作文
初一 议论文 12223字 60人浏览 峦寻惦念

目录

谚语警句型 1

解决问题型 2

对比分析型 3

图表类作文 4

口头作文 4

书信模板 4

范文分析1:彩票热销 5

范文分析2:和谐社会 6

范文分析3:醉酒驾车 7

谚语警句型

题型特点:

1、文章题目为一句格言或谚语

2、通常模式为:解释谚语--举例论证--画龙点睛

套路:

首段解释谚语:It is universally acknowledged that ______, which means that _____. Even simple operations can easily be spoiled if we ________ . Actually, ____ is the key to success. Therefore, no one can neglect the great importance of ______.

举例论证:Taking a look around, we can find examples too numerous to list. The best illustration might be English study. It is ____ practice that enables a learner to get a good command of pronunciation. Similarly, only by ____ can we acquire a basic grasp of grammar. It is a fact that the process of other skills is no exception.

In short, laying a solid foundation is essential if we want to make achievements in our studies or work, or indeed in any other

aspect of our lives. At every step, review what has been achieved and assess the problems ahead before moving to the next step. And what we should bear in mind is that _____________. 解决问题型

题型特点:

1、应该为三点提纲,但是有时以两点提纲出现,所涉及主题为当时社会热点;

2、如果是两点提纲,则补充成三点提纲写作。

3、通常模式为:现象概述--细节(原因、危害、方式等)--自我评论

写作套路:

1. 首段首段提出讨论问题;

2. 2段原因分析或提出建议;

3. 末段解决问题或展望发表评论。

如:

首段引出话题:Nobody could have failed to notice the fact that ________ has/ have become a grave problem with which modern citizens are confronted. As far as I know, there are some ______. Apparently enough, we can find numerous examples in our society/campus. However, what makes many people worried is that this issue has not aroused enough concern. 2段分析原因:As far as I am concerned, there are numerous factors accounting for the phenomenon mentioned above, but the following might be the critical ones. First and foremost, ________ Besides, ________. Last but not least, _______ .

2段提出解决办法: From my point of view, there are a number of ways in which ____ can tackle mentioned above, but the following might be the indispensible ones. First and foremost, ________ Besides, ________. Last but not least, _______ .

末段:Based on the above analysis, we can naturally come to a safe conclusion that ______ As modern college students, it is our responsibility to shoulder the burden of inheriting and developing cultural heritage/ constructing our nation’s future. Therefore, it is essential that we should _______. Besides, in order to ____, we should try to _____. Only by doing so can we become qualified talents to make great contributions to our homeland.

对比分析型

题型特点:

1、大多为三点提纲,提纲模式一般为:有一些人„„; 还有人„„; 我的看法或观点;

2、少数时候也会出现两点提纲的情况,此时可以补充成三点提纲来写作。 写作套路:

首段提出讨论问题;

二段写支持观点;

三段写反对观点;

末段表达自己的观点。

如:

首段引出话题:When it comes to______, opinions differ from one to another.

二段写支持观点There are a number of individuals who hold the positive view. They believe

that______They believe that _____ is advantageous for. What makes them convinced is that ______In addition, they claim that _______.

三段写反对观点Others, however, hold the opposite view. They maintain that it is unnecessary/not indispensible to _______ . One reason they cite is that ______ . Another significant cause is that ________

末段1:Personally/From my point of view, nothing is more important than _____ On the one hand, it is a fact that ______ On the other hand, no one can deny the fact that ______ Therefore, Only by doing so can ________

末段2:Who's right? I think both of them have something right. But from my point of view, it is suggested that the advantages of _____outweigh the disadvantages. We need _____, but on no account can we become slaves of______.

末段3:From my point of view, ______ itself is neither good nor bad. For our human being, nothing is more important than making best use of it. We need _____ in our daily life, but we should never be slaves of ____.

图表类作文

套路:

首段:描述图表引出话题

It can be seen from the chart that there have been sharp/slight increases/decreases in the number of people travelling abroad in City X in the past decade. As the statistics shows/indicates, the year XX witnessed „. However, „.

中段解释现象分析原因:There are a number of factors accounting for/responsible for the change, but the following are the most critical ones. First of all, „ In addition / What is more / Additionally, „ Last but not least, „

末段总结提出建议:In a word / To conclude / In conclusion, this chart/pie-chart/form/table/graph/ the above statistics is a perfect indicator of „ what makes me convinced is that „

近年考的较少,所以记一下开头结尾,足矣!

口头作文

首段:Good morning, ladies and gentlemen! I am „from „. It is my great honor to stay with all of you for a whole „. Just as the old saying goes, “It is always a pleasure to greet a friend from afar”. Confucious

中段:The following is my detailed introduction to myself. First, „. Second, „. Last,„. 尾段:If you have any question (advice recommendation) /need any further information, please feel free to/do not hesitate to ask/inform/call/ contact me at any time. Thanks for your listening/ attention.

书信模板

Dear Snooby,

首段:(熟人)The time flies, we haven't seen each other for a long time. I am writing to formally invite you to participate in Mr. Guo Jing and Huang Rong’s wedding ceremony, which will be held at Beijing Grand Hotel from 8 to 10 p.m. on December 1, 2008.

(陌生人)I am Li Ming, one of Yang Guo’s best friends. I, on behalf of Yang Guo and Xiao Longnv, am writing this letter for the purpose of inviting you to participate in Mr Yang’s wedding ceremony with Xiao Longnv, which will be held at Shijiazhuang Railway Hotel from 8 to 10 p.m. on December 1, 2008.

中间段:主题句+扩展句+结论句(可省)

As one of our best friends, it is my pleasure to introduce the process of the ceremony. Firstly, the occasion will start at „ After that, at about „, „. At around ten, we will hold a small musical party, at which a band will perform some works by XuYuteng, one of the most popular singers.

尾段:My thanks/hopes to you for your generous help/kind consideration on my requests are beyond words. I am looking forward to your favorable reply at your earliest convenience. --------------------------------------------

范文分析1:彩票热销

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Why Do People Like to Buy Lotteries? You should write at least 150 words, and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

1) 目前社会上有许多人喜欢购买彩票

2) 分析产生这种现象的原因

3) 提出你的建议

【思路点拨】

本题属于提纲式文字命题。提纲第1点指出一种现象,提纲第2点要求分析产生这种现象的原因,提纲第3点要求“我”针对该现象给出建议,由此可判断本文应为现象解释型作文。

根据所给提纲,本文应包含以下内容:描述当前社会上人们热衷于购买彩票的现象; 分析导致人们购买彩票的原因; 针对购买彩票提出一至两点“我”的建议。

【参考范文】

Why Do People Like to Buy Lotteries?

Nowadays, there exist all kinds of lotteries in our society, such as welfare lottery, sports lottery, computer lottery, and so forth. Anyone, whether men or women, the young or the old, may buy lottery tickets. But why do so many people like buying them?

The following reasons can account for the popularity of lotteries. First of all, most people are trying their luck on lottery tickets. They have a long-cherished dream of making big money overnight. In addition, there are some people who want to make donation to public welfare by buying lottery tickets. Besides, some people buy them just for fun.

As far as I am concerned, there are some risks in buying lotteries. People never should count on making big money by buying lotteries. Furthermore, lotteries to some extent are similar to gambling, so people should not spend too much money and energy on them. In a word, people should keep a clear head when buying lotteries.

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范文分析2:和谐社会

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled A Harmonious Society in My Mind. You should write at least 150 words following the outline given below.

1. 建立和谐社会成为了一种潮流和趋势

2. 我心中的和谐社会是„.

3. 为了建立和谐社会,我们应该如何去做?

【话题分析】

和谐社会是目前中国建设的目标之一,是比较热门的社会话题。报纸、杂志、电视新闻等,经常讨论此话题。考生应多关注社会新闻,为写作收集素材。

【范文解析】

Nowadays, it seems known to everybody that one of the objectives of China's modern construction is to build a harmonious society. All of a sudden, "a harmonious society" has become a frequently-used phrase in media news, newspaper etc. It is the trend of China's development.

But what is a harmonious society? In my mind, there are several aspects included in building a harmonious society. First, a harmonious society has democracy in its politics to ensure the maximum benefits of the people. Second, a harmonious society has equality and justice to protect the rights of every citizen. Third, a harmonious society has good faith and friendly relation between people to create a favorable atmosphere for living and doing business. Forth, a harmonious society has energy to make sure its creativity. Fifth, a harmonious society has stability and order to provide people with a comfortable environment. Sixth, a harmonious society has harmony between humankind and nature for a sustainable development of economy. To be true, it needs joint efforts of every person in China to realize this great goal. For me, I am a student in college. What I can do is develop good relations with people around me, help others as much as possible, spread this awareness to as many people as possible, laying a foundation for this tall building.

文章一开始就提到目前中国现代化建设的目标之一,就是构建和谐社会。一时之间,构建社会成为中国发展的趋势。

第二段从六个方面讲述了和谐社会的内涵:1) 民主政治,保证人们的最大利益;2) 公平正义,保证每个公民的权利;3) 诚信友好,为生活和生产提供良好环境;4) 充满活力,确保社会的创造力;5) 稳定有序,保证生活平稳安定;6) 人与自然和谐相处,实现经济可持续性发展。

第三段从自身出发,讨论在构建和谐社会时自己该如何做。作为一名学生,作者认为:和周围人发展友好关系,乐于助人,传播“和谐社会”的意识,为这个宏伟目标奠定基础。

【高分妙招】

六级作文很贴近国家大事,因为对时事政治的了解是对当代大学生的要求之一。出现一个新的命题,考生应多关注其内涵及相关评论,这样写作过程中才能做到“胸有成竹”,写出来的作文才“言之有物”。

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范文分析3:醉酒驾车

Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Drunken Driving. You should write no less than 150 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below:

1. 醉酒驾车增多的原因

2. 醉酒驾车的危害

3. 如何减少醉酒驾车

【参考范文】

Drunken Driving

Nobody could have failed to notice the fact that drunken driving has been a grave problem with which we are confronted. Generally speaking, there are several reasons accounting for /behind this phenomenon. Firstly, recent decades have witnessed the rapid development of people’s living standards. As a result, cars gained ever-increasing popularity and have found their

way into our everyday life. Secondly, people participate in more activities or banquets than ever before, where they will drink liquor/strong wine. Then, they may get drunk but continue to drive. Drunken driving is bound to generate severe consequence if we keep turning a blind eye to it. Firs and foremost, this behavior will directly threaten the safety of drivers, passengers and pedestrians/goers, resulting in traffic accidents, injuries and even deaths. Besides, treating the injured and repairing broken cars mean a grievous waste of money, time and resources. Last but not least, this irresponsible driving will make the road a nightmare, and thus, it will causes serious losses of faith in governments and the society.

In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures must be taken before things gget worse. First, it is essential that the supervisory role of laws and regulations should be strengthened to punish those performing drunken driving. Secondly, the public, especially drivers, should enhance their awareness of public safety. With stringent laws and alert public, it will only a matter of time for drunken driving to become things of past.

Everything by commenting on the proverb,“Every horse thinks its 哦wn pack heaviest. ” You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.

参考范文:

Attitude Is Everything (态度决定一切)

There is a well-known proverb,“Every horse thinks its own pack heaviest,” which means whether people feel optimistic or not lies in what attitudes they adopt. It is universally acknowledged that life is by no means perfect and a positive attitude makes life brighter. As the case stands, it is our attitude rather than the situation itself that determines how we feel.

On the one hand, a positive mind brings about an active life, because to be in a good mood or a bad mood is at one’ s own choice. On the other hand, looking at the bright side of the situation and

remaining cheerful work out quite well when one is confronted with adversity.

In such a rat-race society, everyone is bound to encounter difficulties. In my opinion, we should keep an optimistic attitude to pull through any hardship, as we can say “attitude is everything” .