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Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay based on the chart below, which shows the variation in carbon emission from three different fossil fuels from 2000 to 2020. You should first summarize the changing trend of the consumption of the three different fossil fuels and then give some reasons about it . You should write at least words but no more than words.

unit (million tons)


From the chart above we see that the carbon emission from coal decreases sharply, from 40 million tons in 2000 to less than 3 million tons in 2020. In 2010, the carbon emission from oil hit 40 million tons but will reduce to 20 million tons in 2020. Besides, the carbon emission from natural gas increases, from 5 million tons in 2000 to 18 million tons in 2020.

Many reasons account for the variation in carbon emission. Firstly , people might cut the amount of coal they use and increase the use of natural gas since natural gas is a “cleaner” fuel than coal or oil. Secondly , because of the undertaking of energy-saving project, efforts have been made to raise the efficiency of energy utilization. What’s more, since the earth is getting warmer, large attention has been paid to the importance of environmental protection.



第一段中decreases 和reduce 均表示“减少”,hit 意为“达到”;第二段中account for 意为“说明,解释”,Firstly...Secondly... What’s more表示列举,the efficiency of energy utilization意为“能源的使用效率”。



Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic How to spend money wisely with credit card based on the picture below. You can cite examples to illustrate your point. You should write at least

【范文】 Credit card offers a convenient way to buy goods but every coin has two sides. From the cartoon above we see that credit card can lead to unmanageable debt and financial crisis if used unwisely. So people should keep in mind the risk of using credit card and try to spend money wisely.

First , before applying a credit card, people should make sure whether they can afford to pay back money spent on the card. Second , it is very important to work out what kind of card meets their needs . Third, people should try to pay their balance in full every month, or they will be charged interest and have negative effects on their credit scores. Finally , since some cards have high interest rates and fees when failing to pay back, it is necessary to work out the cost before using the cards.



第一段中every coin has two sides为俗语,意为“凡事均有两面”,lead to意为“导致”,keep in mind意为“记住”;第二段中First...Second...Third...Finally... 表示列举,分别表示“第

一、第二、第三、最后”,meet one’s needs意为“满足某人的需求”。



Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Getting to Know the World outside Campus. You should write at least words but no more than words.

1. 大学生了解社会的必要性;

2. 了解社会的途径(大众媒介,社会服务等);

3. 你打算怎么做?


In an age of overflowing information, college students need to rapidly process what's coming at them and know how to manage and act on it. They should keep in touch with the world outside campus and adjust themselves to the real society in shortest time.

College students can get to know the world outside campus through a variety of ways. They can keep themselves informed by watching TV, listening to radio broadcasts, reading newspapers etc. Even they can take up a part-time job in spare time.

Truthfully, everyone needs to enter into society when they reach a certain age. As for me, I plan to find a part-time job in a training center because I decide to be an English teacher after graduation. I know only in practice can I learn more useful teaching skills.



第一段中overflowing 意为“充满的,溢出的”,keep in touch with意为“与„„保持联系”,adjust themselves to意为“调整自己”;第二段中a variety of意为“许多”,keep themselves informed 意为“使自己了解”,take up意为“从事”;第三段中Truthfully 意为“事实上”,最后一句中only 引导的句子,应用倒装结构。



Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay based on the picture below. You should start your essay with a brief account of the impact of modern technology on people ’s way of learning and then explain the consequences of over-reliance on technology for obtaining new knowledge. You should write at least words but no more than words.

【范文】 Technology has largely influenced every aspect of daily life. People get access to updated information at any time anywhere. Modern technology has simplified people ’s way of learning and getting knowledge. While we enjoy the convenience that technology has brought about, we can’t ignore the fact that we are over-dependent on it. Just as the cartoon depicts, the man lost what he had learned just because he failed to make a back-up copy of his brain.

Truthfully, when we need to collect learning materials, if there is no WiFi or network signal by chance, or the computer system is broken down, most of us could do nothing but wait. Over-dependence on technology has seriously influenced our learning abilities. In addition, the excessive use of high-tech in learning can result in an under-utilization of human brains. Over time, we may even lose our intellectual abilities .

Now that we have realized the negative impacts of over-reliance on technology in our learning, we can minimize the side effects and make advantage of those positive ones.



第一段中get access to 意为“可以获得,接近”,simplified 意为“简化”,brought about 意为“引起,产生”;第二段中under-utilization 意为“利用不足”,lose intellectual abilities意为“丧失思考能力”;第三段中negative impacts和side effects均表示“负面影响”。



Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay based on the picture below. You should start your essay with a brief account of depression on campus and then explain the causes of this phenomenon and propose solutions to combat it. You should begin write at least words but no more than words.

【范文】 College is a stressful environment for most young people. It is said that one out of every four college students suffers from certain form of mental illness, including depression. Actually depression is the main reason that college students drop out of school or die by suicide. Depressed college students are at a greater risk of developing problems such as drug abuse.

A lack of sleep or adequate exercise, or poor eating habits can cause depression among college students. Including pressure to gain good grades, financial worries, failed relationships and conflicts with roommates, all stress that come with academia are enough to force some students to leave college or worse.

The best treatment for depression is usually a combination of medications and psychological consultation. On one hand, the authorities concerned should work out mental health evaluation standards and set up psychological clinics to provide troubled students timely help. On the other hand, college students should keep optimistic and get enough rest.



第一段中drop out of意为“退出”,at a greater risk of意为“冒更大的风险”;第二段中A lack of 意为“缺少”;第三段中a combination of medications and psychological consultation意为“药物和心理咨询的结合”, On one hand, ...On the other hand表示列举,意为“一方面„„另一方面”。