victor’s face turned red,then he told Nancy,“You watch it,I will watch it next day.After all news will be played next day ,and TV plays won’t.”

Nancy smiled,so did mother.

B)One Possible Version:

How Cao Chong Had the Elephant Weighed

One day,Cao Chong said to his father.“I’ve found a way to weigh the elephant.”Cao Chong asked a man to lead the elephant onto a boat.When the boat stopped sinking the man draw a line along on the boat side.After the elephant was led away ,Cao Chong had some men put stones into the boat until the water reached the line.Cao Chong asked the men to weigh each stone from the boat and put down the number.“Add up all the numbers and we will know the weight of the elephant.” C )One Possible Version:

Mother Stops Him

boy is trying to lift her up,but his mother stops him at once.“Don’t do that! Others may think it’s you who have knocked her down ,”she says.

In my opinion,the mother’s behavior is not right.A mother should encourage her child to give others a hand.How can a child become warm-hearted if he is educated in such a way?And the old woman might feel worse or even be hit by the traffic unless we move her away in time.

I hope it won’t happen again.Let’s trust each other and help anyone in trouble.

D)One Possible Version:

How to Spend Free Time

has his own way.Alan likes going online because it helps him relax a lot.Sometimes he does some reading.Sonia doesn’t help her parents with the housework much.Instead ,she spends most of her free time watching TV.

I think it’s a waste of time to watch TV or go online often.I prefer reading some interesting books,which can make my life enjoyable.At the same time ,sports are also my favorite.Of course ,when my parents are busy ,I will help do the chores.All in all,it is important to make good use of our free time.Better habits,healthier life.

◆类型Ⅲ应用作文

A)One possible version:

Dear David, We are asked to be careful with electricity when we are using it.It is dangerous to play with fire,for it may cause terrible accidents.We should make sure doors and windows are shut before we leave.Besides,we are not allowed to swim alone ,especially in deep rivers or lakes.If we really want to ,we must go to the swimming poor with our parents or teachers.What’s more,following traffic rules is also very important.Everyone should watch out when crossing the road.And our school warns us not to play on the road. Yours ,

Wang Wei

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C)One possible version:

Thursday ,May 1st Sunny

It was a fine day.Tony and I went to Hubei Museum by bus.It is about sixty kilometers from home.We set off at seven o’clock.When we arrived,we felt like entering the “Country Chu” centuries ago.

There we saw many interesting pictures and read the instructions on the walls.We also took great interest in some ancient objects.All of them helped us know more about the history and customs of “Chu”.

At 4 o’clock in the afternoon ,we had to return home.What a wonderful day we had! We are happy with the development of Hubei and we are proud of being a member of Hubei.

D)One Possible version:

Fellow students,

you like to experience life?We can pick some vegetables and water the plants.We’ll stay there for about 2 hours.I bet the meaningful activity will make the trip unforgettable.We’ll meet at 7 am at the school gate and take a bus there.Remember,always be with your classmates,help each other,and never do anything that may hurt you.By the way,you’d better wear your sports shoes.Have a good time.