初一 散文 10002字 136人浏览 hwl080



Some students cheat(作弊) because they’re busy or lazy and they want to get good grades the time studying. Other students might feel that they can’t the test without cheating. Even when there seems to be a “good reason” for cheating, it isn’t a good idea.

to talk with the teacher and his or her parents so that they can find some better ways together. Talking about these problems If a student gets caught cheating, the teacher may give a “zero” on the test, send him or her to the head teacher’s, and call his or her parents. Worse than the feeling of having disappointed those people, like parents and teachers. A parent may worry that person and a teacher might watch you more closely the next time you’re taking a test.

There are plenty of reasons why a kid shouldn’t cheat, but s ome students have already cheated. If that’s you, it’s student is always able to act better and make better . It might help to talk the problem over with a parent, teacher, or friend.

15.A. taking B. spending C. costing D. Using

16.A. write B. exercise C. pass D. expect

17.A. decides B. hopes C. refuses D. needs

18.A. breaking B. dreaming C. missing D. working

19.A. office B. school C. seat D. conversation

20.A. natural B. dangerous C. impossible D. bad

21.A. outside B. boring C. interesting D. honest

22.A. always B. never C. once D. neither

23.A. menu B. medicine C. habit D. match

24.A. education B. decisions C. challenges D. risks

四、阅读理解 阅读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容选择最佳选项。(本大题共26分,每



Saying goodbye to friends who are moving away is always hard. A Going-away Party can help to make everyone’s spirits bright and let your friends know how much you will miss them. We also have several other kinds of party invitations that may be suitable for a Going-away Party.

A. Mr and Mrs Green. B. Joy and Mary

C. Tom and John. D. Joy and John.

26. The party will take place on .

A. 19th March B. 4th May C. 2nd April D. 11th April

27. The Greens will go to Africa to .

A. see some old friends B. have a Going-away Party

C. see some African wildlife D. buy some food and drinks


Tom walked into a shop. It had a sign outside: “ Second-hand clothes bought and sold. ” He was carrying an old pair of trousers and asked the owner of the shop, “ How much will you give me for these? ” The owner looked at them and said “ Two dollars. ”

“ What? ” Tom said, “ I had guessed they were worth at least five dollars. ’’

“ No. ” said the owner, “ They weren’t worth a cent more than two dollars.”

“Well,” said Tom, taking two dollars out of his pocket. “ Here is your money. These trousers were hanging outside your shop. The list price was six dollars and a half. But I thought that was too much money, so I wanted to find out how much they were really worth.”

Then he walked out of the shop with the pair of trousers and disappeared before the owner could think of anything to say.

28. At first, the owner thought that Tom ____________ .

A. wanted to steal the trousers B. wanted to sell the trousers

C. wanted to fool him D. wanted to buy the trousers

29. In fact, the trousers ____________ .

A. were hanging inside the shop B. were stolen by Tom from the shop

C. had been the shop owner’s D. had been Tom’s

30. From the story we know that ____________ cheaper than the list price.

A. the owner sold the trousers two dollars

B. Tom sold the trousers one and a half dollars

C. the owner bought the trousers three dollars

D. Tom bought the trousers four dollars and a half


If you are lost in the mountains, stay calm in the face of darkness, loneliness, and the unknown. It will greatly increase your chances of survival (生存). Many people think that preparing necessary equipment and knowing how to use it are very important, but actually eighty percent of mountain survival is your reaction to fear.

Find a hiding place

Unnecessary labor will make you sweat and make you cold. Find a hiding place around you before trying to start your own construction. If you are in a snow-covered area, you may be able to dig a cave in deep snow for protection from the wind. You should try to hide yourself in the middle of the mountain if possible. Stay out of the valleys-cold air falls, and the valley floor can be the coldest area on the mountain.

Signal for help

The best time to signal is during the day. Signal for help from the highest point possible-it will be easier for rescuers to see you, and any sound you make will travel farther. If you take a box of matches and a space blanket (a special blanket for traveling), build three smoky fires and put your blanket-gold side facing out on the ground.

Do not walk away

It will make finding you more difficult, as search teams will be trying to follow your path and may miss you if you have gone off in a different direction. Searchers often end up finding a car with no one in it.

If you get frostbite (冻伤), do not rewarm the affected area until you're out of danger. You can walk on frostbitten feet, but once you warm the area and can feel the pain, you will not want to walk anywhere. Try to protect the frostbitten area and keep it dry until you are rescued.

( ) 31. When lost in the mountains, you can increase your chances of survival if you_____.

A. take a space blanket with you B. do more physical labor

C. try to find a car immediately D. walk as far as possible to find help

( ) 32.According to the passage, people most probably fail to survive if they _____.

A. take enough equipment

B. stay in the middle of the mountain

C. do not keep themselves warm

D. stay in a snow-covered area

( ) 33. What can we infer from the passage?

A. Don't travel by yourself.

B. Mountain traveling is dangerous.

C. Don't get frightened in danger.

D. Avoid going to unfamiliar places.


Millions of British people have the traditional “thank you” and took the place of it with the less formal(正式的) “cheers”, according to a survey.

Although the common person will say “thank you” nearly 5,000 times a year, one in three

are more likely to add a “cheers” or “ta” where it’s needed to show they are fashionable.

One in twenty now say “nice one” instead, while the younger are more likely to offer a “cool” than a “thank you”.

“Merci”, “fab” and even “gracias” were also listed as common expressions to use, as “much appreciated(感激)”.

One in twenty who took part in the survey of 2,000 people by the Food Network UK for Thank You Day, which is marked on November 24, 2011, said a formal “thank you” was now not often needed in everyday conversation. More than one in ten adults said they regularly(有规律地) won’t say thank you if they are in a bad mood. Most people stated(陈述) that saying thank you was something that their parents trained them. A huge 70 percent of those who are questioned will say thank you to a person’s face without even meaning it, while one fifth avoid(避免)saying it when they know they should.

It seems our friends and family get the stress of our bad manners. Half of them admit (承认) they’re not good at thanking those closest to them. Many of them explain that they don’t say thank you because their family “already know I’m thankful”.

When spoken words won’t do, it falls to a nice text to do the job for most people.

One third will still send a handwritten thank-you note---but 45 percent admit it’s been more than six months since they tried to send one.

A quarter of British people say “thank you” with food, with 23 percent cooking a meal to show their appreciation to someone. Another 15 percent make a cake.

It follows that 85 percent of people will be angry because of not getting the gratitude (感激)they feel they should receive.

34. Most of the people who took part in the survey say that they say “thank you” _______.

A. when they are in good mood B. completely out of habit

C. when they feel truly grateful D. purely out of politeness

35. The underlined word “ditched ” in Paragraph 1 means “________”.

A. gave up B. used C. shared D. knew

36. It can be learned from the passage that _______.

A. different ways of expressing gratitude are all fashionable

B. people should avoid saying “thank you” nowadays

C. a thank-you note is still appreciated by people

D. people in a bad mood never say “thank you”

37. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?

A. Most people express their gratitude to others by buying food for them.

B. About fifty percent of people try not to say thank you when they should.

C. Most people may feel natural when they fail to receive others’ gratitude.

D. Many people think it unnecessary to say thanks to their family members.

任务型阅读 根据短文内容,完成表格,每空一词。(本大题5分,每小题1分)

Have you had a headache during a test? Have you ever been so worried about something

that you have a headache or even can’t sleep at night? If so, then you know what stress is. Stress is what you feel when you are worried about something. This worry in your mind can make your body feel bad. You may feel angry, sad, scared(恐惧的), or afraid—all of which can give you a stomach ache or a headache.

However, there are different kinds of stress. Some kinds of stress are good and others are ba d. Good stress might happen when you’re called to answer questions in class or when you have to give a speech. This kind of stress can help you to get things better done. For example, you may do a better job in your test if the stress pushes you to prepare better before the test.

On the other hand, bad stress can happen if the stress lasts too long. You may not feel well if your parents are fighting, if a family member is sick, if you’re having problems at school, or if anything else makes you unhappy every day. That kind of stress isn’t going to help you. And it can actually make you sick.

The best way to face the stress is to have a balanced life. Make sure you keep yourself in mind: Sleep, exercise, leisure(休闲), and food. If you get enough sleep and eat healthily, and if