初一 散文 19886字 425人浏览 alnby

第 1 页 一.1. 心理健康问题往往是导致疾病的原因 2. 分析人们产生心理健康问题的原因(可从失业、压力过重、缺乏支持、缺乏人际交往能力等方面分析) 3. 你认为人们应如何保持心理健康 How to Keep Psychologically Healthy? One in four people will experience some kind of mental problem in the course of a year. When you fail to manage these problems, they are likely to cause various mental illnesses. The cause of mental health problems often vary a lot from one case to another. In today’s society, a good number of people are suffering from heavy pressure. Others lack communication skills. In addition, a lot of people are ignorant of psychological knowledge about how to keep mentally fit. There are a lot of ways to curb mental health problems and keep psychologically healthy. Firstly, find the real cause of your mental health problem and see whether you can do something about it. Secondly, learn to relax yourself and take exercises to release the pressure. Lastly, you may find it helpful to talk to your partner or friend about your problem, or seek support and advice form a psychological consultant. 在一年的过程中,有四人会遇到某种精神上的问题。当你管理这些问题时,他们很可能会导致各种各样的精神疾病。 精神健康问题的原因往往从一个案例到另一个不同的问题。在今天的社会中,一个好的人正遭受着沉重的压力。其他人缺乏沟通能力。此外,离子,很多人都不知道如何保持精神健康的心理知识。 有很多方法来抑制心理健康问题,保持心理健康。首先,找到你的精神健康问题的真正原因,看看你是否能做些什么。二DLY ,学会放松自己,锻炼身体释放压力。最后,你会发现它有助于跟你的伴侣或朋友谈谈你的问题,或寻求支持和建议形成一个心理学Ogical 顾问。 二. 1. 快餐在中国十分流行 2. 快餐受欢迎的原因 3. 我对快餐的看法 Fast Food Fast food is becoming more and more popular in China, especially among children and teenagers. Today, nothing is more representative of the fast pace of modern society than fast food. There are several reasons for its popularity. First, it is quick and convenient. Go into a fast food restaurant, and your food will be ready in a minute. You can satisfy your hunger instantly. Precious time won't be wasted in waiting-in-line to order or waiting at your table for your food to arrive. Second, its popularity is also attributed to the clean food, the excellent service and the comfortable environment of the fast food restaurant. However, I think that fast food isn't healthy enough because it does not compose a balanced diet and is low in nutrition. Doctors suggest that people should avoid eating too much fast food. Although home cooking is time-consuming and following washing-u p tiresome, it offers healthy and delicious meals your body likes and needs

第 2 页 快餐在中国变得越来越流行,尤其是在儿童和青少年中。今天,没有什么比快餐更能代表现代社会的快节奏。有几个其受欢迎的原因。首先,它是快速和方便。走进一家快餐店,你的食物将在一分钟内准备好。你能立刻满足你的饥饿感。珍贵的时间不会浪费在排队等你的桌子上,等待你的食物到达。其次,它的普及也归功于清洁食品、优质的服务和舒适的环境快餐店的。 但是,我认为快餐不够健康,因为它不能构成一个平衡的饮食,而且营养很低。医生建议人们避免吃太多快餐。虽然有一些烹饪费时以下洗眉p 讨厌,它提供了健康和美味的餐你的身体喜欢和需要 三. Private Tutoring 1. 为孩子聘请家教目前非常普遍 2. 家教的利与弊 3. 我的看法 A recent investigation shows that about 80 percent of pupils have private tutors.Such a popular practice indicates that people are attaching greater importance to education. Many parents, for various reasons, missed the chance of obtaining a good education. When their children meet with difficulties in study, they are helpless. Private tutoring is the only solution. As private tutoring is usually one-to-one, the teacher knows the strong points as well as the weak points of the pupil clearly. However, private tutoring has its own disadvantages. For one thing, it takes up so much of the pupils’ time that they can hardly find enough time for rest and entertainment, which are essential for their physical and mental health. For another, some teachers, busy “shuttling ” from one family to another, tend to neglect their regular teaching duties. What’s more, some teachers are eager to help pupils do well in the test, offering the so-called tips for test-taking rather than help them acquire what is more meaningful. Generally speaking, its disadvantages outweigh its advantages. Greater emphasis should be laid on classroom teaching and practice, on the improvement of teaching quality and on the tapping of pupils ’ potentials. Only in this way can a new generation be healthily brought up. 最近的一项调查显示,大约有百分之80的学生有私人教师,这种普遍的做法表明,人们对教育的重要性越来越大。许多家长,为各种理由,错过了获得良好教育的机会。当他们的孩子遇到困难的学习,他们是无奈的。私人辅导是唯一的解决办法。通常是私人辅导一对一,老师知道学生的长处和薄弱点。 然而,私人家教有它自己的缺点。对于一件事,它占用了这么多的学生的时间,他们很难找到足够的时间休息和娱乐,这是必不可少的他们的身体和心理健康。另一方面,一些教师,忙碌的“穿梭”从一个家庭到另一个,往往忽视了他们的正常教学工作。更重要的是,一些教师热衷于帮助小狗离子液体在做好测试,提供所谓的秘诀考试而不是帮助他们获得更多的是有意义的。 一般而言,其弊大于利。课堂教学与实践,提高教学质量,提高学生的课堂教学质量,都应该放在课堂教学和实践上电位。只有这样才能健康地成长。

第 3 页 四. 1. 现在许多大学生放弃学业去参加“选秀”节目; 2. 有人认为“选秀”节目为这些大学生提供了展示自我的平台,他们应该抓住机会“秀出自己”; 但也有人认为这种选秀节目会养成大学生 “急功近利”的心态; 3. 那么作为一个大学生,你是怎么看待这件事情的? Nowadays, TV PK Shows (or we can call it Talent Shows) are great hit in China and have attracted many young people. As for me, TV PK Shows, as all other things, have both positive and negative effects. Therefore, the most crucial thing is how we see them. Some people think Talent Shows provide grass-root people with a stage to display their talents, so they should seize every opportunity to show off their talents. Some College students even give up their studies to attend these TV PK Shows in the hope of becoming famous overnight. They even regard TV PK shows as a shortcut to the success. While other people reckon that TV PK Shows will develop the undergraduates ’ attitude of anxious of achieving quick success. And once they were failed in these shows, they would suffer a great psychological unbalance. This is really bad to their physical and psychological health. To sum up, everything has its limit. As long as the right attitude is employed, then it is OK. 如今,电视选秀节目(或者我们可以称之为选秀节目)在中国伟大的打吸引了许多年轻人。对我来说,电视选秀节目,其他所有的东西,有正面和负面的影响。因此,最关键的是我们怎么看他们。 有人认为“人才”为“草根”的人提供了施展才华的舞台,因此他们应该抓住每一个机会,展示自己的才能。一些大学生甚至放弃了红外光谱研究参加这些电视选秀节目中一夜成名的希望。他们甚至把电视选秀节目作为一种快捷的成功。而其他人认为电视选秀节目发展大学生实现快速成功的态度。一旦他们在这些节目中失败了,他们就会受到很大的心理失衡。这对他们的身体和身体都不好Ychological 健康。 总之,一切都有它的限制。只要用正确的态度,那么就可以了。 五. 1. 请描述我国吸毒者年龄分布情况 2. 请说明发生这些变化的原因 3. 这一变化对社会和个人的影响 As can be seen from the graph, there have been sharp changes in the age distribution of drug addicts. To be concrete, the teenage addicts only made up 10 percent of all the drugsters in 1982 while the ratio rose up to 65 in 2002. The causes for them are not hard to find. First , teenagers’ fearless curiosity about everything new has led some of them into this marsh. Second, many of the young addicts turned for the first time to drugs for escape either from their failure in the national entrance exams or from their parents’ breakup. And above all, our education in the harmfulness of drugs has been far from adequate to build teenagers ’ sound resistance to drugs. To sum up, the causes mentioned above must call for more of our concern, and effective measures should be taken to check the trend.

第 4 页 Obviously the drastic change will exert great impact on individuals and the whole society. For one thing, drug-taking does great damage to the health of drug users.. For another, some drug users commit robbery or even murder their parents and relatives to get money to buy drugs, which poses a great threat to the social security and the social stability. Therefore, it is high time we did something to put an end to this trend. 从图中可以看出,吸毒者的年龄分布有了急剧的变化。具体来说,青少年吸毒者仅占所有吸毒者1982而百分之102002的比例上升到65。 他们不难发现的原因。首先,青少年们对每件事都无所畏惧的好奇心,导致了他们中的一些人在这片沼泽中。其次,许多年轻的吸毒者第一次拒绝了这一转变无论是从他们的失败,在国家入学考试或从他们的父母分手的药物。而且,我们的教育在毒品的危害性已经远远不够建立青少年对毒品的抵抗。综上所述,上述原因,必须呼吁更多的关注,并采取有效措施,以检查的趋势。 明显的变化会对个人和整个社会产生巨大的影响。一方面,吸毒对吸毒者的健康有很大的危害。另一方面,有些吸毒者委员会他们的父母和亲戚都没有抢劫或谋杀,这对社会保障和社会稳定构成了巨大的威胁。因此,这是我们做某事的时候结束这一趋势。 六.1. 校园里也涌现出了各种选“星”比赛 2. 这种现象带来的问题 3. 你的看法 My View on the “Campus Star” Contest At an age of character and individuality being encouraged and demonstrated, we see various “stars ” pop up—singing stars, dancing stars, movie stars and sport stars, etc. Many schools even hold contests to choose their “Campus Stars”. Although these activities make our cultural life in campus more colorful and varied, a lot of problems spring up at the same time. First of all, these activities can result in the swelling of vanity in some students, making them become arrogant, or even feel superior to other students. Moreover, these activities can greatly distract the students from their study. In order to become a star, they will, without any doubt, spend a lot of time and energy on the preparation and competition. The focus of their academic life will be shifted, and even worse, they can become too enthusiastic about extracurricular activities and hate the academic knowledge and skills they need to grasp for their future development. On the whole, I think these various “Campus Star” contests should be controlled in the campus. After all, schools are different from any other social institutions. Extracurricular activities should be encouraged, but they should be helpful to the student’s academic study and all-round development. 在一个鼓励和展示个性和个性的时代,我们看到了各种各样的“星星”、歌星、舞蹈明星、电影明星、体育明星等。许多学校甚至举办比赛。选择自己的“校园明星”。这些活动使我们的校园文化生活更加丰富多彩,同时也出现了许多问题。 首先,这些活动可能会导致一些学生的虚荣心膨胀,使他们变得傲慢,甚至会感到比其他学生优越。此外,这些活动可以极大的分布从学生学习。为了成为一个明星,他们将毫无疑问地花费大量的时间和精力在准备和比赛。他们的学术生活的焦点将是甚至更糟的是,他们可以对课外活动变得过于热情,并且不喜欢他们对未来发展所需要的学术知识和技能。 总的来说,我认为这些“校园明星”比赛应该在校园里被控制。毕竟,学校是不同于任何其他社会机构。课外活动应鼓励,但他们应该有助于学生的学业和全面发展。

第 5 页 七. My View on the Income Gap 1. 收入差距悬殊是当前社会的一种现象 2. 人们对之褒贬不一 3. 我的看法 Now the income gap is getting wider and wider. In some privately owned firms, joint-ventures, or foreign-fund companies, an executive’s yearly income is ten times or even a hundred times as much as an ordinary worker’s. Faced with this situation, people will undoubtedly have different opinions. Some believe that it benefits the social and economic development since driving force is often derived from the gap. In other words, the gap inspires people and gives a push to advancement. Others speak of its side effect: income gap is often the root of social unrest and also contrary to our country’s principle. From my point of view, while it is true that the income gap may stimulate the social development to some extent, it causes trouble as well. An income gap that is too wide for most people to bear can neither contribute to the stability of a country nor promote its economic development. Therefore, while we are advocating the rapid development of our country, we should tolerate the narrow income gap but narrow the wide one. 现在收入差距越来越大。在一些私人拥有的公司,合资企业,或外国基金公司,高管的年收入是十倍甚至一百倍的普通工人的 面对这种情况,人们无疑会有不同的意见。有些人认为,自驾车的力量往往来自差距,它的社会和经济发展的好处。在其他研究词,差距激发人,并给出了推动进步。也有人说它的副作用:收入差距往往是社会动荡的根源,也违背了我们国家的原则。 从我的观点来看,虽然收入差距可能在一定程度上刺激社会发展,但也会带来麻烦。一个收入差距太大,大多数人都不能忍受要么有助于一个国家的稳定,要么促进经济发展。因此,我们在提倡我国快速发展的同时,也要容忍收入差距的缩小但窄宽。 八.Choosing an Occupation One of the most important problems a young person faces is deciding what to do. There are some people, of course, who from the time they are six years old “know ” that they want to be doctors or pilots or fire fighters, but the majority of us do not get around to making a decision about an occupation or career until somebody or something forces us to face the problem. Choosing an occupation takes time, and there are a lot of things you have to think about as you try to decide what you would like to do. You may find that you will have to take special courses to qualify for a particular kind of work, or you may find out that you will need to get actual work experience to gain enough knowledge to qualify for a particular job. Fortunately, there are a lot of people you can turn to for advice and help in making your decision. At most schools, there are teachers who

第 6 页 are professionally qualified to give you detailed information about job qualifications. And you can talk over your ideas with family members and friends who are always ready to listen and to offer suggestions. 年轻人面临的最重要的问题之一就是决定怎么做。有一些人,当然,他们从六岁的时候,“知道”,他们想成为医生或飞行员或者消防战士,但我们大多数人都没有做出决定,对一个职业或职业,直到有人或东西迫使我们面对的问题。 选择一个职业需要时间,并且有很多的事情你必须考虑你尝试决定你想做什么。你会发现,你将要采取特别的课程质量如果某一特定类型的工作,或者您可能会发现,你需要获得实际工作经验,获得足够的知识来获得一个特定的工作。 幸运的是,有很多人可以求助于你的建议和帮助。在大多数学校,有教师专业资格给你详细的信息求职资格。你可以和你的家人和朋友讨论你的想法,他们总是乐于倾听并提出建议。 九.when i was in high school, I had to study all the time and hardly had spare time to do what i wanted to.Besides, I had to focus on my textbooks and doing exercise again and again. Therefore, I had little time to read magazines and novels and watch TV. what was worse, I couldn't play with my friends a lot, which I couldn't stand the most. In a word, all i did in high shool should be considered for the College Entrance Examination. However, my college life is totally different from the life in high school.I can arrange my time freely. I spend most of my time reading in the library, where I can open my eyes and broaden my mind.In my free time, I also join some clubs,where i can make a lot of friends of different majors. My teachers in college are so kind and knowledgeable that they not only teach us knowledge but also how to be a person and how to get on with others. In addition, there are more opportunities for me to improve myself. I believe college life is an important stage in my life. In college, i can learn how to learn by myself, how to get on with others, how to live independently.College provides me with a stage where i can show myself and be myself. 当我在高中, 我不得不学习, 几乎没有业余时间做我想做的事情。除此之外, 我必须专注于我的课本和一次又一次的锻炼。因此, 我很少有时间读杂志和小说和看电视。更糟的是, 我不能和我的朋友玩, 我最不能忍受的。一句话, 我所做的在高学校应该考虑高考。 然而, 我的大学生活是完全不同于高中的生活。我可以自由安排我的时间。我花了我的大部分时间在图书馆看书, 在那里我可以打开我的眼睛和扩大了我的心灵。在我空闲时间, 我也加入了一些俱乐部, 在那里我可以做很多不同专业的朋友。我的老师在大学里是如此的善良和有知识的, 他们不仅教我们知识, 还如何成为一个人, 如何与他人相处。此外, 还有更多的机会让我提高自己。 我相信大学生活是我一生中一个重要的阶段。在大学, 我可以学习如何学习, 如何与他人相处, 如何独立生活。大学为我提供了一个舞台, 我可以展示我自己和做我自己。 十.1. 宿舍生活是大学生活的一部分,但是有时会出现不和谐的情况; 2. 创建和谐的宿舍生活的重要性; 3. 怎样创建和谐的宿舍生活。

第 7 页 On a Harmonious Dormitory Life Dormitory life is an indispensable part of college life. But sometimes the harmony in the dormitory is disturbed in one way or another. As is known to all, a harmonious dormitory life is important to college students and benefits all the members. On the one hand, we can have a good rest and put our heart into study. On the other hand, we will have a good mood and enjoy being together. There are several ways to create and maintain a harmonious dormitory life. Firstly, you have to evaluate your life-style and try to get rid of your dirty habits, if there are any. Secondly, when an annoying situation arises, you’ll just have to learn to tolerate each other and co-exist. Thirdly, you’ll have to share with each other and make good friends. In conclusion, we should j try our best tobuild harmonious dormitory life for the sake of.good study and sood life. 宿舍生活是大学生活不可或缺的一部分。但有时宿舍的和谐是不安的一种方式或另一种。 众所周知,和谐的宿舍生活对大学生来说很重要,对所有成员都有好处。一方面,我们可以好好休息,把我们的心投入学习。另一方面,我们将有一个良好的心情和享受在一起。 创建和维持和谐宿舍生活的几种方法。首先,你必须评估你的生活方式,并试图摆脱你的脏习惯,如果有任何。其次,当一个讨厌的情况出现,你就必须学会容忍和相互并存。第三,你必须与别人分享,做好朋友。 总之,我们应该尽最大的努力营造和谐的宿舍生活是为了of.good 学习、好好生活。 【词汇表达亮点】 indispensable adj.必不可少的,非 常重要的 evaluate v.评价 get rid of 除掉 disturb v.打扰 annoying adj.烦人的,讨厌的 in one way or another用这种或那种方式,以某种方式 arise v.产生,发生 tolerate v.忍受 as is known to all 众所周知 for the sake of ...为了............. 的利益,为了.... 的目的

第 8 页 议论文的框架 (1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 ) There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand, ___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________. (2)利弊型的议论文 Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______. To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___. ( 3 ) 答题性议论文 Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____. Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____. ( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语_______" has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义_______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically )

第 9 页 A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____. With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.. 图表作文的框架 as is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/ decrease (goesup/increases/drops/decreases),significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________. There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded. 对比观点题型 (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1. 有一些人认为。。。2. 另一些人认为。。。3. 我的看法。。。 The topic of ①-----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持A 的理由一)What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B 的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice . (2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ②-----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them ③-----------------(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing, ④-------------(我不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二). Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).

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