对比选择型作文
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对比选择型作文

I. 对比选择型作文时四级考试作文的传统题型,这类考试的写作思路是有章可循的,通常给出两种对立的观点让考生权衡利弊,最后得出自己的结论,即:一些人认为…;另一些人认为…;我认为…。

写作提纲如下:

第一段:引出评论的事物,简要提出人们的看法

第二段:提出一种观点或优点,给出支持性分论点

第三段:承上启下地过渡,提出另一种观点或缺点,给出支持性分论点

第四段:平衡两种看法,给出自己的看法。

其中,在三段式作文的情况下,可以将第二段和第三段合并。

对比选择型作文举例:

1. Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists?

1)名校校园正成为旅游新热点

2)校园是否应该对游客开放,人们看法不同

3)我认为……

2. Lectures or Discussions?

1)有些学生认为讲授式教学方式更适合自己

2)令一些学生则更喜欢讨论式教学方式

3)我的看法

3. The Pros and Cons of College Students’ Taking Part-time Jobs.

1)分析大学生做兼职的利与弊

2)谈谈我的看法

4. Spring Festival Gala on CCTV

1) 许多人喜欢在除夕观看春节联欢晚会

2) 有些人却提出取消春节联欢晚会

3) 在我看来……

II. 对比选择型作文中常用句型

1. There is a general discussion nowadays on the problem of _____. Some argue/ hold that _____, but others set forth a totally different argument about the issue.

如今,_____问题引起了广泛讨论。有些人认为_____,但是其他人则对此持完全相反的观点。

2. In reaction to the phenomenon/ In answer to the problem/ In response to the on-going social change, some people believe _____; in their minds, _____. Others maintain _____; in their eyes, _____.

对于这种现象/对于解决该问题/对于该社会变化,一些人认为_____,在他们看来_____。其他人则认为_____,在他们看来_____。

3. Personally, I side with the former/ latter opinion.

就我个人而言,我支持前/ 后一种观点。

4. I am of the opinion that priority should be given to _____.

我认为我们应该优先考虑_____的观点。

5. When we consider A versus B on the basis of _____, shouldn’t we think that the latter/ former

is a better _____?

在_____的基础上考虑A 和B ,难道我们不认为后者/前者是一种比较好的_____?

6. With the development of _____, A will prove to hold greater superiority over B.

随着_____的发展,A 将比B 占更大的优越性。

7. It may be briefly summed up as follows.

简而言之,总结如下。

8. From what has been mentioned above, we can come to the conclusion that_____.

综上所述,我们可以得出结论_____。

9. From my point of view, it is more reasonable to support the first opinion rather than the

second.

在我看来,支持第一种观点比支持第二种更合理。

10. I cannot entirely agree with the idea that_____.

我无法完全同意这一观点_____。

11. In my opinion, it is more advisable to do _____ than to do_____.

在我看来,做_____比做_____更明智。

12. This case has aroused echoes throughout the country, with more and more people following

its lead, but ideas about it vary widely.

这个事件在全国产生了反响,也有很多人纷纷效仿,但是人们对它的看法却极不相同。

13. The other side of the coin has voiced strong opposition saying that_____.

争论的另一方表示强烈反对,他们声称_____。

14. A public debate has arisen as to the phenomenon of_____.

关于_____的现象引发了一场公众讨论。

15. There is a long-running debate as to whether_____.

关于是否_____的论战已经持续了很久。

16. There is no doubt that _____ has its drawbacks as well as merits.

毫无疑问,_____有优点也有缺点。

17. People ’s views on _____ vary from person to person. Some hold that _____. However, others

believe that_____.

对_____的观点因人而异。有些人认为_____,然而其他人确认为_____。

18. There are different opinions among people as to_____.

关于_____人们的观点大不相同。

III. 范文欣赏

范文一

1. 许多人喜欢在除夕观看春节联欢晚会

2. 有些人却提出取消春节联欢晚会

3. 在我看来……

Spring Festival Gala on CCTV

It has been a hot topic for a long time whether the CCTV Spring Festival Gala should be cancelled or not. Many people hold that CCTV Spring Festival Gala offers a wonderful

opportunity to celebrate this traditional festival, for the Chinese all over the world can share the same happiness and excitement brought by the TV program. In addition, many performances are very impressive, and some can even positively affect our life value.

However, every coin has two sides. Some people hold that CCTV Spring Festival Gala should be cancelled. One of the most significant reasons may be that this form of celebration force people to spend the eve more passively. What ’s more, a great proportion of the programs are not attractive enough.

As to me, my favor goes to the former opinion, because CCTV Spring Festival Gala gives us another option to celebrate this important moment. However, it is essential to improve the quality of the programs, and I hope some better forms of celebration will be created in the near future.

点评:

本篇文章结构完整,框架合理,主题突出,详略得当。第一段用It has been a hot topic for a long time whether the CCTV Spring Festival Gala should be cancelled or not.引入话题,并根据提纲要求提出支持举办春晚的观点及理由。第二段用However, every coin has two sides.将笔锋一转,提出对立观点和理由。第三段以 As to me, my favor goes to the former opinion,开头,表达自己对春晚的支持,并同时表明对春晚改进的期望。

范文二

1. 名校校园正成为旅游新热点

2. 校园是否应该对游客开放,人们看法不同

3. 我认为……

Should the University Campus Be Open to Tourists? With the development of tourism, many university campuses are open to tourists.

Opinions on whether the university campus should be open to tourists vary from individual to individual. Some people hold the idea that university campus should be open to tourists. In their opinion, the opening of campus will stimulate the tourist industry, which contributes to making more money for renewing teaching buildings and libraries. However, others think differently. Opponents hold that the inflowing of tourists may disturb the normal teaching activities.

In my viewpoint, I prefer the latter one. For one thing, the interests of university and its students should be taken into account seriously. For another, too many tourists will add a burden to the security department of the university and ruin the quiet environment that students need to study effectively. After all, how shortsighted would it be to develop our university at the cost of order and safety.

点评:

纵观全文,论证充分,详略得当。第一段提出话题,即随着旅游业的发展,许多大学校园正成为旅游热点。第二段引出支持方和反对方的对立观点及理由。第三段表明自己的观点,并分两方面进行论证。最后一句话以一个感叹句加虚拟语气总结全文,为画龙点睛之笔,很有说服力。

Assignment: The Pros and Cons of College Students’ Taking Part-time Jobs.

1)分析大学生做兼职的利与弊

2)谈谈我的看法